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Water in Biological News

AGU journal highlights -- Aug. 6, 2009

... These stronger winds bring more carbon-rich deep water to the surface, which reduces the ocean's ability ... a type of ocean wave that originates in shallow water along coasts, but it was uncertain whether hum is ... indicates that conditions favorable for flowing water and lake formation may have existed for thousands ...

Carnegie Mellon's Jean VanBriesen leads research team on Monongahela River

... the Pittsburgh-based Colcom Foundation to study water quality in the Monongahela River. The focus ... and faculty director of the Center for water Quality in Urban Environmental Systems ... expressed increased concern about the produced water that may result from ongoing development of the ...

Wastewater produces electricity and desalinates water

... can also remove 90 percent of salt from brackish water or seawater, according to an international team of researchers from China and the U.S. Clean water for drinking, washing and industrial uses is a ... problematic. Many locations already desalinate water using either a reverse osmosis process -- one ...

Bioethanol's impact on water supply 3 times higher than once thought

... At a time when water supplies are scarce in many areas of the United ... of the future may consume up to three times more water than previously thought. Their study appeared in ... concerns among researchers about its impact on water availability. Previous studies estimated that a ...

Urban water ecology at the ESA annual meeting

... society with the need to conserve and protect water and aquatic ecosystems. Urban stream ... in urban areas, and in many cities, excess sewage water enters streams and lakes with rain runoff. ... Greenroofs can save cities millions of gallons of water Having a garden on your roof isn't just nice ...

ADA releases position paper on food and water safety

... released an updated position paper on food and water safety that reviews the current situation in this ... and technological advances to keep the food and water supply safe. ADA's position paper, published ... the Association's official stance on food and water safety: It is the position of the American ...

August 2009 Geology and GSA Today media highlights

... the lower one on a cushion of high-pressure pore water trapped in sediments thrust beneath the fault ... stake in the debate is whether large volumes of water shaped the early history of Mars, and how much of that water might still be trapped below the surface. This ...

MU researchers create drought conditions to unearth solutions

... mobile rain shelters and will vary the amount of water that the test plants receive, simulating ... and greater demands for non-agricultural water uses, more and more emphasis must be placed on efficient use of water resources for plant production. The drought ...

Iron isotopes as a tool in oceanography

... shelf on the northern California margin (120 m water depth), and deep-sea sediments from the Southern ... around the Crozet Island Plateau (3000� m water depth), about 1400 miles southeast of South ... by organic carbon inputs from the overlying water column. The researchers believe that iron ...

A crystal ball for brain cancer?

... patient ever starts treatment. By linking high water movement in tumors to positive drug response, the ... they no longer pose a physical barrier to water movement. "We theorized that tumors with more water motion would also have higher VEGF levels," ...

Key OSU water research receives national funding

... Geological Survey, provided through the Oklahoma water Resources Research Institute. OWRRI and USGS ... study on eastern redcedar encroachment and the water cycle in the tallgrass prairie, two key elements ... health for Oklahoma. And with good reason: water is among the world's most vital resources, ...

New supercomputer to reel in answers to some of Earth's problems

... found deep under the sea, trapped in a lattice of water molecules. Researchers hope to understand these ... to store fuels. But for such a simple molecule, water has pretty complex chemistry. Researchers are using Chinook to help understand how water molecules form stable clusters. The work also ...

DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009

... has been licensed to RFinity of Idaho Falls. water Sample Concentrator Automated portable device ... and packages a sample of suspected contaminated water for safe, efficient transport to a qualified ... or chemical and biological attacks on water supplies. The technology has been licensed to ...

Facile synthesis of nanoparticles with multiple functions advanced in Singapore

... as toluene. Metal compounds that can dissolve in water are inexpensive and commonly available. Many ... metals and scarce materials that are soluble in water may now become readily employed in the synthesis ... successfully transferred metal ions rapidly from water to an organic medium by mixing a solution of ...

Researchers achieve major breakthrough with water desalination system

... Concern over access to clean water is no longer just an issue for the developing ... history. According to state's Department of water Resources, supplies in major reservoirs and many ... well below average. Court-ordered restrictions on water deliveries have reduced supplies from the two ...

Ozone, nitrogen change the way rising CO2 affects Earth's water

... important but overlooked effect on the cycling of water from sky to land to waterways. The ... of climate change may be underestimating how much water is likely to run off the land and back into the ... droughts than predicted for some areas and more water available for human consumption and farming. ...

UH team analyzes Hurricane Ike's effects on waterways, fish contamination

... has studied pollution in Houston-area bodies of water in partnership with both state and federal ... Ike on these pollutants, particularly in the water and sediment of the estuary, so we are gathering ... to help determine how much pollution a body of water is taking in and where that pollution is coming ...

Army study improves ability to predict drinking water needs

... leave base for a three-day mission, how much water should they bring? Dr. Samuel Cheuvront of the US ... soldiers leave base for a 3-day mission, how much water should they bring? Military planners and others ... answer. The study substantially improves a water needs equation that the U.S. Army developed in ...

Scientists closer to developing salt-tolerant crops

... only going to get worse, as pressure to use less water increases and quality of water decreases," says the team's leader, Professor ... modified genes specifically around the plant's water conducting pipes (xylem) so that salt is removed ...

The tiny difference in the genes of bacteria

... of the microbiological safety of both, drinking water and sea water. Various bacteria that live in drinking water or sea water can cause severe human diseases. One of them are ...

Evolution: Crabs go deep to avoid hot water

... probably to very old ages. Only in the cooler water towards the poles are king crabs found near the water surface though temperatures found around some ... and spread around the world, the shallow water ancestors of current deep-sea groups had to go ...

