Early brain activity sheds new light on the neural basis of reading
... neuroscientific tool, which offers both excellent temporal
(in milliseconds) and spatial (in millimetres) ... reading network, including the anterior middle temporal
gyrus, the left posterior middle temporal
gyrus, the angular and supramarginal gyri, and ...
Bacterial persistence in streams
... Quality . The article presents a study of the temporal
patterns and statistical persistence of total ... watersheds. The UT research team investigated the temporal
relationship between watershed processes and the ... for quantifying fecal bacteria loads and defining temporal
behavior in hydrologic watershed processes. These ...
... neurovascular coupling: They are researching the temporal
correlation between the oxygen requirement of the ... succeeded here for the first time in vivo with a temporal
resolution of 100 ms.
To achieve this the ... on the scale of seconds in the blood supply. This temporal
relation might be altered in stroke patients with ...
Yerkes researchers identify language feature unique to human brain
... in the frontal lobe and Wernicke's area in the temporal
lobe. Using DTI, researchers compared the size ... more widespread projection to areas in the middle temporal
lobe, outside of the classical Wernicke's area. ... functional imaging studies that the middle temporal
lobe is involved with analyzing the meanings of ...
December GEOLOGY and GSA TODAY media highlights
... Earth. According to this hypothesis, spatial and temporal
overlap of internal mantle flow (endogenic, or ... leads to the recycling of crust. The spatial and temporal
intersection of the triggering endogenic and ... occurred before the presumed bolide impact. The temporal
sequence of these two events suggests that the ...
Chasing tiny vehicles
... make their way into target cells in real-time and at high spatial and temporal
resolution. They tested magnetic nanoparticles that could be used, among ... the study. "We were able to watch the particles in real-time and at high temporal
and spatial resolution as they made their way into the cells." In doing ...
Models simulate nitrate dynamics in Garonne, Southwest France
... 2008 issue of the Journal of Environmental Quality .
The spatial and temporal
dynamics in the stream water NO3N concentrations in the Garonne watershed ... in the largest European catchments, at large spatial (>300 km2) and temporal
(≥ monthly) scales using available national datasets.
October 2008 GEOLOGY and GSA TODAY media highlights
... needs to be addressed to better understand and quantify the spatial and temporal
variability of heat and mass exchanges between the solid earth and the ... by soft-bodied Ediacaran organisms, and to document their spatial and temporal
distribution, which conceivably relate to strong environmental gradients ...
US Air Force technology helps scientists understand plant root function
... technique that uses thermal neutron attenuation to measure spatial and temporal
distribution of water in soils and near roots at near 0.5 mm spatial ... to using this technique for the measurement of small-scale spatial and temporal
variations in root water uptake. A single root water uptake experiment ...
Geisinger study: Inflammatory disease causes blindness
... of Clinical Pathology , Geisinger researchers examined a disorder known as temporal
arteritis. In this disease, arteries swell and restrict blood flow to the brain.
arteritis can cause headaches, jaw soreness and flu-like symptoms. ...
'Brains R Us': Neuroscience and education town hall
... can neuroscience provide insights and solutions"
On March 3, the temporal
Dynamics of Learning Center at UC San Diego and The Science Network will ...
Based at UC San Diego, the multidisciplinary and multi-institutional temporal
Dynamics of Learning Center (TDLC) is one of six Scientific Learning ...
How much fish have we got?
Data collected by the Shifting Baselines group has highlighted temporal
change in the spatial distribution, abundance, diversity and individual ... existing stock size and species composition as the baseline against which temporal
changes are measured.
However, if stocks are progressively depleted, a ...
September Geology and GSA Today media highlights
... and intrusion into the crust of ca. 290 Ma regional granitoid magmas. This temporal
association was previously clouded because commonly used geochronometers ... major southern California fault systems, this suggests that either (1) a temporal
cluster of seismic displacements on upper-crustal faults increases ductile ...
