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Spongiform in Biological News

K-State professor's USDA research shows mad cow disease also caused by genetic mutation

... years ago, Richt said, it was thought that the cattle prion disease bovine spongiform encephalopathy -- also called BSE or mad cow disease -- was a foodborne ... time, that a 10-year-old cow from Alabama with an atypical form of bovine spongiform encephalopathy had the same type of prion protein gene mutation as found ...

Redefining what it means to be a prion

... clumped together in brain cells. Brain matter in PrP-infected animals takes on a spongy appearance, lending the condition its formal name, bovine spongiform encephalitis (BSE). Unlike other proteins, the misfolded PrP protein is transmissible. When the misfolded PrP protein is introduced to healthy ...

Antibody key to treating variant CJD, scientists find

... and humans. It is thought that those who have developed vCJD became infected through the consumption of cattle products contaminated with Bovine spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) a brain disorder in cows, commonly known as Mad Cow Disease. Prion diseases can develop when a naturally occurring brain ...

Study on origin of mutation that causes fatal familiar insomnia

... of months thus, causes death. ILF is a genetic illness caused by the D178N mutation and belonging to the group of diseases known as Transmissible spongiform Encefalopathies (TSE). The author of the PhD is Ms Ana Beln Rodrguez Martnez, who presented her thesis with the title, Fatal Familiar Insomnia in ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- Aug. 6, 2008

... and other central nervous tissue after slaughter is "one of the highest priority tasks to avoid contamination of the human food chain with bovine spongiform encephalopathy," better known as Mad Cow Disease. "No currently available method enables the real-time detection of possible central nervous system ...

Scripps scientists develop new tests that identify lethal prion strains quickly and accurately

... (the name stands for proteinaceous infectious particles) are unique infectious pathogens associated with some 15 different diseases, including Bovine spongiform Encephalopathy (mad cow) and its rare human form, variant Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease. Infectious prions, which are thought to consist mainly of an ...

Prions and retroviruses -- an unholy alliance?

... Prions an abbreviation for proteinaceous infectious particles work as a trigger to a set of diseases of the brain and nervous system, the so-called spongiform encephalopathies. These include BSE in cattle, scrapie in sheep and Creutzfeldt Jakobs Disease in humans. Prions are structural variants of a normal ...

Federal testing for mad cow disease a failure, law review editor says

... of Illinois scholar writes. Eating meat from cattle infected with bovine spongiform encephalopathy, or mad cow disease, can cause Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, a ... vs. Promotion of Industry: Can the USDA Protect Americans From Bovine spongiform Encephalopathy?" ...

Fibril Shape Is The Basis Of Prion Strains And Cross-species Prion Infection

... disease appeared in humans after several recent epidemics of bovine spongiform encephalopathy or "mad cow" disease. Since then, barriers to the ... is very ineffective. There have been hundreds of thousands of bovine spongiform encephalopathy cases, for example, and lots of people exposed to tainted ...

Prion find points way to test for human 'mad cow' disease

... clinical symptoms. The scientists say that they detected prions--the infectious proteins responsible for such brain-destroying disorders as bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in cattle and vCJD in humans--in the blood of the hamsters in as few as 20 days after the animals had been infected. That ...

Brittle prions are more infectious

... notoriety for their roles in such fatal brain-destroying human diseases as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and kuru, and in the animal diseases, bovine spongiform encephalopathy ("mad cow" disease) and scrapie. Yeast and mammalian prions are proteins that transmit their unique characteristics via ...

History of human cannibalism eats away at researchers

... amass in brain tissues to cause fatal neurodegenerative diseases such as mad cow disease. These diseases are cumulatively known as transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) and in humans, include CJD (Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease) and kuru. Kuru is confined to a human population in Papua-New Guinea ...

Successful cell engineering may lead to mad cow prevention, say researchers

... genes in a cloned goat fetus, perhaps paving the way for breeding disease resistance in other animals, even those genes that might cause bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), commonly known as Mad Cow Disease. Researchers Mark Westhusin and Charles Long in Texas A&M's College of Veterinary ...

New results validating Pall prion reduction filter disclosed at ISBT Congress

... such as variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (vCJD), emerge. An update on the latest measures to protect the public from the human form of Bovine spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE), commonly called Mad Cow Disease, and minimize risk of transmission through blood transfusion was presented here at the ...

Controlling wildlife trade key to preventing health crises, study says

... of dollars, disrupting human livelihoods and destabilizing trade. Even in a relatively managed trading system, livestock diseases, including bovine spongiform encephalopathy, foot-and-mouth disease, avian influenza, swine flu and others have cost global economies some $80 billion, the authors of the study ...

First technology to remove prions that cause vCJD from blood launched

... of vCJD from red cells, the most commonly transfused blood component. Variant CJD, a fatal neurodegenerative disease, is the human form of Bovine spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE), also known as Mad Cow Disease. The CE mark means the new prion reduction filter meets pan-European essential requirements for ...

Strongest proof yet found for prion hypothesis

... Medical Branch at Galveston (UTMB) have produced the strongest proof yet that the mysterious and devastating brain diseases known as "transmissible spongiform encephalopathies" (TSEs) are transmitted by an infectious agent composed only of a malformed protein, and not a virus. TSEs, which can afflict both ...
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