Genome of a heat and drought resistant cereal plant analyzed
... People living in regions already affected by aridity need plants that can thrive
/ grow under dry conditions.
One example is sorghum: Also known as ... aridity and hot conditions. The grass, which originates from Africa, can thrive
under conditions and locations where other cereal plants cannot survive ...
Scientists to discover why flamingos are in the pink of health -- in the poo!
... and conservation groups to better understand how flamingos can thrive
in waste water and how the peoples love of these birds can be turned into ... who blame human wastes should go to India to see how well lesser flamingos thrive
and how pink they grow, when they are surrounded by heavy industry and by ...
2008 Pew Fellowship in marine conservation awarded to UM Rosenstiel's Dr. Andrew Baker
... and largest corals might be saved.
Corals are simple animals that thrive
within a narrow temperature range. They depend on partnerships with microscopic algae (often called zooxanthellae) to help them thrive
in shallow tropical seas. These symbiotic algae live inside the corals and ...
Researchers team up to provide new hope for childhood hunger
... with colleagues at the Danforth Plant Science Center to create a formidable preventive strategy. The intent is to enhance crops so that they can thrive
where malnutrition is rampant and provide a complete package of nutrients needed for health. With his RUTF efforts complemented by the Danforth ...
The value of variation: Ecologists consider the causes and consequences
... KNOXVILLE, Tenn. Consider the case of the three-spine stickleback. These tiny fish that thrive
in oceans and in fresh water might appear to be the same, yet ecologists are finding that they are actually a diverse collection of very specialized ...
Scripps-led study shows ocean health plays vital role in coral reef recovery
Corals are widely considered to be barometers for global warming and are important for biodiversity in the world's oceans. Coral reefs thrive
in warm tropical oceans under just the right conditions that include moderate temperatures and low nutrient and sediment input from land-based ...
Wolf reintroduction proposed in Scottish Highland test case
... In Yellowstone National Park in the U.S., the reintroduction of wolves after decades of absence is now allowing willow, aspen and cottonwood trees to thrive
once again in some places, instead of being eaten as young shoots by elk. This is helping to control stream erosion. The interactive webs of birds, ...
Evolution: Crabs go deep to avoid hot water
... megacanthus grows to lengths of 1.5 metres, and has 15-20-cm long defensive spines covering its body. At temperatures of around 1- 4C, these crabs thrive
in some of the colder waters on Earth; living and growing very slowly, probably to very old ages. Only in the cooler water towards the poles are ...
University of Leicester geologists demonstrate extent of ancient ice age
... about rapid sea level rise. This meltwater may have bought a massive influx of nutrients into the surface waters, allowing animals and algae to thrive
and bloom in the plankton, but also altered ocean circulation, creating oxygen-poor deep waters which facilitated the preservation of fragile, ...
Plant microbe shares features with drug-resistant pathogen
... the versatility and adaptability of a group of bacteria known as Stenotrophomonas. These bacteria have great metabolic versatility, allowing them to thrive
in very diverse environments.
The scientists were particularly interested in comparing two strains of S. maltophilia whose genomes were recently ...
TRAPping proteins that work together inside living cells
... change how proteins interact to combat diseases; environmental scientists need to understand how proteins collaborate in ecosystems to make them thrive
To learn about protein networks, scientists start with a familiar one and use it as bait to find others that work alongside it. To pin ...
Jeepers creepers: Climate change threatens endangered honeycreepers
... Center in Hawaii.
These cool, high-elevation above 4,000 feet (1,200 meters) -- mountains not only provided habitats that mosquitoes didn't thrive
in, but they also had habitat that honeycreepers liked, wrote the authors. While birds in those areas find refuge from the diseases dispersing ...
Mites on hissing coackroach may benefit humans with allergies
... reduction in molds.
"The number on each insect is based on the food available," Benoit said.
In captivity, Madagascar hissing cockroaches thrive
on dog food and fruit. Benoit said they tend to slobber on themselves when they eat, leaving saliva and organic debris in crevices along the lower ...