Scientists track impact of DNA damage in the developing brain
... in a process known as gliosis. Overall changes in the hippocampus mimicked those found in the brains of adults with the seizure disorder known as temporal
lobe epilepsy. In this study, the loss of Xrcc1 also resulted in seizures in mice.
DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009
... same way a high-performance lens improves a camera's output. When combined with an optical streak camera, the system achieves a 20-fold increase in temporal
resolution simultaneous with a 30-fold improvement in dynamic range for an overall improvement of 600 times compared to the performance of the streak ...
Corn yield stability varies with rotations, fertility
... MADISON, WI, July 20, 2009 -- Understanding temporal
variability in crop yields has implications for sustainable crop production, particularly since greater fluxes in crop yields are projected with ...
UT San Antonio researcher wins $917,000 from NIH to study memory
... 'where' events occurred; 'when' is also a crucial variable. We believe the continual generation of new neurons in both rats and humans serve as a temporal
marker for highly similar memories. Because time also plays a role in memories, the contribution of these new neurons to episodic memory is the ...
Sediment yields climate record for past half-million years
... longer climate record for this part of the ocean for nearly a half-century. "We've now generated a climate record from this core that has a very high temporal
resolution, one that is decipherable at increments of 100 to 300 years," he said.
While climate records from ice cores can show resolutions with ...
SRI International announces findings from new upper atmospheric radar system for scientific research
... responds to energy input associated with such phenomena as the aurora borealis and atmospheric waves and tides. Only AMISR has the necessary temporal
and spatial resolution to study this very dynamic region of Earth's atmosphere."
Initial results from Sojka's work are detailed in the article, ...
Stanford's Woods Institute awards new round of Environmental Venture Projects
... been particularly significant, with indigenous burning hypothesized to have radically altered the continent's biogeography. This EVP will investigate temporal
and spatial variability in fire, resource management and habitat modification in Australia's Western Desert. Examining how these practices have ...
Nanoneedle is small in size, but huge in applications
... how the system functions as a whole."
The ability to deliver a small number of molecules or nanoparticles into living cells with spatial and temporal
precision may make feasible numerous new strategies for biological studies at the single-molecule level, which would otherwise be technically ...
A glimpse of future GMES Sentinel-1 radar images
... parameters such as soil moisture. Of particular interest are the new algorithms and methods required to extract land-cover information from a dense temporal
series of Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images and follow how the crops develop.
"As the owner and operator of the
RADARSAT-2 satellite, MDA ...
Regulation of cell proliferation by the OGF-OGFr axis is dependent on nuclear localization signals
... kinase inhibitors, resulting in a retardation of cells at the G1-S interface of the cell cycle. To address the question of the location and temporal
relationships of OGFr nucleocytoplasmic trafficking, a probe of OGFr fused to green fluorescent protein (eGFP) was constructed. Experiments with a ...
Gorilla gets MRI at Bronx Zoo
... of Medicine and reviewed with WCS's Global Health Program staff. The findings indicated that Fubo's condition was caused by a lesion in the left temporal
lobe of his brain. The specific cause of the problem has not yet been determined. Veterinary staff has concluded that Fubo's condition is not ...
Female birds 'jam' their mates' flirtatious songs
... coordination, the researchers said. One example is the duets sung by pairs of Peruvian warbling antbirds. So far, scientists have disagreed about how temporal
coordination between displaying individuals evolved, some seeing it as a cooperative signal of coalition quality, others as a selfish means to avoid ...
Researchers capture wave of brain activity linked to anticipation
... along the keyboard to hit the next correct key," Rauschecker says.
This sounds simple, but it isn't, he says. "It is not trivial to store a temporal
sequence in the brain, because the brain doesn't have any moving parts like a tape recorder or CD player. The whole brain needs to be involved ...
Engineering technology pinpoints earliest signs of animal life
... the Department of Earth Sciences at the University of California, the principal author on the study said: "By establishing a robust stratigraphic and temporal
framework for the Neoproterozoic-Cambrian South Oman Salt Basin strata and by employing state-of-the-art analytical techniques for biomarker recovery ...
