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enlargement in Biological News

UC Davis research shows that newly discovered drug reduces heart enlargement

... the epoxide hydrolase, and exercise induced heart enlargement fortunately is not blocked by the drug." This ... enzyme inhibitors both block and reduce heart enlargement and irregular heart rhythms in a mouse model. ... "We need a better way to control and prevent enlargement of the heart to improve treatment options for ...

UNC expands brain imaging study of infants at risk for autism

... the same group of infants, both the onset of autistic symptoms and brain enlargement that may co-occur at the end of the first year of life in children with ... without autism and retrospective head circumference data suggests this enlargement or overgrowth starts about the end of a child's first year of life. The ...

CU-Boulder, biotech firm team up on python project in search for human cardiac therapeutics

... Increases in cardiac size are clinically important because heart enlargement in humans resulting from exercise is beneficial, but heart enlargement from high blood pressure is unhealthy, said Leinwand, who studies genetic ...

Jeepers creepers: Climate change threatens endangered honeycreepers

... on exposed skin of the feet, legs, beak and eyelids of infected birds. Malaria often results in appetite and weight loss, anemia, and massive enlargement of birds' liver and spleen. ...

Autism Speaks funds $5 million to studies on genetic and environmental risk factors for autism

... found that children with autism have larger brains, from five to 10 percent larger at two years of age than children without autism, and this enlargement or overgrowth of the brain starts around the end of a child's first year of life. Also at the end of the first year of life, behavioral researchers ...

Early humans had 'jaws of steel'

... the body of research indicating that facial specializations in species of early humans are adaptations due to a specialized diet," said Spencer. "The enlargement of the premolars, the heavy tooth enamel and the evidence now that they were loading forcefully on the molars suggest the size of the objects were ...

Genome of a heat and drought resistant cereal plant analyzed

... grains of tropical origin, for example maize, than it is to rice. Moreover, sorghum, unlike many other crop plants, has not undergone genome enlargement in the past millions of years. Its rather small genome about one-fourth as large as the human genome is a good starting point for investigating the ...

Newly-discovered mechanism can explain the Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome

... inactive, instead of just one. Less protein is produced from the genes, leading to the excess growth characteristics associated with the syndrome: enlargement of organs in the foetus and an increased risk for tumours in the affected organs. ...

Worm genome offers clues to evolution of parasitism

... and 12,000 protein-coding genes, respectively. Infection with B. malayi causes lymphatic filariasis, which can lead to elephantiasis, a grotesque enlargement of the arms, legs and genitals. Interestingly, the P. pacificus genome contains a number of genes for cellulases - enzymes that are required to ...

Blood pressure response to daily stress provides clues for better hypertension treatment

... left by oxidative stress and the levels of the stress hormone cortisol. They'll look at early indicators of cardiovascular disease, such as enlargement of the pumping chamber of the heart and signs of carotid artery disease. "If you have a tendency to have high blood pressure or if you are obese, we ...

US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute announces new genome sequencing projects

... organ harbors an impressive array of novel microbes, like that of cows and other ruminants. Instead of a rumen, stinkbirds possess a crop, an enlargement of the esophagus where the fermentation takes placeand the source of the stink. The characterization of its contents will likely lead to the ...

Vitamin D: New way to treat heart failure?

... was maintained, indicating that their heart function did not deteriorate as it did in the untreated rats. Decreased heart weight, meaning that enlargement was not occurring, also showed up in the treated rats fed a normal diet, compared to their untreated counterparts. Simpson and his colleagues ...

High blood pressure in older adults traced to gene's effects in blood vessels

... produces excess human profilin 1 in the smooth muscle cell area with the intent to cause stress in the vessel walls that leads to hypertrophy, or an enlargement of the smooth muscle cells that eventually leads to structural and functional changes in the entire vessel. The mice were developed to test the ...

Fossilized cashew nuts reveal Europe was important route between Africa and South America

... and climbers prominent in tropical, subtropical, and warm temperate climates around the world. A key feature is an enlarged hypocarp, or fleshy enlargement of the fruit stalk, which is a specialized structure known only in the cashew family. The researchers examined possible fossil remains found in ...

