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Taste in Biological News

Airway cells use 'tasting' mechanism to detect and clear harmful substances

... receptors for bitter compounds that are found in taste buds on the tongue also are found in hair-like ... In addition, the scientists showed that, unlike taste cells on the tongue, these airway cells do not ... nervous system to translate detection of bitter taste into an action that expels the harmful substance. ...

American Chemical Society's weekly PressPac -- May 27, 2009

... Reducing salt in food without losing that salty taste Chemical & Engineering News Food ... to salad dressings while preserving the salty taste that consumers crave, according to an article ... the primary receptor responsible for human salt taste perception. Despite this challenge, companies ...

New findings in taste and smell

... Smell and taste play essential roles in our daily lives. The ... of Americans experience loss of smell or taste each year resulting from head trauma, sinus ... in the diagnoses and treatment of smell and taste disorders. Among those contributing to ...

Red pandas reveal an unexpected (artificial) sweet tooth

... structural variation in the red panda's sweet taste receptor. The findings may shed light on how taste preferences and diet choice are shaped by molecular differences in taste receptors. "The red panda's ...

Taste, odor intervention improves cancer therapy, according to Virginia Tech, Wake Forest study

... and radiotherapy, may directly alter and damage taste and odor perception, possibly leading to patient ... a better understanding of the types and causes of taste and odor dysfunctions so that they can develop ... science and technology at Virginia Tech, a bad taste in the mouth can lead to poor nutrition because ...

Liking sweets makes sense for kids

... increase. Children are programmed to like sweet taste because it fills a biological need by pushing ... that children's heightened liking for sweet taste is related to their high growth rate and that ... stops. Based on the results of sensory taste tests, children were classified according to ...

Study suggests salt might be 'nature's antidepressant'

... continued in excess because people liked the taste and it had become fairly inexpensive. Today, 77 ... on board. Animals like us come equipped with a taste system designed to detect salt and a brain that ... they have trouble doing so because they like the taste and find low-sodium foods bland. Another ...

Nicotine activates more than just the brain's pleasure pathways

... researchers have discovered there are differing taste pathways for nicotine, which could provide a new ... is the first study to explore both the peripheral taste pathways activated by nicotine, and how these ... systems by several pathways, similar to the way taste is perceived. These findings complement what ...

Girls have superior sense of taste to boys

... New knowledge: Girls have a better sense of taste than boys. Every third child of school age ... have a sweeter tooth than girls. And teenagers taste differently. The findings of the world's largest ... on the ability of children and young people to taste and what they like have now been published. The ...

Meeting to highlight health impacts of smell and taste

... What: The senses of smell and taste may have greater bearing on health than is ... at the meeting. Epidemiological Studies of taste and Smell Scientists who study smell and taste are uncovering evidence that these senses make ...

International conference to release new findings on smell and taste

... - The International Symposium on Smell and taste will be held at the Hyatt Embarcadero, in San ... present new information on the role of smell and taste in disease, nutrition and social interactions in humans as well as animals. Smell and taste play essential roles in our daily lives. These ...

Taking a cue from breath fresheners, researcher develops new method for taste testing

... has developed a new, easier method for clinical taste testing. Greg Smutzer, director of the ... ( http://www.temple.edu/biology ), has created taste strips similar to breath-freshening strips, but ... was, this technology would be ideal for a taste test because it is so simple to use." Smutzer ...

Like sweets? You're more like a fruit fly than you think...

... humans experience as sweet do not necessarily taste sweet to other species. For example, aspartame, a sweetener used by humans, does not taste sweet to rats and mice. However, fruit flies ... of environment in shaping the genetic basis of taste preferences and feeding behavior. Humans and ...

From delicious to death: Understanding taste

... 25, 2008) -- Despite the significance of taste to both human gratification and survival, a basic ... of this primal sense is still unfolding. taste provides both pleasure and protection. Often taken for granted, the sense of taste evaluates everything humans put into their ....

