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NIH expands Human Microbiome Project; funds sequencing centers and disease projects

... Vagina: Bacterial Vaginosis and Sexually transmitted Diseases $1 million This study will look at ... urethra: Puberty, Sexual Activity and Sexually transmitted Diseases $820,000 Samples will be collected ... relation to puberty, sexual activity and sexually transmitted disease. Claire M. Fraser-Liggett, Ph.D., ...

Bacteria play role in preventing spread of malaria

... infected person. The parasite develops within the mosquito and can then be transmitted to another human when the mosquito feeds again. "Our study suggests ... mosquito for about two weeks in order to complete its life cycle and be transmitted to a person. The fact that these bacteria shorten the mosquito's life span ...

UTSA, Health Science Center collaborate with Merck & Co. to develop chlamydia vaccine

... Inc., to develop a vaccine for chlamydia, targeting the common sexually transmitted bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis . Under the terms of the agreement ... to a new level," Zhong said. "Chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted disease caused by a bacterium, and the number of cases is on the rise," ...

HIV pays a price for invisibility

... to a partner who either did or didn't have the same HLA variant. When transmitted to a person without HLAB*5703, the virus changed its mutated amino acids ... cells no longer outweighed the cost of reduced replication. However, when transmitted to another HLA-B*5703-expressing person, the triple-mutated virus came out ...

Plugging in molecular wires

... coated gold electrode. Electrons released by irradiation of PSI and transmitted along the wire are very efficiently transmitted to the gold electrode by the viologen group. It may be possible to use ...

Study: Excessive use of antiviral drugs could aid deadly flu

... in the event that avian flu mutates enough to infect and be easily transmitted among humans. "We can't necessarily say what we've seen in adamantanes ... of infected species. Experts believe that to date, the avian flu can be transmitted to humans only from diseased birds. But the 63-percent death rate among ...

Attitudes towards assisted reproduction and preimplantation genetic diagnosis

... acceptance in cases of 1) infertility and 2) the avoidance of genetically transmitted diseases (mean above 6 points on an acceptance scale from 0 to 10). The ... Some of its main therapeutic indications detection of genetically transmitted diseases and, more recently, the selection of a healthy, compatible embryo ...

Protein 'tubules' free avian flu virus from immune recognition

... designed to fight influenza worldwide. While H5N1 is not usually transmitted from human-to-human at this point, a small change in its genetic structure perhaps an exchange of genes with a more easily transmitted flu virus could change that, he said. Developing drugs to fight the virus ...

NASA responds to California wildfire emergency imaging request

... in Santa Barbara County. Fire images are collected onboard Ikhana and transmitted through a communications satellite to NASA Ames. There, the imagery is ... better visualize the location and scope of the fires. The imagery is then transmitted to the Multi-Agency Coordination Center in Redding, Calif., and the State ...

'Cross fire' from the brain makes patients tremble

... the 5-Hz rhythm deep in the brain resulted from nerve signals, which are transmitted from muscles in the limbs back to the brain. The scientific term for this ... The signals from the thalamus and the basal ganglia are, however, transmitted to certain loop-like neuron pathways of the brain and spinal cord. ...

Bee disease a mystery

... It is widely accepted that the virus replicates in the mite and is then transmitted to bees when it bites. However, researchers at Rothamsted Research and the ... "However, one important question remains how is the virus transmitted to bees?" One possibility is that the mouthparts of the mite could ...

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, June 2008

... technology group and SuperPower of Schenectady, N.Y., recently transmitted a record 158,950 amps-per-meter of current. These wires were used to ... power equipment. The wire could also increase the amount of electricity transmitted at a given time, while enabling the transmission stream cooled with liquid ...

Cummings School receives Rockefeller Foundation grant

... system using HPAI and apply its findings to other diseases that may be transmitted from animals to people. The Cummings Schools program in Indonesia, ... seeks to gain a better understanding of zoonotic diseases, which can be transmitted between species. Indonesias size and geography presents an uncommon ...

Multiple species of bacteria may cause trachoma: Implications for treatment

... trachoma. The bacteria, some strains of which are associated with sexually transmitted infections, can also pass between people on hands and clothing; successive ... trachoma-infected eyes but also the type usually associated with sexually transmitted diseases. Also, participants with Chlamidiacae infections of the eye were ...

Eltrombopag effective for hepatitis C patients with low blood-platelet counts

... in the U.S. and 170 million worldwide carry the hepatitis C virus. HCV is transmitted primarily by blood and blood products. The majority of infected ... implemented) or have used intravenous drugs. More rarely, it can also be transmitted through sexual intercourse and perinatally (mother to baby). The virus ...

