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AGU journal highlights -- Aug. 6, 2009

... and inserting into the search engine the full doi (digital object ... climate models should take stratospheric ozone into account. Title: Stratospheric ozone depletion ... (IPCC) recent reports and are used as inputs into climate forecasts. However, a new study finds ...

New cancer drug delivery system is effective and reversible

... can enter and dump their cancer-killing contents into those cells. Scientists have spent more than a ... it can deliver the liposome and the cancer drug into the cell. Developing such antibodies is ... bind to specific molecules and converting them into effective sensors and diagnostic agents. His team ...

Wastewater produces electricity and desalinates water

... occurring bacteria to convert wastewater into clean water producing electricity -- so it could ... Salt not only dissolves in water, it dissociates into positive and negative ions. When the bacteria in ... wastewater it releases charged ions -- protons -- into the water. These protons cannot pass the anion ...

'Green' energy from algae

... and converting carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) into biomass. From this biomass, both potential ... the scientist. "Our plants convert solar energy into biomass, the efficiency being five times higher ... extraction (60 70%) is planned to be con-verted into other energy carriers like hydrogen or methane by ...

Symposium to discuss geoengineering to fight climate change at the ESA Annual Meeting

... light-colored sulfur particles or other aerosols into the atmosphere to reflect the sun's rays back into space. This approach mimics what happens ... increasingly carbon-rich atmosphere dissolving into seawater. In fact, Miller says, ocean ...

Animal and plant communication at the ESA Annual Meeting

... says Whitehead. "Here, the bugs have tapped into a resource in a competition-free space," she ... water in it. When insects investigate, they slide into the pitcher and meet a watery demise. The plant ... pitcher plants' natural color spectrum of redness into the plants' habitat. They found that red ...

Holding breath for several minutes elevates marker for brain damage

... Swedish researchers said. The release of S100B into the blood suggests that holding one's breath for ... arterial blood samples from a catheter inserted into the artery that runs through the wrist. They took ... the protein to escape from the fluid in the brain into the circulation. The blood-brain barrier controls ...

Urban water ecology at the ESA annual meeting

... to grow," Chaves says. "This translates into an input of food for the mosquitoes." When ... cities are beginning to incorporate greenroofs into their planning ordinances because they recognize ... is funneled by streets and parking lots directly into streams, carrying with it chemicals and debris ...

UC San Diego engineer provides insights to decades-old DNA squabble

... The function of chromatin is to package DNA into a smaller volume to fit in the cell. Chromatin ... yet detailed enough to provide insights into its structure and dynamics. By simulating this ... how engineering tools can provide new insights into biology," he added. "When we talk about cancer ...

Parasites ready to jump

... inside the cell, even if they have not integrated into the genome. Small molecules of RNA (a class of ... transposons in their genomes and introduce them into the host cells they infect. Therefore, transposon ... were present in the cell but not yet incorporated into the genome. The phenomenon of RNA interference ...

'Microfluidic palette' may paint clearer picture of biological processes

... only 1.5 millimeters (0.06 inch) across etched into the center of a glass wafer. Tiny holes at its ... it could be moreallow various mixtures to flow into the chamber. Beneath the chamber, each access ... to the long tail of a Y-shaped channel etched into a second layer. These channels deliver test ...

New computer simulation helps explain folding in important cellular protein

... are proteinschains of amino acids that must fold into three-dimensional structures to work properly. ... tried to understand what makes proteins fold into functional units and why it happens, and several ... physically and biochemically as proteins fold into their functional shapes (called the native state) ...

Reprogramming human cells without inserting genes

... which are pluripotent, meaning they can grow into all the tissues of an adult organism. In the ... and head down the path to developing into a specific kind of cell type and tissue. While ... known stem cell genes, including OCT4 and SOX2, into human skin cells. Those genes began expressing ...

Jet-propelled imaging for an ultrafast light source

... as strings of amino acids that fold themselves into an amazing variety of origami-like structures, ... complex diffraction patterns have been converted into a 3-D image by computers how the electrons, and ... or viruses dissolved in the liquid can only fit into the droplets one at a time. And the nozzle ...

Stem cell research: From molecular physiology to therapeutic applications

... placenta could also be induced to differentiate into a variety of different tissues. In this issue, we ... Research. His group has taken stem cell therapy into phase II clinical trials in China, and is the ... that these cells could differentiate not only into osteogenic, adipogenic and endothelial lineages, ...

Experimental treatment halts hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in newborns

... called plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) into the brains of newborn rats, said Chia-Yi Kuan, ... inflammatory cells or potential contaminants, into the central nervous system. Dr. Kuan and his ... the therapeutic effect of injecting PAI-1 into newborn rats suffering from the brain blood flow ...

New supercomputer to reel in answers to some of Earth's problems

... clusters. The work also gives researchers insight into how small particles in the air form clouds or ... Industrial chemists can turn propane gas into plastics and generate only water as a byproduct ... Chinook has 4620 Quad-core processors built into 2310 nodes. Each node can be thought of as the ...

Scientists closer to making implantable bone material, thanks to new research

... materials, derived from stem cells, to implant into patients who have damaged or fractured bones, or ... these bone-like materials could be inserted into cavities so that real bone could meld with it and ... Our study provides an important insight into how different cell sources can really influence ...

DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009

... developed throughout the world and introduced into the market the previous year. "The ... transfer, moving forward basic research results into commercial products. This year, scientists and ... as conventional solar cellsturning sunlight into electricitybut at one-fifth the cost or less. ...

Ants more rational than humans

... ants, the lack of individual options translated into more accurate outcomes by minimizing the chances ... how or why irrationality arises can give insight into cognitive mechanisms and constraints, as well as ... such as Pratt's and Edward's could also translate into new approaches in the development of artificial ...

