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Urinary in Biological News

NIH funds work at WPI on regenerating heart tissue and preventing urinary tract infections

... her studies of how cranberry juice prevents urinary tract infections. The grants are the first NIH ... epithelial cells that line the interior of the urinary tract. Bacterial adhesion is the first step ... cells taken from women who suffer from chronic urinary tract infections (UTIs). Camesano's lab will ...

Tips from the American Journal of Pathology

... Negishi et al examined whether levels of urinary L-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP), a ... markers such as blood urea nitrogen (BUN) or urinary N-acetyl-D-glucosaminidase (NAG). In addition, ... AKI populations to confirm the significance of urinary L-FABP as a forecasting biomarker of pathological ...

Winter brings flu, summer brings bacterial infections

... "Gram-negative bacteria are a frequent cause of urinary tract, gastrointestinal and respiratory ... aeruginosa, a common cause of burn, external ear, urinary tract and lung infections; and A. baumannii, an ... Several of these gram-negative bacteria cause urinary tract infections, and a known risk factor for ...

American Society for Microbiology honors Walter Stamm

... has worked with antimicrobial resistance for urinary tract infections, chlamydia infections, and ... as a leader in the antimicrobial therapy of urinary tract infections and has written guidelines for ... book chapters, and 11 books, most of them about urinary tract infections and genital infections including ...

Cranberry sauce: good for what ails you

... the ability of cranberry juice to prevent urinary tract infections (UTIs). The mechanism by which ... bacteria from adhering to the lining of the urinary tract. Camesano and her students have used the ... that keeps the bacteria from getting close to the urinary tract lining. Direct measurements show that ...

UCLA/VA partners with ASU to advance biosensor technology for urinary tract infections

... of Health to help rapidly diagnose and treat urinary tract infections the most common cause of ... solve an old problem, which is the diagnosis of urinary tract infections the second most common ... prescribe targeted treatment without the wait. urinary tract infection is the most common urological ...

New insights into a leading poultry disease and its risks to human health

... E. coli (ExPEC). They cause a number of complex brain, lung and urinary tract diseases in human, animals, and birds. There is also considerable ... of one hundred human clinical samples of ExPEC strains isolated from urinary and non-urinary tract infections by Dr. James R. Johnson of the VA Medical ...

Sulfurous ping-pong in the urinary tract

... an unusual gene combination present in strains of E. coli which cause urinary tract infections: two genes for the disulfide bond formation machinery ... since ASST is present exclusively in E. coli strains causing urinary tract infections, a selective action against these bacteria would leave ...

Piddling fish face off threat of competition

... fish from Africa. Males actively advertise their dominant status through urinary odorants, which are thought to control aggression in rival males and so ... is also probably not unique to tilapia, so were touching the tip of the urinary pheromone iceberg! concluded Barata. ...

Together we stand: bacteria organize to survive hostile zones

... called biofilms. These biofilms play key roles in cystic fibrosis, urinary tract infections and other illnesses, and the researchers say their ... colonizes the lungs. Patients choke on the colonys byproducts. Chronic urinary tract infections result from bacterial communities that develop inside ...

Cell transplants may improve severe urinary incontinence

... are that up to 70 million people worldwide may be suffering from severe urinary incontinence. A major cause of urinary incontinence is a deficiency of the urethral sphincter muscle, often ...

Neuropathic pain: The sea provides a new hope of relief

... to some patients are a very mixed bunch, nearly all found empirically and with many other effects. Amitriptyline, an anti depressant now used for urinary incontinence, has given relief in neuropathic pain; similarly, two drugs designed for treating epilepsy - gabapentin and pentagabalin have also ...

New technology shows promise against resistant staph infections

... patients while they're in the hospital for other reasons. Staph infections can be deadly if the bacteria invade the bloodstream, heart, lungs, or urinary tract. As more strains of staph become resistant to common antibiotics, the need for new treatments has become urgent. The drug-delivery system, ...

