AGU journal highlights -- Aug. 6, 2009
... ozone depletion, which most previous studies
had not included. They compare coupled ... that is not attributable to earthquakes. Previous studies
had found that this hum is excited by ... estimate for methane is similar to basin-wide studies
of the Pacific Ocean, suggesting that IPCC ...
Protein handlers should be effective treatment target for cancer and Alzheimer's
... Veterans Affairs in the last 12 months to support studies
of proteins and the molecular chaperones that ... how it impacts disease progression."
also will help researchers pinpoint which ... in their animal model. They want to expand these studies
to look at traumatic brain injury as well as ...
Moving to the US increases cancer risk for Hispanics
... the American Association for Cancer Research.
to date have classified all Hispanics under the ... director of the Cancer Prevention and Population studies
research program at the Cancer Therapy & Research ... in this research, said it is important to conduct studies
like this to better understand these differences ...
The way you eat may affect your risk for breast cancer
... be just as important as how much you eat, if mice studies
are any clue.
Cancer researchers have long ... interventions to these people."
have shown that intermittent calorie restriction ... to more aggressively pursue cancer prevention studies
related to calorie restriction.
August 2009 Geology and GSA Today media highlights
... Boulder, CO, USA - GEOLOGY studies
include some curious associations: air hockey and ... The study supports the conclusions of previous studies
that brines derived from hydrous salts and ice ... Comparison of the analytical data to experimental studies
of elemental partitioning, and analyses of ...
Experimental treatment halts hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in newborns
... strategy for brain protection."
have pointed to the role certain brain proteases, ... of brain tissue.
Dr. Kuan said additional studies
are needed to test the effectiveness and safety ... models. The researcher team also recommends studies
to determine whether infants diagnosed with HIE, ...
Fox Chase researchers uncover one force behind the MYC oncogene in many cancers
... lymphoma, lung and pancreatic cancer. Their studies
were performed in mouse cancer models and in ... almost entirely inactive.
After their previous studies
demonstrated that expression of the protein ... genes into messenger RNA and then proteins. studies
in both cells and a mouse model for cancer showed ...
Scientists discover gene mutation responsible for hereditary neuroendocrine tumor
... of cells to extract energy from nutrients.
"Defects in mitochondria, the power ... it is incredibly difficult to perform in-depth studies
in humans, we decided to use a much simpler model ... Sdh1 that is also part of the SDH complex.
"The amino acid sequence of yeast ...
$2 million grant aids study of lung cancer in people who never smoked
... of this project. The partnership will support studies
designed to create a further understanding of the ... and lung tissue, and blood specimens to conduct studies
in proteomics, gene mutations and copy numbers, ... mutations and gene expression. Many of these studies
will examine the entire genome.
"By pooling ...
Study explains potential failure of oral contraceptives with obese women
... pregnancy in obese women, as some epidemiological studies
Although conventional oral ... at Oregon State University. "However, until more studies
are done, women may wish to consult with their ... to explore this issue. But several demographic studies
have shown that even women just considered ...
A 'heart healthy' diet and ongoing, moderate physical activity may protect against cognitive decline
... plan has been proven to lower blood pressure in studies
sponsored by the National Institutes of Health. ... Levels May Slow Cognitive Decline in Elderly
have found that older adults who are physically ... health and support the need for large-scale studies
including both women and men."
The last supper of the hominids establishes the times they lived at the sites
... Evolution (IPHES) in Tarragona has based its studies
on the dental fossils of animals hunted by ... the Catalan Institute for Research and Advanced studies
(ICREA), attached to the IPHES in Tarragona. "For ... combined this application with multidisciplinary studies
of archaeological sites in order to apply it to ...
Results from trials of DHA in Alzheimer's disease and age-related cognitive decline
... Vienna, July 12, 2009 Results from two large studies
using DHA, an omega 3 fatty acid, were reported ... on "age related cognitive decline" (ARCD). Both studies
used Martek's algal DHA.
The results of the ... as is standard scientific practice.
"These two studies
and other recent Alzheimer's therapy trials ...
