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Surgical in Biological News

'Beating' heart machine expedites research and development of new surgical tools, techniques

... test and refine their technologies in a realistic surgical environment, without the cost and time associated ... system to test their prototypes or practice new surgical procedures," says Andrew Richards, a Ph. D. ... heart enabling them to ascertain exactly which surgical technologies and techniques perform best for ...

Olympus advances technology for laparo-endoscopic single-site surgery

... allowing single-port access for up to three surgical and imaging instruments that can be either ... natural contours of the belly button to hide the surgical incision. Along with the TriPort, the ... enabling doctors to see fine details during surgical procedures. Olympus' EndoEYE has a streamlined ...

Oh baby, interventional radiology makes childbirth safer

... means of birthing today; it involves making a surgical incision in the mother's uterus to deliver the ... vessel and stop the bleeding. In some cases, surgical control of bleeding might even require a ... and other serious risk factors associated with surgical control of the bleeding. In preventing the need ...

Oh, my aching back: Give me a shot of ozone

... through an incision) are the standards in surgical treatment for herniated disk. "Oxygen/ozone ... to the outcomes for lumbar disks treated with surgical diskectomy, but the complication rate is much ... work because of their pain. Undergoing invasive surgical diskectomy puts you on a path where you may be ...

Stroma genomic signature predicts resistance to anthracyclin-based chemotherapy in breast cancer

... an anthracyclin-based chemotherapy followed by surgical excision of the tumour a protocol that clinicians call neo-adjuvant chemotherapy. After the surgical intervention, pathologists analysed the surgical specimen and determined if tumor cells were still ...

Research yields new clues to how we locate objects in space

... technology to help guide them in a number of surgical procedures, such as placing peripheral catheters ... when clinicians use ultrasound images to guide surgical interventions, they are relying on visualization ... perception. To ensure proper placement of the surgical tool, the doctor needs to be able to look at the ...

TECNALIA investigates advanced biomaterials to make more reliable and hardwearing medical implants

... life of the patient, in such a way that repeat surgical operations are avoided; the reliability and the ... in the short term and in the long term after the surgical operation; the new materials will indicate any ... therapies; and finally, they will simplify surgical practice, progressing to minimally invasive ...

Second lumpectomy for breast cancer reduces survival rates

... said Steven Chen, a UC Davis Cancer Center surgical oncologist and lead author of the study, which ... Steve Martinez, also a UC Davis Cancer Center surgical oncologist, gathered data from the National ... that a mastectomy is the generally accepted surgical treatment for a second cancer because whole ...

Stent grafts: a better way to treat blunt trauma injuries

... to move and/or feel both legs), a complication of surgical repair for thoracic aortic aneurysms. ... of paraplegia by 75 percent as compared to open surgical repair," he added. Injuries causing thoracic ... in relation to contemporary intensive care and surgical methods, which over the past 30 years decreased ...

Rice and UT-Houston join DOD push for regenerative medicine

... working with the U.S. Army Institute for surgical Research at Fort Sam Houston in San Antonio. ... engineering technologies, novel reconstructive surgical techniques and innovative drug therapies that can ... Surgery residency training program, holds surgical appointments at Memorial Hermann Hospital-Texas ...

Pennsylvania Hospital recognized for excellence in bariatric surgery

... ASMBS Center of Excellence designation recognizes surgical programs with a demonstrated track record of ... during which all aspects of the programs surgical processes were closely examined and data on ... of a rigorous screening process, the advanced surgical skills of our physicians, and the comprehensive ...

Surgery without stitches

... A thin polymer bio-film that seals surgical wounds could make sutures a relic of medical ... just 50 microns thick, the film is placed on a surgical wound and exposed to an infrared laser, which ... and other complications arising from sutures. surgical sutures date back some 4,000 years, so a new ...

New data shows benefits of MitraClip for patients with mitral regurgitation

... and efficacy of the MitraClip device compared to surgical mitral valve repair or replacement for the ... at 36 months and the preservation of subsequent surgical options, leads us to believe that the MitraClip ... or functional MR. Patients who are good surgical candidates and are open to the option of a less ...