NARSAD presents 2007 prizes for outstanding achievement in neuroscience and psychiatric research

... the structural and functional changes associated with this disorder. She initiated the most replicated finding in the literature on psychosis -- enlargement of the lateral ventricles in the brain. " Falcone Prize for Outstanding Achievement in Mood Disorders Research: Helen S. Mayberg, M.D., is ...

University of Minnesota study refutes belief that black men have more aggressive prostate cancer

... All these ratios were higher than the average ratio in control tissue taken from men with benign prostatic hyperplasia, a common, noncancerous enlargement of the gland. Sinha said that previous studies had found differences between black men compared to white men and men of other races in terms of ...

Humans fostering forest-destroying disease

... oaks. The effect of larger, cooler forests explained significant variation in infection level of P. ramorum, the article argues. We conclude that enlargement of woodlands and closure of canopy gaps, likely due to years of fire suppression, facilitated the establishment of P. ramorum by increasing contagion ...

UW launches study testing adult stem cells for heart damage repair

... goal with this approach, he says, is to promote either angiogenesis, which is the growth of new capillaries; arteriogenesis, or the maturation and enlargement of existing arteries and arterioles; or vasculogenesis, the sprouting of new arteries and arterioles. The stem-cell study is considered the "gold ...

Gene linked with mental illness shapes brain region, researchers find

... A gene variant associated with mental illness goes hand-in-hand with enlargement of a brain region that handles negative emotions, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center and the Central Texas Veterans Health Care System ...

Exposure to dioxins influences male reproductive system, study of Vietnam veterans concludes

... incidence rates of benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH), better known as enlarged-prostate disease. BPH is a disease in humans that is caused by an enlargement of the prostate. Patients must strain to pass urine and they also must urinate frequently. BPH can lead to complications such as an inability to ...

Scientists solve 30-year-old mystery of mutant mouse's kidney woes

... and his colleagues are published online in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Ultrasonic scans reveal fetal hydronephrosis, or enlargement of the kidney, in approximately 1 in every 100 human fetuses. The condition results from impairment of passage of urine from the kidney to the ...

UF scientists test improved gene therapy method for hereditary heart conditions

... of cardiovascular conditions linked to faulty genes or congenital metabolic diseases, including atherosclerosis, stroke, muscular dystrophy and an enlargement of the heart muscle known as dilated cardiomyopathy. But efforts to begin testing it in people have been slowed by the need to find ways to ...

Anti-cancer Compound In Beer Gaining Interest

... to study this. Information about these compounds appears to be spreading. Hop-containing herbal preparations are already being marketed for breast enlargement in women, the OSU research report said, without waiting for tests to verify their safety or efficacy. And a supposed "health" beer is being developed ...

Hormones and growth: The control of body size and developmental growth rate in fruit flies

... specific cells within the gland, they were able to control the timing of metamorphosis and the body size of adult flies. They showed that artificial enlargement of the prothoracic gland appeared to cause an overestimation of the larval flies' overall body size, prompting the initiation of metamorphosis before ...

Potential treatments for neurofibromatosis

... may develop hundreds of neurofibromas over a lifetime. Some NF 1 patients also develop numerous light brown (café-au-lait) spots on the skin, enlargement and deformation of bones and curvature of the spine (scoliosis), and in many instances, learning disorders. Occasionally, tumors may develop in the ...
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(Date:12/19/2014)... , Dec. 18, 2014  23andMe, Inc., the ... a study that pinpoints fine-scale differences in genetic ancestry ... . Since immigrants first arrived more ... States has served as a meeting place ... American history and the ongoing mixing of peoples with ...
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(Date:12/24/2014)... HealthDay Reporter TUESDAY, Dec. 23, 2014 (HealthDay News) ... one year will be allowed to donate blood in the United ... ban on donations from men who have sex with men. ... release a new draft guidance in early 2015 that would ultimately ... FDA is changing its policy based on data from other countries ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... C infection does not contribute to mental decline in people ... have made it possible for people with HIV to survive ... swings and other types of mental impairment as they age, ... with other viruses -- a common problem in people with ... suspects has been the hepatitis C virus, which infects about ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... (HealthDay News) -- Adults who experienced childhood abuse ... headaches, suggests a study published online Dec. 24 ... maltreatment can have long-lasting effects, like associated medical ... author Dawn Buse, director of behavioral medicine at ... in a journal news release. "When managing ...
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