February 2009 Geology and GSA Today media highlights
... medieval times. Results thus underscore the need for a higher number of longer high-precision precipitation reconstructions, to better understand the temporal
and spatial variability of the worldwide late Holocene droughts.
A New Late Cretaceous macrobaenid turtle with Asian affinities from the High ...
GKSS to invest 12 million euros ($15.48 million) in a new observation system for the North Sea
... into complex simulation models, with the help of which the physical, ecological and biogeochemical condition of the North Sea can be derived in high temporal
or spatial resolution. The first objectives of the model are short-term forecasts on the current conditions in the North Sea.
The complex COSYNA ...
AGU journal highlights -- Dec. 31, 2008
... areas and subtracting it from the surface observed by the satellite images, the authors obtain dune heights and volumes over fine spatial and temporal
scales. From this, pixel-by-pixel estimates of sand flux were generated, allowing the authors to confirm that the Bodl contains some of the world's ...
Lifecycles of tropical cyclones predicted in global computer model
... of local and regional climate, but huge computational needs in the past have allowed these models to be run only for small areas. "The high temporal
and spatial resolution datasets provided by NICAM in this and future simulations will allow detailed studies of tropical cyclone genesis and ...
UC San Diego researchers use metagene 'portraits' to reveal distinct stages of kidney formation
... gene clusters known as self-organizing maps (SOMs).
Essentially acting as unsupervised learning neural networks, SOMs cluster genes with similar temporal
expression profiles into metagene portraits. In this case, the SOMs were collected using microarray gene expression data and a high-dimensional data ...
Genes determine whether sugar pills work
... sugar pill as other groups got from a drug.
Those who responded well to the placebo had a significant reduction in activity in the amygdala in the temporal
lobe, while this reduction was not found in the others. In previous research the amygdala has stood out as a key structure for emotional reactions. ...
December Geosphere media highlights
... orogen was accompanied by late Cenozoic clockwise rotation of up to 50 degrees. The South Balkan extensional system is an example of the complex temporal
and spatial relations between geometry, kinematics, and dynamics of lithospheric structure during the Cenozoic evolution of Mediterranean backarc ...
Europe cores in EUROCORES: Ocean drilling in EuroMARC
... The scientific focus is manifold: reconstructions of the meridional overturning circulation in both high and low latitudes and of the spatial and temporal
structure of the interglacials peaks and demises are made using thick marine sediment sections. Fossil reef and carbonate mounds cores are extracted ...
Texas A&M anthropologist discovers long-lost primate in Indonesia
... and lunar cycles. Her most recent research project involves the relationship between group living and ecological pressures such as predation and the temporal
distribution of resources.
Gursky-Doyen, who began work on her dissertation in 1993 in the central part of Indonesia, says she is eager to return ...
Drops in blood oxygen levels may be key to sudden death in some epilepsy patients
... percent of these patients' blood oxygen levels actually dropped below 70 percent during their seizures.
They also discovered that seizures in the temporal
lobe of the brain are more often associated with significant drops in blood-oxygen levels and that males are more likely than females to experience ...
AGU journal highlights: Nov. 11, 2008
... and surface mass balance, which is derived from a model of melting ice and snowpack accumulation. The authors find that surface mass balance and temporal
variability in ice discharge are correlated for the time period studied. Using this correlation, they determine that the ice sheet lost mass during ...
Case Western Reserve receives Ellison Medical Foundation New Scholar in Aging award
... be used to regulate cell behavior. His lab engineers novel biomaterial systems and microenvironments to present these signals to cells in a defined temporal
and spatial manner to control their function and ultimately improve tissue regeneration.
During his graduate work at the University of Michigan, ...
Soil Science Society of America presents awards in Houston
... is Precision Agricultural Systems with specific interest in the development and application crop simulation models to assess causes of spatial and temporal
variability of yield and to identify soil management strategies to increasing crop productivity and water use efficiency. He was the 2007 recipient ...