New center at Georgia Tech aims to improve recovery of soldiers with severe injuries

... Forces Institute of Regenerative Medicine, the U.S. Army Institute of surgical Research's Orthopedic Trauma Research Program, the U.S. Department of ... if they are inserted in fiber mesh scaffolds and silk sponges during a surgical procedure. Additional projects in the center include assessing tissue ...

HPV vaccine may prevent preterm births

... cellular changes in the cervix that can be a pre-stage to cervical cancer. surgical treatment of these pre-stages gives an increased risk of preterm birth in ... between 60 and 220 preterm births per 100 000 births could be caused by surgical treatment. Nearly 60 % of these may be prevented by the HPV-vaccine, ...

Virtual reality: Keyhole surgeons training could help meet European working time directives

... as well as newly qualified doctors who are at the beginning of their surgical careers. The Royal College of Surgeons runs training courses that let a ... initiative, we need to develop highly efficient means of teaching new surgical skills. Virtual reality techniques may fulfil that need," said Kurinchi. ...

Microbot motors fit to swim human arteries

... A range of complex surgical operations necessary to treat stroke victims, confront hardened arteries ... that utilise catheters, tubes inserted into body cavities to allow surgical manoeuvrability, are preferred by surgeons and patients because of the ...

Novel technique changes lymph node biopsy, reduces radiation exposure

... lab invented the gold nanocages. Their work can minimize invasive surgical lymph node biopsy procedures to determine if breast cancer has ... invasive needle biopsy and tested for cancer. "We will convert an invasive surgical procedure into a minimally invasive needle biopsy," Wang said. ...

Novel technique changes lymph node biopsy, reduces radiaiton exposure

... lab invented the gold nanocages. Their work can minimize invasive surgical lymph node biopsy procedures to determine if breast cancer has ... invasive needle biopsy and tested for cancer. "We will convert an invasive surgical procedure into a minimally invasive needle biopsy," Wang said. ...

Caltech scientists show function of helical band in heart

... Torrent-Guasp's work, this finding also has major implications for the surgical treatment of heart disease, Gharib says. "It's going to change the way we ... not to cut. This will help them to come up with new and more effective surgical procedures." ...

Innovative surgery by MSU veterinarian provides new lease on life to dogs

... joint surfaces, as opposed to other designs which leave greater room for surgical error. "With this surgical technique and instrumentation, we are able to prepare the bones of the ...

Ultrasound shown to exert remote control of brain circuits

... diagnostic medical imaging, ultrasonic teeth cleaning, physiotherapies, or surgical ablation. Ultrasound also provides a multitude of other non-medical uses, ... these therapies still pose risks to patients because they require the surgical implantation of stimulating electrodes. Thus, these types of therapies are ...

Robotic surgery lowers risk of a rare but serious complication of gastric bypass

... a laparoscopic gastric bypass are sometimes awkward and can make the surgical technique challenging. With the robot, this additional challenge is ... planes and place more precise sutures. "As a result, there is improved surgical performance and lower leakage rates," Wilson said. "We believe this is the ...

Biophysical method may help to recover hearing

... hand, the changes in the perception of hearing could be predicted. The surgical procedures needed to establish the authors' suggested biophysical ... developed. Recently developed lasers could play a prominent role in these surgical procedures, similar to their role in correcting deficits for another ...

Antimicrobial sutures reduce infections in brain shunt surgery, study finds

... and Biomedical Sciences and first author on the paper. He also is surgical director of the Comprehensive Epilepsy Program at Women & Children's ... only one study has been published to date on their effect in preventing surgical site infection, so we decided to conduct our own trial," he said. "Our ...

Plasma DNA level is a reliable marker of recurrent esophageal cancer, study finds

... sensitive than CEA for detecting cancer that cannot be removed through a surgical procedure (100 percent versus 40 percent) and was also more sensitive ... The researchers suggest the role of plasma DNA is of more value after surgical intervention in identifying patients with recurrent disease. In contrast, ...

