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monoxide in Biological News

Pediatric carbon monoxide poisoning linked to video games after Hurricane Ike

... that 75 percent of children treated for carbon monoxide poisoning caused by gasoline-powered electrical ... arriving in the emergency department with carbon monoxide poisoning because they tried to keep food fresh, ... Of the 37 individuals treated for carbon monoxide poisoning after the storm, 20 were under the age ...

NASA study says climate adds fuel to Asian wildfire emissions

... the fires and drought. They used the carbon monoxide detecting Measurements of Pollution in the ... deforestation versus general emissions. Carbon monoxide is a good indicator of the occurrence of fire, and the amounts of carbon monoxide in fire emissions are related to the amount of ...

Ikaria(R) Receives FDA Orphan Drug Designation for Inhaled Carbon Monoxide for Delayed Graft Function in Solid Organ Transplants

... orphan drug designation for inhaled carbon monoxide for use in the reduction of the incidence ... facilitate the development of inhaled carbon monoxide as a potential treatment for DGF in solid ... to advancing our research of inhaled carbon monoxide as part of our overall goal of delivering new ...

Ikaria(R) Receives FDA Orphan Drug Designation for Inhaled Carbon Monoxide for Delayed Graft Function in Solid Organ Transplants

... orphan drug designation for inhaled carbon monoxide for use in the reduction of the incidence ... facilitate the development of inhaled carbon monoxide as a potential treatment for DGF in solid ... to advancing our research of inhaled carbon monoxide as part of our overall goal of delivering new ...

Carbon monoxide may cause long-lasting heart damage

... Lack of oxygen isnt the only way that carbon monoxide (CO) damages the heart, say researchers at Rhode ... suggest that heart damage caused by carbon monoxide may have long-lasting effects even after its been ... from the blood, making the diagnosis of carbon monoxide poisoning even more critical, said lead author ...

European satellites provide new insight into ozone-depleting species

... of stratospheric ozone chemistry. Despite the detection of bromine monoxide (BrO) in the atmosphere some 20 years ago, bromine nitrate (BrONO2) was ... important source of atmospheric bromine. The reactive chemical bromine monoxide (BrO) has been measured in a number of volcanic plumes around the globe, ...

Turning waste material into ethanol

... into synthesis gas, or syngas. Syngas is made up primarily of carbon monoxide and hydrogen (more than 85 percent by volume) and smaller quantities of ... the chemical reactions in syngas conversion, Lin found that the carbon monoxide molecules that yielded ethanol could be "activated" in the presence of a ...

Satellites illuminate pollution's influence on clouds

... Sounder on the A-Train's Aura satellite to measure the level of carbon monoxide in clouds. The presence of carbon monoxide implies the presence of smoke and other aerosols, which usually come from ...

Human role in Indonesian polluting forest fires -- Guido van der Werf in Nature Geoscience

... agriculture. The sustained burning of biomass not only releases the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide and methane but also large quantities of carbon monoxide and particulate matter. Consequently, during major fire years the air quality in Indonesia is many times worse than that of the most polluted cities ...

Intruder alert: Tel Aviv University's 'Smart Dew' will find you!

... of cars and tractors could be detected by a magnetic sensor. Smart Dew droplets could also be programmed to detect temperature changes, carbon monoxide emissions, vibrations or light. Each droplet sends a radio signal to a "base station" that collects and analyzes the data. Like the signals sent ...

Water acts as catalyst in explosives

... of water reaches equilibrium. They also found that carbon atoms capture oxygen mostly from hydroxide, rather than directly from nitrogen monoxide (NO) or nitrogen dioxide (NO_). Meanwhile water disassociated and recombines with hydrogen and hydroxide frequently. "The water that comes out is ...

Stem cell infusion and hyperbaric oxygen treatment improve islet function in diabetes

... co-author Esteban Estrada, MD, of Stem Cell Argentina. "In addition, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, used primarily in the treatment of carbon monoxide poisoning, air embolism suffered by divers, and as an enhancement to wound healing, has been shown to increase stem cell mobilization and the release ...

Iowa State researchers developing clean, renewable energy for ethanol industry

... a new, low-emissions burner and a new catalyst for ethanol production. Both technologies will use the synthesis gas a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen produced by the gasification of discarded seed corn, switchgrass, wood chips and other biomass. The burner will be designed to ...

