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Mathematical in Biological Technology

Genetically engineered bacteria compute the route

... bacterial computers capable of solving a classic mathematical problem known as the Hamiltonian Path Problem. ... biology techniques, engineering principles, and mathematical modeling to design and construct genetic circuits ... can be. We used synthetic biology to solve mathematical problems; others find applications in medicine, ...

Physicists saved from drowning in complexities of wetting theory

... that it wets is explained with a new simplified mathematical formula published this week in Physical Review ... chemical industry and new nanotechnologies. A mathematical formula is used to explain how the relationship ... this problem. Previously he devised the new mathematical model and now in this most recent publication he ...

Scientists synthesize memory in yeast cells

... the dynamics of memory, but also created a mathematical model that predicted how such a memory device ... of genetic material, but they could also develop mathematical models whose predictive abilities match those of ... construction of the device was guided by the mathematical model that the researchers developed. Think ...

Scientists synthesize memory in yeast cells

... the dynamics of memory, but also created a mathematical model that predicted how such a memory device ... of genetic material, but they could also develop mathematical models whose predictive abilities match those of ... construction of the device was guided by the mathematical model that the researchers developed. Think ...

Model predicts evolution of Mediterranean landscape following fires

... An international research team has developed a mathematical and cartographical model that make it possible to view how Mediterranean ... State University in the United States, tells SINC. 'Cellular automata' are mathematical tools used in artificial intelligence to track the movement of linked ...

Opportunities and challenges in uncertainty quantification for complex interacting systems

... has been developing in response to these challenges and has gained both in mathematical maturity and scope of applicability. In turn, developments in network ... in general and social networks in particular. Metrics for validation and mathematical constructs that are useful for describing uncertainties are lacking, ...

The human brain minimizes energy expenditure and integrates gravity in to the action plan

... this biological rule has resulted from the use of a hypothetical-deductive mathematical method which predicted short periods of muscle inactivation and ... neuroscientists. Interestingly, the paper is a clear demonstration that mathematical principles and theories, formerly used for understanding the non-living ...

New research field promises radical advances in optical technologies

... harnessing nanotechnology and "metamaterials." The field, which applies mathematical principles similar to those in Einstein's theory of general relativity, ... hairbrush, and would bend light around the object being cloaked. The mathematical equations for transformation optics are similar to the mathematics behind ...

UT Knoxville Wins $16M Mathematics and Biology Center

... has awarded UT Knoxville $16 million to begin the National Institute for mathematical and Biological Synthesis, or NIMBioS. UT Knoxville won the award in ... Department of Homeland Security. Industry partners include IBM and ESRI. mathematical biology is a growing field that applies the power of mathematics and ...

Researchers bring new meaning to the term 'computer bug'

... coli bacteria, creating bacterial computers able to solve a classic mathematical puzzle, known as the burnt pancake problem. The burnt pancake problem ... had been flipped into the correct order. The time required to reach the mathematical solution in the bugs reflects the minimum number of flips needed to solve ...

Ames Laboratory researchers solve fuel-cell membrane structure conundrum

... said. To unlock the structure mystery, Schmidt-Rohr turned to mathematical modeling of small-angle X-ray and neutron scattering, or SAXS/SANS. ... packed channels closely matches the known scattering data of Nafion. mathematical modeling of other proposed structures, in which the water clusters have ...

W.M. Keck Foundation Awards $1 Million to Hutchinson Center Scholar to Study How Cells Go Awry

... together but not on their own. The system accommodates ongoing, quantitative measurements of population size and interaction and is compatible with mathematical modeling. Shou and her colleagues are now investigating what happens when a third type of cell, a "cheater," which requires a nutrient but ...

Practice makes perfect -- motor memory possible for neuroprosthetic control

... can be controlled with little effort. To demonstrate this, Carmena and Karunesh Ganguly, a post-doctoral fellow in Carmena's laboratory, used a mathematical model, or "decoder." The decoder, analogous to a simplified spinal cord, translated the signals from the brain's motor cortex into movement of the ...