Mice help researchers understand chlamydia

... of a vaccine to protect adolescent girls against the most common sexually transmitted disease, Chlamydia. Dr Michael Starnbach from Harvard Medical School is ... need" to develop a vaccine. "Chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted disease in the world and results in infertility in women and long-term ...

Fighting the spread of food poisoning

... high rates of infection, it was still unknown exactly how the bacteria was transmitted to humans. "We think that it is mainly transmitted in foodstuffs, and predominantly from improperly handled and undercooked ...

Study by Pittsburgh researchers identifies possible vaccine target for chlamydia

... of a vaccine against Chlamydia trachomatis, the most prevalent sexually transmitted bacterial infection in the world. The researchers, led by Toni ... a bacterium which is the most frequently reported cause of sexually transmitted disease in the United States. Because symptoms are usually mild or absent, ...

Parasites ready to jump

... cells, which are required for reproduction, the system of so-called piRNAs ensures that transposon activity is inhibited but only if these RNAs are transmitted from the mother. Disruption of this system usually leads to a drastic reduction in the fertility of the progeny. Germ cells are an ideal target ...

K-State researcher, collaborators study virulence of pandemic H1N1 virus

... revealing the characteristics of the pandemic H1N1 virus. Richt is among the K-State researchers who study zoonotic disease -- those that can be transmitted from animals to humans and vice versa. Zoonotic diseases will be a focus of the National Agro and Bio-Defense Facility that has been designated for ...

Clinical trial shows quadriplegics can operate powered wheelchair with tongue drive system

... was detected by an array of magnetic field sensors mounted on wireless headphones worn by the subject. The sensor output signals were wirelessly transmitted to a portable computer, which was carried on the wheelchair. The signals were processed to determine the relative motion of the magnet with ...

MS study offers theory for why repair of brain's wiring fails

... the immune system's T cells and B cells attack oligodendrocytes, ultimately damaging the myelin sheath to the point that the electrical signals transmitted by the axons beneath it are disrupted. Remarkably, the brain generally is able to recruit fresh, immature oligodendrocytes to the myelin sheath to ...

UTSA wins San Antonio Area Foundation grant to further chlamydia research

... T-cells in chlamydia infections. Chlamydia, caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis, is the nation's most common bacterial sexually transmitted disease. Nearly 2.8 million new chlamydia cases are reported each year in the United States, according to the Centers for Disease Control and ...

Chemical in blood may explain susceptibility to bladder pain

... the way tryptophan, an essential amino acid, is processed in cats and humans with interstitial cystitis ultimately could affect the way signals are transmitted in the brain. The results, while preliminary, suggest that the disease is not just a malfunction of the bladder, but might instead have origins in ...

From the glass to the brain in 6 minutes

... not induce severe intoxication. In the MRI scanner, the nuclei of atoms in brain tissue were stimulated by a high-frequency impulse and the signal transmitted during the return to the initial condition was received. The spectral properties of this signal can be analyzed, allowing conclusions to be made as ...

Scientists tackle the mystery of white-nose syndrome in bats

... pathogen, taking advantage of immune systems weakened by another biological or chemical agent. It is unclear how WNS spreads, but it is likely transmitted from bat to bat. Other evidence suggests that humans transport the fungus from infected sites to clean sites on clothing and equipment. The ...

FAO/IAEA Symposium to address animal production and health

... the use of nuclear technologies to enhance animal nutrition and reproduction strategies and to detect and control animal-origin diseases that can be transmitted to humans, such as swine and avian influenza. Around 500 animal production and health experts from over 100 countries will present up-to-date ...

Scientists unravel the mystery of white-nose syndrome

... pathogen, taking advantage of immune systems weakened by another biological or chemical agent. It is unclear how WNS spreads, but it is likely transmitted from bat to bat. Other evidence suggests that humans transport the fungus from infected sites to clean sites on clothing and equipment. The ...

Caltech scientists reveal how neuronal activity is timed in brain's memory-making circuits

... of segments oriented in space resolves such ambiguities." This finding may also have significant implications for understanding how information is transmitted from the hippocampus to other areas of the brain. "Different portions of the hippocampus are connected to different areas in other parts of the ....

Jeepers creepers: Climate change threatens endangered honeycreepers

... "Right now, disease transmission in the mountains of Kaui is highly seasonal, but with temperature increases, disease would be able to be transmitted throughout most of the year," said Atkinson. In addition, the tropical inversion layer often visible as a thin cloud layer around high peaks -- ...

Old stain in a new combination

... combination with newer malaria drugs, methylene blue prevents the malaria pathogen in infected persons from being re-ingested by mosquitoes and then transmitted to others and is thus twice as effective as the standard therapy. The results of the study were published in May 2009 in the online journal PLoS One ...