Desert rhubarb -- a self-irrigating plant

... enables it to harvest 16 times the amount of water than otherwise expected for a plant in this ... mountain-like system by which the rain water is channeled toward the ground surrounding the ... Other desert plants simply suffice with the rain water that penetrates the ground in its immediate ...

The tiny difference in the genes of bacteria

... of the microbiological safety of both, drinking water and sea water. Various bacteria that live in drinking water or sea water can cause severe human diseases. One of them are ...

NSF provides $3.4 million to study climatically important Agulhas Current

... suggesting that changes in the amount of Agulhas water reaching the Atlantic may have triggered the end ... current meters will measure the top 350 m of the water column, where velocities are strongest. Below ... current meters will measure the rest of the water column. All current meters are acoustic, with no ...

Waste water treatment plant mud used as 'green' fuel

... scientists have shown that using mud from waste water treatment plants as a partial alternative fuel ... simultaneously. This is the solid waste from the water treatment plants of large cities. The ... has now been substituted for the fuel from waste water treatment plant mud. From an economic point of ...

SMOS and Proba-2 launch rescheduled for November

... to launch in November." SMOS, or ESA's water Mission as it is known, will make global ... This will lead to a better understanding of the water cycle and, in particular, the exchange processes ... applications in areas such as agriculture and water resource management. Taking advantage of the ...

Study of agricultural watersheds and carbon losses

... six-year span (1998-2004) at Purdue University's water Quality Field Station, which was designed ... through the CSREES-NRI Watershed Processes and water Resources Grant; the results were published in ... drainageexported DOC once it enters the surface water system. The effect of manure management on the ...

Troubled waters: Low Apalachicola River flow may hurt gulf fisheries

... for states engaged in a nearly two-decade water war. The Florida State researchers found that ... Georgia and Alabama, known as the Tri-State water War. At the heart of the dispute is Georgia's desire to divert water from the ACF river system to the burgeoning ...

The bitter side of sweeteners

... Brauch and Frank Thomas Lange from the water Technology Center in Karlsruhe, Germany, were ... water. Scheurer and colleagues collected water samples from two sewage treatment plants in ... from a sewage treatment plant. They tested the water samples using their new analytical method and ...

World Day to Combat Desertification focuses on human security

... to Combat Desertification is 'Conserving land and water = Securing our common future'. ... and drought (DLDD) deprive people of food, water and their homes and can undermine security and ... and to bridge gaps in information related to water through the use of EO technology. Under the first ...

Discovery of the cell's water gate may lead to new cancer drugs

... The flow of water into and out from the cell may play a crucial ... now found the gate that regulates the flow of water into yeast cells. The discovery, which will be ... organisms must be able to regulate the flow of water into and out from cells, in order to maintain ...

Study shows transfer of heavy metals from water to fish in Huelva estuary

... copper and lead are present at high levels in the water and sediments of the Huelva estuary, and have ... elevated levels of zinc, copper and lead, both in water and sediment, although the most "available" ... between the presence of zinc and cadmium in the water and in the tissues of the fish, above all in the ...

Rice University researchers ask if biofuels will lead to a 'drink or drive'

... into account potential damage to the nation's water resources. "The ongoing, rapid growth in ... and growing tension between energy and water security," said a report titled "The water Footprint of Biofuels: A Drink or Drive Issue?" ...

Scientific evidence of health problems from past contamination of drinking water at Camp Lejeune is limited and unlikely to be resolved with further study

... (TCE) or perchloroethylene (PCE) in their water supply, but strong scientific evidence is not ... and the limited data on the concentrations in water supplies allow for only crude estimates of ... with their exposure to the contaminated water supply." In the early 1980s, two water-supply ...

UC Davis begins $2.8 million in studies of agricultural nitrogen's impacts

... is increasingly viewed as a worrisome source of water and air pollution and potent greenhouse gases. ... element that occurs naturally in Earth's air, water and soil. It is essential to life, and cycles ... numbers spike then crash, drawing oxygen from the water and leading to "dead zones" -- areas that cannot ...

Zebra mussels hang on while quagga mussels take over

... and both are suspension feeders that filter water to extract their food. But the cousin species are ... as sand or silt. Zebra mussels also prefer warmer water temperatures and do not grow as big as quagga ... mussels are so difficult to remove from boats or water intake pipes. Peyer collected both mussel ...

Hidden genitalia in female water striders makes males 'sing'

... attempts, females of an Asian species of water strider seem to "win" the evolutionary arms race ... males produce a courtship "song" by tapping the water surface. 150 years after the publication of ... Species, Han and Jablonski used common insects, water striders, to study the intricacies of ...

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, June 2009

... to result from production of a super-efficient water heater developed under an Oak Ridge National ... of Energy "Energy Star" standards for electric water heaters. GE has announced that it will begin making the hybrid electric water heaters -- which are 50 percent more energy ...

Mars mission could ease Earth's energy supply crisis

... also be used to recycle the prodigious amounts of water necessary to process tar sand deposits and turn ... process requires substantial amounts of water which is then left contaminated for extended ... In just hours, the new technology can strip this water of its oily contaminants, removing a bottleneck ...

Elevated water temperature and acidity boost growth of key sea star species: UBC researchers

... of British Columbia indicates that elevated water temperatures and heightened concentrations of ... researchers led by Rebecca Gooding manipulated water temperatures and CO2 levels in sea water tanks containing juvenile Purple Ochre Sea Stars ...
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