Two-pronged model could help foil tough cystic fibrosis infections
... Hanover, NH--Dartmouth Medical School researchers have devised a novel approach for thwarting the relentless bacterial infections that thrive
in the lungs of people with cystic fibrosis (CF), unlocking new possibilities against a tenacious and toxic hallmark of the common genetic disease. ...
Ancient ecosystem thrives millions of years below Antarctic glacier
... in the Department of Land Resources and Environmental Sciences at Montana State University. The ecosystem contains a diversity of bacteria that thrive
in cold, salty water loaded with iron and sulfur. The water averages 14 degrees Fahrenheit, but doesn't freeze because the water is three or four ...
... Scorpions possess resistance to high temperatures and the ability to conserve water for long periods of time, and as a result thrive
in hot and arid parts of the world. But is this global distribution also seen at a more local level? Reporting in the open-access, peer-reviewed ...
Better living through chemistry
... an area where clusters of seafloor vents spew mud, oil, brine and gases that support food chains independently of the Sun.
Specialized Microbes thrive
in Harsh Environments
A team lead by Samantha Joye of the University of Georgia managed to collect fluid samples from the crater of an active, ...
Gutsy germs succumb to baby broccoli
... and gastritis.
Classified a carcinogen by the World Health Organization, H. pylori is a gastrointestinal tract germ that manages to thrive
in the lining of the stomach despite the strength of natural acids there that rival that of car batteries. Afflicting several billion people ...
April 2009 Geology and GSA Today media highlights
... substrate to the ocean floor suddenly teamed with burrowing fauna. It was the GOBE that provided Earth with the bulk of the fauna that were to thrive
in and characterize the Paleozoic era. But what triggered the GOBE, why was it so much more productive than the Cambrian explosion, and why were the ...
The sunlight solution for better health
... Sunlight is a vital component of good health. Like plants that thrive
in the sun, we humans too depend on sunlight, in our case for the production of vitamin D. In the past few decades, however, cultural trends have ...
Texas-sized tract of single-celled clones
... on the edge of a microbial species' range, and they looked for a suitable location to test the idea in D. discoideum .
" D. discoideum tends to thrive
at higher altitudes and in densely wooded areas where the soil stays moist," Gilbert said. "A Texas cattle pasture is simply the wrong type of ...
'Seeing' stem cells helps in fight against peripheral arterial disease
... injected them into the animal's hind quarter to track them. "Our research could eventually help PAD patients by providing a process for stem cells to thrive
in the body and make more blood vessels or new blood vessels," he noted. "Using an animal model, we found that our research opens the door to ...
ChemoBrain: How cancer therapies can affect your mind
... the causes of cognitive impairment soon, asking future patient generations to invest less of their quality of life to not only survive, but also thrive
after diagnosis of cancer and its treatment," he writes in the book's foreword. "Many questions have yet to be answered. Further studies are now ...
Doctors endorse vegan and vegetarian diets for healthy pregnancies
... of traditionally high neural tube defects prevalence, suggesting a moderately high genetic predisposition.
Experts agree that pregnant women can thrive
on vegan diets. The American Dietetic Association, the nation's largest organization of food and nutrition professionals, states that "well-planned ...
'Freaks' help scientist unravel nature and nurture
Such behavior would be morally repugnant today, but there's a lingering fascination with "freaks." Most of us can't imagine how the Hensel twins thrive
the way they do. We think we could never live that way. There's a desire to draw a sharp line between "them" and "us." But, Blumberg said, we should ...
Great Lake's sinkholes host exotic ecosystems
... of microbes found at the bottoms of permanently ice-covered lakes in Antarcticaand pallid, floating pony-tails of other microbial life thrive
in the dense, salty water that's hostile to most familiar, larger forms of life because it lacks oxygen.
Groundwater from beneath Lake Huron is ...
