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Transformed in Biological News

Overuse of narcotics and barbiturates may make migraine worse

... was associated with an increased risk of transformed migraine (TM) headaches, a form of migraine ... headaches and an additional 5 million suffer from transformed migraine. Migraine symptoms include throbbing ... of acute medications in the development of transformed or chronic migraine (TM) in people with episodic ...

Newly created cancer stem cells could aid breast cancer research

... After being injected with just 100 of these transformed cells, mice developed tumors that metastasized ... breast cell that ordinarily dies in culture. He transformed it into a cancer cell by inserting specific genes ... which select for different cells. Next, he transformed the two populations with the same ...

Restoring a natural root signal helps to fight a major corn pest

... with the help of Monika Frey at the Technical University of Munich, transformed a non-emitting maize line with a gene that encodes an EβC generating ... of Bruce Hibbard of the United States Department of Agriculture, the transformed plants were tested in the field. "Our study showed that the ...

Parkinson's Disease Foundation announces award of $150,000

... and Dr. Zhang will be conducting a pilot study that examines the use of transformed adult skin cells in the treatment of Parkinson's. Scientists can now ... parkinsonian signs. Dr. Zhang and Dr. Emborg hope that implanting the transformed cells back into the monkeys from whom they were originally taken will ...

8 National Medals of Science awardees to be honored at gala, then the White House

... of students has led to the commercialization of technologies that have transformed the world. Now a professor at the University of California Los Angeles ... to Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) wireless technology that transformed the theory and practice of digital communications. Andrew Viterbi is a ...

Biodiesel could reduce greenhouse gas emissions

... (rendered animal fat), imported palm oil and canola. CSIRO Energy transformed National Research Flagship researcher and report author Dr Tom Beer ... improvements and economic feasibility. CSIRO, as part of the Energy transformed National Research Flagship, is undertaking an extensive research program ...

Earliest animals lived in a lake environment, research shows

... of a clay mineral called smectite," said lead author Tom Bristow , who worked in Kennedy's lab. "In rocks of this age, smectite is normally transformed into other types of clay. The smectite in these South China rocks, however, underwent no such transformation and have a special chemistry that, for ...

Children's Hospital Oakland scientists first to discover new source for harvesting stem cells

... cells are there; yes, they are viable; and yes, we can get them out," declared Dr. Kuypers. Stem cells are essentially blank cells that can be transformed into any type of cell such as a muscle cell, a brain cell, or a red blood cell. Using stem cells from umbilical cord blood, Children's Hospital ...

McGill University receives almost $63 million under CFI program to support five research projects

... solvents to environmentally sound alternatives like water. Received $8,320,447. "The CFI's support of cutting-edge research infrastructure has transformed Canada's research landscape and increased the country's international competitiveness," said Dr. Eliot Phillipson, President and CEO of the CFI. ...

Shellfish face an uncertain future in a high CO2 world

... calcium carbonate shells and structures, the problem begins when atmospheric CO2 dissolves in seawater and creates carbonic acid that is then rapidly transformed into carbonate and bicarbonate ions in the water. Increased acidity tips the balance toward bicarbonate formation and away from carbonate. Less ...

Queen's scientists discover eco-friendly wood dissolution

... resources." Dr Hctor Rodrguez said: "The discovery is a significant step towards the development of the biorefinery concept, where biomass is transformed to produce a wide variety of chemicals. Eventually, this may open a door to a truly sustainable chemical industry based on bio-renewable resources." ...

Songbird study from CSHL, CCNY provides concrete measure of biology's impact on culture

... in turn analyzed these recordings, comprising a large dataset of several terabytes, which show that the innate song of an isolated bird is gradually transformed over multiple generations into a song that closely resembled the song normally found in the wild. "I was more pleased than surprised with the ...

Stanford scientists turn adult skin cells into muscle and vice versa

... human adult skin cells into other cell types in order to decipher the elusive mechanisms underlying reprogramming. To demonstrate their point, they transformed human skin cells into mouse muscle cells and vice versa. This research shows that by understanding the regulation of cell specialization it may be ...

