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distress in Biological News

Repeat C-section before 39 weeks raises risk of neonatal illness

... likely to have a baby with serious complications including respiratory distress resulting in mechanical ventilation and NICU admission. UAB researchers, ... died or was diagnosed with a number of conditions, including respiratory distress syndrome and/or transient tachypnea of the newborn, newborn sepsis, ...

NASA-enhanced dust storm predictions to aid health community

... which has important implications for air quality and respiratory distress warnings," said John Haynes, Public Health Applications program manager at ... of dust concentrations for their areas and track the number of respiratory distress situations that result. Ultimately, the system could allow health ...

Study looks at psychological impact of gene test for breast cancer

... distress. For women with inconclusive results, levels of worry and distress were similar to those who tested positive for a BRCA mutation. In all ... for the women's levels of worry and distress. "Cancer-related worries and distress may provide an important but incomplete picture on how women adapt to ...

UIC researchers make promising finding in severe lung disease

... for an enzyme that plays a role in the tissue injury in acute respiratory distress syndrome, also known as ARDS. The finding offers a new therapeutic ... act as the first line of immune system defense. In acute respiratory distress syndrome, they misfire and attack healthy tissue. "Although there have ...

War between the sexes begins before twins' birth, TAU researchers say

... researchers analyzed the incidence of complications, such as respiratory distress syndrome, found in pre-term twins. When born premature, girls who share ... advantage. The premature twin girls tended not to develop respiratory distress syndrome and chronic lung diseases sometimes found in premature infants. ...

Comprehensive cardiogenetic testing for families of sudden unexplained death victims can save lives

... Additionally, cardiologists should receive more education in inherited heart diseases. By taking these measures we can save lives and avoid further distress for families who have already suffered enough," he said. ...

The challenges of avian influenza virus: Mechanism, epidemiology and control

... nucleoprotein and polymerase will lead to some new drug leads. Clinically the human cases of H5N1 infection manifest some ARDS (acute respiratory distress syndrome) symptoms, similar to SARS infection. Therefore unraveling the molecular pathogenesis mechanism will help save life. Chengyu JIANG, from ...

Clemson and collaborators receive $1.1 million to improve durability of concrete infrastructure

... method than existing procedures to evaluate ingredients in concrete material to minimize or even prevent the occurrence of alkali-silica reaction distress in concrete construction. ...

CSHL researchers identify gene that helps plant cells keep communication channels open

... plants. When the GAT1 gene was turned on, the production and accumulation of callose decreased. GAT1 counters oxidative stress One of the distress signals that spur cells to synthesize callose are oxygen free radicals the same cell-damaging molecules that have gained notoriety as a major cause ...

Shades of 1918? New study compares avian flu with a notorious killer from the past

... The result of this overwhelming transcription induction, shown graphically in figure 1, is a "cytokine storm" often leading to acute respiratory distress syndrome in the viral host, while proving entirely ineffective in blunting prodigious replication of the H5N1 virus. Respiratory tissues sampled on ...

Study finds 'rescue course' of antenatal steroids improves outcome in premature babies

... for babies born prior to 34 weeks in the "rescue steroid" group vs. placebo (43.9% vs. 63.6%) as well as significant decrease in respiratory distress syndrome, ventilator support, and surfactant use. When all neonates were included in the analysis (regardless of the gestational age at delivery), a ...

Children distressed by family fighting have higher stress hormones

... to a wide range of mental and physical health difficulties, high levels of cortisol may help explain why children who experience high levels of distress when their parents argue are more likely to experience later health problems." The study has implications for policy and practice: The common ...

UNC, Yale partner to study effects of cocaine use on mother-infant relationships

... example, how genes and experiences such as substance use come together to influence how a mother responds to her baby's cry or other expressions of distress sets the stage for working towards finding innovative interventions for adults who are struggling to care for their children under the burden of ...

Aerosol toxins from red tides may cause long-term health threat

... occurring events that release toxins into sea spray aerosols. These aerosols are a particular problem at beaches, as they can cause respiratory distress to lifeguards and beachgoers. Although these shorter-term effects of the airborne toxin are well characterized, potential longer-term effects ...

Study shows quantum dots can penetrate skin through minor abrasions

... tested the ability of the quantum dots to penetrate rat skin at 8 and 24 hour intervals. The experiment evaluated rat skin in various stages of distress - including healthy skin, skin that had been stripped using adhesive tape and skin that had been abraded by a rough surface. The researchers also ...

March of Dimes announces Prematurity Campaign expansion at Surgeon General's conference

... chronic conditions, including asthma. Even infants born just a few weeks too soon known as late preterm birth have a greater risk for respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), feeding difficulties, temperature instability (hypothermia), jaundice, delayed brain development and death. The conference, ...

Into the wild

... human contact and you are more likely to be injured falling out of a tree than through a bear attack. However, in case of emergency we will have GPS distress beacons and a rescue helicopter will be scrambled. The expedition has been approved and supported by the Royal Geographical Society and British ...

New strategies against bird flu

... The Spanish flu outbreak of 1918 killed between 30 and 50 million people. In the infected patients, the ultimate cause of death was acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). This fatal condition is a massive reaction of the body during which the lung becomes severely damaged. ARDS can be induced by ...

Baby boys are more likely to die than baby girls

... the study. Boys are 60 percent more likely to be premature and to suffer from conditions arising from being born premature, such as respiratory distress syndrome. They are also at a higher risk of birth injury and mortality due to their larger body and head size. The spread of intensive care ...

Should children be permitted to get genetic testing for BRCA 1/2 mutations?

... the future autonomy of offspring. Others cite potential adverse psychological consequences to early testing including increased disease-related distress and anxiety, distortion of family relationships, interference in normal development of self-concept and feelings of unworthiness. Despite this ...

