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Disease in Medical Definition

Allopathic medicine

... term allopathic medicine as the treatment of disease using conventional medical therapies, as opposed ... likewise defines it as "the treatment of disease by conventional means, i.e. with drugs having ... allos meaning opposite and path meaning disease . Steadman's Medical Dictionary calls it a ...

Cachexia

... is usually poor. Contents 1 disease settings 2 Mechanism 3 See also 4 External links disease settings Cachexia is often seen in end-stage ... Department of Veterans Affairs) Vitamin E and disease Treatment (Oregon State University) ...

Full-body scan

... by the benefit of identifying a treatable disease at an early stage. [5] One of the risks of a ... Other CT scans may be used in screening for disease in high risk groups. These scans are more ... being that these scans are done before any disease is found. Low-dose CT scanning of the lungs ...

Hickam's dictum

... diagnosing a given injury, ailment, illness, or disease a doctor should strive to look for the fewest ... diseases, rather than having a single rarer disease which explains the myriad of their symptoms. ... Saint's Triad of hiatus hernia , gallbladder disease and diverticulosis . C. F. M. Saint was a South ...

Hematopathology

... Diseases of Hematopoietic Cells The major disease of hematopoietic cells fall into several categories, which include chronic myeloproliferative disease , myelodysplastic syndromes , leukemias , ... mature cells. This is usually a very aggressive disease if untreated. Fortunately, treatment of both ...

Pathology

... see also -ology ) is the study and diagnosis of disease through examination of organs , tissues , ... as well as the related scientific study of disease processes. Contents 1 History ... of gross pathology The concept of studying disease through the methodical dissection and examination ...

Medicine

... surgery , thereby covering the challenges of disease and injury . The Rod of ... 's discoveries around 1880 of the transmission of disease by bacteria, and then the discovery of ... developing drugs targeted towards one particular disease process. Thus drugs are being developed to ...

Nuclear medicine

... therapy, radionuclides are administered to treat disease or provide palliative pain relief. For example, ... body handles substances differently when there is disease or pathology present. The radionuclide introduced ... throughout the physiological system. Some disease processes result in the exclusion of a tracer, ...

Personalized medicine

... examine and analyse the genetic basis of a disease and stratify the total population into different sub-sets each with common, but unique, disease characteristics. The pharmaceutical industry ... to avert costly intensive care treatment when a disease is established. The response of payers will be ...

Positive predictive value

... Where prevalence is the probability that the disease exists in the population. The positive predictive ... However there may be more than one cause for a disease and any single potential cause may not always result in the overt disease seen in a patient. An example is the ...

Proteopathy

... and toxicity of proteins in certain disease states. [1] Also, selective hyperproteolytic ... of organs and tissues, including Alzheimer's disease , Parkinson's disease , type 2 diabetes , amyloidosis , and a wide ...

Telephone Triage

... by telephone. It may include everything from disease management, AIDS counseling and child abuse ... clinics, hospices, college health centers, disease management call centers, poison centers, and ... seasonal health threats, such as heat waves, disease outbreaks and related media scares. As case ...

Artificial induction of immunity

... an experiment based on the folk-knowledge that infection with cowpox , a disease with minor symptoms which was never fatal, also conferred immunity to ... 20th century. Toxoids Some diseases, such as tetanus , cause disease not by bacterial growth but by bacterial production of a toxin . Tetanus ...

European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition

... and cancer , as well as other chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease . With over half a million participants, it is the largest study of diet and disease to be undertaken. EPIC is coordinated by the International Agency for ...

Neuropsychiatry

... it cuts both ways: traditionally neurological disorders, like Parkinson’s disease , are being recognised for their high incidence of traditionally ... Forensic Psychology External links Neuropsychiatric disease and Treatment The British Neuropsychiatry Association Royal ...

Meteoropathy

... strongly influencing people's sense of wellbeing (see Miasma theory of disease ), there appear to be significant and measurable correlations between ... (such as a sudden increase in humidity and temperature) and the onset of disease (such as [stroke]). See, for example Lopez del Val LJ, Rubio E, ...

Muscle atrophy

... of cancer and Congestive Heart Failure ; Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease ; burns, liver failure, etc. Other syndromes or conditions which can induce skeletal muscle atrophy are congestive heart disease and liver disease. Other muscles diseases, distinct from atrophy ...

Ramón Carrillo

... or contussion (postcommotional syndromes); he discovered the " Carrillo's disease " or epidemic acute papillitis; described in detail the cerebral ... wretchedness, and social tribulation, the microbes inasmuch as causes of disease only are secondary causes.' " Sources The State journal ...

Social medicine

... seeks to: (1) understand how social and economic conditions impact health, disease and the practice of medicine and (2) foster conditions in which this ... The Industrial Revolution and the subsequent increase in poverty and disease among workers raised concerns about the effect of social processes on the ...

Abtissue pathology

... Abtissue pathology is a general term for a disease which, through disabling the immune system and changing the chemical balance of the nervous system , makes the brain react as if there were an ...