Shamir Optical Industry Ltd. Announces Availability of Its Annual Report on Form 20-F Through Its Website

... technologies and tools. Shamir developed software dedicated to the design of progressive lenses. This software is based on Shamir's proprietary mathematical algorithms that optimize designs of progressive lenses for a variety of activities and environments. Shamir also has created software tools ...

Brain research shows past experience is invaluable for complex decision making

... to the perceived rather than the physical similarity between visual patterns," explains Dr. Kourtzi. "Our use of brain imaging in combination with mathematical techniques enabled us to extract sensitive information about brain signals that reflected the participant's choice." "What we've shown is that we ...

Nano-sandwich triggers novel electron behavior

... physics professor Rajiv Singh and graduate student Swapnonil Banerjee to investigate the material's properties. The team has constructed a classical mathematical model called a "tight-binding" model that they expect will promote a theoretical understanding of the material at the most basic level. "We're pretty ...

Scientists discover 'dancing' algae

... sun, and the "minuet", in which the colonies oscillate back and forth as if held by an elastic band between them. The researchers have developed a mathematical analysis that shows these dancing patterns arise from the manner in which nearby surfaces modify the fluid flow near the colonies and induce an ...

Physicists discover important step for making light crystals

... three teams have made much progress, but until now, temperature has been a bottleneck for the whole enterprise," said Ho, Distinguished Professor of mathematical and Physical Sciences at Ohio State. "Ours is the first proposal to show how the temperature can be lowered dramatically. In fact, we believe it ...

Venter Institute Launches the J. Robert Beyster and Life Technologies 2009-2010 Research Voyage of the Sorcerer II Expedition

... to the JCVI laboratories in Rockville, MD and San Diego, CA, where scientists extract the microorganisms' genomic DNA and analyze it using precise mathematical algorithms and other computational tools. "The San Diego region has always taken pride in its cutting-edge science and technology development," ...

Ecologists propose first prevention for white-nose syndrome death in bats

... of the rapid spread of the fungus and the fact that field experiments can take months to years to complete, Boyles and Willis instead created a mathematical simulation to test the idea that the fungus is causing bats to spend more time out of hibernation. Their model took into account the patterns of ...

Engineers tune a nanoscale grating structure to trap and release a variety of light waves

... within a narrow bandwidth, but not many wavelengths over a wide spectrum." Most of the initial work on this project has been theoretical, using mathematical equations and computer simulation. Bartoli's group has now moved to the next stage, which includes fabricating and characterizing the structures. ...

Mathematical models reveal how organisms transcend the sum of their genes

... of chemical and biological engineering, developed computer models of a relatively simple virus to show that genes alone do not make an organism. With mathematical representations of the virus's known biology, he and former graduate student Kwang-il Lim demonstrate how genomic organization and regulation can ...

Balan Biomedical, Inc. Announces the Formation of Battery Consulting Group

... Joining Mr. Pyszczek will be Dr. Christopher R. Feger (Biomedical Systems and Materials) and Dr. Kenneth C. Syracuse (Statistical Analytics and mathematical Modeling). The group will operate out of Balan's USA Headquarters located in Rochester, New York. Balan's team members have a combined 65 years of ...

FSU scientific computing department hosts international conference

... to intermolecular distances." Increasingly, scientists are modeling the behavior of materials in different environments by using sophisticated mathematical and computational algorithms. This development has attracted mathematicians and computational scientists to the multiscale materials modeling field, ...

Understanding the science of solar-based energy: more researchers are better than one

... energy. The Nocera work and the 'Powering the Planet' Center is an excellent example of this," said Tony Chan, assistant director for NSF's mathematical and Physical Sciences Directorate. ...

Creating unconventional metals

... J.F. DiTusa of Louisiana State University and a co-author of the paper said: "It's amazing that something which was thought to exist theoretically in mathematical physics could actually be found in an alloy which was simply formed by melting together a few common elements." Professor Gabriel Aeppli of UCL ...