Story tips from the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, September 2007

... brain reward system than inherent differences in taste sensitivity, according to findings by a group of ... drinking patterns and the allelic status of the taste receptor on Chromosome 2, and many strains of ... group has been able to decrease the influence of taste sensitivity that has been a big factor in ...

Researchers find new taste in fruit flies: carbonated water

... Fruit flies detect and are attracted to the taste of carbon dioxide dissolved in water, such as ... conducted the study, suggest that the ability to taste carbon dioxide may help a fruit fly scout for ... of whether people also may have the ability to taste carbon dioxide and perhaps other chemicals in ...

Your gut has taste receptors

... at Mount Sinai School of Medicine have identified taste receptors in the human intestines. The taste receptor T1R3 and the taste G protein gustducin are critical to ...

Memory machine

... a drug to block a specific protein into the taste cortex an area of the brain associated with taste memory. They hypothesized, on the basis of ... this is exactly what happened: Regardless of the taste the rats were trained to avoid, they forget their ...

Chemical found in medical devices impairs heart function

... the future of medical plastics manufacturing. In addition to loss of taste and memory, coronary bypass patients often complain of swelling and ... bypass surgery propelled his search for a root cause for the loss of taste phenomenon, reports principal investigator Artin Shoukas, Ph.D., professor ...

Hind wings help butterflies make swift turns to evade predators, study finds

... as birds that a prey species has a protective quality, such as a bad taste or great agility, and that chasing them isn't worth the energy. Anyone who ... bright coloring as a sign for predators not to eat them. Monarchs also taste bad, for example. Other studies have shown that distasteful butterflies ...

Bitter-tasting nectar and floral odors optimize outcrossing for plants

... attracted by the scent, and they drink more nectar if it doesn't taste bitter. Using video cameras, the researchers confirmed this result: Both ... visit frequently, attracted by the odor of benzyl acetone. The bitter taste of the nectar doesn't seem to bother them. The leader of the studies, ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- May 28, 2008

... are reporting an advance in the centuries-old effort to preserve the fresh taste that beer drinkers value more than any other characteristic of that ... reduced by adding ingredients that block their formation, thus making beer taste fresher longer. MTS ARTICLE #2 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Formation of ...

U of I researcher develops power-packed soy breakfast cereal

... Lee has cooked up a recipe for just such a cereal, one thats passed the taste test of her sensory panel. There are lots of good reasons to eat ... high-protein cereals can not only optimize nutrition, they can also taste good, she said. Lee said that her formulations were taste-tested as ...

Irritating smells alert special cells, NIH-funded study finds

... of Colorado Denver. Prior to this work, scientists who study smell and taste thought that irritating odors directly stimulated the trigeminal nerve, ... the surface. Earlier research revealed that these cells contain bitter taste receptors and that bitter substances applied to the surface of the nasal ...

Good earth: Brown chemists show origin of soil-scented geosmin

... scent of warm, moist soil, geosmin is also responsible for the muddy off taste in some drinking water. That is why the substance is of interest to water ... Jiang said, these experts may find a way to block it avoiding the foul taste that keeps people away from the tap. Geosmin may smell good in the ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly Press Pac

... pioneering research project on how plumbing materials affect the odor and taste of drinking water. Andrea Dietrich and colleagues pointed out that a ... expect their drinking water to have little or no flavor and that any taste or odor in a glass of water can be highly noticeable. Aided by a human ...

New supercomputer to reel in answers to some of Earth's problems

... in the air form clouds or break them up. Bacterial transformers: Communities of bacteria live and grow in the soil. And some bacteria have a taste for metals, a talent that can be used to clean up toxic substances in contaminated ground. Researchers use Chinook to understand the inner workings ...

US-Mexico border wall could threaten wildlife species

... to disease, drought and other weather extremes, and predation. We've seen one or two mountain lions knock down populations of sheep once they get a taste for mutton." The scientists say the wall along the U.S.-Mexican border is not the only issue for wildlife. Human activity, vehicular traffic, ...