2 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center scientists receive Presidential Early Career Award
... Medical Institute Early Career Scientist.
genetic conflict. He sees battles raging within a ... A nutritional and genetic epidemiologist, Peters studies
the link between nutrition and cancer prevention ... molecular and genetic approaches, she also studies
vitamin D and calcium in the prevention of colon ...
2 reproductive factors are important predictors of death from ovarian cancer
... for Cancer Research.
Results of previous studies
indicated that fewer lifetime ovulatory cycles, ... hormones."
There is a need for additional studies
to examine reproductive factors in other ... to Robbins. Additionally, she suggested that studies
examining the biologic properties of ovarian ...
Plastics chemical retards growth, function of adult reproductive cells
... activity on these cells, Flaws said.
have found BPA in many tissues and fluids, ...
However, the NTP reported that laboratory studies
that showed effects in animals exposed to low ... Flaws said.
"I think there's a need for more studies
where people look in adult humans to see if BPA ...
Chemicals in common consumer products may play a role in pre-term births
... phthalates or their breakdown products, but past studies
show that several phthalates cause reproductive ... toxicity in animals.
A couple of human studies
have reported associations between phthalates and ... is a stepping stone to larger and more detailed studies
examining the role of phthalates and premature ...
Complications early in pregnancy or in previous pregnancies adversely affect existing or subsequent pregnancies
... from the UK, Denmark and Spain had
reviewed 75 studies
carried out between 1980-2008 that looked at the ... one, small, retrospective study. More and larger studies
are needed to confirm this finding."
If ... to confirm our findings. In
particular, larger studies
concerning the risk of adverse late pregnancy ...
NYU Langone Medical Center awarded NIH grants totaling $1,560,000
... in grant support for their first year of studies
focused on microbiome and psoriasis and on ... the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The studies
being conducted at NYU Langone Medical Center are ... to lead this frontier of medical research. The studies
they are conducting transform the ways we ...
American Chemical Society's Weekly Presspac -- June 17, 2009
... stems from one of the first scientific studies
showing that this approach is effective in ... ventilation may cut emissions, but few scientific studies
have tested this claim. Millions of homes in ... low-efficiency stoves for cooking and heating. studies
indicate that emissions from incomplete coal ...
Green tea may affect prostate cancer progression
... drink in the world, and some epidemiological studies
have shown health benefits with green tea, ... efficacy of green tea consumption and few studies
have evaluated the change in biomarkers, which ... intraepithelial neoplasia (HGPIN).
are just the beginning and a lot of work remains ...
Improved method developed to test carcinogen risk
... erred on the side of conservatism. Such studies
have been "severely limited by inadequate ... that evaluation, which are almost always based on studies
done at very high doses with laboratory rodents, ... cancer. OSU has pioneered the use of trout for studies
of this type for 40 years, and it may now be time ...
IUPUI study finds living near fast food outlet not a weighty problem for kids
... 1.00 mile from a child's residence.
typically have looked at one moment in time, the ... not a decade-long expanse of data.
did not benefit from the wide range of ... and crime statistics over time. And other studies
have not taken into account, as we did, families ...
'Shortcuts' of the mind lead to miscalculations of weight and caloric intake, says Penn study
... that contribute to obesity conducted several studies
with college-age participants in which the ... dominate multidimensional judgments. In these studies
specifically, participants estimated body weight ... is quite limited.
What ties these studies
together is that missing information was ...
Scientific evidence of health problems from past contamination of drinking water at Camp Lejeune is limited and unlikely to be resolved with further study
... for former residents. To supplement the few studies
that have been performed and to help inform ... or work.
In addition to reviewing the studies
focusing specifically on Camp Lejeune, the ... epidemiologic and toxicologic. Epidemiologic studies
examine whether a group of people with more ...
Dual role in breast tissue for a protein involved in leukemia
... human breast cancers, so the investigators set up studies
to test if the function of Stat5a was the same or ... it comes to its role in breast tissue. Previous studies
had shown that mice born without the gene produce ... termed a hyperplastic alveolar nodule.
in in vivo mouse models illustrate a dual role ...
Fatty foods -- not empty stomach -- fire up hunger hormone
... immediately extrapolated to humans, recent human studies
at the University of Virginia measured ... active and inactive ghrelin concentrations. Those studies
showed that during fasting, active ghrelin levels ... as previously described. Tschp says these human studies
support the new model for ghrelin.
