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crop in Biological News

Sustainable agriculture at the ESA Annual Meeting

... and soy are based on an annual system, in which crop plants live one year, are harvested, and are ... bacteria can affect the growth and success of crop plants by fixing nitrogen, aiding in the uptake ... "We are currently using so many different crop management systems, like pesticides, insecticides ...

Restoring a natural root signal helps to fight a major corn pest

... another first: the successful manipulation of a crop plant to emit a signal that attracts beneficial ... control the rootworm pest include insecticides, crop rotation and transgenic Bt maize lines that are ... signal that could also serve to protect other crop plants. A patent for this approach has been ....

MU researchers create drought conditions to unearth solutions

... of the world, droughts are the leading cause of crop failure. Droughts increase consumer costs, kill livestock, reduce crop yields, and trigger wildfires and dust storms, ... that is critical to develop more tolerant crop plants. "This project will create a network ...

Early rice harvests ease annual famine in Bangladesh

... earlier, giving them more time to grow a second crop to provide desperately needed food and ease ... food supply, increasing the chances that a second crop can be grown, spreading the demand for harvest ... Rangpur station, direct-seeded rice can reduce crop establishment costs and may slightly increase ...

Corn yield stability varies with rotations, fertility

... 20, 2009 -- Understanding temporal variability in crop yields has implications for sustainable crop production, particularly since greater fluxes in crop yields are projected with global climate change. ...

Hormone clue to root growth

... control that growth is crucial to improving crop yields, which will be necessary to address food ... of Plant Sciences in the Division of Plant and crop Sciences, said: "We have shown that gibberellin ... of fundamental plant biology which will underpin crop improvements in the future." The Centre for ...

Midget plant gets makeover

... and the results applied to important crop species. "TAIR is a crucial resource for plant ... the function and engineering of algae as well as crop plants. It is the basis for all improvement of crop plants to meet the challenges of a growing ...

Study of agricultural watersheds and carbon losses

... investigated the impacts of manure application, crop rotation, and nitrogen application rate on DOC ... annual losses of DOC were not affected by any crop management practice. However, when ... tile drains as a result of manure application and crop rotation. ...

'Honey bee health' of concern at Western Apicultural Society conference

... pollinators, impacts of native bees on commercial crop production and the biology and management of ... of Entomology, will cover "Native Bees in crop Production in Eastern States." Claire Kremen, a ... of Entomology, will discuss "Native Bees in crop Production in Western States." On Thursday ...

Ethanol production could jeopardize soil productivity

... 1, 2009 -- There is growing interest in using crop residues as the feedstock of choice for the ... more available for food and feed consumption. crop residues are viewed as a low cost and readily available source of material since more than 50% of crop production is residues. ...

NASA uses satellite to unearth innovation in crop forecasting

... years have caused soil to dry up, crippling crop production. The falling food supply in some ... of soil moisture the main determinant of crop yield changes and improving global forecasts of ... can make a big difference in the precision of crop forecasts, Bolten said. The modeling ...

Hunt for 'climate-ready' crops accelerates as organizations search seed collections worldwide

... ROME, ITALY (22 May 2009)The Global crop Diversity Trust announced today numerous new ... the millions of seed samples maintained in 1,500 crop genebanks around the world. They will search for ... to heat and drought stresses in Chilean maize crop collections; a project in India to find pearl ...

Crop models help increase yield per unit of water used

... MADISON, WI, May 4, 2009 -- crop water use efficiency (WUE, or yield per unit of water used), also known as crop water productivity, can be improved through ... to supplement precipitation so as to avoid crop failure or severe yield decline). Thus, WUE is ...

Food security: It starts with seed

... of seeds, both as a method of improving crop yields as well as enhancing the nutritional ... published by American Society of Agronomy, the crop Science Society of America and the Soil Science ... ranging from medicine to human nutrition to crop production. Readers from across a spectrum of ...

A glimpse of future GMES Sentinel-1 radar images

... for applications such as land-cover mapping and crop management. Sentinel-1 is the first of the five ... applications such as land-cover mapping and crop monitoring. To accomplish this ambitious task, ... and analysis of information about land cover, crop ...

Can organic cropping systems be as profitable as conventional systems?

... Which is a better strategy, specializing in one crop or diversified cropping? Is conventional cropping ... sites in southern Wisconsin from 1993 to 2006. crop production analysis was published in the 2008 ... should be shifted to programs that promote crop rotations and organic farming practices. ...

Can organic cropping systems be as profitable as conventional systems?

... Which is a better strategy, specializing in one crop or diversified cropping? Is conventional cropping ... sites in southern Wisconsin from 1993 to 2006. crop production analysis was published in the 2008 ... should be shifted to programs that promote crop rotations and organic farming practices. ...

Uvalde Center water research could have national, international applications

... water availability in the future. He added that crop irrigation represents the single-largest portion ... meet watering restrictions, and still have good crop yield and quality. He pointed to the center's ... use by 15 percent to 25 percent without reducing crop yield or quality, according to program ...

Historical increase in corn yield -- it's in the roots

... published in the January-February issue of crop Science, researchers have investigated the ... technologies. They modified an advanced crop model to take account of known effects on crop growth associated with varying leaf erectness ...

Greatest thing since sliced bread: New data offer important clues toward improving wheat yields

... Breed a better crop of wheat? That's exactly what a team of ... an important first step toward improving wheat crop yields to levels that can support ever-growing ... an important contribution toward understanding a crop critical to our existence. This research gives ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- Jan. 28, 2009

... ARTICLE #3 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Burying crop residues at sea may help reduce global warming ... of tons of cornstalks, wheat straw, and other crop residue from farm fields, bailing it, shipping ... and California have concluded that this crop Residue Oceanic Permanent Sequestration (CROPS) ...

