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food in Biological News

Scientists find universal rules for food-web stability

... webs. Natural ecosystems consist of interwoven food chains, in which individual animal or plant species function as predator or prey. Potential food webs not only differ by their species composition, but also vary in their stability. Observable food webs are ...

Urban water ecology at the ESA annual meeting

... than those reared in clean water. "In this food web, mosquitoes feed on microorganisms that ... Chaves says. "This translates into an input of food for the mosquitoes." When there's more organic ... says that this combination of an increase in food and a potential decline in predators could be the ...

ADA releases position paper on food and water safety

... has released an updated position paper on food and water safety that reviews the current ... education and technological advances to keep the food and water supply safe. ADA's position paper, ... represents the Association's official stance on food and water safety: It is the position of the ...

Organic food not nutritionally better than conventionally-produced food

... and nutrition benefits, and the global organic food market was estimated in 2007 to be worth 29 ... reviews have concluded that organically produced food has a superior nutrient composition to ... literature on nutrient content of organic food ever conducted. The review focussed on ...

EPA grant to University of Chicago for research on food allergy triggers

... Chicago to investigate how allergic reactions to food are initiated. The research is expected to lead ... in genetically engineered plants can trigger food allergies, which impact more than 11 million ... "There is a shortage of information on how food allergies develop, what causes the allergic ...

High construction cost for cycads

... recovery of these costs coupled with an excess in food synthesis to support plant growth. "These ... strategy," said Marler. "The manufacture of food by the leaf is analogous to the income generated ... investments by delaying the decline in food synthesis capacity that accompanies the leaf ...

Early rice harvests ease annual famine in Bangladesh

... grow a second crop to provide desperately needed food and ease hunger during monga -- the hunger ... September to November after the previous season's food has run out and before the harvest of ... jobs for the landless poor, delivering an early food supply, increasing the chances that a second crop ...

University of Minnesota research leads to new technology to protect human health

... detection of melamine contamination in the global food supply." Research to develop the enzyme for ... But in recent years it has been misused as a food additive because it contains a large amount of ... the most common chemical assay used to test for food protein. This has led to a practice of adding ...

Ethiopian government celebrates rinderpest eradication

... the cattle-killing disease that threatened its food supply and its economy for decades, is ... followed, periodic epidemics severely damaged the food supply and the economy. A vaccine commonly ... Security at The Friedman School. "It alleviates food insecurity and strengthens the economy, and is a ...

The last supper of the hominids establishes the times they lived at the sites

... at archaeological sites. The key is the last food that these hominids consumed. For many ... the scientists have been able to analyze the last food consumed by animals such as the Eurasian wild ... species of herbivores, as "each season presented food resources which were limited and different in the ...

NOAA bans commercial harvesting of krill

... and a key source of nutrition in the marine food web. "Krill are the foundation for a healthy ... for Sustainable Fisheries. "Protecting this vital food resource will help protect and maintain marine ... they convert microscopic phytoplankton into a food source for numerous other species and are a ...

Ozone depletes oil seed rape productivity

... indirect effect on human health and the safety of food in future climates. The research, to be ... to insect pests, or the palatability of food crops. As oilseed rape is important as a feed ... of these factors and their impact on the food web in changing climates will be investigated ...

New crops needed for new climate

... Global food security in a changing climate depends on the nutritional value and yield of staple food crops. Researchers at Monash University in ... Data have also shown that cassava, a staple food crop in tropical and subtropical regions due to ...

Scientists closer to developing salt-tolerant crops

... results of this research could impact on world food production and security. The work has been led ... University of Adelaide's School of Agriculture, food and Wine, in collaboration with scientists from ... in irrigated land where one third of the world's food is produced. And it is a problem that is only ...

Dietary supplements manufacturers gain new tool to help ensure quality products

... will also help manufacturers in complying with food and Drug Administration (FDA)-issued current Good ... PharmacopeiaNational Formulary (USPNF) and the food Chemicals Codex (FCC), USP's publications of ... strength, purity and consistency of medicines and food ingredients, respectively. These specifications ...

Key to evolutionary fitness: Cut the calories

... Darwin and his contemporaries postulated that food consumption in birds and mammals was limited by ... is, animals would eat as much as they could while food was plentiful and produce as many offspring as ... recent research has shown that, even when food is abundant, energy intake reaches a limit, even ...

Recent news reports of sweetener reformulations raise questions about motivations

... A June 25 Chicago Tribune article quoted food industry critic Walter Willett, M.D., of Harvard ... a "marketing distraction." Another well-known food industry critic, Marion Nestle, commented that ... is the Paulette Goddard Professor of Nutrition, food Studies and Public Health at New York University ...

Ozone depletes oil seed rape productivity

... indirect effect on human health and the safety of food in future climates. The research, to be ... to insect pests, or the palatability of food crops. As oilseed rape is important as a feed ... of these factors and their impact on the food web in changing climates will be investigated ...

New crops needed for new climate

... Global food security in a changing climate depends on the nutritional value and yield of staple food crops. Researchers at Monash University in ... Data have also shown that cassava, a staple food crop in tropical and subtropical regions due to ...

Environmental cues control reproductive timing and longevity, University of Minnesota study shows

... humans and animals delay reproduction because food or other resources are scarce, they may live ... of menarche. In African countries with chronic food shortages, girls experience menarche much later ... U.S., where rich diets trigger early menarche. food scarcity is a signal that population is likely to ...