Acute care

... Acute care refers to necessary treatment of a disease for only a short period of time in which a patient is treated for a brief but severe episode of illness. Many hospitals are acute care facilities ...

Angor animi

... Angor animi (also referred to as angina animi [1] [2] , Gairdner's disease [2] and also angina pectoris sine dolore [2] ), is a term used in medicine to describe a person's perception that they are in fact ...

Blind loop syndrome

... consume the vitamin. Causes Blind loop syndrome is a complication of surgical operations of the abdomen, as well as inflammatory bowel disease or scleroderma . Symptoms Loss of appetite Nausea Diarrhoea Fullness after a meal Fatty stools Unintentional weight loss ...

Anterior mediastinal mass

... stage I tumors consists of surgical ressection with good prognosis. Stage II-III requires maximal resection possible followed by radation. Stage IV disease requires addition of cisplatin-based chemotherapy in addition to those in stage II and III. For those with invasive thymoma, treatment is based on ...

Arterial stiffness

... stiffness is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. The World Health Organisation predicts that by 2010 cardiovascular disease will also be the leading killer in the developing world and represents a major global health problem. Arterial stiffness Once considered by the ...

Autoimmune regulator

... expressed primarily in the thymus. A gene knockout of the murine homolog Aire has created a transgenic mouse model to study the mechanism of disease in human patients. [2] Research on the knockout mouse has demonstrated that Aire functions through initiating the transcription of a diverse set ...

Body shaping

... medical considerations the plastic surgeon must take into account include scars already present on the body, current medical conditions like heart disease or bleeding disorders, and if the patient smokes . Other possible risks include infections and reactions and complications due to being under ...

Clean margin

... due to aesthetic concerns (ie. melanoma of the face or squamous cell carcinoma of the penis . [1] See Also Cancer Bowen's disease Melanoma Squamous cell carcinoma Surgical Oncology Pathology References ^ a b Marc Sabatine ( 2007 ...

Craniofacial prosthesis

... Prostheses are made by individuals trained in anaplastology who medically help rehabilitate those suffering from facial defects caused by disease (mostly progressed forms of skin cancer , and head and neck cancer ), trauma (outer ear trauma , eye trauma ) or birth defects (link to ...

Disease causative agent

... The term disease causative agent usually refers to a biological pathogen that causes a disease. Technically, the term can also refer to a toxin or toxic ...

Episodic memory

... not episodic, memories ( Ben Shalom, 1993 ). The label " Amnesia " is most often given to patients with deficits in episodic memory. Alzheimer's disease tends to damage the hippocampus before other brain areas. This means that AD patients are often classed as amnesiacs. A rare type of ...

Fat transfer

... The issue of survivability seems most affected by where in the body the fat is transferred, how much that site moves, how muscular it is and if disease is present. When a large area like the buttocks is treated, the patient may have to stop normal activities for a while and can expect some ...

Extracorporeal shockwave therapy

... medication, orthotics, physical therapy, etc.) without relief. Contraindications for this procedure include: neurological and vascular disease of the foot, history of rupture of the plantar fascial ligament, open bone growth plates, pregnancy, implanted metal in the area (bone screws and ...

Healthy People 2010

... People 2010 was started in January 2000 by the United States Department of Health and Human Services . It is a nationwide health promotion and disease prevention plan that is composed of 467 specific objectives, 28 goals, and two overarching goals to be achieved by 2010. National data has been ...

Neurobiological Brain Disorder

... Some illnesses considered to be neurobiological brain disorders are: Autistic-Spectrum Disorders, Schizophrenia, Tourette syndrome, Parkinson's disease with dementia, Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), Alzheimer's disease, as well as some forms of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), Anxiety, and ...

Predictive medicine

... The goal of predictive medicine is to identify biological markers in order to enrole individuals at high risk for developing a disease in special early detection trials. Different approaches exist to develop predictive medicine, such as genomics , proteomics , and cytomics . ...

Réseau Sentinelles

... External links (English) (French) Official site of the Sentinelles Network (English) Site of the WHO (English) Centers for disease Control and Prevention (English) Center of Eurosurveillance of Transmissible Diseases ...

Sexual orientation and medicine

... Human Rights. The first cases of Gay related immunodeficiency , now known as AIDS , were first reported June 5, 1981, when the U.S. Centers for disease Control and Prevention recorded a cluster of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia in five homosexual men in Los Angeles. 1987 The diagnosis of ...

Somatic dysfunction

... while, conversely, resolution of the infection causes clearing of associated edema. Thus the physician attempts to aid the resolution of visceral disease by eliminating its associated manifestation in the musculo-skeletal system. Research Research in somatic dysfunction and the use of OMM ...

Surrogate markers

... an experiment to look for the end point. The measurement of surrogate markers provides a way to test the effectiveness of a treatment for a fatal disease without having to wait for a statistically significant number of deaths to occur. the FDA will often accept evidence from clinical trials that ...
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