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coal in Biological News

American Chemical Society's Weekly Presspac -- June 17, 2009

... out the direct burning of traditional chunks of coal in millions of households. It suggests that the government substitute coal briquettes and improved stoves for cooking and ... air pollution from tiny, inhalable particles of coal soot. Their study is scheduled for the July 15 ...

MIT: A quicker, easier way to make coal cleaner

... Emissions Performance Standards could be met by coal plants using partial capture rather than having ... wants to be the "first mover" on building a new coal plant incorporating carbon capture and storage ... a policy that won't move forward either new coal plants or the CCS technology." Partial capture ...

Revised theory suggests carbon dioxide levels already in danger zone

... a danger zone. According to the study, coal is the largest source of atmospheric CO2 and the ... way to sharply curtail CO2 emissions is phase out coal use except where CO2 is captured and sequestered." In their model, with coal emissions phased out between 2010 and 2030, ...

American Chemical Society Weekly PressPac Oct. 15, 2008

... could eliminate key obstacles to expanded use of coal gasification to transform that abundant domestic ... the study, Maria Sudiro and colleagues note that coal is the only conventional energy source with the ... global energy demands in the near future. World coal reserves, they note, are 25 percent greater than ...

'Fingerprinting' method tracks mercury emissions from coal

... a new tool that uses natural "fingerprints" in coal to track down sources of mercury polluting the ... develop a way of reading mercury fingerprints in coal and other sources of mercury. The hope was that ... differences not only between mercury from coal and, say, metallic forms of mercury that are used ...

Curbing coal emissions alone might avert climate danger, say researchers

... be kept below harmful levels if emissions from coal are phased out within the next few decades, say ... as well, but that far greater supplies of coal mean that it must be the main target of ... million. However, while there are huge amounts of coal left, predictions about when and how oil and gas ...

Greenland ice core reveals history of pollution in the Arctic

... of the National Academy of Sciences, finds that coal burning, primarily in North America and Europe, ... before the advent of cleaner, more efficient coal burning technologies and the switch to oil and ... said McConnell. But he suggested cleaner burning coal technologies, or better yet reduced reliance ...

Little teeth suggest big jump in primate timeline

... teeth excavated from an Indian open-pit coal mine could be the oldest Asian remains ever found ... who directed excavations at the Vastan lignite coal mine in western India that unearthed the fossils. ... mine while "really gigantic trucks" scooped up coal above them, Kay said. The teeth were dated by ...

Buckminster Fuller takes on big coal

... to "use biological processes to restore degraded coal lands in Appalachia, and use the process to ... systems that will detoxify the vast lagoons of coal slurry in the region, build new healthy soils, ... to areas of Poland and Eastern Europe where coal has been extracted in devastating ways," the jury ...

UK scientists lead China closer to carbon capture and storage

... Chinas CO 2 emissions from using coal are set to double by 2030, the scale of which is ... climate change. In view of the essential role of coal in Chinas energy system, it is vital to minimise emissions where coal is used. The British Geological Survey (BGS) ...

University-industry team developing coal cleaning technology in India

... using state-of-the art technologies relating to coal quality, boiler and generator design, ... architecture and engineering firm specializing in coal plant design and construction; Indian coal producer Auroma Coke Limited (ACL); Sharpe ...

Age increases chance of success as two-timer

... This release is available in German . The coal tit appears to live a strictly monogamous life. ... the nestlings. According to this research older coal tit males were particularly successful at ... Germany's most researched population of coal tits lives in a coniferous forest in Lower ...

Green skies: Engineer's work may reduce jet travel's role in global warming

... of much investigation in the aviation field -- coal and biomass -- present a major quandary to ... the synthesis of jet fuels from a combination of coal and biomass. A key component of their solution is ... An "especially attractive feature" of processing coal and biomass together to make synfuels is that it ...

Brewing a blast-less fertilizer

... reduce the destructive power of AN. He is eyeing coal combustion by-productsfly ash from electric power ... University, he learned that a mix of 20 percent coal ash to 80 percent AN keeps an explosion from ... being used as an explosive, Taulbee points out, coal ash wont stop the blast from initiating, but it ...