Policy transparency key to saving world's fisheries

... of the world's fisheries by the United Nations food and Agriculture Organization, fisheries supply at ... the world's fisheries are a concern not only for food security and socio-economic development but for ... in Africa and Oceania, face shortages in food supply," says coauthor Rashid Sumaila at the ...

Troubled waters: Low Apalachicola River flow may hurt gulf fisheries

... plant-like organisms that feed into the food chain -- decreased over a large area of the ... the phytoplankton can alter the availability of food for the very young fish larvae, according to ... by small zooplankton, thus feeding the marine food web in the region. The strongest connection ...

Study highlights massive imbalances in global fertilizer use

... Synthetic fertilizers have dramatically increased food production worldwide. But the unintended costs to ... a "one-size-fits-all" approach to managing global food production. "Most agricultural systems ... Naylor, director of Stanford's Program on food Security and the Environment. However, ...

Common fish species has 'human' ability to learn

... experience and make choices that lead to better food supplies, according to the study by St Andrews ... This ability of picking the best quality food patch by comparing how successful others are at getting food from it against their personal experience has not ...

Infant formula adulteration with melamine underscores need for better detection methods

... detect deliberately falsified protein content in food ingredients. The presence of false protein can ... 2007. Vulnerabilities in global supply chains for food and drug ingredients allow such adulteration to ... standards for the quality and purity of food ingredients and dietary supplements. ...

IUPUI study finds living near fast food outlet not a weighty problem for kids

... the conventional wisdom that living near a fast food outlet increases weight in children and that ... weights over time before and after one of these food purveyors moved near the children's residences. Living near a fast food outlet had little effect on weight and living ...

Trans fats hinder multiple steps in blood flow regulation pathways

... needed for wound healing). While some in the food oil industry believed this problem could be ... disease, he said. Kummerow believes the U.S. food and Drug Administration's new requirement (begun in 2006) that trans fats be included on food labels is inadequate and misleading. Anything ...

American Chemical Society weekly presspac -- June 10, 2009

... #4 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Reengineering a food poisoning microbe to carry medicines and vaccines ... engineering to tame one of the most deadly food poisoning microbes and turn it into a potential ... monocytogenes, bacteria that normally cause food poisoning, but which have been genetically ...

Nutricia launches Nutra Neocate, weaning product designed for cows’ milk protein allergy

... with Cows' Milk Protein Allergy and Multiple food Protein Intolerance Nutricia launches Neocate ... cows' milk protein allergy (CMPA) and multiple food protein intolerance (MFPI). Unlike many weaning ... diets who are looking for convenient and varied food options. Neocate Nutra represents a ...

K-State host to workshop on rapid methods to detect microorganisms in food

... workshop that helps the scientists who test food and other samples for microorganisms. K-State's ... and professor of animal sciences and industry and food science. It also is offered as a class worth two ... of animal sciences and industry and K-State's food Science Institute. ...

Bisphenol A exposure in pregnant mice permanently changes DNA of offspring

... and developmental problems. Last August the U.S. food and Drug Administration found BPA to be safe as ... as for baby bottles, refillable water bottles and food containers, as well as to make the linings of metal food cans. BPA has estrogen-like properties and in ...

Dioxins in food chain linked to breastfeeding ills

... are exposed through diet. Dioxins gets into the food supply when air emissions settle on farm fields ... can do is think about what you eat and where your food comes from. We're not suggesting that we all ... we hope this study raises awareness about how our food sources can increase the burden of pollutants in ...

CSIRO deal to commercialize 'artificial gut'

... CSIRO food Futures National Research Flagship and Australian ... glycemic index (GI) and resistant starch (RS) in food products. The machine will provide the food industry with an accurate means of testing the ...

FAO/IAEA Symposium to address animal production and health

... Health , organized by the Joint Division of the food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) of the UN and ... on Avian and Human Influenza and the Global food Security Crisis, will deliver a keynote address ... on Avian and Human Influenza and the Global food Security Crisis describes the implications of ...

Design input accelerates new technologies' route to market

... babies during childbirth; and improved tests for food sensitivities and allergies are among innovations ... meetings. A potential increase in food sensitivity and allergy in the population ... profile any allergy across a large range of food groups from a single blood sample. Dr Susan ...

Harvard scientist says we are what we eat -- and what we cook

... case that the ability to harness fire and cook food allowed the brain to grow and the digestive tract ... having to spend half the day chewing tough raw food -- as most of our primate relatives do -- cooking ... tools, agriculture, and social networks. Cooked food is also softer, meaning the body uses less energy ...

Quality and purity of popular stevia sweetener strengthened by new reference standards

... Rockville, Md., June 1, 2009 As the number of food and beverage products sweetened with stevia-based ... standard for high-purity Rebaudioside A in the food Chemicals Codex (FCC), a collection of documentary standards for food ingredients that allow manufacturers to ...

Wiping out the world's mass migrations

... Ecologically, there are two primary drivers of food availability. In temperate regions of the world, higher-quality food shifts predictably as the seasons change, and ... ecosystems, rain and fire allow higher-quality food to grow. This is a less predictable change that ...

American Chemical Society's weekly PressPac -- May 27, 2009

... EASTERN TIME, June 1, 2009 Reducing salt in food without losing that salty taste Chemical & Engineering News food manufacturers are searching for new ways to ... salt. No one strategy seems to work for every food and beverage, the article notes, but help is on ...

Lenfest forage fish task force launched

... our oceans. These small prey fish are a critical food source for marine mammals, seabirds, and many ... removal can undermine or even collapse marine food webs. The Lenfest Forage Fish Task Force ( ... will examine the roles of forage fish within food webs over the next two years, and develop ...
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