Genome of a heat and drought resistant cereal plant analyzed

... in order to apply this knowledge to other crop plants in our latitude zone as well. "The first ... is to rice. Moreover, sorghum, unlike many other crop plants, has not undergone genome enlargement in ... the more complex genomes of important crop plants such as maize or sugarcane, especially ...

Sequencing of sorghum genome completed

... of the country's interest in having a biofuel crop and its ability to grow in areas where corn would ... and is regarded as the most productive biofuel crop in the world. Sweet sorghum rivals sugar cane for ... to laterally move these genes around among these crop species, to customize them based on the needs of ...

How to move agriculture forward with limited water

... pollution, and efficiently allocate water for crop production. A new book, " Response of Crops ... jointly by the American Society of Agronomy, crop Science Society of America, and Soil Science ... researchers, modelers, and students who work in crop production with limited water resources. Each ...

Strategic farming practices could help mitigate global warming

... Biology , a Cell Press publication, by planting crop varieties that better reflect sunlight back out ... different varieties of strains of the same crop species in order to maximize solar reflectivity rather than changing crop type, although the latter could also produce ...

Nations that sow food crops for biofuels may reap less than previously thought

... a single farm -- to represent the yield of each crop regardless of where it's grown. "Often these ... produced per hectare in every possible country by crop combination -- some 3,000 in all. To evaluate ... not a one-dimensional issue and just knowing the crop yields isn't going to tell you what the best ...

Replacing corn with perennial grasses improves carbon footprint of biofuels

... this part of the world, the application of row crop agriculture to the Midwest has caused a reduction ... advances. About 20 percent of the corn crop currently goes into ethanol production in the ... good for soil carbon to put a perennial biofuel crop on the landscape instead of corn." The ...

A model to measure soil health in the era of bioenergy

... erosion. Sustainable management practices for crop residues are critical for maintaining soil ... of an array of management practices, including crop residue removal, on long-term SOC levels by using ... SOC dynamics. These management systems included crop rotations, tillage practices, and organic ...

Carnegie Mellon developing automated systems to enable precision farming of apples, oranges

... gather a multitude of data about tree health and crop status. Robotic vehicles will be used to ... funded this fall through the USDA's new Specialty crop Research Initiative. The Comprehensive Automation ... Integrated Automation for Sustainable Specialty crop Farming Project, led by Tony Stentz and Herman ...

Study a step toward disease-resistant crops, sustainability

... identify potentially useful gene combinations in crop species. "If we can understand these genes ... that create certain traits. This will improve crop gene diversity, a quality that dwindles as crops ... article published this month in the journal crop Science . Maize contains more genetic ...

Tillage, rotation impacts peanut crops

... increasing organic material and producing high crop yields. For peanut crops, however, reduced ... conducted on the effects of tillage systems and crop rotation on peanut yield and pest development in ... 1999 and 2000 at two locations that used various crop rotations, including corn, cotton, and peanut, ...

Soil Science Society of America presents awards in Houston

... is an Associate Professor in the Department of crop Systems, Forestry and Environmental Sciences at ... interest in the development and application crop simulation models to assess causes of spatial and ... identify soil management strategies to increasing crop productivity and water use efficiency. He was the ...

Soil Science Society of America presents 2008 fellows

... Guelph, Ontario. He holds a B.Sc. and an M.Sc. in crop science from the University of Guelph, and a ... Two recent publications edited include Managing crop Nitrogen for Weather, and Quantifying and ... irrigation automation using near-surface sensors, crop water use and water use efficiency, and soil ...

Experts agree: to protect the environment, biofuel standards are needed

... science-based standards before large scale crop production begins. Early preventative polices ... the unintentional side effects of large-scale crop production, such as fertilizer and pesticide ... for science to inform sustainable cellulosic crop strategies; it's about picking the right plant, ...

New book rethinks the relationship between sulfur and crops

... how plants use sulfur is essential for optimizing crop yield and quality. Sulfur A Missing Link ... a new book from the American Society of Agronomy, crop Science Society of America and Soil Science ... role that sulfur plays as a nutrient affecting crop yield and quality, animal feed value and human ...

UC Riverside biochemists devise method for bypassing aluminum toxicity effects in plants

... in plants, offers a new strategy for engineering crop plants that can tolerate growth in aluminum-toxic environments, increasing crop production in areas that otherwise could not ... lab also plans to induce the AtATR mutation into crop plants such as tomato and corn to increase their ...

Experiment demonstrates 110 years of sustainable agriculture

... possible on Alabama soils if growers would use crop rotation and include winter legumes (clovers ... in the world and the third oldest field crop experiment in the United States on the same site. ... both past and present that effect sustainable crop production in the South. The thirteen plots ...

Entomological Society of America names 2008 award winners

... Dr. Scott H. Hutchins , is Global Director for crop Protection R&D within the R&D Function of Dow AgroSciences. crop Protection R&D includes all aspects of product ... Award in Entomology (Sponsored by Syngenta crop Protection) This award recognizes entomologists ...

Economic value of insect pollination worldwide estimated at 153 billion euros

... for human food that year. Three main crop categories (following FAO terminology) were ... value of insect pollination divided by the total crop production value. This ratio varied considerably among crop categories with a maximum of 39% for stimulants ...

Entomological Society of America names new Fellows for 2008

... he became research leader of the Corn Insects and crop Genetics Research Unit, which was formed by ... Economic Entomology, then with the Department of crop Sciences (since 1996). His applied research and ... and book chapters, including the book Food, crop Pests and the Environment . ...
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