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Values in Biological News

April 2009 Geology and GSA Today media highlights

... spanning the Eocene to Pliocene. Enamel delta-13C values across this time interval were consistently high ... marine seagrasses. In contrast, enamel delta-18O values showed significant change over time and across ... Libya) had significantly higher mean delta-18O values than specimens from most European locations, ...

Nanotechnology 'culture war' possible, says Yale study

... with studies examining how people's cultural values influence their perceptions of environmental and ... found that people who have pro-commerce cultural values are more likely to know about nanotechnology than ... that make it possible for persons of diverse values to understand the best evidence scientists ...

Natural Capital Project to develop conservation software

... from ocean ecosystems and incorporating those values into the planning process. "With Marine ... Natural Capital Project. "We either ignore the values it provides altogether, or we focus only on one ... Capital Project is to illuminate the multiple values that nature contributes to human beings and turn ...

State fund advances titanium powder research, 9 other Iowa State projects

... industry in Iowa. A grant from the Grow Iowa values Fund, a state economic development program, will ... has awarded competitive grants from the Grow Iowa values Fund. The grants are to go to research projects ... powder. With the help of the Grow Iowa values Fund grant, "We're putting the pieces together to ...

New and revised limits ensure safety in the workplace

... submitted the annual list of MAK and BAT values to the Federal Ministry for Labour and Social ... the so-called Biological Substance Reference values (Biologische Arbeitsstoff-Referenzwerte, BAR ... effects with any certainty. The first BAR values proposed by the Commission are for chromium and ...

More sensitive radiology monitoring in the Basque Country

... for informing of the anomalous presence of values in air and water. To this end, alert networks ... distinguishing between natural and anomalous values of radioactivity, to the point that certain ... unit of time. Her prime goal was to establish values for normal radiation situations, their origin ...

Scientific information largely ignored when forming opinions about stem cell research

... important than other factors, such as religious values or deference to scientific authority. In the case of stem cells, values turn out to be key, says Scheufele. For ... A lot depends on people's values. And those values need to be considered carefully when we ...

The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity- TEEB

... Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services? Not all values of biodiversity can be measured in economic ... amount of evidence on the market and non-market values placed by people on various benefits from ... GDP growth are not fully accounted for, and the values do not account for non-linearities and threshold ...

'Fluorescent' cells give early warning for eye disease

... were administered, the researchers measured FA values for the six women and the age-matched control group. All of the patients with PTC had higher FA values in the eye that was more severely affected. In fact, FA values averaged 60% greater in the more affected eye of ...

'Nonlinear' ecosystem response points to environmental solutions

... of scientists from four nations analyzed the values and uses of mangrove forests in Thailand a hot ... quantify goods and services, researchers say, values can be attached to them and used to reach ... protective marshes around New Orleans in which values can be assigned to various services and ...

Texel paleothermometer for climate reconstruction perfected

... was reduced to 5% of the average. The TEX86 values for organic material out of the water column and ... side branch of the Oslo fjord, the measured TEX86 values accurately reflected the average spring-autumn ... Sea. The TEX86 temperatures were compared with values from a British index; the Uk37. The index ...

SRMs track fire retardants in humans and environment

... of environmental pollutants. Concentration values for PBDEs are now available for NISTs reference ... human blood serum (SRM 1589a). Newly certified values for PBDE concentrations in four other SRMs for ... and milk. Two of these SRMs will have certified values for current PBDE concentrations to record the ...

Fish on the menu of our ancestors

... indicate a diet high in animal protein, and the high nitrogen isotope values suggest the consumption of freshwater fish." To confirm this inference the researchers measured the sulphur isotope values of terrestrial and freshwater animals around the Zhoukoudian area and of ...

Study shows CGM devices also benefit people with type 1 diabetes

... the control group, and about half an hour less time per day with glucose values in the potentially dangerous hypoglycemia range. The authors demonstrated ... there might even be small and clinically insignificant increases in HbA1c values in the CGM group if the devices were able to help them reduce the ...

Computer model predicts brain tumor growth and evolution

... differential equations. Each equation includes variables, or numerical values that can be experimentally manipulated. For example, to test if oxygen consumption rates influence tumor growth, the values assigned to those rates can be changed and the outcome observed on the ...