ASBMB Annual Meeting to feature talks on the biochemistry of aging

... Starting at 8 weeks of life, the mice display progressive symptoms associated with aging including muscle wasting, loss of vision and hearing, urinary incontinence, decreased liver and kidney function, and osteoporosis. These mice offer a great system to identify the mechanisms by which DNA damage ...

Research could lead to new non-antibiotic drugs to counter hospital infections

... among hospitalized patients who have undergone surgery or have reduced immunity. If the bacterium attacks critical body organs such as the lungs, urinary tract and kidneys, it is likely to be fatal. P. aeruginosa thrives on moist surfaces, so it is often found on catheters, causing cross-hospital ...

Diabetics on high-fiber diets might need extra calcium, report UT Southwestern researchers

... including cantaloupe, grapefruit, papaya, okra, winter and zucchini squash, granola and oatmeal. No supplements were used. "The reduction of urinary calcium excretion on high-fiber diets tells us that the amount of dietary fiber has a direct impact on calcium absorption," Dr. Garg said. "In other ...

Penn medicine draws road map for elimination of central line-associated bloodstream infections

... the hospital system has used this model to attack other hospital-acquired infections such as ventilator-associated pneumonias and catheter-associated urinary tract infections. More recently, several HUP units implemented the Toyota Production System, which applies processes honed in the auto ...

Freezing prostate cancer does a man's body good

... as any other treatmentincluding surgery, radiation and hormone therapybut it is less invasive and traumatic for patients, preserves sexual and urinary function and has no major complications. Interventional radiologists tailor treatment to each patient's disease. Instead of removing the entire ...

Toxicology program features wide range of human health and environment topical sessions

... Panelists will explore improved use of biomarkers of exposure, effects and susceptibility. For example, one panelist will explore the optimal urinary biomarkers to use in order to examine the dose of combustion products and paving materials. Another panelist will highlight a variety of diseases and ...

Researchers engineer pancreatic cell transplants to evade immune response

... of adenoviruses to evade the body's immune surveillance system. (Adenoviruses infect tissues that line the respiratory tract, eyes, intestines, and urinary tract). After infecting cells, adenoviruses produce proteins that prevent the cells from signaling the immune system that they have been infected and ...

Hairspray is linked to common genital birth defect, says study

... is the first to show a significant link between hairspray and hypospadias, one of the most common birth defects of the male genitalia, where the urinary opening is displaced to the underside of the penis. The causes of the condition are poorly understood. Women have a two to three-fold increased ...

Battling bacteria in the blood: Researchers tackle deadly infections

... An important part of bloodstream infections associated with catheters is the clumping-together of bacteria on surfaces which is also seen in urinary catheters that cause many thousands of infections each year. But clumping that occurs within the bloodstream itself is also important since it may ...

Birth control has long-term effect on hormone exposure

... Ph.D. at Science Applications International Corporation-Frederick, Inc., in Frederick, Md., who have developed novel methods for analysis of urinary estrogens. The discovery was particularly noteworthy because it was found three years after oral contraceptive treatment was stopped, roughly the ...

Extending the life of fresh cranberries

... a wide variety of health benefits. Not only are cranberries a healthy, low-calorie snack, but they can also play a significant role in preventing urinary tract infections, reducing the risk of gum disease and much more. In fact, studies show that the significant amounts of antioxidants in cranberries ...

MSU biofilms research helps set standards for everyday products

... teeth to the slime on streamside rocks to the sludge that clogs pipes. Most biofilms are harmless, but some have been linked to ailments such as urinary tract infections, gingivitis and infections around implanted devices like artificial joints and heart valves. "In the world that I study, ...

Geisinger piloting innovative laboratory specimen processing instrument

... specimens. These specimens are collected from patients for the detection of bacteria that are the causes of a variety of diseases such as urinary tract and wound infections and other infections caused by antibiotic resistant bacteria such as MRSA. Relying on a product called the ESwab to ...