Malaria parasite zeroes in on molecule to enhance its survival, team finds
... Drexel University College of Medicine has found that the parasite that causes malaria breaks down an important amino acid in its quest to adapt and thrive
within the human body. By depleting this substance called arginine, the parasite may trigger a more critical and deadlier phase of the disease.
Genetic adaptations key to microbe's survival in challenging environment
The research focused on the bacterium Nautilia profundicola , a microbe that survives near deep-sea hydrothermal vents. Microorganisms that thrive
at these geysers on the sea floor must adapt to fluctuations in temperature and oxygen levels, ranging from the hot, sulfide- and heavy metal-laden ...
Weizmann Institute scientists show extra copies of a gene carry extra risk
... All suffered developmental abnormalities. Two of the patients children with a second LIS1 gene had previously been diagnosed with failure to thrive
and delayed development, and were found to have small brain sizes. A third, who had three copies of the gene, was mentally retarded and suffered from ...
Evolution and climate change research advances at Rutgers-Camden
... can be dire," says Saidel.
Dan Shain, associate professor of biology at RutgersCamden, also researches highly specialized creatures: worms that thrive
in the world's most extreme climates. He studies them for insight into their adaptations and their unique cocoon production processes, which have ...
Scientists identify bacteria that increase plant growth
... and metabolically important gene products from endophytes resulted in the identification of many possible mechanisms that could help these microbes thrive
within a plant environment, and potentially affect the growth and development of their plant host. These include the production of ...
Evolutionary process more detailed than previously believed, study shows
... Kao said. "We're watching evolution in real time. We're actually seeing a mutation that shows these things have adapted and seeing their population thrive
and expand from this adaptation. This is how evolution works.
"In one of our experiments we were able to see five independent population expansions. ...
Rudolf's kin more than just Santa's ride
... accompanying road networks move in, the health of the ecosystem weakens, and caribou disappear. Our research on boreal forest caribou, which only thrive
in intact ecosystems, tells us that we need to impose limits on the extent of industrial development to enable them to survive," said Dr. Ray.
Value of satellites recognized for conserving wetlands
... loss and degradation on a massive scale.
Wetlands are areas that are covered with water for long enough periods to support plants that thrive
in wet soils, so they are not all wet year-round. The areas include marshes, swamps, bogs and wet meadows.
Countering their loss requires baseline ...
Montana State University researchers find gene that regulates mold's resistance to drugs
... concerned about lethal mold infections have found a gene that regulates the mold's resistance to drugs.
The gene, called srbA, allows molds to thrive
during infections even when inflammation reduces its oxygen supply, said Robert Cramer, senior author of a paper published in the Nov. 7 issue of ...
Bee smart, bee healthy
... colonies are not only the best nectar collectors, but also better able to fight infections. These colonies are probably much better equipped to thrive
under difficult conditions."
The team expected that immunity is likely to be a really important trait in social species (like bumblebees, ...
Snakes, salamanders and other creatures thrive in areas with higher deer populations
... soil and as a result, areas with deer draw higher numbers of insects and other invertebrates. These insects then attract larger predators which thrive
on insect lava such as salamanders, and the salamanders in turn attract even larger predators such as snakes.
The results, which were published ...
Diatom genome helps explain success in trapping excess carbon in oceans
... evolutionary origins these photosynthetic wonders have come to acquire advantageous genes from bacterial, animal and plant ancestors enabling them to thrive
in today's oceans. These findings, based on the analysis of the latest sequenced diatom genome, Phaeodactylum tricornutum, are published in 15 ...
Brown scientist finds coastal dead zones may benefit some species
... of species and loss of fisheries in these oxygen-poor areas, but they haven't looked at how certain, hardy species such as quahogs can persist and thrive
until now. There may be other commercially important species that persist and perhaps benefit from dead zones in other regions.
The research ...
2008 SNM Wagner-Torizuka Fellowships announced
... medicine and radiology at John Hopkins University. "This fellowship is a step toward ensuring that this outstanding cross-cultural relationship will thrive
far into the future of the quickly evolving field of molecular imaging."
"This fellowship is designed to prepare today's young scientists to lead ...