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Vaccinations in Biological News

New study indicates smallpox vaccination effective for decades

... suggests that such reimmunizations may not be necessary because multiple vaccinations achieve only marginally higher levels of antibody and virus neutralizing ... antibodies to vaccinia indefinitely and do not require booster vaccinations even if they are many decades removed from primary vaccination. These data ...

Potatoes may hold key to Alzheimer's treatment

... slow or prevent the onset of AD. Studies in mice have demonstrated that vaccinations with the amyloid beta protein (believed to be a major AD contributor) to ... due to the risk of autoimmune encephalitis. One way to make Alzheimer's vaccinations safer would be to use a closely-related, but not human, protein as the ...

Ethiopian government celebrates rinderpest eradication

... veterinarians their indigenous knowledge on rinderpest symptoms and patterns of transmission. Their ability to monitor for flare-ups following the vaccinations was crucial to conquering rinderpest. Similar tactics were used to eradicate rinderpest in other African countries including Uganda, Sudan, and ...

'Science Under Siege'

... follow-up article. Five articles on the evolution vs. intelligent design controversy Two physicians' articles that strongly defend the value of vaccinations and critique the anti-vaccination movement Other distinguished contributors include Mario Bunge, Martin Gardner, Paul Kurtz, Chris Mooney, ...

Study characterizes eczema patients most at risk for dangerous viral infections

... are susceptible to this infection when they receive a smallpox vaccination. This situation could limit the ability of those people to safely receive vaccinations in case of a smallpox bioterrorism event. The Atopic Dermatitis Vaccinia Network (ADVN) is an NIH-funded multi-center network charged with better ...

Amarna Therapeutics B.V. and TNO announce SVac research and development partnership

... Director of Biosciences at TNO. About Amarna Therapeutics Amarna Therapeutics B.V. is a Biotechnology company that develops therapeutic vaccinations to treat immunity-associated diseases including autoimmune diseases, allergies and cancer and gene therapies to treat genetic disorders. The base of ...

NAU discovery could help feed millions

... every 30 minutes someone dies from rabies. If you continue to vaccinate against rabies, you won't be able to make a dent. You have to combine rabies vaccinations with fertility control." She hopes to address rabies problems on the rise in West Africa, India and China. Australia hopes to put the ...

Flu shot protects kids -- even during years with a bad vaccine match

... the vaccine. The CDC now recommends children up to 18 years old receive the vaccine. "It is incredibly important for all children to receive flu vaccinations for themselves and for the people around them," said Peter Szilagyi, M.D., M.P.H., a professor of Pediatrics and Community and Preventive Medicine at ...

Masks, hand washing, prevent spread of flu-like symptoms by up to 50 percent

... such as hand washing and masks---especially in a pandemic flu outbreak---are critical to study because pharmaceutical interventions such as vaccinations and antivirals may not be available in sufficient quantity for preventing and controlling pandemic influenza outbreaks. In February 2007, the ...

Iowa State researchers look for smaller, cheaper, 1-dose vaccines

... places where doctors are scarce, locating and vaccinating patients can be difficult. In addition, having the same patients return for their booster vaccinations can be even more complicated. "Another aspect is the hope that this would be single dose," said Wannemuehler. "We hope we can get a robust ...

New molecular clock from LLNL and CDC indicates smallpox evolved earlier than believed

... smallpox storehouse is in Russia). The disease was considered eradicated in 1980, three years after the last naturally occurring case in 1977. vaccinations had been stopped in 1972, following an intensive worldwide effort to wipe out the virus. Smallpox, in its most severe form, was deadly in up to 30 ...

Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology

... report their findings in the August 2007 issue of the Journal of Virology. Following the declaration of global eradication of smallpox in 1979, vaccinations for the general public were discontinued. Today, the virus poses threat as an agent of biological warfare, leaving half of the worldwide population ...

US control strategies may make flu epidemics worse, UCLA study shows

... that current health policy ?based on voluntary vaccinations ?is not adequate to control severe flu epidemics ... if programs were to provide several years of free vaccinations to individuals who pay for only one year. ... could have the opposite effect. Providing free vaccinations for entire families, for example, could actually ...

Researchers develop new testing methods for potential monkeypox or smallpox outbreak

... obvious. For instance, three of eight subjects who had previous smallpox vaccinations failed to show any outward signs of viral infection and had no noticeable ... or even fully protective immunity that is maintained after childhood vaccinations -- an important point to consider if we were ever to be deliberately ...

Smallpox outbreak: How long would it take for vaccines to protect people? Would it work?

... immune response? A new national study led by Saint Louis University School of Medicine will attempt to answer this question. General routine vaccinations for smallpox were stopped in the United States in 1971, and the world was declared free of smallpox in 1980. But because of the recent concern about ...

UCI scientists reconstruct migration of avian flu virus

... By knowing where H5N1 strains develop and migrate, health officials can better limit the spread of the virus by strategically intervening. Local vaccinations can be better administered by using strains from regions that have repeatedly contributed to infections. "If you can control the virus at its ...

UCSF brain tumor vaccine trial shows promising results

... glioma. The trial involves two groups of six patients, both of whom receive a minimum of four injections. The first group receives biweekly vaccinations and the second receives weekly vaccinations. Patients are monitored for immune response before, during and after treatment. The UCSF ...

