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Transformation in Biological News

Deep biosphere research points to new methods for recovering petroleum

... who are investigating how this geochemical transformation from recalcitrant matter to usable organic ... and sedimentary rocks," says Shock. "The transformation in how water behaves is so enormous that we would ... and clays, the team plans to reveal how organic transformation reactions occur in natural geologic conditions. ...

AGU journal highlights -- March 12, 2009

... altered crystal-packing form called postperovskite. The region where the transformation occurs, known as the D'' layer, is directly above the core-mantle boundary ... the analog postperovskite alter when deformed, the authors find that the transformation of the analog perovskite to analog postperovskite itself yields a crystal ...

'Climate change: Global risks, challenges and decisions'

... But they must be vigorously and widely implemented to achieve the societal transformation required to decarbonise economies. A wide range of benefits will flow from ... Key Message 6: Meeting the Challenge To achieve the societal transformation required to meet the climate change challenge, we must overcome a number ...

New satellite techniques for looking at climate change

... have reverted to fens because of global warming. Distinguishing this transformation is very important because the park's bogs are a critical habitat for polar ... monitoring, it will be possible to detect changes that represent transformation and allow park officials to take action and minimise the threat. Along ...

Nearly a century later, new findings support Warburg theory of cancer

... instead found that genetic mutations within cells caused malignant transformation and uncontrolled cell growth. Many researchers argued Warburg's findings ... defects could be found that were consistently associated with malignant transformation in cancers. Boston College biologists and colleagues at Washington ...

Human genomics in China

... with these research centers, the South Center has been accomplishing its transformation from a platform technology center focusing on sequencing and genotyping ... more substantial, and the center continues to promote the formation and transformation of intellectual property based on the biomedicine research achievements. ...

The medium is the message: Manipulating salmonella in spaceflight curtails infectiousness

... produce a tremendous diversity of protein products, pointing to a global transformation in response to microgravity. Interestingly, many of the 167 ... LB medium. But what was causing Salmonella to undergo such a dramatic transformation under conditions of microgravity? At least part of the answer, Nickerson ...

What makes an axon an axon?

... a protein crucial for neuron development. The results suggest that this transformation could occur after nerve cell damage. The study, to be published in ... findings raise the possibility that these insults could cause the reverse transformation by changing the amount of ankyrinG and altering the AIS. ...

NSF and EPA establish 2 centers for environmental implications of nanotechnology

... School of Engineering. Wiesner specializes in nanoparticle movement and transformation in the environment. The Duke research team brings together ... in environmental toxicology and ecosystem biology; nanomaterial transport, transformation and fate in the environment; biogeochemistry of nanomaterials and ...

Oceans on the precipice: Scripps scientist warns of mass extinctions and 'rise of slime'

... increased acidification and massive nutrient runoff as culprits in a grand transformation of once complex ocean ecosystems. Areas that had featured intricate marine ... Center for Marine Biodiversity and Conservation, has tagged the ongoing transformation as "the rise of slime." The new paper, "Ecological extinction and ...

Review article provides tools for the Rosaceae genomics community

... libraries, physical and genetic maps, molecular markers, genetic transformation protocols and bioinformatic tools. In the past few years, for example, ... studies in commercial strawberry. Developments like high throughput transformation make the Rosaceae attractive as model systems for genomics research. ...

The 21st century tomato

... aromatic, and tasty fruits. This familiar and seemingly commonplace transformation masks a seething mass of components interacting in a well-regulated albeit ... at a time. With the advent of molecular biology, mutagenesis and genetic transformation could produce tomatoes that were more easily harvested or transported or ...

Closing the gap between fish and land animals

... Uppsala University have reconstructed parts of the animal and explain the transformation in the new issue of Nature . It has long been known that the first ... of Tiktaalik (the pelvis of Tiktaalik is unknown), suggesting that the transformation from paired fins to limbs had already occurred. It appears that different ...