Bone deformities linked to inbreeding in Isle Royale wolves

... The decision is complicated, Vucetich observes. "It involves balancing values associated with wilderness, scientific knowledge, healthy ecosystems and ... "If only one value mattered, the decision would be easier, but here the values are competing." Adds Peterson, "This is not a decision just for ...

Ben-Gurion University of the Negev researchers develop new reversible, green window technology

... required to heat or cool a building, per unit floor area per year, with values ranging from zero to more typical values of 150-300 kilowatts in many older buildings in the United States and ...

Arsenic and old toenails

... at - amongst other things - a larger sample of volunteers, to see if the values change with time (it is quite possible the high values recorded are a one-off for that person, or due to slow toenail growth ...

The genetic heart of the lipids

... The team were also able to show differences between the sexes: lipid values are known to differ for males and females, as does the prevalence of ... and is the drug target for statins, commonly used for treating high values of 'bad cholesterol', LDL. The region around NCAN gene has previously been ...

Lighting research center develops framework for assessing light pollution

... on any of the side planes; and glare, by computing three illuminance values obtained at the property line, according to Rea. In order to provide insights into the values of glow, trespass, and glare produced by nighttime lighting, Rea and LRC ...

Paying to save tropical forests could be a way to reduce global carbon emissions

... in tropical regions. Carbon at $2 per ton could translate into rental values of $20 to $35 per hectare per year, and carbon prices of $10 per ton would trigger land rental values of $85 to $252 per hectare annually. A hectare equals the area of 2.5 ...

Where is your soil water? Crop yield has the answer

... conditions such as radiation, temperature, and rainfall. As such, yield values can be simulated for a range of levels of soil plant-available water. In the following model step, plant-available water values can subsequently be obtained by matching measured crop yield with the ...

Fuzzy logic water quality

... is based on using approximations in the calculations rather than precise values to give a broad and potentially more useful response. Moreover it allows disparate parameters to be combined in a meaningful way even though their values may not be related. Just as apples and oranges are different but all ...

MIT: Culture influences brain function

... Psychological research has established that American culture, which values the individual, emphasizes the independence of objects from their ... closely with their culture. They used questionnaires of preferences and values in social relations, such as whether an individual is responsible for the ...

Chemical compound present in detergents produce bacteria alterations in agricultural soils

... in the worldwide detergent market. Its international consumption reaches values of 2,000 kt per year and by the year 2010 it is expected to reach values of up to 3,400 kt per year. However, the UGR scientists believe that ...

AGU journal highlights -- Aug. 6, 2009

... these values, they recently found that their estimate of the rate of methane emitted by the global ocean is about 10 times less than the values used by the IPCC. Their nitrous oxide emission rates are about 3 times less. The authors' estimate for methane is similar to basin-wide studies of ...

Race/ethnicity, family income and education associated with sugar consumption

... The responses were used in conjunction with scoring algorithms to calculate number of teaspoons of added sugars consumed daily. This method provided values for average intakes of added sugars similar to those found from more detailed methods. ...

Arctic climate under greenhouse conditions in the Late Cretaceous

... called 'sapropels'. The sheer number of diatoms found in the Late Cretaceous sediment cores indicates exceptional abundances equalling modern values for the most productive areas of the Southern Ocean. "This Cretaceous production, dominated by diatoms adapted to stratified conditions of the polar ...

Forest fire prevention efforts will lessen carbon sequestration, add to greenhouse warming

... immense areas that are involved and it's hugely expensive. As a policy question we have to face issues of what approaches will pay off best and what values are most important." The report was just published in Ecological Applications , a professional journal. The lead author was Stephen Mitchell, who ...

Report shows the power of US cities to mitigate climate change and steps they need to take to adapt

... cities have shown tremendous leadership in identifying and implementing emissions reduction strategies and recognizing the risks of inaction and values of action. They have laid the groundwork for action in their communities, across the country and around the world," said Michelle Wyman, Executive ...

Investing wisely to save the Great Barrier Reef

... wisely." The decision support process takes into account all of the factors that determine the priority areas for spending such as ecological values of the reef, tourist visitation, risks posed by agricultural run-off, land use and availability of improved land management practices. Leading ...

NIST issues human milk and blood serum SRMs for contaminant measurements

... been rigorously tested and certified as having specific properties that researchers can trust as accurate within stated levels of uncertainty. The values stated on the certificates for these SRMs were measured by NIST and the CDC using a number of different methods including gas and liquid ...

