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Animals in Medical Dictionary

Anthrax

... poison s. It is primarily a disease of grazing animals such as cattle, sheep, goats, and horses. Anthrax commonly affects hoofed animals such as sheep and goats, but humanswho come in contact with the infected animals canget sick from anthrax , too. Anthrax ...

Brucellosis

... or Bang's disease , infectious disease of farm animals that is sometimes transmitted to humans. ... goats, sheep, pigs and cattle. Infection in animals is usually chronic . Brucellosis Acute ... is a disease caused by contact with animals carrying the Brucella bacteria . Pictures & ...

Rabies

... a viral infection of certain warm- blood ed animals and is caused by a virus in the Rhabdoviridae ... spreads by way of the saliva of infected animals — often, but not always, through a bite. ... where the bite occurred. wild, rabies -prone animals such as skunks, raccoons, foxes, or bats small ...

Animal bites

... are more likely to cause infection . Bites from nonimmunized domestic animals and wild animals carry the risk of rabies . Animal Bites to the Hand What are ...

Bacillus anthracis

... - Infection with Bacillus anthracis transmitted from infected or wild animals by contact with hides or by the ingestion or inhalation of spores . ... body and produce lethal poison s. It is primarily a disease of grazing animals such as cattle, sheep, goats, and horses. The naturally occurring ...

Babesiosis

... : An illness caused by the parasite Babesia which is transmitted from animals to humans by ticks . In the US, it is typically contracted in the ... of the genus Babesia. Babesiosis most commonly affects domestic and wild animals and can be a serious problem in cattle. Babesiosis A disease caused ...

Borrelia

... infected with the bacteria . These ticks are found in vegetation and on animals in woodlands, grass lands, and marshlands. In the United States, ... burgdorferi, which is transmitted to humans by ticks that live on animals such as deer or sheep, mice, hedgehogs, pheasants, hamsters and squirrels. ...

Fleas

... in the absence of a preferred host will use humans or other available animals as a host . Fleas , mites, and chiggers often bite humans, but are ... infected fleas that were feeding on the rodents' blood jump to other animals and humans, ... Treat household pets for ticks and fleas . Check ...

Fungal Infection

... Fungal Infection s of Human and animals Many fungal infection s, or mycoses, of humans and animals affect only the outer layers of skin , and although they are sometimes ...

Germ

... ; enamel germ ; ... The germ is harbored by wild rodents and other animals and is carried by infected ticks that attach themselves to humans. ... that develop from an egg or sperm ( germ cell tumor s). In higher animals and many higher plants, a mutation may be transmitted to future ...

Prion Diseases

... be passed on to the next generation. All prion diseases are fatal. animals and humans who develop a prion disease will die of it. There is no ... in order to prevent their spread. 1 2 ... The brains of the infected animals resembled those of people with CJD, rather than those of cattle with BSE, ...

Quarantine

... (approximately 2,500 cases worldwide annually). Avoiding contact with animals not known to you Vaccination of people in high-risk occupations or ... doctor whether a sudden movement towards the animal provoked the bite. animals who initiate unprovoked attacks are more likely to be rabid. The attacking ...

Q fever

... is caused by Coxiella burnetii, an organ ism that lives in domestic animals such as cattle, sheep, goats, and cats. Some wild animals and ticks also carry the bacteria . Q FEVER SYMPTOMS"Some of the ...

Skeleton

... skeleton The framework that supports the soft tissue s of vertebrate animals and protects many of their internal organ s. The skeleton s of ... im aging ( MRI ) or computerized tomography (CT) scanning. Corals are animals that have calcified outer skeleton s with sharp edges. Coral formations ...

Spores

... they develop into new bacteria . The bacteria and spores can infect animals and people. Allergic sensitivity to certain mold spores and pollen ... - Infection with Bacillus anthracis transmitted from infected or wild animals by contact with hides or by the ingestion or inhalation of spores . ...

Abrasion

... through contact with a cut or abrasion on the bottom ( plantar surface) of the foot. In rare cases, the fungus is transmitted from infected animals to humans. This results in increased friction between the tendon and the sheath and some abrasion on the tendon s, which, in turn, leads to ...

Allergen

... or heat emotional stress ... Eliminating allergen s at home often can go a long way to control asthma symptoms. Some people may need to avoid animals entirely or to take special measures with their pets, such as keeping them out of bedrooms or bathing them regularly. avoidance of the allergen s ...

Battered child syndrome

... ( Burkitt Lymphoma ) Becker's Muscular Dystrophy ... Not until the 19th century were children granted the same legal status as domesticated animals in regard to protection against cruelty and/or neglect. In 1962 the term " battered child syndrome " entered medicine. ...

Bacteria

... and don't cause disease . bacteria (bak-TEER-ee-uh) A large group of single- cell microorganism s. Some cause infections and disease in animals and humans. The singular of bacteria is bacterium. bacteria l toxin ... Bacteria on tooth brushes can cause sore throats . Buy a new ...

Bites

... such as cuts, scrapes, bites or puncture wounds Previously injured the area or been operated on Been exposed to fish tanks, pond water or animals Had medical problems that increase your risk of complications ... HSP has also been associated with insect bites and exposure to cold ...