Billions of dollars saved in US by polio vaccination

... billions into the future to pay for polio vaccination. They estimated that these historical and future investments translate into over 1.7 billion vaccinations that prevent approximately 1.1 million cases of paralytic polio and over 160,000 deaths, thus saving Americans hundreds of billions of dollars in ...

Vaccination with embryonic stem cells prevents lung cancer in mice

... briefing at the EORTC-NCI-AACR [1] Symposium on Molecular Targets and Cancer Therapeutics in Prague today (Wednesday 8 November): "We found that the vaccinations were between 80-100% effective in preventing tumour growth in mice that were subsequently challenged with transplanted Lewis lung carcinoma, and it ...

Novel vaccine shows promise against early-stage breast cancer

... the B- and T-cells to trigger immune responses) that were treated with HER-2/neu to evoke an immune response. The participants received four weekly vaccinations into normal lymph nodes in their groins and were evaluated both pre- and post-vaccination for immune response, level of HER-2/neu expression, and ...

Engineer ramps up protein production, develops versatile viral spheres

... assembled capsids could be light, strong and biodegradable, Swartz says. Piggybacking vaccines on capsids may provide safer and more effective vaccinations than current methods, Swartz says. Most vaccines today work by introducing dead or weakened copies of viruses, mixed with other chemicals, into the ...

Vaccine for brain tumors shows promising results

... glioma. The trial involves two groups of six patients, both of which receive a minimum of four injections: the first group receives biweekly vaccinations and the second receives weekly vaccinations. Patients are monitored for immune response before, during and after treatment. In the first group, ...

Planning ahead: Having the healthiest baby possible

... inherited disorders, obesity, sexually transmitted diseases, and oral health; Protecting one's health through supplements such as folic acid, vaccinations for Rubella, Hepatitis B, and screening for HIV, and Avoiding alcohol, anti-epileptic drugs, acne-controlling medicines, oral anticoagulants and ...

Combating anthrax: Results of study published this month as researchers look for a better vaccine

... to receive either one of four different vaccine formulations, or AVA, the anthrax vaccine currently licensed for use in the United States. All vaccinations were administered intramuscularly. ...

BiovaxID?yields 89 percent survival in patients with aggressive non-Hodgkins

... six cycles of dose-adjusted EPOCH-R, a chemotherapy regimen that includes Rituxan® (rituximab). Of the 26 patients in the study, 23 received vaccinations with BiovaxID commencing at least three months after completing their last chemotherapy and Rituxan treatments. Upon the 46-month (3.8-year) ...

New Rotavirus vaccine joins routine infant immunization schedule

... The federal agency that oversees childhood vaccinations today recommended a new vaccine for routine use against rotavirus infection, a common childhood illness that is the single largest infectious disease ...

Simple idea to dramatically improve dengue vaccinations

... by taking advantage of the relative isolation of lymph nodes throughout the body. Each person has hundreds of lymph nodes. Deem believes vaccinations at four different sites, served by four different lymph nodes, could allow the body to simultaneously develop immune responses against all four ...

Parents need to be educated about HPV vaccinations for daughters

... at which vaccine research is being directed. HPV 16 and 18 are thought to be responsible for 70% of cervical cancers worldwide. "If the current vaccinations that are being developed are approved for use, then they could be used to vaccinate girls at puberty in order to prevent HPV infection. By ...

Johns Hopkins flu expert calls for mandatory vaccination of health care workers

... Epidemiology, last month endorsed just such a plan. However, she acknowledges that current federal workers' rights prevent employers from making vaccinations a requirement. Perl says her proposal is open to discussion at Hopkins. "Ultimately, we want to make vaccination as mandatory for workers as the ...

LIAI scientists make major finding on potential smallpox treatment

... intense research interest worldwide in the last several years, prompted by bioterrorism concerns. The virus was eradicated in the U.S. by 1950 and vaccinations for the general public were ended in 1972. But in the aftermath of 9-11, new concerns have arisen that the smallpox virus could be used as a ...

A vaccine to kill tapeworm

... in which the pigs will be allowed to forage as normal, they reported at a conference on parasitology in Melbourne last week. At the moment, two vaccinations about one month apart provide several months of immunity. The team's aim is to provide lifelong immunity with one or two shots, though they say the ...

Cancer drug slows poxvirus in mice

... to cellular molecules rather than to disease agents themselves may be applicable to a wide variety of pathogenic microorganisms," he says. Routine vaccinations for smallpox ended in this country in the early 1970s, and the World Health Organization declared smallpox eradicated in 1980. Nevertheless, concern ...

Live vaccines more effective against horse herpes virus

... no vaccination. None of the 15 horses was pregnant. The horses were then exposed to the herpes virus. The study found that the horses with MLV vaccinations consistently had lower fevers, no neurological disorders and less virus in nasal fluids. One horse vaccinated with the inactivated virus and one from ...

Stopping smallpox in its tracks: A new anti-viral approach

... Natural or deliberate exposure to smallpox poses a great health threat, especially since routine smallpox vaccinations have been discontinued and no clinically approved treatment currently exists. In the February 1 issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Ellis ...

Mayo Clinic Researchers Create 'Obedient Virus'; First Step To Use Measles Virus Against Cancer

... measles virus became the focus of this vision several years ago when the surprising finding was made that the measles strain used internationally for vaccinations has natural anticancer activity. "But we had a concern that the measles virus may be a little too promiscuous in its ability to infect both cancer ...
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