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Vitamins in Biological News

Vitamin C lowers levels of inflammation biomarker considered predictor of heart disease

... Brigham and Women's Hospital failed to show that vitamins C or E could cut the risk of heart attacks or ... nutrition and lead author of the study looking at vitamins C and E and their impact on CRP levels. She ... it is also an antioxidant. Block noted that these vitamins have other functions independent of their ...

Optimal dose of vitamin E maximizes benefits, minimizes risk

... they haven't been able to pinpoint how the two vitamins interact. Nutrition researcher Maret Traber of ... a shared metabolic pathway in the liver causes vitamins E and K to interact. Vitamin K in the liver ... to understand the delicate balance between vitamins E and K." ...

Variety of foods -- the key for child nutrition

... have a diet that contains enough essential vitamins and minerals. Analysis of the Government's ... average child gets the recommended level of most vitamins and minerals, even though they consume more added ... found that the average child consumed levels of vitamins and most minerals that met recommendations, and ...

Researchers team up to provide new hope for childhood hunger

... unprecedented success in enhancing cassava to contain more protein, vitamins and minerals, more robust plant virus resistance, delayed post-harvest ... farmer with substantially more macronutrients, such as protein, vitamins and minerals. Creating crops that contain all the necessary nutrients for ...

ADA releases updated position paper on vegetarian diets

... and have higher levels of dietary fiber, magnesium and potassium, vitamins C and E, folate, carotenoids, flavonoids and other phytochemicals. These ... includes roles of fruits, vegetables, soy products, protein, calcium, vitamins D and K and potassium in bone health. "Registered dietitians can provide ...

New reference material can improve testing of multivitamin tablets

... scientists tested and certified the concentrations of 24 elements and 17 vitamins and carotenoid compounds in the tablets. We are not saying what a ... community will also be able to use the SRM to benchmark their assays for vitamins and minerals just as other SRMs are used to standardize serum cholesterol ...

SNPs affect folate metabolism in study of Puerto-Rican adults

... concentrations and abnormal folate metabolism. Crott, a scientist in the vitamins and Carcinogenesis Laboratory at the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition ... of research exploring whether a diet lacking essential nutrients like B vitamins and antioxidants plays a role in health disparities in older Puerto Rican ...

Got zinc? New zinc research suggests novel therapeutic targets

... Everyone knows that vitamins "from A to zinc" are important for good health. Now, a new research study in the August 2009 print issue of the Journal of Leukocyte Biology ( ...

IOS Press announces launch of Journal of Berry Research

... well as producers, consumers and corporate interests." Professor Battino has recently served as guest editor for a special issue of BioFactors: vitamins - Autoregulatory Substances - Trace Elements - Growth Factors entitled EUROBERRY: Updates on Bioactive Behaviour of Berry Fruits. Published June ...

Rampant helper syndrome

... special pockets in the proteins and carry out essential metabolic functions. The living organism itself produces many of these helpers. Others like vitamins must be obtained from food. Severe vitamin deficiencies are a harsh reminder of how essential these molecules are. Methanogenic bacteria have ...

New supplement may help slow sight loss in elderly

... in Age-related Maculopathy) containing the carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin could help slow down AMD. The supplement also contained vitamins C,E and Zinc, which had been used in a previous study. The latest study showed that intake of high levels of both carotenoids preserved the macular ...

Omega-3 fatty acids appear to impact AMD progression

... of late-stage AMD. AREDS study participants were randomly allocated to receive either a placebo or supplements containing the antioxidants vitamins C and E and beta carotene, the minerals zinc and copper, or a combination of both. "In our study, we observed participants with early stages of ...

People of higher socioeconomic status choose better diets -- but pay more per calorie

... dietary energy density was associated with higher intakes of total fat and saturated fat and with lower intakes of dietary fiber, potassium and vitamins A and C. Daily diet cost ($/day) was slightly higher for men ($6.72/day) than women ($6.21/day), reflecting the fact that men ate more than women. ...