Next-generation software system for flood warning and risk analysis to be developed

... right time for the good of citizens in China and the UK." Potential end-users include insurance companies (using flood risk maps to estimate loss values and calculate premium to be allocated to specific regions), engineering consulting firms (to provide sound climate-proof design for flood defences ...

Scholar unconvinced new lie-detection methods better than old ones

... University of Illinois professor Melissa Littlefield says in an article published in the May issue of the journal Science, Technology & Human values . "Far from describing the brain and its functions, fMRI and Brain Fingerprinting produce models of the brain that reinforce social notions of ...

Healing wounds with lasers, vehicles that drive themselves, other cutting-edge optics

... signal is used to deflect the electron beam up or down, creating the visible trace. The dynamic range of this whole process is the range of voltage values that can be displayed; the other important feature is the time resolution: how fine a time scale can be achieved. Conventional analog television ...

Tumor growth and chemo response may be predicted by mathematical model

... by using biophysical laws that link the effects of the uneven distribution of cell nutrients and oxygen to overall tumor behavior. For different values of the input parameters, the model consistently reproduced the patterns of tumor invasion observed in experiments and in patient tumors, Cristini ...

Illinois Soil Nitrogen Test measures microbial nitrogen

... of yield response by corn to nitrogen fertilization, but there have also been negative evaluations in which concern has been raised that test values represent a constant proportion of total soil nitrogen rather than a microbial fraction that would be potentially available. A study was conducted ...

Photoselective film proves effective for controlling height in potted gardenia plants

... and dry weight) were determined along the growth cycle. According to Kittas, "The research revealed that photoselective plastic films with high values and high B:R ratios are able to reduce the height of gardenia plants. However, continued development of gardenia plants under a P-PE film results in ...

Landfill cover soil methane oxidation underestimated

... in landfill cover soils is considerably greater than the default value of 10%. Of the 42 determinations of methane oxidation only four reported values of 10% or less. One reported a value of 10%. This particular study was the first to report a well constrained value for the fraction of methane ...

Iowa State chemist synthesizes carbohydrates, launches startup company

... on the Iowa State campus. Pohl is developing her technology and advancing the startup company with the help of a $66,477 grant from the Grow Iowa values Fund, a state economic development program. Beatrice Collet, the principal scientist for LuCELLa and a former post-doctoral researcher in Pohl's ...
Other Contents
(Date:4/15/2014)... Biologists at UC San Diego have succeeded in ... hormone responsible for growth and resistance to drought. ... studies to determine how the hormone helps plants ... by the continuing increase in the atmosphere,s carbon ... achievement appears in the April 15 issue of ...
(Date:4/15/2014)... Looking at the question of how social behavior has ... universities in Mainz and Basel have gained new insights ... simply compete for food. Rather the siblings share what ... absent," explained Dr. Jol Meunier of the Evolutionary Biology ... University of Mainz (JGU). The team of biologists from ...
(Date:4/15/2014)... (April 15, 2014) The American Association of Anatomists ... All awards will be presented during the Closing ... Hotel on Tuesday, April 29th at 7:30 p.m. during ... , The 2014 award winners are: , ... PhD, of the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount ...
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(Date:4/14/2014)... treat children with uncomplicated acute appendicitis is a reasonable ... fewer missed school days, according to a pilot study. ... Hospital and published online April 12 in the ... the first prospective study on nonoperative management of acute ... , Researchers enrolled 77 patients age 7 to 17 ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... 2014, Perth, Australia. Drug discovery company Proteomics International ... of a companion diagnostic (CDx) test with the ... The research team authenticated the panel of biomarkers ... samples. Seven biomarkers were validated at high stringency ... The mass spectrometry data was then cross-validated using ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... 2014) When it comes to the cost and ... Patients get the best care when they are treated ... extensive experience in their current job, according to a ... and Columbia Business School. The study was published in ... Applied Economics . , The review of more ...
(Date:4/13/2014)... STANFORD, Calif. A low-cost empowerment program for ... and sexual harassment of these girls, who live ... and are frequently attacked, a large new study ... Stanford University School of Medicine, Lucile Packard Children,s ... No Worldwide, validated the program,s effectiveness in combating ...
(Date:4/11/2014)... the processes that control brain cell production could pave ... brain-related disorders. , Scientists have gained new understanding of ... how and when nerve and brain cells are formed ... and keeps it healthy. Their findings could help explain ... which is a fundamental characteristic of many diseases including ...
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