International conference on CO2 sequestration processes

... geothermal power plant, outside Reykjavik, into a massive basalt formation below. Natural ... this common volcanic rock should turn the CO2 into a carbonate mineral similar to limestone. The process locks CO2 into a solida potential great advantage over the few ...

Silicon with afterburners: Process developed at Rice could be boon to electronics manufacturer

... computer science. Doping introduces impurities into pure crystalline silicon as a way of tuning ... the same thing." Tour said years of research into molecular computing with an eye toward replacing ... of dollars and millions of person-years invested into it. So we decided it would be good to complement ...

SRI announces selection by the National Cancer Institute as a Chemical Biology Consortium center

... developing and advancing novel compounds into clinical evaluation. SRI's Center for Cancer ... extensive drug pipeline translating discoveries into beneficial treatments. SRI's drug discovery ... and clients, having placed multiple compounds into clinic with significantly reduced numbers of ...

Scientists link immune system's natural killer cells to infant liver disease

... "The next steps for translating these findings into clinical application would include pre-clinical ... intestines to aid digestion, and instead backs up into and damages the liver. Corrective surgery is ... to the intestines, and the animals grew well into adulthood without liver-related symptoms. ...

A genetic basis for schizophrenia

... in the brain and subsequent differentiation into their intended fate. During development, cells ... to their final destination in order to develop into the appropriate cell-type, integrate into the corresponding network of cells and function ...

Iowa State University researchers develop process for 'surgical' genetic changes

... Until now, when scientists introduced DNA into plants, they would randomly inject that DNA into the plant cell. There was no way of knowing if it ... you make a break in a cell, you can get some DNA into that spot," said Wright. "It's just that you have ...

Chasing tiny vehicles

... surprising properties, they are finding their way into an endless stream of equally innovative products. ... could one day ferry drugs or even genes into cells. So far, the only way of testing these ... individual nanoparticles as they make their way into target cells in real-time and at high spatial ...

Slotted buses keep passengers cool

... air- conditioning system. The turbulent flow into a standard bus does not allow air into all areas. Passengers sitting near or standing in ... vent at the front and rear of a bus will draw air into the bus at a much better rate than side windows. ...

'Invisibility cloak' could protect against earthquakes

... travelling through the 'cloak' pass smoothly into the material and are compressed into small fluctuations in pressure and density. The path of the surface waves can be made into an arc that directs the waves outside the ...

Wood stoves -- a viable home heat source?

... fossil fuel prices of 2005-2007 without taking into account rising fossil fuel prices or the impending carbon tax. Should these variables come into play Dr. Grogan estimated that the domestic heating costs would be reduced by 25%. This translates into a potential savings of $920 in the first 3 years. ...

$20 million NIH grant to transform clinical research at UIC

... research -- moving new, basic science knowledge into useful applications for health and medicine -- is ... the movement of knowledge from the lab bench into the community. "This grant enables UIC to ... peers to move basic science findings more quickly into clinical trial and community settings." The ...

New Report Just Published: World Solid-State, Fiber, Gas and Dye Lasers Market Report

... II-3 Solid-State and Advanced Lasers Eat into the Share of Gas Lasers II-4 Laser ... 6. End-Use Industries II-28 An Insight into Select End-Use Applications II-28 Industrial ... Partners with Alps II-41 Zecotek Laser Enters into Agreement with Fujikura II-41 Powerlase Forms ...

New technique can fast-track better ionic liquids for biomass pre-treatments

... ways to break lignocellulosic biomass down into fermentable sugars. The use of ionic liquids ... and later help hydrolyze the resulting liquor into sugars, shows promise as a way of pre-treating biomass for a more efficient conversion into fuels. However, the best ionic liquids in terms ...

22nd Congress of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology, Sept. 12-16, 2009, Turkey

... problems and helping reintegrate people back into work through a range of medical and psychosocial ... given physicians and scientists greater insight into the brain. Today neural activity in normal and ... take-home messages that can easily be translated into clinical practice by medical professionals. ...

Ozone, nitrogen change the way rising CO2 affects Earth's water

... much water is likely to run off the land and back into the sea as atmospheric chemistry changes. Runoff ... when water vapor and oxygen are released into the air. The amount of water that plants give ... for groundwater or runs off the land surface into lakes, streams, and rivers. Along the way, it ...

Explosive growth of life on Earth fueled by early greening of planet

... levels and simple, bacteria dominant life forms into the kind of world we have today with abundant ... burial transformation of initial limestone muds into rock. It's the same as we see in limestones ... and allowed oxygen to rise and get dissolved into sea water," Knauth explained. "Early animals ...

Spontaneous assembly

... bacterial membrane proteins are able to assemble into clusters that direct cell movement to select ... Their results provide valuable insight into how complex periodic patterns in biological ... assemble the locations of all proteins into a composite, high-precision image," said ....

Army study improves ability to predict drinking water needs

... equation needed to be: updated, to take into account new fabric in the clothing soldiers wear ... loss. One variable the equation does not take into account is fitness levels, which do influence sweat rates. That may be the next area to work into the equation, Dr. Cheuvront said. ...

Playing it safe

... testis of adult mice and converting these cells into pluripotent stem cells without introduced genes, ... in the testis of newborn mice are able to develop into different kinds of tissue. In 2006, scientists ... a test to establish whether, after injection into early embryos, the cells are able to contribute ...

Iron and biological production in the high-latitude North Atlantic

... Basins, residual amounts of nitrate persist into the summer period, after the spring bloom has ... spring phytoplankton bloom does not continue well into the summer and why residual amounts of nitrate ... to support maintenance of the phytoplankton bloom into the summer. Nielsdottir, a research student at ...
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