Singapore researchers first to transform carbon dioxide into methanol

... Research). Hydrosilane, a combination of silica and hydrogen, is added to the NHC-activated carbon dioxide, and the product of this reaction is transformed into methanol by adding water through hydrolysis. Yugen Zhang, Ph.D., IBN Team Leader and Principal Research Scientist, explained, "Hydrosilane ...

Genes from tiny algae shed light on big role managing carbon in world's oceans

... in this group," said JGI's Igor Grigoriev, one of the senior authors of the paper. Embedded in the genetic code are clues about how photosynthesis transformed from a barren orb into the earth we know today. "The Micromonas genomes encapsulate features that now appear to have been common to the ...

Montana State team finds Yellowstone alga that detoxifies arsenic

... drink these waters even if you changed their pH." The scientists cloned genes from the alga, then studied the enzymes to figure out how they transformed arsenic. They learned that the alga oxidizes, reduces and converts arsenic to several forms that are less toxic than the original. Rosen said one ...

'Undesirable' evolution can be reversed in fish, Stony Brook University scientists show

... can linger for decades, leaving future generations to grapple with a legacy of diminished ocean productivity. It is essential that fishing be transformed to minimize its evolutionary and broader ecological consequences." Evolutionary dynamics are a fundamental principle of ecosystem-based fishery ...

MIT: Using touch to help deaf people

... and leader of the project, say the software they are developing could be compatible with current smart phones, allowing such devices to be transformed into unobtrusive tactile aids for the deaf. "Anyone who has a smart phone already has much of what they would need to run the program," including ...

Case Western Reserve researchers looking at light-induced toxins in air and water

... 10% of the total mutagenicity of inhalable, suspended particles in polluted areas. However, the specific pathways through which these compounds are transformed into products by sunlight are not well understood. The Crespo group expects that by using sophisticated laser techniques with less than a ...

Darwin's seminal impact on biology, anthropology, philosophy and psychology

... "In 300 years from now, there is a greater chance that Darwin will be taught in a philosophy class than Immanuel Kant. He produced a shock wave that transformed every aspect of our perception of the world and ourselves. It's a revolution greater than the Copernican revolution," says Bouchard who teaches a ...

How do cells count?

... of how cells count the number of centrosomes, the structure that regulates the cell's skeleton, controls the multiplication of cells, and is often transformed in cancer. This research addresses an ancient question: how does a cell know how many centrosomes it has? It is equally an important question, ...

UC Davis researchers exploring gene therapy to fight AIDS

... similar immunity in HIV patients, the UC Davis team manipulated human skin cells to give these cells many of the same properties as stem cells. These transformed cells, called induced pluripotent stem (IPS) cells, are capable of differentiating into, among other cell types, hematopoietic stem cells, which are ...

Mammals can be stimulated to regrow damaged inner retina nerve cells

... the Mller glia cells to re-start their dividing engines and begin to proliferate across the retina. The proliferating Mller glia cells first transformed into unspecialized cells. The researchers were able to detect this transformation by checking for chemical markers that indicate progenitor cells. ...

Researchers shed new light on catalyzed reactions

... TCE catalysis, but he and Halas each think their new method will be especially useful in providing a new level of detail for how molecules are transformed in chemical reactions that take place on catalytic surfaces. "There was a question of whether we could do Raman spectroscopy and catalysis at the ...

Swamping bad cells with good in ALS animal models helps sustain breathing

... The GRPs the scientists used began life as what's called astrocyte progenitor cells from healthy rat spinal cord tissue. Following transplant, they transformed into mature, healthy astrocytes, found living alongside sick motor neurons. Astrocytes are the most common cells in the central nervous system. ...

Herbicide-resistant grape could revitalize Midwest wine industry

... and his graduate student Richard Mulwa followed standard genetic engineering techniques in order to transfer the gene to grape cells. "Selecting the transformed cells is the most delicate stage of the process because out of hundreds of thousands of cells, there may be only 25 cells that actually contain the ...

Egalitarian revolution in the Pleistocene?