Novel technology could produce biofuel for around 0.50 a liter ($2.49 a gallon)

... at high pressures to a temperature of around 1400C. Known as gasification, this process transforms the liquid biosyncrude into a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen termed syngas. After any impurities are removed from this syngas, it can be catalytically converted into a range of different ...

Novel technology could produce biofuel for around €0.50 a liter ($2.49 a gallon)

... at high pressures to a temperature of around 1400C. Known as gasification, this process transforms the liquid biosyncrude into a mixture of carbon monoxide and hydrogen termed syngas. After any impurities are removed from this syngas, it can be catalytically converted into a range of different ...

Tufts University Prof. Maria Flytzani-Stephanopoulos named as AAAS Fellow

... catalysts with a reduced amount of precious metals used to generate high-grade hydrogen for fuel cells. The water-gas shift reaction, in which carbon monoxide is removed from the fuel cell by reacting with water to produce carbon dioxide and hydrogen, is a key step in fuel processing hydrogen. Catalysts, ...

New satellite data reveal impact of Olympic pollution controls

... noxious gas resulting from fossil fuel combustion (primarily in cars, trucks, and power plants)plunged nearly 50 percent. Likewise, levels of carbon monoxide (CO) fell about 20 percent. Witte presented the results on behalf of the team on Dec. 16 at the fall meeting of the American Geophysical Union in ...

BWF awards $7 million to infectious disease investigators

... Immune control of human phagosomal pathogens by a novel GTPase superfamily Adrie J.C. Steyn, Ph.D. University of Alabama-Birmingham Carbon monoxide and Mycobacterium tuberculosis persistence Timothy L. Tellinghuisen, Ph.D. The Scripps Research Institute Subversion of a host kinase and ...

NASA presentations at American Geophysical Union Joint Assembly

... knowledge of ozone and temperature in the lowest portions of Earth's atmosphere above Texas. Understanding Enhancements in Tropospheric Carbon monoxide from Biogenic Volatile Organic Compounds Using TES and MOPITT Data Time: Tues., May 27, 4:15 p.m. EDT, Room 305 Session: A24A-02 Scientists from ...

Beijing game for clean air challenge

... of the capital, in anticipation of the Olympic Games. The researchers found that average daily concentrations of sulphur dioxide and carbon monoxide were lower than the National Ambient Air Quality Standard for China. Nitrogen dioxide levels met the Standard, whereas concentrations of ozone and ...

Arable land can have a negative impact on air quality

... measuring instruments showed unusually high levels of coarse-grained particles (larger than 0.001 mm) in the dust plume. The relatively low carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide concentrations also seemed to rule out industrial sources and biomass combustion. Dust from the Sahara Desert had caused a stir in ...

More efficient fuel-cells, thanks to a new catalyst

... composed of elements such as nickel, niobium, antimony or ruthenium, amongst others, have the unique property of converting molecules of carbon monoxide (CO) into carbon dioxide (CO2) efficiently. The CO2, being gaseous, does not adhere to the catalyst which in the long term favours the catalytic ...

'Revolutionary' CO2 maps zoom in on greenhouse gas sources

... the Vulcan maps, the research team developed a method to extract the CO 2 information by transforming data on local air pollution, such as carbon monoxide and nitrous oxide emissions, which are tracked by the Environmental Protection Agency, the U.S. Department of Energy and other governmental agencies. ...

Paired microbes eliminate methane using sulfur pathway

... sulfide, to see if they reduced methane oxidation. The researchers found that methanethiol reduced oxidation. The researchers also substituted carbon monoxide for methane and found that the Archaea could oxidize that as well and produce these sulfur compounds. "In climate models, researchers generally ...

GM, Coskata partnership builds on Oklahoma State University biofuels research

... gasification, microorganisms licensed to Coskata as part of the OSU Biofuels research convert the resulting syngas into ethanol by consuming carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the gas stream. Once the gas-to-liquid conversion process has occurred, the resulting ethanol is recovered from the solution using ...

Chemistry turns killer gas into potential cure

... Despite its deadly reputation, the gas carbon monoxide (CO) could actually save lives and boost health in future as a result of leading-edge UK research. Chemists at the University of Sheffield have ...