Caffeine appears to be beneficial in males -- but not females -- with Lou Gehrig's disease

... common concern in ALS pathology, it is worth examining what role antioxidants (which confer benefits to the cells) might play. Antioxidants (the vitamins and nutrients that protect the cells from damage) are found in commonly consumed beverages and foods. Coffee in particular has received attention as ...

Caffeine appears to be beneficial in males -- but not females -- with Lou Gehrig's disease

... common concern in ALS pathology, it is worth examining what role antioxidants (which confer benefits to the cells) might play. Antioxidants (the vitamins and nutrients that protect the cells from damage) are found in commonly consumed beverages and foods. Coffee in particular has received attention as ...

Cleft lip and palate: Genes more important than thought?

... can also say whether prophylaxis involving medication during pregnancy makes sense. There are currently several indications that taking particular vitamins during pregnancy can counteract deformities in embryos. ...

Low levels of vitamin B12 may increase risk for neural tube defects

... interact to influence the formation of the neural tube, the embryonic structure that gives rise to the spine and brain. They noted that the two vitamins are jointly involved with several key biochemical reactions, as well as with the synthesis of DNA. Lack of either Vitamin B12 or folate in any of ...

Scientists discover why teeth form in a single row

... to manipulate stem cells to treat malformations and to develop prevention strategies for cleft palate (e.g. the inclusion of folic acid in prenatal vitamins prevents neural tube defects in some cases). Cleft lip/palate occurs one in 700 live births. Along with Jiang, the work was led by Zunyi Zhang ...

'Experiment of nature' examines how mother's diet may impact on child's health

... The researchers will measure the diets of women in early pregnancy for nutrients which affect methylation, such as folate and choline, and some B vitamins which are essential co-factors in methylation. They will compare these to levels of the nutrients in the women's blood and once the children have ...

Malaria parasite zeroes in on molecule to enhance its survival, team finds

... from the environment and converts them to energy and the molecular building blocks that cells use to grow. Amino acids, sugars, nucleotides and vitamins are all metabolites. To conduct the study, the team used a mass spectrometry-based method developed in the neighboring laboratory of Joshua ...

New research shows high-quality protein in eggs contributes to power, strength and energy

... which can lead to a rebound effect or energy "crash" as levels drop. Eggs are a nutrient-rich source of high-quality protein and provide several B vitamins required for the production of energy in the body, such as thiamin, riboflavin, folate, B12 and B6. Muscle strength: Dietary protein intake directly ...

Results of the third school nutrition dietary assessment study published

... meals more nutritious. Although the majority of US schools offer breakfasts and lunches that meet the standards for key nutrients (such as protein, vitamins A and C, calcium and iron), reimbursable school meals remain too high in saturated fat and sodium, and children are not consuming enough fruits, ...

Understanding extinct microbes may influence the state of modern human health

... human body cells. And these bacteria are important. Within the gut, microbes are known to assist in human digestion, improve energy intake, produce vitamins and even help in the development of a healthy immune system. The NIH Microbiome Project is searching for the "core" human microbiome. In other ...

New study 'pardons' the misunderstood egg

... been associated with cardiovascular disease, Alzheimer's and dementia.(4) Eggs offer a number of beneficial nutrients. One egg has 13 essential vitamins and minerals and is an excellent source of choline and selenium and a good source of high-quality protein, vitamin B 12, phosphorus and riboflavin. ...

Princeton-led team finds secret ingredient for the health of tropical rainforests

... conversion of nitrogen in the atmosphere into natural soil nitrogen fertilizer, which in turn spurs plant growth. "Just like trace amounts of vitamins are essential for human health, this exceedingly rare trace metal is indispensable for the vital function of tropical rainforests in the larger Earth ...

Feed a cold, feed a fever: Research shows calorie cut makes it harder to fight flu

... with a normal diet. Caloric restriction is the practice of reducing the intake of calories to 40 percent of a normal diet, while maintaining adequate vitamins and minerals. "If you are exposed to a new strain of influenza, to which your body has not made adequate antibodies to protect you from infection, ...

New study shows drinking your vegetables may be a solution to bridging the vegetable gap

... "more satisfied" with the ease of getting vegetables into their diet, and that V8 100% vegetable juice provided an important additional source of vitamins and minerals. Experts Agree A growing body of science indicates vegetables are important to promoting good health, including helping to reduce ...

