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mood in Biological News

Pre-pregnancy depressed mood may heighten risk for premature birth

... women have found that pre-pregnancy depressive mood appears to be a risk factor in preterm birth ... point we can't say that pre-pregnancy depressive mood is a cause of preterm birth or how race effects ... prematurely and higher pre-pregnancy depressive mood among black women compared to white women may ...

Chantix side effects no worse with depression history

... varenicline (Chantix) do not report more severe mood symptoms, medication side effects, or less ... neuropsychiatric symptoms including depressed mood in people with prior depression." Yet she and colleagues found using varenicline didn't worsen mood symptoms such as depression, anxiety, or ...

Cause and affect: Emotions can be unconsciously and subliminally evoked, study shows

... need to be aware of the event that caused their mood or feelings in order to be affected by it. The ... the overall positivity or negativity of their mood and the extent to which they felt fearful, ... to emotional stimuli, a general, negative mood developed accompanied by a specific emotion, such ...

Why serotonin can cause depression and anxiety

... mood disorders could be caused by a loss of our ... appears to be one of the major players in mood and a variety of other disorders. But exactly how ... of the serotonin system may relate to mood disorders such as depression and anxiety, as ...

Women more depressed and men more impulsive with reduced serotonin functioning

... function, specifically in terms of their mood and impulsivity. Using a technique in healthy ... became more impulsive, but did not experience any mood changes in response to the induced chemical ... women in this study reported a worsening of their mood and they became more cautious, a response ...

New light on bipolar treatment drugs

... for more than 50 years as one of the most effective treatments for bipolar mood disorder. However, scientists have never been entirely sure exactly how ... a gene for a variant of IMPase, has previously been linked to bipolar mood disorder. This new result suggests that Lithium could counteract the ...

Laughter remains good medicine

... Two hormones beta-endorphins (the family of chemicals that elevates mood state) and human growth hormone (HGH; which helps with optimizing ... therapeutic mirthful laughter Rx (a potential modulator of positive mood state) to standard diabetes care may lower stress and inflammatory ...

Laughter remains good medicine

... Two hormones beta-endorphins (the family of chemicals that elevates mood state) and human growth hormone (HGH; which helps with optimizing ... therapeutic mirthful laughter Rx (a potential modulator of positive mood state) to standard diabetes care may lower stress and inflammatory ...

Low-carb diets can affect dieters' cognition skills

... this study. Participants were also asked about their hunger levels and mood during each session. The hunger-rating did not vary between participants on a low-carb diet and those on a low-calorie diet. The only mood difference between dieters was confusion, which was higher for low-calorie ...

NARSAD announces 2008 Prizes for Outstanding Achievement in Research on Mental Health Disorders

... who will both receive the Falcone Prize for Outstanding Achievement in mood Disorders Research; Eric A. Taylor, M.D., of King's College London, a ... NARSAD's 2008 Falcone Prize for Outstanding Achievement in mood Disorders Research is being awarded to two scientists for their individual ...

Natural childbirth linked to stronger baby bonding than C-sections

... change. The researchers then conducted interviews to assess the mothers' mood as well as their thoughts and parenting. The team found that compared ... to their own baby's cry in some of these regions varied according to mood and anxiety. Swain said that no parent in the small study developed ...

New clinical data shows chromium picolinate improves cognitive function

... (Clinical Dementia Rating sum boxes score, 1.0 versus 0.85) or level of mood disturbance (Profile of mood States total score, 18.4 versus 16.9). About Core4Life Advanced Memory ...

Drug commonly used to treat bipolar disorder dramatically increases lifespan in worms

... in lifespan, raising the tantalizing question of whether humans taking the mood affecting drug are also taking an anti-aging medication. Results of the ... in the Journal of Biological Chemistry. Lithium has been used to treat mood affective disorders, including bipolar disease for decades. While the drug ...