The Science of Music Meets the Art of Medicine - ARIMM 3rd Annual Conference at IPFW, September 12-13, 2008

... ARIMM provides a forum for scientific, medical, music, and computer science professionals and students to discuss and apply the scientific and mathematical relationships of music to the questions regarding cellular communication, diagnosis, and treatment of medical issues. For more information about ...

'Nanonet' circuits closer to making flexible electronics reality

... Illinois at Urbana-Champaign led experimental laboratory research to build the circuits, and Purdue led research to develop and use simulations and mathematical models needed to design the circuits and to interpret and analyze data. Findings will be detailed in a research paper appearing in the journal ...

Silicon photonic crystals key to optical cloaking, researchers say

... computer simulations, the researchers have demonstrated an approximate cloaking effect created by concentric rings of silicon photonic crystals. The mathematical proof brings scientists a step closer to a practical solution for optical cloaking. "This is much more than a theoretical exercise," said Harley ...

Tiny refrigerator taking shape to cool future computers

... observed how refrigerant boils inside the channels and measured how much heat is transferred by this boiling refrigerant. He also created mathematical equations needed to properly design the miniature evaporators. "This overall project represents the first comprehensive research to carefully ...

Microsoft scientist highlights urgent need for new computer models to address climate change

... Earth is a complex but poorly understood system, we should not change our behaviour. However, we suggest that the convergence of recently developed mathematical models, improved data sources and new methods in computational data analysis could produce more realistic models. That would give us truly invaluable ...

Sophisticated soil analysis for improved land use

... are described and some authors compared the performance of different approaches. The methodologies employed include a variety of sophisticated mathematical approaches including geostatistics (variance of a property depends upon its position in space) and fractals and multi-fractals (similar patterns at ...

Many paths, few destinations: How stem cells decide what they'll be

... difficult to publish, notes Huang. Its hard for biologists to move from thinking about single pathways to thinking about a landscape, which is the mathematical manifestation of the entirety of all the possible pathways, he says. A single pathway is not a good way to understand a whole process. Our goal has ...

'Sticky nanotubes' hold key to future technologies

... suddenly and then snag, lift off suddenly and then snag. This behavior has a very deep physical significance and can only be appreciated by means of mathematical models," Raman said. Pipes and Zalamea, meanwhile, had already been developing theoretical models to describe how the nanotubes would peel away ...

Jivan Awarded US Patent #7,340,349 for Splice Array Analysis

... in Berkeley, CA, has been awarded US Patent #7,340,349, "Method and System for Identifying Splice Variants of a Gene." The issued claims cover mathematical algorithms for determining the expression levels of splice isoforms of a gene in a sample using microarrays with exon junction probes. "The '349 ...

Berkeley scientists bring MRI/NMR to microreactors

... systems has not been visited by researchers in recent years owing to the lack of quantitative measures in situ. So while the sophistication of mathematical modeling of such systems proceeds at the rate at which computational power increases, the relevance of such models is dubious since they cannot be ...

Shamir Optical Industry Ltd. Announces Declaration of a Cash Dividend

... technologies and tools. Shamir developed software dedicated to the design of progressive lenses. This software is based on Shamir's proprietary mathematical algorithms that optimize designs of progressive lenses for a variety of activities and environments. Shamir also has created software tools ...

Observant LLC Expands Senior Management Team

... service. John Hartman, Ph.D., a social scientist and statistician, has joined the firm as Vice President. Dr. Hartman's research has focused on the mathematical analysis of cross-national healthcare data; and his programming work has emphasized how best to present the complex relationships he uncovers to his ...

Model is first to compare performance of 'biosensors'

... is too computationally difficult to perform with conventional approaches. The Purdue researchers solved this problem by creating a model using a mathematical technique called Cantor transformation, which simplified the computations needed for the analysis. "That is the most important aspect of this ...

Shamir Optical Industry Ltd. Reports Third Quarter 2007 Results

... technologies and tools. Shamir developed software dedicated to the design of progressive lenses. This software is based on Shamir's proprietary mathematical algorithms that optimize designs of progressive lenses for a variety of activities and environments. Shamir also has created software tools ...
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