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Taxonomy in Biological News

Dealing with taxonomic uncertainty for threatened and endangered species

... the need to explicitly consider uncertainty in taxonomy in conservation decisions. Species concepts ... how to make decisions when uncertainty is high, taxonomy has not. taxonomy has been an evidentiary field requiring a strong ...

Species explorers ask: What's on Your planet?

... Our vision is to spark a renaissance in taxonomy through a transdisciplinary fusion of ideas and ... around the world, committed to transforming taxonomy into what will effectively prove a new field: ... fusion of the traditional theories and goals of taxonomy with computer engineering and cyberinfrastructure ...

Dwarf crocodiles split into three species

... species rather than one. This not only ends a long debate about the taxonomy of this group, previously thought to consist of two closely related ... the level of biodiversity was cryptic, hidden," Amato continues. "Accurate taxonomy is necessary for conservation management of each species, and now we can ...

Canadian-based UN coral reef expert honored at world meeting in Australia

... before, and given to two renowned global scientists: John E. Randall, Bishop Museum and University of Hawaii, widely recognized as the father of taxonomy and systematics related to coral reef fishes worldwide; and J. Howard Choat, former Head, Dept of Marine Biology, James Cook University, Australia, ...

Laughing hyenas, wailing levees, the sound of cheese and blaring bagpipes

... who will discuss both the evolution and unusual acoustics of its sound. Paul Wheeler of Utah State University will provide an introduction to and taxonomy of bagpipes from the around the world. R. Dean Ayers of Southern Oregon University will consider the acoustics of the bagpipe's "drone," the simple ...

Genetic study finds treasure trove of new lizards

... of these species," he says. "Even at just the basic inventory level, this shows that there is a lot of work still to be done. Vertebrate taxonomy clearly remains far from complete with many species still to be discovered. This will require detailed genetic and morphological work, using ...

Online collaboration identifies bacteria

... of the approach is that the database grows in size and utility as taxonomists add their isolates and associated molecular data to the database. taxonomy therefore becomes electronic - with isolates assigned to species over the internet." The authors point out that the assignment of strains to known ...

Springer partners with Botanical Society of Korea

... and macromolecular structure, cellular and developmental biology, ecology, genetics and genomics, molecular biology, morphology, physiology and taxonomy of plants. The bimonthly journal publishes general papers, reviews, short communications and preliminary reports detailing significant research ...

Revealing the evolutionary history of threatened sea turtles

... understanding of this highly migratory group is important. "These research results are another example of the importance of using systematics and taxonomy as a way to prioritize conservation efforts and strategies," says George Amato, Director of the Sackler Institute for Comparative Genomics at the ...

Academy participates in project to discover drugs, biofuels in tropical seas

... marine mollusks. He oversees the Academy's world-renowned collection of more than 10 million shells. "We'll also be training Philippine students in taxonomy and best practices for museum curation and building online identification guides for Philippine mollusks," Rosenberg said. "Our sampling will focus ...

BioScience tip sheet, September 2008

... Gary E. Machlis and Thor Hanson. War has extensive ecological consequences. The authors outline warfare ecology as a new field of study, provide a taxonomy of warfare for organizing the field, review research conducted to date, and propose research directions and policy implications arising from the ...

Microbes, by latitudes and altitudes, shed new light on life's diversity

... Mountains may be close, but not exactly, to what biologists have theorized for years. Swedish naturalist and botanist Carl Linnaeus, the father of taxonomy who died in 1778, proposed that the planet once was covered by oceans, except for Paradise Island on the equator, and that all organisms emerged from ...

Tree-killing fungus officially named by scientists

... unveiled the name, Raffaelea lauricola, in an article published in the April-June 2008 issue of Mycotaxon, the international journal of fungal taxonomy and nomenclature. "Until now, the fungus was known as 'the laurel wilt pathogen' because of the devastating disease it causes in redbay trees ...

New bee checklist lets scientists link important information about all bee species

... species produce honey. Most species, however, do not produce honey or live in hives, yet they are crucial pollinators of crops and native plants." taxonomy is the science of species classification. The bee checklist includes currently accepted scientific names, synonyms and common names; a current, ...