NARSAD presents 2007 prizes for outstanding achievement in neuroscience and psychiatric research

... in the brain. " Falcone Prize for Outstanding Achievement in mood Disorders Research: Helen S. Mayberg, M.D., is professor of psychiatry ... anterior cingulate cortex that she hypothesized would regulate depressed mood and proceeded to stimulate this region electrically using deep brain ...

Stop and smell the flowers -- the scent really can soothe stress

... ancient times to help reduce stress, fight inflammation and depression, and induce sleep. Aromatherapy, the use of fragrant plant oils to improve mood and health, has become a popular form of alternative medicine today. And linalool is one of the most widely used substances to soothe away emotional ...

Lithium may help radiation target cancer, spare healthy tissue

... Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center investigators have uncovered a mechanism that helps explain how lithium, a drug widely used to treat bipolar mood disorder, also protects the brain from damage that occurs during radiation treatments. In the May 1 issue of the Journal of Clinical ...

Lancet study supports new, highly effective treatment for blood disorder

... as the placebo group. Currently, patients are treated with corticosteroids, such as prednisone, which may have side effects such as fatigue, mood swings and weight gain. Other common treatments include IV anti-D and IV gammaglobulin, and also rituximab. More drastic measures, like surgical ...

The genetics of fear: Study suggests specific genetic variations contribute to anxiety disorders

... to play a role in anxiety disorders: the serotonin transporter gene and the gene for the enzyme COMT. Serotonin is a brain chemical involved in mood regulation. The serotonin transporter, which is the target of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) used to treat anxiety and depression, ...

Addiction: Insights from Parkinson's disease

... in the brain are affected. Parksinson's disease is often thought as just affecting movement but, it also consists of cognitive, behavioural and mood symptoms, which are now being recognized as a major source of disability. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter, or chemical messenger in the brain that ...

American Institute of Physics announces awards for best science writing

... place against a backdrop of horrors that would surpass even the worst torments of Goethe's tragic figure Faust. Segre's book evocatively captures the mood of 1932, those last days before the world would change forever. Less than a year later, Adolf Hitler would take over of the German government -- an ...

Internationally acclaimed researcher joins UH faculty thanks to $5.5 million grant

... nuclear hormone receptors in the brain may be manipulated to treat neurodegeneration, Parkinson's disease, Lou Gehrig's disease, depression and other mood disorders. Margaret Warner, a research scientist who has worked with Gustafsson for more than 20 years at Karolinska, and up to 15 other ...

New drug holds out promise of normal diet for sufferers of devastating PKU genetic disease

... the cauliflower she wants, or a whole banana. She's never eaten a whole banana!" "Aside from just the diet portion," Fischer added, "PKU affects mood and the ability to concentrate, and diet therapy does not work perfectly for everyone. What means the most to me is that the new treatment would ...

Bright lights, not-so-big pupils

... cells signal light to many different parts of the brain to drive different behaviors, from setting the circadian clock to affecting mood and movement," says Do. "I want to know how these signals are processed and whether they are abnormal in disorders like seasonal affective disorder ...

Bipolar disorder genes, pathways identified by Indiana University neuroscientists

... sometimes called manic depression, affects nearly 2.3 million Americans. A serious illness, people who suffer from it can experience mild or dramatic mood swings, shifts in energy and a diminished capacity to function. Dr. Niculescu, a practicing psychiatrist and a molecular geneticist, said this ...

Millisecond brain signals predict response to fast-acting antidepressant

... and speed delivery of care for what can be a life-threatening illness," said Carlos Zarate, M.D., of the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), mood and Anxiety Disorders Program. In the new study at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, MD, depressed patients showed increasing ...

Penn biophysicists create new model for protein-cholesterol interactions in brain and muscle tissue

... Moreover, the results apply to closely related receptors that bind serotonin and GABA, which are neurotransmitters directly involved in regulation of mood and sleep. The findings have broad implications for, among other fields, pharmacology. Drug development in this arena has to take into account the ...