NIH funds work at WPI on regenerating heart tissue and preventing urinary tract infections
... receive $218,000 over two years to continue her studies
of how cranberry juice prevents urinary tract ... WPI's associate provost for research and graduate studies
ad interim, said "receiving NIH funding, after a ... the heart from contracting to pump blood. Recent studies
by Gaudette and others have shown that when hMSCs ...
Yale study: Most polluted ecosystems recoverable
... according to an analysis of 240 independent studies
by researchers at the Yale School of Forestry & ... at the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental studies
and co-author of the meta-analysis with Yale ... analyzed data derived from peer-reviewed studies
conducted over the past century that examined the ...
Scientists find formula to uncover our planet's past and help predict its future
of climate evolution and the ecology of ... Similarly they will be able to tackle ecological studies
that are currently incomplete or distorted. Why ... of reconstructing missing or lost information in studies
of dynamical systems such as the Earth's climate ...
Is vitamin D deficiency linked to Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia?
... dementia. Based on an increasing number of studies
linking these risk factors with Vitamin D ... incidence of dementia. In 2008, a number of studies
reported that those with higher serum 25(OH)D ... death from cardiovascular diseases.
have correlated tooth loss with development of ...
Identification of genetic variants affecting age at menopause could help improve fertility treatment
... The data analysed were taken from 9 different studies
undertaken in The Netherlands (the Rotterdam ... variation are unknown, but there is evidence from studies
of twins that this could be due to inheritable ... group of loci we intend to perform functional studies
to study the exact biology and effect of this ...
Study finds genetic links to age of first menstrual period and menopause
... menopause. The paper, "Genome-wide association studies
identify loci associated with age at menarche and ... and cardiovascular disease.
have suggested both menarche and menopause may be ... combined power of the two cohorts for association studies
directed at other clinical characteristics."
Researchers gain genome-wide insights into patterns of the world's human population structures
... of Human Polymorphisms
Most previous genomic studies
of this nature have focused on broad-scale ... populations, the UW researchers noted. These studies
concluded that 85 to 95 percent of human genetic ... at fine-scale population structure. Usually these studies
focus on only the two or three top- ranking axes ...
Illinois Soil Nitrogen Test measures microbial nitrogen
... soil with strong alkali in a Mason jar. Several studies
have provided evidence that the ISNT is ... 26 Illinois agricultural soils, and incubation studies
to determine incorporation of labeled nitrogen ... sugars and 43% of amide-nitrogen. The incubation studies
showed that labeling was more rapid for nitrogen ...
Skin color clue to nicotine dependence
... Penn State researcher cautions that additional studies
with larger samples of smokers with varying ... and nicotine addiction.
"We also think that studies
conducted at different times of the year and in ... of exercise, diet, body fat and stress. Future studies
will have to control for these factors as ...
New and improved tomato analyzer
... Society for Horticultural Science .
the form and structure of organisms. Software ... on the boundary of the fruit.
the quantitative analysis of the shape and size ... and evolutionary analyses, as well as genetic studies
of animals and insects. Morphometric analysis is ...
Princeton geoscientist offers new evidence that meteorite did not wipe out dinosaurs
... geoscientist who has stirred controversy with her studies
challenging a popular theory that an asteroid ... asserting her position.
Gerta Keller, whose studies
of rock formations at many sites in the United ... however, confirms what she has found in earlier studies
-- that the sandstone complex that overlays the ...
New early detection studies of lung cancer in non-smokers launched today
... in people who have never smoked. The research studies
are designed to create a better understanding of ... Baltimore, Md.)
Genome analysis: Genomic studies
of Lung Cancer Arising in Current, and Never ... Smokers (PI: Gazdar)
Genome analysis: Genomic studies
of Lung Cancer Cell Lines from Lung Cancers ...
Late motherhood boosts family lifespan
... Ken R. Smith, a professor of family and consumer studies
at the University of Utah. "If you have a female ... age 40. That confirmed earlier studies. But those studies
did not determine if the women gave birth later ... fertile" sisters. That indicates what earlier studies
did not, namely, the same genes may influence the ...