Engineered eggshells to help make hydrogen fuel

... a method of hydrogen production called the water-gas-shift reaction. With this method, fossil fuels such as coal are gasified to produce carbon monoxide gas, which then combines with water to produce carbon dioxide and hydrogen. The eggshell plays a critical role. "The key to making pure ...

Tiny tubes and rods show promise as catalysts, sunscreen

... solar cells and be used as catalysts for splitting water and also in the water-gas-shift reaction to produce pure hydrogen gas from carbon monoxide and water. The method for making the cavity-filled rods is simple, says Han. "We simply heat titanate nanorods in air. This process evaporates ...

LSU professors work to improve efficiency of ethanol fuel

... energy company in the nation. Were working with our project partners to produce ethanol from a coal-derived syngas, a mixture of primarily carbon monoxide and hydrogen. The United States has tremendous reserves of coal, but converting it to affordable, clean fuels is a challenge one that we are ...

Research to spotlight carbon monoxide benefits

... £110,000 to investigate potential uses of carbon monoxide in treating disease. Dr Jason Lynam and Dr Ian ... compounds for the controlled release of carbon monoxide into the bloodstream. Carbon monoxide is an anti-inflammatory, and they want to explore ...

Therapeutic role found for carbon monoxide

... In a medical case of Jekyll and Hyde, carbon monoxide ?the highly toxic gas emitted from auto exhausts ... (JEM). The paradoxical theory that carbon monoxide (CO), the colorless, odorless gas often dubbed ... Leo Otterbein, PhD, it now appears that carbon monoxide can also be used to treat and reverse existing ...

Methane-belching bugs inspire a new theory of the origin of life on Earth

... an obscure undersea microbe metabolizes carbon monoxide into methane and vinegar. What they found was ... at Northeastern University, showed how carbon monoxide is converted to acetate in a biochemical pathway ... that this microbe makes by converting carbon monoxide into methane--are produced by multi-enzyme ...

Poison + water = hydrogen. New microbial genome shows how

... microbes that can convert water and carbon monoxide to hydrogen," remarks TIGR evolutionary biologist ... C. hydrogenoformans grows more rapidly on carbon monoxide than other species: The bug boasts at least five ... forms of a protein machine, dubbed carbon monoxide deyhydrogenase, that is able to manipulate the ...

NCAR analysis shows widespread pollution from 2004 wildfires

... and Canada in 2004 emitted about as much carbon monoxide as did human-related activities in the ... that allowed them to distinguish between carbon monoxide coming from the wildfires and from other sources. ... wildfires emitted about 30 teragrams of carbon monoxide from June through August of last year. Because of ...

New study reports hotel guests at risk from carbon monoxide poisoning

... Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning kills over 200 people every year in the United States. ... and concluded, ‘AH&LA will continue to monitor industry-related carbon monoxide issues.’ Until CO alarms are installed in hotels, motels, and resorts, ...

Progress toward artificial photosynthesis?

... to oxidize benzene (an aromatic six-membered carbon ring) to phenol (which has an additional OH group). The by-product of the reaction is carbon monoxide (CO), which can be used directly for chemical syntheses. From a purely formal point of view, this reaction cleaves the CO2 into an oxygen ...

New biofuels process promises to meet all US transportation needs

... or coal into liquid fuels involves first breaking down the raw material with a chemical process that "gasifies" it into carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and hydrogen. Then those constituents are turned into a liquid fuel with other processes. In the H2CAR concept, hydrogen would be harvested by ...

U of M researchers invent 'flashy' new process to turn soy oil, glucose into hydrogen

... biodiesel requires the addition of methanol, a fossil fuel. The new process skips the biodiesel step and turns oil straight into hydrogen and carbon monoxide gases by heating it to about 1,000 degrees C. About 70 percent of the hydrogen in the oil is converted to hydrogen gas. Similarly, using a nearly ...

NASA study: Alaskan fires affected Houston air quality in 2004

... Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer on the Terra satellite, aerosol data from the Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer satellite, and carbon monoxide data from the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder on the Aqua spacecraft. They tracked an air mass from the region of forest fires in western Canada and ...
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