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hip in Biological News

Engineering innovative solutions for 21st century medicine

... pain; In 2006 in the UK, there were 130,000 hip and knee replacement operations but demand is ... ranging from ultrasound scanning in pregnancy to hip and knee replacements. The opportunities for ... example, we will create the next generation of hip and knee replacement implants that will last ...

Moderate alcohol intake associated with bone protection

... analyzed BMD measurements taken at three hip sites and the lumbar spine in 1,182 men, 1,289 ... liquor) or one or two servings of beer per day. hip BMD in this group was significantly greater ... authors observed significantly lower BMD at the hip and spine in men who consumed more than two ...

Osteoarthritis risk linked to finger length ratio

... between the 2D: 4D ratio and the risk of knee and hip OA. Their findings suggest that having a ... individuals with no radiographic evidence of hip or knee OA, no present hip or knee symptoms, and no history of joint disease ...

Low vitamin D linked to higher risk of hip fracture

... low levels of vitamin D have an increased risk of hip fracture, according to a study led by the ... Observational Study Cohort who had experienced hip fracture, confirmed by their medical record, over ... vitamin D concentrations decreased, the risk of hip fractures climbed. The risk ...

Researchers coat titanium with polymer to improve integration of joint replacements

... Center on the Engineering of Living Tissues. Total knee and hip replacements typically last about 15 years until the components wear down ... first artificial joint. With approximately 40 percent of the 712,000 total hip and knee replacements in the United States in 2004 performed on younger ...

National Inventors Hall of Fame welcomes 2008 inductees

... Charnley, a British surgeon who gave the world a successful technique for hip replacement surgery to Kelly Johnson, a Lockheed Martin engineer who ... Adler (1913-2007), Television remote control John Charnley (1911-1982), hip replacement surgery Willem Einthoven (1860-1927), Electrocardiograph ...

Study finds link between hot flashes and lower bone density in women

... flashes and night sweats had lower bone mineral density. The researchers found that postmenopausal women with VMS had lower lumbar and total hip bone mineral density than those without VMS. Premenopausal women and early perimenopausal women who had VMS were found to have lower femoral neck ...

Poor treatment for common vertebral compression fractures

... of the skeleton making it much easier for a person with osteoporosis to suffer from fractures. The most common fractures occur in the vertebrae, hip and wrist. Osteoporosis is more than twice as common in women than it is in men, and a middle-aged woman has a 50% risk of suffering a fracture ...

Field Museum paleontologist leads study on two new dinosaurs from China

... reference to a dramatic landform in the field area known as the "white ghost castle." Xiongguanlong would have stood about five feet tall at the hip and weighed close to 600 pounds. It had a skull over a foot and half in length and armed with over 70 teeth. "Although impressive by today's ...

Young dinosaurs roamed together, died together

... right over the other. Although most of their skeletons lay on a flat horizontal plane, their hind legs were stuck deeply in the mud below. Only their hip bones were missing, which was likely the handiwork of a scavenger working over the meatiest part of the body bodies shortly after the animals died. ...

AJCN study shows moderate alcohol consumption related to stronger bones

... alcohol on bone mineral density in older people, and said that "moderate alcohol consumption was shown to contribute to stronger bones (measured as hip and spine bone mineral density). The positive effect on bone was most notable at 1-3 glasses of beer in men and more than 2 glasses of wine or liquor ...

Research model may one day 'inoculate' elderly against slip-related falls

... may be particularly helpful for active elderly persons who put themselves in more challenging situations. Fall prevention training may cut down on hip fractures, surgery, rehabilitation and pain and suffering. So far, the research team has used younger subjects because the experiments carry some ...

Long-term use of diabetes drugs by women significantly increases risk of fractures

... and pioglitazone last year. "Women with type 2 diabetes are already at an increased risk of fractures - with a near doubling in the risk of hip fractures - so any additional risk from thiazolidinedione therapy could have a considerable impact on public health," said lead author Dr Yoon Loke, ...

UNC scientists teach enzyme to make synthetic heparin in more varieties

... is most often used during and after procedures such as kidney dialysis, heart bypass surgery, stent implantation, indwelling catheters, and knee and hip replacements to prevent clots from blocking or restricting the flow of blood. The annual worldwide sales of heparin are estimated at $3 billion. ...

£20 million to fight virtual crime and treat our aging population

... cardiovascular disease and cancer, as well as aiding those with musculoskeletal disease. The team are also working on a range of longer-lasting hip replacements. Turning ground-breaking research into commercial enterprises The Innovation and Knowledge Centres will foster an ...

£20 million to fight virtual crime and treat our ageing population

... cardiovascular disease and cancer, as well as aiding those with musculoskeletal disease. The team are also working on a range of longer-lasting hip replacements. Turning ground-breaking research into commercial enterprises The Innovation and Knowledge Centres will foster an ...

Innovative surgery by MSU veterinarian provides new lease on life to dogs

... fractures and dislocations. "Clinical results have been very positive, and we believe there is potential for this system to mimic total hip replacement in aspects of operating time, post-op function and patient recovery," Dejardin said. Van Der Meulen said the design of the implant ...

Stanford researchers: Global warming is killing frogs and salamanders in Yellowstone Park

... temperature and precipitation. "It's the cumulative effects of climate," Hadly said. During the summers of 2006 through 2008, McMenamin, wearing hip waders and carrying a dip net, cataloged the amphibian lifeor lack thereofin and around 42 ponds that had been surveyed in 1992-1993. In that earlier ...

Study: Elderly Women can increase strength but still risk falls

... 30 percent suffer injuries that reduce mobility, independence and longevity. Health care cost of a fall injury totals nearly $20,000, and following a hip fracture, life expectancy is just two years. LaRoche's own interest in fall prevention in the elderly arose after helping his parents and sister ...

