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ingestion in Biological News

Post-exercise caffeine helps muscles refuel

... experiment. Glucose and insulin levels higher with caffeine ingestion The researchers found the following: one hour after exercise, ... the same goal. Hawley pointed out that the responses to caffeine ingestion vary widely between individuals. Indeed, while several of the athletes in ...

Nitrates in vegetables protect against gastric ulcers

... damage that often occurs in the gastrointestinal tract as a result of ingestion of anti-inflammatory drugs. "These sorts of drugs are very common in ... damage that often occurs in the gastrointestinal tract as a result of ingestion of anti-inflammatory drugs. "These sorts of drugs are very common in ...

Down to earth remedies for chimps

... The deliberate ingestion of soil, or geophagy, has important health benefits for chimpanzees, ... some to mental health issues. The paper looks at the consequences of soil ingestion on the health status of chimpanzees in the Kibale National Park in Uganda. ...

New crops needed for new climate

... fact that protein content decreased, making the plants overall more toxic as the ability of herbivores to break down cyanide depends largely on the ingestion of sufficient quantities of protein. Data have also shown that cassava, a staple food crop in tropical and subtropical regions due to its ...

New crops needed for new climate

... fact that protein content decreased, making the plants overall more toxic as the ability of herbivores to break down cyanide depends largely on the ingestion of sufficient quantities of protein. Data have also shown that cassava, a staple food crop in tropical and subtropical regions due to its ...

Cause of mussel poisoning identified

... microscopic plankton, the so-called "toxic algae". Mussels can filter a high amount of these toxic microorganisms from the seawater column, and after ingestion they retain the toxins and accumulate them in their edible flesh. Azaspiracids comprise one group of these microalgal toxins The first known ...

News from the March 2009 Journal of the American Dietetic Association

... Other studies published in the March 2009 Journal of the American Dietetic Association include: Effects of Food Form and Timing of ingestion on Appetite and Energy Intake in Lean and Obese Young Adults Fruit and Vegetable Consumption and Its Relation to Markers of Inflammation and ...

A BBVA Foundation project comes up with a system enabling detection of cetacean hearing loss

... man-made sound sources can impair this capacity, potentially disrupting the species in its feeding activities occupying 80% of its time since its ingestion needs are a ton per day and destabilizing the entire food chain. Each of the species making up the cetacean order has its own acoustic repertoire ...

Vitamin D a key player in overall health of several body organs, says UC Riverside biochemist

... foods naturally, milk and other foods (often orange juice) are fortified with vitamin D. While deficiency of vitamin D impacts health negatively, ingestion of extremely high doses of vitamin D can cause hypercalcemia, a condition in which the blood's calcium level is above normal. The highest daily ...

Monitoring outcomes of suicide attempts in pregnancy can better assess drug dangers

... women were admitted and 1021 of these attempted suicide with drugs (the other 23 pregnant women had accidental intoxication due to poisonous mushroom ingestion or carbon monoxide). Among them, these women had 411 live-born infants, and 367 exposed children were evaluated with cognitive and behavioural ...

New method identifies meth hot spots

... with the stimulant; the discovery of places were meth was made; the release of dangerous fumes and chemicals from these "labs;" the accidental ingestion of toxic chemicals used to make the addictive drug; the haphazard dumping of waste from the labs; and calls to the Oregon Poison Control Center ...

Scavenger birds chew the fat

... makes sound ecological sense because due to their high fat content, mammal bones actually have a higher energy content than muscle tissue. To aid ingestion or transportation, the bearded vulture breaks up large bones on rocky surfaces, known as 'ossuaries', throwing the bones down from the air until they ...

Atomic structure of the mammalian 'fatty acid factory' determined

... fatty acid synthase is also considered a promising drug target. Although most fat accumulated in animals and humans is delivered to cells by ingestion and not by de novo synthesis, compounds that inhibit the function of the mammalian fatty acid synthase induce weight reduction in animals, showing ...