Sunbathing tree frogs' future under a cloud

... Coherence Tomography (OCT) to investigate the properties of the tree frogs skin. This non-invasive technique, which does not cause harm or distress to the frogs, allows images to be obtained from within tissue and the Manchester team believe this innovative application of OCT could hold the key ...

Doctors learn to control their own brains' pain responses to better treat patients

... in their everyday professional practices. Without some regulatory mechanism, it is very likely that medical practioners would experience personal distress and anxiety that would interfere with their ability to heal, the researchers write. For Decety, this new study also casts light on the mechanisms ...

Socioeconomic position associated with effectiveness of HIV drugs

... (HAART), a combination of antiretroviral drugs sometimes referred to as an AIDS cocktail. Scientific literature suggests that stress and emotional distress predict a faster decline in the immune system cells that can fight HIV progression. Previous studies have shown that people at lower socioeconomic ...

Key to out-of-control immune response in lung injury found

... life-threatening lung failure. The protein's previously unknown role is reported in the August issue of Nature Medicine. Acute Respiratory distress Syndrome, or ARDS, is an often fatal complication of severe traumatic injury, bacterial infections, blood transfusions and overdoses of some ...

Mule deer moms rescue other fawns

... also in Canada, showed that both species responded to the recorded distress calls of fawns, similar to the responses elicited when coyotes attack ... "Having a rigid and aggressive response to the simple sound of a fawn distress call may ensure effective defence of a female's own offspring, even though ...

SARS: No evidence that any of the treatments worked

... patients who developed a dangerous complication called acute respiratory distress syndrome. Researchers conducted a comprehensive search for information ... SARS treatment studies, 15 in- vitro studies, and three acute respiratory distress syndrome studies. Some of the in-vitro studies with the antiviral drugs ...

Solved: The mystery of flesh-eating bacteria's relentless attack

... Streptococcus is due in part to a protein that blocks the immune system's distress calls. The findings, published in the October 4, 2006, issue of the EMBO ... an infection triggers the production of interleukin-8, which acts as a distress call. "When the body senses an infection, it creates interleukin-8 to ...

A surprise about our body clock

... Medicine at Toronto General Hospital have discovered the 'SOS' distress signal that mobilizes specific heart repair cells from the bone marrow to ... of Clinical Investigation. "When damaged heart tissue sends out an 'SOS' distress signal, this subset of bone marrow cells mobilizes quickly and stimulates ...

Healing the heart with bone marrow cells

... Medicine at Toronto General Hospital have discovered the 'SOS' distress signal that mobilizes specific heart repair cells from the bone marrow to ... of Clinical Investigation. "When damaged heart tissue sends out an 'SOS' distress signal, this subset of bone marrow cells mobilizes quickly and stimulates ...

Discovery of 'master switch' for the communication process between chloroplast and nuclei of plants

... Biotechnology and Natural Resources, as well as Ron Mittler, associate professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, has determined that multiple distress signals in plants converge on a single pathway, which then channels the information to the nucleus. The study was part of a collaborative effort led ...

New culture method for hepatitis C virus uses primary hepatocytes and patient serum

... infection, possibly due to the host's natural defenses. Interestingly, cultured hepatocytes responded to viral replication by displaying signs of distress and cell death and by expressing interferon-beta, a cellular antiviral, in an effort to control the infection. This culture system provides a ...

New study: Preterm birth causes one-third of all infant deaths

... determine the contribution of premature birth to infant mortality. They reviewed causes of infant death and combined conditions, such as respiratory distress syndrome, which frequently occur in premature babies. This new method doubled the percentage of infant deaths caused by premature birth to 34.3 ...

Why don't all moles progress to melanoma?

... goes wrong with the folding process, the system gets bogged down. This can stress or even kill the cell. To prevent this, the ER sends out distress signals to activate what scientists call the unfolded protein response (UPR). This slows the protein production process and gets rid of excess ...

New brain-chemistry differences found in depressed women

... called mu-opioids bind to. Mu-opioids, sometimes also called endorphins, reduce or block the spread of messages related to pain, stress and emotional distress between the body and the brain. They have been called the body's "natural painkillers." The drug is modified to allow it to be "seen" by the PET ...

Key to acute lung injury lies in Ang2 protein

... the death of endothelial cells that line the blood vessels, were higher in adult patients with acute lung injury and in babies born with respiratory distress syndrome who either went on to develop bronchopulmonary dysplasia or died. "Mice without Ang2 seemed to be protected against hyperoxia," said ...

Pleasure and pain: Study shows brain's 'pleasure chemical' is involved in response to pain too

... they were feeling, differences emerged in specific sub-areas of the basal ganglia. For example, the more a person rated the pain as causing emotional distress and fear, the more dopamine was released in the area known as the nucleus accumbens ?the same region implicated in drug addiction. That effect ...

Can you hear me now? Scientists find previously unknown receptors on adult stem cells

... is that these stem cells have a sort of antennae that detect bacteria and viruses," continued the OMRF researcher. "And when stem cells receive these distress signals, they spring to action, creating cells the body most needs early in life-threatening situations." This messaging system normally serves as ...

Mayo Clinic collaboration discovers protein amplifies DNA injury signals

... retardation, male infertility, immune defects and chromosome instability. The Next Step Now that they understand MDC1's role in amplifying distress calls from injured DNA to cue the repair process, the Mayo researchers are investigating another system that appears to play a similar role in the ...

Should doctors tell patients about expensive, unfunded drugs?

... information from a patient about any potentially beneficial treatment because of concerns about capacity to pay, even if these discussions cause distress for some patients. Society at large should discuss whether new, high-cost drugs should be publicly funded, they conclude. ...
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