Visualizing virus replication in three dimensions

... Dengue fever is the most common infectious disease transmitted by mosquitoes some 100 million people around the world are infected. Researchers at the Hygiene Institute at Heidelberg University Hospital were the ...

New insight into Alzheimer's disease pathology

... a protein called EphA4. The product of EphA4 cleavage drove the formation and maintenance of dendritic spines the nerve cell's receivers for transmitted signals. These results fit with a growing hypothesis that failing nerve transmission might be an early step in the pathology of Alzheimer's. ...

Songbird study from CSHL, CCNY provides concrete measure of biology's impact on culture

... passed-down song originate? "This is a classic chicken-and-egg problem," says Mitra. He hypothesized that if the song of an isolated songbird were transmitted over multiple generations, the normal wild-type song would somehow spontaneously emerge. Using what mathematicians call a "recursive equation," he ...

Nanotechnology holds promise for STD drug delivery

... antiviral drugs small interfering RNA (siRNA) molecules that silence genes the first step in development of a new kind of treatment for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). The work is reported May 4 as an advance online publication of Nature Materials . "RNA interference is a promising approach for ...

K-State researcher finds 1918 flu resulted in current lineage of H1N1 swine influenza viruses

... Swine flu is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenza that regularly causes outbreaks of influenza among the animals and can be transmitted to humans. It is a typical zoonotic agent. While swine flu was first recognized as a disease in 1918, there also were reports of the influenza ...

Re-awakening old genes to help in the fight against HIV

... are published in this month's PLOS Biology , a well-respected scientific journal. HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. The disease, most often transmitted sexually, affects 4.3 million people worldwide, according to the World Health Organization. About 14,560 people die annually from HIV-related ...

IVCC and Syngenta start project for novel insecticidal active ingredient for malaria control

... Head Vector Control at Syngenta. "It represents a key milestone in our long-term commitment to the fight against malaria and other mosquito transmitted diseases. It is an important part of our pledge to improve the health and quality of life in the rural communities. I am confident this new project ...

Risk of vibration-induced vascular injuries linked to vibration frequency differences

... both may affect the risk of developing vibration-induced peripheral vascular dysfunction. Of the 1.1 to 1.5 million U.S. workers exposed to hand transmitted vibration on a fairly regular basis, approximately half eventually develop some disorder such as Vibration White Finger, in which a single finger or ...

Early administration of antiretroviral therapy can improve survival

... One of these is the PISCIS Catalan and Balearic cohort, coordinated by Dr. Jordi Casabona of the Centre for Epidemiologic Studies of Sexually transmitted Diseases and AIDS in Catalonia (CEEISCAT) - Catalan Institute of Oncology (ICO), and by Dr. Josep Mara Mir of the Infectious Diseases Department of ...
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(Date:10/22/2014)... BEDFORD, Mass., Oct. 21, 2014 Aware, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... and services, today reported financial results for its third quarter ... quarter of 2014 was $6.0 million, an increase of 40% ... Operating income in the third quarter of 2014 was $4.1 ... 2013. Higher operating income in the current three month period ...
(Date:10/18/2014)... referred for evaluation of suspected genetic conditions, whole-exome ... percent, including detection of a number of rare ... according to a study appearing in JAMA ... with the American Society of Human Genetics annual ... coding regions of thousands of genes simultaneously using ...
(Date:10/17/2014)... German . ... in order to reproduce? And why are there two sexes ... latest issue of the research journal Molecular Human Reproduction ... Ramm from Bielefeld University Bielefeld has compiled this special issue ... a female to copulate with several males in quick succession ...
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(Date:10/22/2014)... 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- The United States ... from Ebola-affected nations of West Africa land at ... for infection with the virus. In a ... noted that 94 percent of air passengers from ... one of these five airports -- New York ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... During the Western United States’ worst ... dangerously low, Southern Oregon’s water is proving resistant to ... lowest mountain snow pack on record in 2014, remain ... autumn.* That was the observation of journalist-hikers Art Bernstein ... Southern Oregon,” during an interview with water advocate Sharon ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... Mission Viejo, CA (PRWEB) October 22, 2014 ... that Jay Cormier, Sr. Vice President of Sales, will ... at the upcoming Meetings Technology Expo on October 28, ... will also be hosting a booth as well as ... on how Lintelus Meeting can create a more engaging ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... Two sisters in high school have developed ways to ... Krishen use electronic stethoscopes, which electronically amplify body sounds, ... or heartbeats. Ilina, a senior at Port Huron ... way to detect early lung damage in people exposed ... recorded one breath cycle each from 16 smokers, 25 ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... HealthDay Reporter TUESDAY, Oct. 21, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- ... NBC News in Liberia has cleared the virus from ... Medical Center in Omaha, where he had been treated for the ... confirmed by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found ... NBC News reported Tuesday night. "Recovering from Ebola is ...
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