Coal and black liquor can produce energy from papermaking

... Adding a little coal and processing the papermaking industry's black ... grown in both production and use and is replacing coal for home heating and cooking in China." DME is ... carried out the research on co-processing of coal and biomass, during a class, Design Engineering ...

Coal-based fuels and products hit the refinery

... using existing refineries and combinations of coal and refinery by-products, according to a team of ... The pilot plant demonstration process uses coal tar and refinery solvent blended, cleaned and ... aimed at producing jet fuel, they mix raw, clean coal with decant oil the liquid found at the bottom ...

UCSB scientists document fate of huge oil slicks from seeps at coal oil point

... oil has made its way into sediments offshore from petroleum seeps near coal Oil Point in the Santa Barbara Channel. Their research, reported in an ... on the ocean floor in sediments that stretch for miles northwest of coal Oil Point. In addition, the research reveals that the oil is so ...

Major funding to help cut CO2 emissions

... and the University of Cambridge on the oxyfuel combustion process in which coal is burned in a mix of pure oxygen and power station flue gases, creating a ... energy future for the UK. "Alongside new nuclear and renewable sources, coal is a vital part of our energy mix. These latest research projects are ...

DOE funds bio-inspired solar fuel center at Arizona State

... to research." Essentially all of the energy we use today from oil, coal and natural gas - originally was solar energy that was captured by plants ... energy efficiency, electricity storage and transmission, clean coal and carbon capture and sequestration, and nuclear energy. For more ...

UNH: Pavement sealcoat a source of toxins in stormwater runoff

... one-quarter acre of a parking lot located near the UNHSC was covered with coal tar-based sealcoat and one-third acre was covered with asphalt-based ... mirrored these trends; the concentrations immediately downstream of the coal tar-sealed lot increased by nearly two orders of magnitude within the ...

Colorado Rocky Mountain Region: A Geological Cornucopia

... Barger Gulch, Colorado, and Clary Ranch, Nebraska; coal, coalbed gas, and coal fires; and a diversity of geology across Colorado and on to Death Valley, ... methane resources in the Powder River Basin, a long-lived subsurface coal fire in western Colorado, and the stream ecosystem of Boulder, Colorado's, ...

Stanford study: Bioenergy potential of reviving abandoned agricultural land

... or it can be converted into liquid transportation fuels." A regular coal power plant can have up to about 5 percent biomass mixed in without ... during photosynthesis. "If you do that in situations where the coal power plant has carbon capture and storage, you are actually having a net ...

65-million-year-old asteroid impact triggered a global hail of carbon beads

... as a sign of modern times -- they form during the intense combustion of coal and crude oil. Equally baffling, there were no power plants burning coal or crude oil 65 million years ago, and natural burial processes affecting ...

Carnegie Mellon researchers to curb CO2 emissions

... MacLean, an associate professor at the University of Toronto. Burning more coal without carbon capture and storage will just increase our greenhouse gas ... of the world to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 2012. Because burning coal creates power and releases gases that help drive global warming, ...

Washington University, 2 industries, team to clean up mercury emissions

... landfills each year. Now, the paint solids replace about 570 tons of coal per year in the Ameren plant. The paint solid residues contain titanium ... is released into the environment in trace quantities from the burning of coal in electric-generating plants, Biswas said. The amount of titanium ...

Engineered eggshells to help make hydrogen fuel

... the water-gas-shift reaction. With this method, fossil fuels such as coal are gasified to produce carbon monoxide gas, which then combines with ... in the long term, we're demonstrating that carbon-based fuel sources, like coal or biomass, can be efficiently converted to hydrogen and liquid fuel. The ...

Carbon nanoparticles toxic to adult fruit flies but benign to young

... some cases, so there may be analogies to other toxic effects from fine particles," Rand, a co-corresponding author, said. "It may be like being in a coal mine. You get sick more from the effects of dust particles than from specific toxins in the dust." The scientists immersed adult Drosophila in a ...

DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009

... gas and other gas streams. (Jointly with Sud-Chemie, Louisville, KY) Thief Process for the Removal of Mercury from Flue Gas - Partially burned coal is extracted from a pulverized coal-fired combustor using a suction pipe, or "thief," and injected into the downstream flue gas to absorb mercury. ...

Improved air quality during Beijing Olympics could inform pollution-curbing policies

... numbers. As a result, close to 2 million vehicles were pulled from the roads. Other mandates involved halting construction and decreasing the use of coal in favor of natural gas for electricity. In 2007 and 2008, the researchers collected air quality data from equipment installed at two elevations ...

Waste water treatment plant mud used as 'green' fuel

... well as posing no risk to human health and being profitable. These are the results of an environmental impact assessment. Dependency on oil and coal could be coming to an end. Researchers from the Rovira i Virgili University (URV) have analysed the environmental and human health impacts of an ...

Athletes, spectators faced unprecedented air pollution at 2008 Olympic Games

... and has faced significant increases in particulate air pollution in recent years due to increasing industrialization, numbers of automobiles, coal and biomass burning, and other causes. Atmospheric particulate matter, researchers say, is a concern because various sized particles have ...

DOE to establish Energy Frontier Research Center at PNNL

... groundwork for fundamental advances in solar energy, biofuels, transportation, energy efficiency, electricity storage and transmission, clean coal and carbon capture and sequestration, and nuclear energy. At PNNL's Center for Molecular Electrocatalysis, Bullock and colleagues will study ...

Poison: It's what's for dinner

... treatment of certain other woods, and once was used in laxatives, cough medicine and disinfectants. It is different than the more commonly known coal tar creosote, which is made of petrochemicals and is the world's most widely used wood preservative, applied to power poles, railroad ties and bridge ...

Poison: It's what's for dinner

... treatment of certain other woods, and once was used in laxatives, cough medicine and disinfectants. It is different than the more commonly known coal tar creosote, which is made of petrochemicals and is the world's most widely used wood preservative, applied to power poles, railroad ties and bridge ...

April 2009 Geology and GSA Today media highlights

... conditions and intense global warming. Ganino and Arndt propose that the thermal decomposition of anhydrite, salt, limestone, hydrocarbons, and coal in other provinces provided a toxic cocktail that caused other mass extinctions. The Karoo and other provinces had little to no environmental impact ...

Geologists map rocks to soak CO2 from air

... so far, most work has focused on storing liquid or gaseous CO 2 underground where there is room: in saline aquifers, depleted oil wells and porous coal seams that are not commercially viable. However, concern about leaks has scientists pursuing natural chemical reactions within the earth to turn the ...

Birds in Flint Hills of Kansas, Oklahoma face population decline despite large habitat

... recommendations can be made to help manage these bird populations. But she said that the results are still valuable because -- like a canary in a coal mine -- birds indicate a region's overall environmental health. "The cattle industry is important economically to the region," With said. "The ...

Mass media often failing in its coverage of global warming, says climate researcher

... developing world, sorry, guys, the sewer's full," he said. Telling the developing world they can't use energy resources they have at hand, such as coal and natural gas, won't have any effect unless we offer them alternatives that are cleaner, Schneider said. He said the U.S. has to accelerate the ...

Engineering technology pinpoints earliest signs of animal life

... with Engineering & Quality Systems and reactor engineering specialist Strata Technology. It was originally designed to liquefy large quantities of coal and strip down complex mixtures of organic chemicals down to their pure carbon skeletons. The technology, which recently won The 2008 Engineer ...

World's largest snake discovered in fossilized rainforest

... Museum of Natural History, unearthed fossil remains of a new snake species named Titanoboa cerrejonensis . Surrounded by huge trucks extracting coal from Cerrejon, one of the world's largest open-pit mines, researchers discovered fossilized bones of super-sized snakes and their prey, crocodiles ...
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