MSU discoveries upend traditional thinking about how plants make certain compounds

... substrate for making monoterpenes. The difference is subtle, but the discovery will change the way terpene (compounds that are responsible for the taste and smell of many plants) research is done. The research is published in the May 25 issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences . ...

Apple enthusiasts welcome WineCrisp

... in the name so we added 'crisp' and named it WineCrisp", he added. Korban thinks the new apple will appeal to consumers because of its taste and to growers because of its resistance to the fungal disease apple scab, a primary nemesis of apple growers. Not having to use chemical fungicides ...

Laughing hyenas, wailing levees, the sound of cheese and blaring bagpipes

... 5) MUSIC WORDS In the world of wine tasting, people often use evocative words, such as "fruity" or "chalky," to convert a taste sensation into everyday language. Can one do the same thing for a piece of music? What are the words most used in describing an aural experience? MIT ...

UGA licenses invention that kills food-borne pathogens in minutes

... Brands. "We look forward to getting our improved product into the hands of industry." Importantly, Doyle said, the wash has no effects on smell, taste or appearance of the foods that are treated, even delicate produce. "The new product doesn't interfere with the shelf-life of sensitive foods," he ...

'Delicious' new grape debuts

... a new muscadine grape cultivar. 'Delicious' ripens early, produces high yields, and is disease-resistant. The black fruit features exceptional taste and texture with an edible skin, making it well-suited for fresh fruit consumption and the potential for wine production. The name 'Delicious' was ...

Nutrigenomics -- developing personalized diets for disease prevention -- part 2 just published in OMICS

... the gap between omics science and society Ethical, legal and social issues (ELSIs) associated with commercialization and patenting in nutrigenomics taste is a nutritional gatekeeper for the body influencing which foodstuff is ingested or rejected Present state of the knowledge on genetic variation in ...

Names turn preschoolers into vegetable lovers

... with adults. A restaurant study showed that when the Seafood Filet was changed to "Succulent Italian Seafood Filet," sales increased by 28% and taste rating increased by 12%. "Same food, but different expectations, and a different experience," said Wansink, author of "Mindless Eating: Why We Eat ...

Understanding natural crop defenses

... LA JOLLA, CA Ever since insects developed a taste for vegetation, plants have faced the same dilemma: use limited resources to out-compete their neighbors for light to grow, or, invest directly in ...

Analysis of fresh strawberries reveals consumer preferences

... and March panels, respectively, with 62% to 63% female panelists. In 2007, 60 to 66 panelists (36% to 52% female panelists) participated in the taste panels. Panelist ages ranged from younger than 26 to older than 65 years old, with the majority of panelists between 36 and 55 years old. The ...

NSF to fund water and environment technology center

... potential benefits for the community," Pepper said. "It focuses on research that provides good quality drinking water with acceptable purity, taste and odor characteristics, and is safe for human health and welfare." Much of the strength of universities is in faculty expertise, and research ...

U of Minnesota research finds most road salt is making it into the state's lakes and rivers

... (as low as 250 mg/L, the equivalent of one teaspoon of salt in five gallons of water) have been shown to be harmful to aquatic life and to affect the taste of drinking water. In 2008, the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency listed five metro area streams as already impaired by chloride. Increases in ...

Vidalia onions: Alternative to hand-transplanting proven effective

... have the perfect combination of climate and soil to produce some of the world's best onions: the famous Vidalia sweet onions. Prized for their mild taste and sweetness, Vidalia onions are shipped throughout North America for use in recipes and relishes. Onion producers in the Vidalia region have ...
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(Date:8/27/2014)... health advocates, campaigns against trans-fats have largely succeeded ... taking aim at sugar for its potential contributions ... are still wrangling over the best way to ... an article in Chemical & Engineering News ... American Chemical Society. , In the article, Stephen ...
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Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Piglet weaning age no bar to litter frequency 2Gamblers are greedy bird-brains, University of Warwick research finds 2
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