... Some evolutionary biologists theorize that at some point in the Pleistocene, humans reached a level of ecological dominance that dramatically transformed the natural selection landscape. Instead of traditional "hostile forces of nature", the competitive interactions among members of the same group ...

Broad Institute awarded major grant to bolster epigenomics research

... act as gatekeepers to the genome enabling genes to be switched on or ensuring they remain switched off. In the past few years, two techniques have transformed researchers' abilities to probe cells' epigenomes: ChIP-Seq and high-throughput bisulfite sequencing (HTBS). These technologies can help pinpoint the ...

Stevens awarded $1M for advanced biofuels research

... projects. In total, the DOE will invest up to $4.4 million in these university projects for their research into how non-food feedstocks can be transformed into advanced biofuels. The universities are required to invest an additional 20% of their own funding, which brings the entire investment into ...

UNC scientists turn human skin cells into insulin-producing cells

... CHAPEL HILL Researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine have transformed cells from human skin into cells that produce insulin, the hormone used to treat diabetes. The breakthrough may one day lead to new treatments or ...

Johnson & Johnson honors 2008 recipients of the Dr. Paul Janssen Award for Biomedical Research

... of many important medicines." For more than 20 years, Feldmann and Maini have collaborated on basic research and clinical trials that have transformed the treatment of people diagnosed with chronic inflammatory conditions. Feldmann and Maini investigated the role of cytokines, protein messenger ...

Study of islands reveals surprising extinction results

... 2,000 new plant species have become naturalized. Over the same period, there have been few plant extinctions, so the net effect is that humans have transformed New Zealand's landscape by bringing in so many new species. Sax, a former postdoctoral researcher at UCSB who is now assistant professor of ...

Codeine not safe for all breastfeeding moms and their babies

... is a 'prodrug' which means that on its own it is relatively inactive. The pain relieving attributes are only activated when it is metabolized, or transformed by the body into a more active pain relieving compound, morphine. Some individuals have a genetic variance which causes them to metabolize codeine at ...

August LabBits: A media tip sheet from the MBL in Woods Hole

... the Caribbean and Asia, making conch unprofitable in the Northeast. This turned around in the 1980s, however, when overfishing of whelk quickly transformed the small New England conch fishery into a multi-million dollar industry. To maintain local conch populations, the Massachusetts Division of ...

During Olympics, Cornell's Max Zhang studies air-quality in Beijing

... emit many more particles smaller than 100 nanometers than do older engines (a nanometer is one-billionth of a meter). And nanoparticles are rapidly transformed in the atmosphere, Zhang points out. When particles are emitted from the tailpipe of a car, they can be 50 nanometers. But after traveling just 100 ...

BBVA Foundation Awards for Biodiversity Conservation

... develop mechanisms to repel insects, and the latter evolve, in turn, to overcome these new defenses. In the last 50 years, human beings have transformed their environment with greater speed and intensity than at any other time in history. Scientists estimate that 60% of the services supplied by ...

Refusal of suicide order: Why tumor cells become resistant

... Cells with irreparable DNA damage normally induce programmed cell death, or apoptosis. However, this mechanism often fails in tumor cells so that transformed cells are able to multiply and spread throughout the body. Scientists at the German Cancer Research Center (Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, DKFZ) ...

California's wildflowers are disappearing, new book by UCR ecologist cautions

... in the state in the 18th century. It explains in detail how the landscape of Hispanic California, the southern two-thirds of the state, was steadily transformed by humans. "This book is an incredibly rich synthesis of history, plant geography, and landscape ecology, which its author uses to describe a ...

Tropical forest sustainability: A climate change boon

... back into the atmosphere. "Since 2000, for example, increases in the areas of Canada's forests affected by bush fires and insect outbreaks have transformed them from a 'CO2 sink' to a 'CO2 source' a situation which is expected to continue for the next 20-30 years," Dr Canadell says. "Forests also ...

Holistic understanding: Ag chemicals in the environment

... at which chemicals are transported through the environment. These rates, in turn, control the degree to which contaminants are diluted or chemically transformed prior to reaching receiving water bodies. To further increase the understanding of how environmental processes and agricultural practices ...
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