Large-scale investment catapults CAMH's mental illness and addiction research forward

... in CAMH's history, kicks off a $38 million project that will enable CAMH to focus on transforming lives across six research themes: Schizophrenia, mood Disorders, Addictions, Community Health & Knowledge Exchange, Neuroimaging, Pharmacogentics and Neuroscience. With the additional financial support ...

Study finds connections between genetics, brain activity and preference

... says Hans Breiter, MD, senior and corresponding author of the study and principal investigator for the Phenotype Genotype Project in Addiction and mood Disorders, an interdisciplinary project involving the MGH Departments of Radiology, Psychiatry, and Neurology. "In the ongoing discussion about how ...

N.Y. research team discovers how antidepressants and cocaine interact with brain cell targets

... findings are so clear and detailed at the level of molecular behavior that they will be most valuable to developing more effective therapies for mood disorders and neurologic and psychiatric diseases, and to direct effective treatments for drug addiction to cocaine and amphetamines," says co-lead ...

Children's Memorial Hospital of Chicago receives a grant from BioMarin to support adult PKU outreach

... Clinic, Children's Memorial Hospital, Chicago. "Untreated PKU can have severe neurological implications, including impaired cognitive function, mood disorders, mental illness and brain damage. Through specific targeting efforts, we hope to reach out to patients who are not receiving care to ...

Scientists learn how food affects the brain

... and kiwi fruit provide many benefits, including improving learning and memory and helping to fight against such mental disorders as depression and mood disorders, schizophrenia, and dementia, said Gmez-Pinilla, a member of UCLA's Brain Research Institute and Brain Injury Research Center. ...

CAPHOSOL relieves oral mucositis and improves quality-of-life in cancer patients

... of the mouth or throat), difficulty eating and drinking, as well as difficulty with speech; these effects can significantly impact a patients weight, mood and physical functioning. Severe ulceration may cause breaks in the mucosa, which can then become susceptible to oral opportunistic infections, ...

Hunger hormone: Makes food more attractive

... magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). In addition to analyzing the activation of different brain regions, subjects also answered questions about their mood and appetite before and after seeing sets of images. The effects of ghrelin on the amygdala and OFC correlated with the self-rated hunger ratings. ...

Science expands Science Signaling, featuring research related to medical advances, and more

... are trying to understand how signaling events lead to changes in the brain that produce learning and memory or what changes in brain signaling cause mood disorders in order to develop more effective therapies. Understanding signaling pathways is also important for understanding how pathogens infect ...

Continuous oral contraceptives better at easing pain, bleeding

... things of this study. The quality of life did not necessarily decrease as it was counterbalanced by improvements in other areas such as pain and mood swings," the Penn State researcher added. According to Legro, the study suggests that there may be diverse mechanisms of breakthrough bleeding ...

The myth of runner's high revisited with brain imaging

... the scientific journal 'Cerebral Cortex'. Runner's high Endurance sports have long been seen as reducing stress, relieving anxiety, enhancing mood and decreasing the perception of pain. The high that accompanies jogging even led to the creation of its own term, runner's high. Yet the cause of ...

Family conditions may affect when girls experience puberty

... Early puberty in girls has been found to negatively affect these teenagers health in areas such as mood disorders, substance abuse, adolescent pregnancy, and cancers of the reproductive system. Given these findings, it is critical to understand why ...

Worms take the sniff test to reveal sex differences in brain

... The research project was funded by Autism Speaks, an organization dedicated to autism awareness and research. For so many diseases, like autism or mood disorders, its clear that they either are more prevalent in one sex than the other, or they manifest themselves differently. But no one really knows ...

How does the opioid system control pain, reward and addictive behavior?

... findings have important implications on the field of opioid research und uncover the therapeutic potential for delta-agonists in the treatment of mood disorders. The most recent findings are the direct visualization of an opioid receptor in the mouse brain. The combination of fluorescent ...

Genetic variant linked to odor perception

... has been debate whether these same chemicals act similarly in humans, Matsunami said. There is evidence that smelling these odors can affect the mood and physiological state of both men and women. Matsunami and his colleagues plan further studies to understand how smelling these chemicals might ...
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