Nitrates in vegetables protect against gastric ulcers

... nitrates into nitrites by the bacteria in the oral cavity and subsequent transformation into biologically active nitric oxide in the stomach. The Swedish ... nitrates into nitrites by the bacteria in the oral cavity and subsequent transformation into biologically active nitric oxide in the stomach. The Swedish ...

Researchers decode genetics of rare photosynthetic bacterium

... transforms a vinyl group to a formyl group to make chlorophyll d. This transformation of chemical forms is not known in any other chlorophyll molecules. ... Touchman said that once the gene that causes the late-step chemical transformation is found and inserted successfully into other plants or organisms, that it ...

Researchers decode genetics of rare photosynthetic bacteria

... transforms a vinyl group to a formyl group to make chlorophyll d. This transformation of chemical forms is not known in any other chlorophyll molecules. ... Touchman said that once the gene that causes the late-step chemical transformation is found and inserted successfully into other plants or organisms, that it ...

Bacterium sequenced makes rare form of chlorophyll

... transforms a vinyl group to a formyl group to make chlorophyll d. This transformation of chemical forms is not known in any other chlorophyll molecules. ... Blankenship said that once the gene that causes the late-step chemical transformation is found and inserted successfully into other plants or organisms, that it ...

CSHL scientists identify cells that promote formation of lethal lung metastases

... Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) of a type of cell that regulates the transformation of small, dormant lung metastases into large, aggressive metastases the kind that kill cancer patients. The cells that promote the metastatic transformation are called endothelial progenitor cells, or EPCs, and are found in the ...

Karen Beemon wins the 2007 Retrovirology Prize

... cells. She was instrumental in establishing that one of the important transformation mechanisms is the aberrant phosphorylation of cellular proteins on ... analysis of src proteins. Of particular importance, was her discovery that transformation mechanisms of multiple classes of retroviruses involve aberrant ...

Restoring a natural root signal helps to fight a major corn pest

... and the US, has produced another first: the successful manipulation of a crop plant to emit a signal that attracts beneficial organisms. Genetic transformation of maize plants resulted in the release of the naturally active substance (E)-beta-caryophyllene from their roots. The substance attracts nematodes ...

Earliest animals lived in a lake environment, research shows

... rocks of this age, smectite is normally transformed into other types of clay. The smectite in these South China rocks, however, underwent no such transformation and have a special chemistry that, for the smectite to form, requires specific conditions in the water conditions commonly found in salty, alkaline ...

DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009

... their own tools, including defect detection tools to uncover undetected bugs, code optimization tools to maximize program performance and program transformation tools that allow users to easily develop programs for today's fast changing hardware platforms. Precision Robotics Assembling Machine This ...

Explosive growth of life on Earth fueled by early greening of planet

... isotope signature previously interpreted in terms of catastrophes was always associated with intrusions of coastal ground waters during the burial transformation of initial limestone muds into rock. It's the same as we see in limestones forming today." Brave new world By gathering all of these ...

New research shows dinosaurs may have been smaller than we thought

... these animals. The researchers developed a new equation for calculating dinosaur mass based on bone dimensions. This equation doesn't require the transformation of data that the original equation uses. "The best way to understand the new equation is to think about a building that is built on pillars," says ...

Recruitment of reproductive features into other cell types may underlie extended lifespan in animals

... may play a role in controlling mammalian lifespan," says Ruvkun, senior author of the Nature paper. "Understanding the mechanisms involved in this transformation could help us develop new ways to repair and even regenerate key cells and tissues." A professor of Genetics at Harvard Medical School, Ruvkun was a ...

Queen's scientists discover eco-friendly wood dissolution

... Scientists at Queen's University Belfast have discovered a new eco-friendly way of dissolving wood using ionic liquids that may help its transformation into popular products such as bio fuels, textiles, clothes and paper. Dr Hctor Rodrguez and Professor Robin Rogers from the University's School of ...

University of Florida study provides insight into evolution of first flowers

... angiosperms. "What we found is that the flower of Persea is a genetic fossil, still carrying genetic instructions that would have allowed for the transformation of cones into flowers," Chanderbali said. Advanced angiosperms have four organ types: female organs (carpels), male organs (stamens), petals ...