Recurrence of group B strep high in subsequent pregnancies, say UT Houston obstetricians

... of passing GBS to her baby include: labor before 37 weeks, rupture of her amniotic membrane 18 hours or more before delivery, fever during labor, a urinary tract infection as a result of GBS during pregnancy and a previous baby with GBS disease. The CDC recommends routine screening for GBS for all ...

Class of antibiotics can enhance gene-silencing tool

... so they are generally considered safe." The most powerful enhancer of RNA interference was enoxacin, which has been used to treat gonorrhea and urinary tract infections. The group of compounds also includes the widely used antibiotic ciprofloxacin. The antibiotics' effect on RNA interference appears ...

National Zoo giant panda pregnancy update

... Scientists at the Smithsonian's National Zoo detected a secondary rise in urinary progestin levels in the Zoo's female giant panda Mei Xiang (may-SHONG) earlier this month. The results from the test on Thursday, June 19 lead ...

Continuous oral contraceptives better at easing pain, bleeding

... days among women who received the continuous birth control regimen. Women in the continuous group also had a significant decline in circulating and urinary estrogen levels, total ovarian volume and lead follicle size all biomarkers that indicate the ovary is less active and reported less pain and ...

Extract of broccoli sprouts may protect against bladder cancer

... Zhang said. In our experiments, the broccoli sprout ITCs after oral administration were selectively delivered to the bladder tissues through urinary excretion. Other cruciferous vegetables with ITCs include mature broccoli, cabbage, kale, collard greens and others. Broccoli sprouts have ...

Bacteria that cause urinary tract infections invade bladder cells

... Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have found definitive proof that some of the bacteria that plague women with urinary tract infections (UTIs) are entrenched inside human bladder cells. The finding confirms a controversial revision of scientists' model of how ...

Scientists sequence genome of parasite responsible for common sexually transmitted infection

... Once it attaches to cells lining the host's urinary or genital tract, it flattens out and begins to ... and red blood cells, causing direct damage to the urinary and vaginal tissues and resulting in ... also consumes bacteria that may be present in the urinary and genital areas, including the bacteria ...

Give thanks for the cranberry, say dental researchers

... one of the main ways that cranberries prevent urinary tract infections is by inhibiting the adherence ... The other projects focus on topics such as urinary tract infections and how the body processes ... publications about the effect of cranberries on urinary tract infections," said Koo, "but there are only ...

One bacteria stops another on contact

... for management of chronic diseases, such as urinary tract infections. The discovery by a team of ... indicate that Escherichia coli, one culprit in urinary tract infections, contains genes that when turned ... coli, including uropathogenic E. coli that cause urinary tract infections, and similar genes may be ...

Scientists solve 30-year-old mystery of mutant mouse's kidney woes

... the mutated form of the protein doesn't get properly distributed in the urinary system," says senior author Feng Chen, Ph.D., assistant professor of ... urine is then passed on to the bladder and other downstream parts of the urinary system." When scientists used an antibody to identify where aqp2 is in ...

U of M study examines kidney stone prevention in astronauts

... stones are mineral deposits in the kidneys that can travel through the urinary tract, causing intense pain. One of the most common types of kidney ... found that the non-exercising study participants had higher levels of urinary calcium than the exercising group, and thus had a greater risk of ...

Tiny shock absorbers help bacteria stick around inside the body

... helping it stick around and form an infection, like those seen in the urinary tract, for instance. The catch bonds release their grip when there is ... to fight bacteria that persist in turbulent environments, like the human urinary tract or intestines." ...

Increased risk of osteoporosis associated with gene that one in five people have

... who had significantly lower blood estrogen levels and higher levels of urinary estrogen breakdown products than normal. These women also had a higher than normal urinary concentration of a marker that indicates bone resorption and had ...
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