Vitamin D a key player in overall health of several body organs, says UC Riverside biochemist

... adequate sunlight all contribute to the inability of the skin to biosynthesize sufficient amounts of vitamin D." Found in minute amounts in food, vitamins are organic substances that higher forms of animals need to grow and sustain normal health. Vitamins, however, are not synthesized in sufficient ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- Aug. 27, 2008

... Journal of Proteome Research . Susan Duthie and colleagues note that researchers have known for years that a deficiency of folate, one of the B vitamins commonly called folic acid, increases the risk of birth defects. As a result, manufacturers enrich some foods with folate. Scientists also have found ...

Compound that helps rice grow reduces nerve, vascular damage from diabetes

... MCG scientists have shown the lipid has a more powerful impact on HTase activity. The germ layer activated by soaking brown rice contains many vitamins and minerals in addition to the bioactive ingredient that would be beneficial to everyone, Dr. Yu says. The roughage of the rice grain also is ...

Consumption of nut products during pregnancy linked to increased asthma in children

... consumption during pregnancy on reducing the risk of wheeze in children, but other factors such as health-consciousness and consumption of prenatal vitamins may have been contributing factors in ways that were undetectable in this study's design. "These findings emphasize the critical important of ...

Scientists learn how food affects the brain

... study, 396 children between the ages 6 and 12 who were given a drink with omega-3 fatty acids and other nutrients (iron, zinc, folic acid and vitamins A, B6, B12 and C) showed higher scores on tests measuring verbal intelligence and learning and memory after six months and one year than a control ...

A nutritional supplement could improve the clinical situation of ICU patients

... Virgen de las Nieves Hospital , analyzing their oxide stress levels. They determined, for the first time in Spain, the exact quantity of each type of vitamins (A, E and C) and minerals that patients needed to take through diet for proper antioxidant defences. The researchers hope the study will be useful ...

Vitamin D and calcium influence cell death in the colon, researchers find

... Researchers at Emory University are learning how vitamins and minerals in the diet can stimulate or prevent the appearance of colon cancer. Emory investigators will present their findings on biological ...

Statement by the American Egg Board and Egg Nutrition Center on AJCN study on egg consumption

... adults should continue to enjoy eggs to increase their intake of a number of beneficial nutrients. One egg, including the yolk, has 13 essential vitamins and minerals, high-quality protein, healthy unsaturated fats and antioxidants, for only 70 calories. For more information, visit ...

Mounting evidence shows red wine antioxidant kills cancer

... ability to modulate cell growth. Other well-known antioxidants derived from natural sources include caffeine, melatonin, flavonoids, polyphenols, and vitamins C and E. A flurry of antioxidant studies in recent years has not proven how and why they work at the cellular level. At the suggestion of a young ...

Prison study to investigate link between diet and behavior

... such a large effect is because the proper functioning of nerve cell membranes and signalling molecules depends upon adequate amounts of minerals, vitamins and essential fatty acids in the diet. This is a positive approach to preventing the problems of antisocial and criminal behaviour," says Bernard ...

New folic acid seal helps women choose enriched grain foods to help prevent birth defects

... Adams, MS, RD and president of the Grain Foods Foundation. Enriched grains are an easy, inexpensive and delicious way for women to get essential vitamins such as folic acid. The March of Dimes urges all women of childbearing age to consume 400 micrograms of folic acid daily beginning before ...

Foods, not specific nutrients, may be key to good health

... popular practice in food industry and government, where marketers and regulators tend to focus on total fat, carbohydrate and protein and on specific vitamins and added supplements in food products, not the food items as a whole. The research is published in last months Journal of Nutrition Reviews. We are ...

U of I scientist does nutritional detective work in Botswana

... of the elderly drink milk, they mainly drink it in their tea. And Botswanan milk is ultrapasteurized, canned milk that may not be fortified with vitamins A and D." The scientists also investigated dietary patterns, Chapman-Novakopfski said. For example, persons living in urban areas had more ...
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