Environmental exposures may damage DNA in as few as three days

... 17, at the 105th International Conference of the American Thoracic Society in San Diego. "Recently, changes in gene programming due to a chemical transformation called methylation have been found in the blood and tissues of lung cancer patients," said investigator Andrea Baccarelli, M.D., Ph.D., assistant ...

Alzheimer's, asthma, cancer, malaria and TB focus of new Singapore grants

... awarded by the Biomedical Research Council (BMRC) of A*STAR (Agency for Science, Technology and Research), the government agency driving Singapore's transformation into an international powerhouse in the biomedical and physical sciences. In addition to extramural research grants, A*STAR sponsors the research ...

The life histories of the earliest land animals

... water just like modern amphibians, which meant that the terrestrial Ichthyostega , but not the aquatic Acanthostega , needed to undergo a lifestyle transformation as it grew from larva to adult," says Per Ahlberg. ...

2009 ASPB Summer Undergraduate Research Fellowship award announcement

... I have gained a solidified interest in plant biology. CATEGORY B David Valenta, Frostburg State University Mentor: David Puthoff The transformation of Micro-Tom Tomatoes with Hessian Fly Responsive Genes Through my application for the SURF grant, I learned a lot about grant writing and the many ...

Feather color is more than skin deep

... the nutritional and health status of the individual and its ability to locate high quality resources. Recent studies have suggested that the transformation of carotenoid pigments takes place directly in the follicles during feather growth. Del Val and her team show for the first time that, contrary to ...

Image processing and mathematical morphology in new text by NJIT professor

... other articles by him in Image Processing and Signal Processing , also IEEE publications, were innovations to achieve fast exact Euclidean distance transformation and to conduct robust image enhancement, edge linking, and image segmentation. "The development of digital multimedia, the importance and impact ...

Image processing and mathematical morphology in new text by NJIT prof

... other articles by him in Image Processing and Signal Processing , also IEEE publications, were innovations to achieve fast exact Euclidean distance transformation and to conduct robust image enhancement, edge linking, and image segmentation. "The development of digital multimedia, the importance and impact ...

Cancer: Another step towards medication

... biochemical function of BASP1 is unknown", Professor Bister explains. However, in our experiments we have found clear evidence that Myc-induced cell transformation can be specifically inhibited by BASP1, and consequently, the gene functions as a tumor suppressor." This finding may facilitate the development of ...

Organizational Change Management for Sustainability: The Harvard Case Study

... much more than the appropriate technology to create a sustainable green environment and organizational culture. Learn about the challenges of such a transformation at the Technology and Society Forum presentation by Leith Sharp on Wednesday, March 25 from 3-4:30 pm in NJIT's Campus Center Ballroom. Using ...

Houseplants increase quality of life for retirement community residents

... residents an opportunity for social interaction with peers and instructors. Over the course of the study, the teachers were impressed by the transformation of the overall demeanor of the students. They changed from a state of passive, lonely dependence to being more active, socially connected, and ...

Researcher seeks to turn stem cells into blood vessels

... said. "But we don't have a very good understanding of what's going on when stem cells change into a certain type of tissue, and we can't control the transformation with much precision. We're trying to learn more about what causes these cells to develop and differentiate. With this knowledge in hand, we can make ...

Case Western Reserve researchers looking at light-induced toxins in air and water

... combination with computations based on quantum mechanical theories, a better understanding of the fundamental processes controlling the light-induced transformation of these pollutants can be obtained. "Once we understand the physico-chemical factors that control the degradation of these compounds by light ...

Carnegie's Donald Brown receives lifetime achievement award from Society for Developmental Biology

... they start and where they stop. In 1990, Brown changed his research to a more complex problem, the control of gene expression that regulates the transformation of tadpoles into frogs. The many developmental changes that occur when a tadpole turns into a frog are controlled entirely by thyroid hormone. By ...
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