Embryo biopsy does not affect early growth and risk of congenital malformations in PGD/PGS babies

... children, but had no more congenital malformations, hospital admissions or surgical interventions than did the ICSI or SC babies. Although the PGD/PGS ... surgery for an inguinal hernia (a hernia in the groin). In the SC group, a surgical intervention was performed in one child with a transposition of the great ...

New surgery improves head and neck cancer treatment

... BIRMINGHAM, Ala. - A new surgical procedure for head and neck cancer at the University of Alabama at ... the body, not the narrow spaces inside the head and neck. The increased surgical accuracy comes from tiny cameras attached to the end of the da Vinci ...

Visual technology enables brain to learn in new ways

... researchers to create virtual environments, such as the human body for surgical simulations that can be physically manipulated and transformed. Order ... Professor Caroline Cao. Her goal is to develop more robust laparoscopic surgical training systems in which 3-D computer simulations enable surgeons in ...

Pennsylvania Hospital surgeon receives grant to develop molecular cardiac surgery

... so unique is that Dr. Bridges group uses a novel, patent-pending cardiac surgical procedure and specially designed hardware as a platform for the most ... in animals other than rodents and mice. The molecular cardiac surgical approach has an added advantage since genes are expressed only in the ...

Life-threatening gene defect located by UT-Houston researchers

... including Michael DeBakey. M.D., and Denton Cooley, M.D. pioneered the surgical repair of thoracic aortic disease. The study, Mutations in Smooth ... If caught early enough, when an aneurysm is 5 centimeters or less, a surgical procedure to replace the diseased portion with a Dacron graft has a high ...

NIBIB invests in quantum research

... over 43,000 new patients each year. The goal of this project is to improve surgical resection and treatment options for brain cancer patients. Dr. Kopelman ... nanoparticles will aid in the visualization of tumors to allow for maximal surgical resection of tumor mass and also facilitate nonsurgical destruction of the ...

Minimally invasive heart surgery research wins NIH award

... surgery to minimally invasive instruments and tools, allowing complex surgical repairs to be made while the heart is still beating. To perform repairs ... navigate the robotic instrument through the chambers of the heart to the surgical site and deploy an array of tools from its tip to remove blockages, repair ...

A crystal ball for brain cancer?

... plan to confirm their findings in a larger study. The team will also test the new method's ability to identify responsive patients prior to surgical removal of their tumor. ...

Avoiding hysterectomy: Major interventional radiology E-collection info available

... search topics individually. Uterine fibroids are very common noncancerous growths that develop in the muscular wall of the uterus. Hysterectomy, surgical removal of the uterus performed by a gynecologist, is the most common treatment for symptomatic uterine fibroids. In fact, more than 200,000 women in ...

NIH expands Human Microbiome Project; funds sequencing centers and disease projects

... ulcerative colitis, a type of inflammatory bowel disease that causes inflammation and sores in the lining of the rectum and colon, are treated with surgical removal of the colon, followed by construction of a pouch to assist the patient with bowel movements. For unknown reasons, some, patients develop ...

A urine test for appendicitis?

... Appendicitis is the most common childhood surgical emergency, but the diagnosis can be challenging, especially in children, often leading to either unnecessary surgery in children without ...

Autonomous robot detects shrapnel

... using conventional means to detect small pieces of shrapnel, especially in the field. The military has an extensive program of exploring the use of surgical robots in the field, and this advance could play a role." In addition to its applications recovering the radioactive seeds used in treating ...

Crustacean shell with polyester creates mixed-fiber material for nerve repair

... to regain control of the nerve surgeons must join the two fragments. For large gaps surgeons used to attempt a more difficult nerve graft. Current surgical practice is to attach tiny tubes, called nerve guides, that channel the two fragments toward each other. Today's commercial nerve guides are made ...

New method separates cancer cells from normal cells

... normal cells, inward to the reservoir, where they would be trapped," said Grzybowski. "The particles could also be part of the sutures used during surgical procedures." ...
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