Scientists announce top 10 new species, issue SOS

... talents of venerable TV host Hugh Downs and others. The Web site www.PlanetBob.asu.edu and the video Planet Bob represent new ways to present taxonomy and biodiversity, in a creative fusion between academia and popular technology, says Wheeler, who also is ASU vice president and dean of the College ...

Clue to mystery crustacean in parasite form

... not one adult y-organism has been identified in over 100 years of considerable searching. Facetotectans are the only crustacean group with a taxonomy based solely on larval stages, say Henrik Glenner and Jens Hoeg (University of Copenhagen) and colleagues from Japan but the great species diversity ...

FISH-BOL: NOAA researchers help build a global reference library of DNA barcodes

... "Barcoding works for all stages in the life cycle, so it will help us identify larval fish, which is timely since many leaders in larval fish taxonomy are retiring, Collette said. It can also differentiate between closely related species that are hard to tell apart, especially large specimens that ...

Academy establishes Asia Center to protect the environment

... and southcentral Mongolia, building on a previous NSF study he led on the Selenge River Basin in northcentral Mongolia. Studies of aquatic insect taxonomy and distribution provide important information for understanding insect communities, which are being threatened by mining, untreated wastes, ...

Giant panda genome to be sequenced

... The giant panda has a genome size of about 3 Gb, which is approximately the same size as the human genome, and is thought to have 20,00030,000 genes. taxonomy and genetic studies indicate that the giant panda is most closely related to bears, not to raccoons as was once considered, given their unique ...

Whirligig beetle gets rock 'n' roll legendary name

... of the Arts. In describing the work, Wheeler quipped: The style of the print is Warhol meets Carl Linnaeus, making a reference to the father of taxonomy and the practice and science of classification. Wheeler co-authored the research behind the discovery of the new species Orectochilus orbisonorum ...

ESA celebrates 100 years of insect science journals

... their relation to agricultural production, articles in Annals focused on papers dealing with morphologic, faunistic and biologic problems as well as taxonomy in its broadest sense. Today, both journals continue to have an impact. According to Journal Citation Reports, in 2006, JEE articles were cited ...

Misclassified for centuries, medicinal leeches found to be 3 distinct species

... Hirudo verbana has not been approved by the FDA and has no special conservation status. "This study is a great example of why the field of taxonomy [the science of classification of organisms] is so important," said Patrick Herendeen, program director in the National Science Foundation (NSF) ...

LSU professor discovers new species

... world. Natural history collections, such as the more than 80,000 specimens in the LSUMNS reptile and amphibian collection, are important because taxonomy ?the science of describing, naming and classifying organisms ?has implications for basic and applied fields of science. "We can't conserve what we ...

UF scientists reveal ancient origin of vertebrate skeleton

... supposed uniqueness of their cartilage, that has for so long plagued scientists in their attempts to place them in the evolutionary scheme. An entire taxonomy was created for animals that basically have a head at one end and cartilage to hold it together, but no bone. But this work says the common feature ...

UF scientists reveal ancient origin of vertebrate skeleton

... supposed uniqueness of their cartilage, that has for so long plagued scientists in their attempts to place them in the evolutionary scheme. An entire taxonomy was created for animals that basically have a head at one end and cartilage to hold it together, but no bone. But this work says the common feature ...

UF study first to quantify validity of DNA I.D. tool using marine snails

... Meyer said. With millions of animal species on Earth, DNA barcoding can be a helpful identification tool for ecologists who may not necessarily be taxonomy experts, he said. "This new technology is seen as kind of a fancy, cool tool that will revitalize museums, which will house the reference ...

Time and money make a difference in endangered species recovery

... protected are no longer declining and only 35 % of species protected for 13 years or more were still declining. Status trends are partly explained by taxonomy and funding. Species reported as receiving more money from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service or National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration were ...

Ancient DNA helps clarify the origins of two extinct New World horse species

... than previously thought and that American stilt-legged horses were American endemics, not Asian emigres. Their analysis has also whittled down the taxonomy of North American species to just two. "I think the biggest issue is that we showed the apparent lack of species diversity in North American horses ...

Ecological destruction fuels emerging diseases

... challenge. Since the physical characteristics of many parasites are very similar, Dr. Brooks and his colleagues are using the latest molecular taxonomy tools to classify parasites based on genetic characteristics. "These things are evolutionary accidents waiting to happen," he warns. "This is not ...
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