UNH researchers tag first-ever free-swimming leatherback turtles in New England

... shore and away from their nesting areas, leatherback turtles have no natural predators except sharks and killer whales; entanglement in fishing gear, ingestion of marine debris and injuries from boat propellers are the major threats to their survival. "Understanding where they travel and how they use the ...

Foods high in conjugated linoleic acids can enrich breast milk

... Despite its small size and other limitations, this pilot study suggests that CLA appearance in human breast milk can be increased by an acute ingestion of a CLA-rich food in the maternal diet," the researchers write. Given the possible benefits of CLA on infant health and development, further ...

'Green' potato health risk can be eliminated by cutting away affected area

... can be toxic to humans and can cause serious illness at concentrations of >280 mg kg-1 f.w. (1) Symptoms generally occur after 8-12 hours after ingestion and can include gastrointestinal disturbances and neurological disorders. Mild symptoms can include headaches, dizziness, abdominal pain, nausea, ...

Arsenic and new rice

... widespread in the earth's crust and easily taken up and accumulated in crops. Contaminated water is the main source of arsenic poisoning, followed by ingestion of arsenic-rich food, especially rice that has been irrigated with arsenic-contaminated water. According to the WHO, arsenic has been found ...

Tooth loss strongly linked to risk of esophageal, head and neck, and lung cancer

... is critical to good health. The oral cavity is a gateway between the external environment and the gastrointestinal tract and acts in both food ingestion and digestion, the researchers wrote. Oral hygiene potentially affects gastrointestinal flora and nutritional status and may thus have implications ...

A step forward in virology

... first one identified that uses apoptotic mimicry as an entry strategy. Knowledge of the virus strategies and the signal proteins involved in the ingestion of a virus by a cell is crucial to finding and developing new agents against the pathogens. Until now, antiviral medication has targeted the virus ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- March 26, 2008

... village located in southeast China. Recycling methods used in family-run workshops could pose a serious health risk to residents of the area through ingestion and inhalation of contaminated dust, the researchers say. Their study is scheduled for the April 15 issue of ACS Environmental Science & Technology, ...

NOAA science story tips -- AAAS 2008 edition

... pass through multiple nations territories and international waters. Leatherback populations face threats from egg harvesting, fishery bycatch, ingestion of debris, direct harvest, and habitat loss. Satellite tracking technology is one tool allowing NOAA researchers to unlock secrets of the incredible ...

Study confirms that low-calorie sweeteners are helpful in weight control

... taste, is cited as the potential mechanism for overeating. The problem is that there is no cephalic phase insulin release in humans following the ingestion of aspartame, as demonstrated by Abdallah et al (1997) and not referenced here. A recent study, also based on rats, showed that any flavor ...

100 percent of people carry at least 1 type of pesticide

... current bans on such pesticides. The impact of diet This study indicates that diet is an important factor in POC concentration, as the ingestion of some aliments, particularly those of animal origin and high fat content, triggers a greater presence of these toxic substances in the human ...

Ultraviolet light helps to secure water supply

... virtually inactive when exposed to industrial UV reactors. Human contamination of this waterborne disease, known as cryptosporidiosis, occurs by ingestion of the resistant form of the parasite, either directly through person-to-person and animal-to-person routes or indirectly through environmental ...

Alcohol and sleep restriction can affect young men's alertness and driving performance

... for safe driving, as suggested by the steering deviation data and an increase in off-road collisions following sleep restriction and alcohol ingestion in this study. Those who think they might have a sleep disorder are urged to discuss their problem with their primary care physician, who will ...

Safe water: simpler method for analyzing radium in water samples cuts testing time

... water, plants and food, the greatest potential for human exposure to radium is through drinking water. Research shows that inhalation, injection, ingestion or body exposure to relatively large amounts of radium can cause cancer and other disorders. Since radium is chemically similar to calcium, it has ...

Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology

... Due to its reemerging presence in developing countries researchers are reexamining the viruses ability to spread among humans through oral ingestion and develop new preventative therapies accordingly. Due to the human digestive tracts low sensitivity to the poliovirus, no previous rodent model ...

100 percent of pregnant women have at least one kind of pesticide in their placenta

... of the urethral folds). The UGR researcher underlines the fact that, in spite of "inadvertent exposure", "it is possible to control pesticide ingestion by means of a proper diet, which should be healthy and balanced, through consumption of food whose chemical content is low. Moreover, daily exercise ...

Woman's Day and For Womens of Science

... attributable to human activities today. Little is known about the behavior of mercury in marine ecosystems and methylmercury in marine fish, the ingestion of which is the primary way most people at all levels of society worldwide are exposed to this highly toxic form of mercury. Methylmercury exposure ...

Mercury contamination of fish warrants worldwide public warning

... attributable to human activities today. Little is known about the behavior of mercury in marine ecosystems and methylmercury in marine fish, the ingestion of which is the primary way most people at all levels of society worldwide are exposed to this highly toxic form of mercury. Methylmercury exposure ...

Comments, experts and background on the 2006 Nobel Prize in chemistry

... and other proteins essential for life and health. With no new protein synthesized, an animal will die within days. Death can also result from the ingestion of certain poisons, which block an enzyme needed for transcription. Cancer and heart disease are among the diseases linked to abnormalities in ...

Pilot study successful in taming allergic reactions to food

... are under way at Duke and the University of Arkansas. The goal, Burks said, is to offer food allergy sufferers protection from accidental ingestion of items that provoke reactions and, eventually, to induce complete or near-complete tolerance to those items. Burks and his colleagues modeled ...

Report focuses on the role good microbes play in future medicine

... One way is by interacting directly with the disease-causing microbes, making it harder for them to cause disease. An example of this is the ingestion of probiotic bacteria to prevent or treat diarrhea. The organisms help reinforce the natural bacterial barrier that exists on the lining of the ...

Manipulating single cell receptor alters animal behavior

... based on behavioral relevance," he says, "something that had not been shown before." "Understanding how signaling pathways work to regulate the ingestion of water and salt may shed light on how similar events affect other behaviors, including learning and memory, feeding, reproduction and social ...

Enzyme affects hypertension by controlling salt levels in body

... percent of sodium from the blood and returns it to the body, excreting 1 percent through urine, said Dr. Huang, a nephrologist. However, if salt ingestion remains the same and the kidneys reabsorb 99.9 percent of salt, too much salt returns to the blood, increasing blood volume and leading to ...

A protein in the eye may prevent immune response and protect eyes from disease

... Without this special reaction, the eye's delicate tissue would be destroyed by inflammation and the gastrointestinal tract could not tolerate the ingestion of food. The F4/80 molecule (also known as a glycoprotein) was first discovered two decades ago on immune cells in the eye, gut and other privileged ...

Distributed Basic Local Alignment Search Toolkit (W.ND-BLAST)

... that waterborne microbes- -bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites --can enter into the healthcare environment in several ways: direct contact with or ingestion of drinking water or ice, breathing aerosols from showers and faucets and even from improperly reprocessed medical devices. As hospitals increasingly ...

New strategies to reduce hospital-aquired infections

... that waterborne microbes- -bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites --can enter into the healthcare environment in several ways: direct contact with or ingestion of drinking water or ice, breathing aerosols from showers and faucets and even from improperly reprocessed medical devices. As hospitals increasingly ...

White Blood Cell 'Waste Disposal' System Plays Critical Regulatory Role

... by phagocytes has been shown to stimulate IL-17 production. Dr. Klaus Ley and colleagues from the University of Virginia investigated whether ingestion of apoptotic neutrophils influenced IL-23 production by phagocytes. The researchers observed that the amount of IL-23 produced by phagocytes was ...
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