Nanoscale coating protect products -- and the economy

... Taped to a wall in her lab is a magnified image of a hole in the type of stainless steel used in artificial joints. "Imagine if that was in your hip replacement," she says. "Our coatings can prevent that from happening." They do it by adjusting to conditions within the human body that can cause ...

IOF calls on European citizens to stand tall and speak out for their bones

... treatments is now available However, ongoing challenges continue: Only 6 of 27 EU governments have declared osteoporosis a healthcare priority hip fracture costs have doubled or tripled in several countries over 10 years More than 40% of EU members states have fewer than the recommended number ...

Vitamin K does not stem BMD decline in postmenopausal women with osteopenia

... more years to gather information about the long-term effects of vitamin K1 supplementation. After two years and after four years, lower back and hip measurements of bone mineral density (BMD) had decreased by similar amounts in both the vitamin K and the placebo groups. Over the four-year ...

New meat-eating dinosaur from Argentina had bird-like breathing system

... the evidence needed to seal the connection with birds hollow bones in front and behind the ribcage, such as the wishbone (furcula) and the main hip bone (ilium). Said co-author of the PLoS ONE article Jeffrey Wilson of the University of Michigan, "The ancient history of features like air sacs ...

Meat-eating dinosaur from Argentina had bird-like breathing system

... the lungs. Wilson worked with Sereno and the rest of the team to scientifically describe and interpret the find. The vertebrae, clavicles, and hip bones bear small openings that lead into large, hollow spaces that would have been lined with a thin layer of soft tissue and filled with air in ....

IOF World Congress on Osteoporosis in Bangkok to address Asian issues

... With projections indicating that more than 50% of all osteoporotic hip fractures will occur in Asia by the year 2050, the prevention and treatment of osteoporotic fractures has become a major health concern in the ....

Low-gravity training machine reduces joint, muscle impacts, says CU-Boulder study

... weight. The new study has implications for both competitive runners rehabilitating from injuries and for ordinary people returning from knee and hip surgeries, according to Associate Professor Rodger Kram of CU-Boulder's integrative physiology department. Known as the "G-Trainer," the machine ...

NJIT architect professor advocates best-building practices for high wind regions

... square, hexagonal or even octagonal floor plans. "Such designs reduce wind loads," she said. Roofs with multiple slopes such as a four-sloped hip roof perform better under wind forces than gable roofs with two slopes. Gable roofs are common only because they are cheaper to build. Research and ...

Research examines factors in delaying or declining total knee replacement surgery

... says Jacobson. These patients perspectives have rarely been the topic of research yet numerous existing studies of total joint replacement of the hip or knee indicate that eligible patients delay or decline the procedure for reasons that havent been well understood. The Four Themes of Patient ...

Northwestern Memorial trial may wean kidney transplant patients off antirejection drugs

... For the kidney donor, the laparoscopic surgery occurs in the standard manner. After the kidney is removed, bone marrow is drawn from the donors hip bone. About three months following the surgery, the donor undergoes two procedures called leukopheresis, happening one day apart, where stem cells ...

Study suggests genetic connection between short stature and arthritis

... been associated with disorders of skeletal development, and more common variants recently have been tied to susceptibility to osteoarthritis of the hip and knees in Asian and European populations. The completion of the map of human genetic variation, or HapMap, has fueled a surge in this type of ...

Researchers uncover new piece to the puzzle of human height

... been associated with disorders of skeletal development, and more common variants recently have been tied to susceptibility to osteoarthritis of the hip and knees in Asian and European populations. The common variants we identified are associated with both short stature and, as described ...

Eat chocolate, drink wine, add fun to life: SLU geriatrician shares secrets of staying young

... vitamin D and medications that could include estrogen or testosterone if recommended by your doctor. Stay on your feet. About 95 percent of all hip fractures come from falls and account for more than 800,000 emergency room visits and more than 332,000 hospital admissions each year. Take up tai ...

Study shows some athletic men may risk low bone density

... mineral density of the whole body, especially of the lumbar spine, compared to runners. 63 percent of the cyclists had osteopenia of the spine or hip compared with 19 percent of the runners. Cyclists were seven-times more likely to have osteopenia of the spine than the runners. Background ...

21st-century pack mule: MIT's 'exoskeleton' lightens the load

... attached to a series of tubes that run up the leg to the backpack, transferring the weight of the backpack to the ground. Springs at the ankle and hip and a damping device at the knee allow the device to approximate the walking motion of a human leg, with a very small external power input (one ....

Genetics determine optimal drug dose of common anticoagulant

... warfarin is often prescribed after major orthopedic surgery to prevent blood clots in the legs, the study followed 92 adults undergoing either total hip or knee replacement at the Washington University Medical Center, who had never previously taken the anticoagulant. Prior to warfarin treatment, ...

Genes may determine success of hip replacement surgery

... The success of long term hip replacement surgery may lie in the genes, ... just over half of whom (162) had problems after hip replacement in the 10 years following surgery. ... predict long term success in patients undergoing hip replacement surgery. And they could also be used ...

Increased risk of osteoporosis associated with gene that one in five people have

... density in regions of the upper femur near the hip joint. "The data suggest that this particular ... this genetic variant specifically affects the hip bones," Villareal says. "For those with this form ... gene, that's not good news. Low density in the hip can lead ...

Antibacterial coatings cut infection rates

... Putting antibacterial coatings on hip and knee implants and biomedical devices such as catheters could cut ... at the University of South Australia have found. A significant number of hip and knee implants are prone to infection after surgery and in many cases ...

Fundamental discovery -- Bone fracture

... quality of life goes down. Less than one-third of elderly women who have a hip fracture return to previous function. More women die within a year of hip fracture than die after a heart attack. So it's a very serious problem and ...
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