Boil

... Boil or chemically treat pond or stream water before drinking it or cooking with it. Control rats and mice around the home. Have pets and farm animals vaccinated against Leptospira. A boil is a skin infection that starts in a hair follicle or oil gland . At first , the skin turns red in ...

Bubonic plague

... plague epidemic . Sneezing was an early sign of the infection . An infectious disease caused by Yersinia pestis that can be spread from animals to humans and is normally spread to humans by fleas (called bubonic plague ) or from person to person by respiratory droplets (called pnenmonic ...

Carcinogen

... s interact with the cells lining the gut longer than they should. The use of additives that are shown to be carcinogen ic ( cancer -causing) in animals or humans is prohibited under the Delaney Clause, a pro vision of both the Food Additives Amendment of 1958 and the Color Additives Amendments of ...

Circadian

... endogenous, internal timekeeper that controls many essential processes within all major groups of organ isms. Daily, or circadian , rhythms help animals keep track of the seasonal changes in the environment, such as the shortening of days in winter, so that they can make the adaptive changes ...

Consumption

... increases, meat consumption likely decreases, resulting in a decrease in total dietary fat intake. Back To Health Index ... Domestic meat animals (hogs) raised specifically for consumer consumption under USDA guidelines and inspection can be considered safe. Diagnosis When I see ...

Contagious

... short-lived. Any contagious epidemic disease that is deadly. 2. An infectious disease caused by Yersinia pestis that can be spread from animals to humans and is normally spread to humans by fleas (called bubonic plague ) or from person to person by respiratory ... It's not contagious ...

Cutaneous

... ... Cutaneous ( skin ) anthrax causes a characteristic sore on the skin and results from exposure to the spores after handling sick animals or contaminated animal wool, hair , hides, or bone meal products. Cutaneous anthrax In humans, anthrax usually occurs when the spores ...

Dog Bites

... Dog bites usually have a ragged, torn appearance, while cat bites often produce deep puncture wounds . Cows, horses, pigs and other domestic animals bite less often, but their size and strength enable them to cause serious wounds . These conditions include infected burns , cat or dog bites , ...

Ebola

... Ebola virus . Ebola hemorrhagic fever Definition: Ebola hemorrhagic fever is a severe illness likely transmitted to humans from infected animals and animal materials. It causes shock and severe bleeding abnormalities. Eaton agent; Eaton agent pneumonia ; eaton-lambert syndrome ; ...

Endemic

... in the Southeast). When travelling in areas of endemic rabies , it's essential not to touch any animals, however tame they may appear, and wild animals should be avoided. In this article What is it? It is endemic (prevalent) throughout the wooded coastal regions of the Northeast, the Great ...

Epidemic

... Ebola virus . Any contagious epidemic disease that is deadly. 2. An infectious disease caused by Yersinia pestis that can be spread from animals to humans and is normally spread to humans by fleas (called bubonic plague ) or from person to person by respiratory ... encephal-; ...

Fat

... America, Asia, Africa, and other specific locations. A diet high in saturated fat (a type of fat found mostly in foods that come from animals and certain oils) raises LDL levels more than anything else in your diet . Enlarged liver with accumulated glycogen and fat on exam Liver ...

Fertilization

... treatment for male infertility - treatment for male infertility , brief version * Incision and drainage of a joint ... In vertebrate animals (have a backbone or spinal column), this stage lasts from shortly after fertilization until all major body parts appear. The pill may prevent ...

Food additives

... phosphorus were used in the past in pesticides and fireworks. The use of additives that are shown to be carcinogen ic ( cancer -causing) in animals or humans is prohibited under the Delaney Clause, a pro vision of both the Food Additives Amendment of 1958 and the Color Additives Amendments of ...

Foods

... metals, by chemicals such as are found in cathartics, ... A diet high in saturated fat (a type of fat found mostly in foods that come from animals and certain oils) raises LDL levels more than anything else in your diet . To do this, make foods that are high in calcium part of your ...

Grass

... allergic rhinitis is caused by pollen from ragweed, grass es, and trees, depending on the time of year. House dust, feathers, mold , and animals cause the nonseasonal variety. The National Cervical Cancer Coalition (NCCC) is a growing coalition or organ izations interested in a grass ...

Hantavirus

... Hantavirus es, which occur worldwide, are spread by rodents, although each virus appears to have a single primary natural reservoir . Wild animals and insects can be carrier s for some very serious disease s, including rabies , tetanus , Lyme disease , Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever and the ...

Hemorrhagic Fever

... muscle s, ... Ebola hemorrhagic fever Definition: Ebola hemorrhagic fever is a severe illness likely transmitted to humans from infected animals and animal materials. It causes shock and severe bleeding abnormalities. Yellow fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever are the most virulent ...

Histoplasmosis

... on Histoplasmosis Fungal Infection - infection caused by a fungus , some affecting animals, others plants. Fungal Infection s of Human and animals ... Histoplasmosis is caused by a fungus found in the soil of the central and eastern United States (especially Mississippi and Ohio river ...

Host

... of the bacteria Bacillus anthracis that become entrenched in the host body and produce lethal poison s. It is primarily a disease of grazing animals such as cattle, sheep, goats, and horses. Foundation will host a " " fundraiser with a silent auction on Friday, November 7th during the ...
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