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Spectrum in Biological News

Further gene mutations linked to autism risk

... were found in the genes of children with autism spectrum disorders, but not in the healthy controls. The ... open-access journal PLoS Genetics . Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are common neurodevelopmental ... gene changes may contribute to an autism spectrum disorder. Hakonarson and co-author Maja Bucan ...

Researcher: Lasers used to detect melamine in baby formula

... absorbed by the sample and created an absorbance spectrum that was unique to the sample. The same data ... was mixed with melamine and analyzed, the new spectrum was compared to that of the unadulterated ... products, all they'd have to do is collect the spectrum of their product, add known quantities of ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- Jan. 7, 2009

... biomarker for a subgroup of patients with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Their study is in the January 2 ... as a Clue to the Molecular Pathogenesis of Autism spectrum Disorders" DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT ARTICLE ... Expect more than 7,000 presentations on the broad spectrum of the sciences that involve chemistry from ...

The Rett Syndrome Research Trust launches operations

... Rett Syndrome and the increasing range of MECP2 spectrum disorders. Our short-term goal is to bring novel ... is the most physically disabling of the autism spectrum disorders and the leading cause of severe genetic ... time the number of children born with other MECP2 spectrum disorders remains unknown. In the U.S., the ...

Kids with autism may have gene that causes muscle weakness

... The study looked at 37 children with autism spectrum disorders who were evaluated for mitochondrial ... skeletal muscles. Most children with autism spectrum disorders do not have recognizable abnormalities ... for understanding how genes that produce autism spectrum disorders impact the function of the ....

Carnegie Mellon scientist uses mass spectrometer to weigh virus particle, von Willebrand factor

... shell of the HK97 virus. They collected a mass spectrum of the mature protein shell, which weighs 12.9 ... charges. They also collected an improved mass spectrum of a von Willebrand factor (0.2 to 1.1 ... normal human plasma von Willebrand factor. This spectrum is truly amazing and very revealing, Chung said. ...

Measuring intellectual disability

... [of fragile X syndrome]." "Such domains include not only autism and autism spectrum disorders, but also developmental delay, behavioral difficulties, anxiety, ... (premutation) alleles can also involve developmental delays and/or autism spectrum disorders." In future studies, Dr. Hagerman and colleagues plan to explore ...

Newly discovered reactions from an old drug may lead to new antibiotics

... Infections of Clostridium difficile (commonly known as C-diff) lead to a spectrum of illnesses ranging from severe diarrhea to colitis, which can cause ... tried this approach, and it could potentially be a source for new narrow spectrum antibiotics that block bacteria that require selenium to grow." The key ...

Monitoring water through a snake's eyes

... Tel Aviv University lab, Prof. Katzir can detect "colors" in the infrared spectrum which distinguish between pure and contaminated water. Not visible to the naked eye, this spectrum is normally only seen by certain animals, like snakes or vampire bats, to ...

Frogs reveal clues about the effects of alcohol during development

... Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) and Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) cause malformations in ... positional and maturation cues during development. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) and Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) cause malformations in ...

Fetal alcohol syndrome testing expands

... tests that help identify and assess children with Fetal Alcohol spectrum Disorder (FASD). "Our initial study was carried out with a relatively ... Institute of Neurosciences, Mental Health and Addiction. "Fetal Alcohol spectrum Disorder is a significant health issue in Canada. The work of Dr Reynolds ...

Rett Syndrome Research Trust advisor makes significant discovery

... including Rett Syndrome, the most physically disabling of the autism spectrum disorders. The researchers show that MeCP2-deficient astrocytes (a subset ... neurons." Maniatis stated that "studies of the role of glia in a broad spectrum of neuronal diseases should lead to exciting advances in understanding ...

New text focuses on formidable opportunistic fungus

... as the newest strategies for characterizing, diagnosing, and treating its spectrum of clinical infection. Other great textbooks have been published which ... as the newest strategies for characterizing, diagnosing, and treating its spectrum of clinical infection. This valuable book is an instrumental resource ...

Men are red, women are green, Brown researcher finds

... contrary to prior assumptions. "If it is on the more red end of the spectrum (the face) had a higher probability of being male. Conversely, if it is on the green end of the spectrum (the face) had a higher probability of being female," Tarr said. To ...

Researchers block damage to fetal brain following maternal alcohol consumption

... The study, "Acid Sensitive Channel Inhibition Prevents Fetal Alcohol spectrum Disorders Cerebellar Purkinje Cell Loss," was carried out by Jayanth ... Western countries. Milder forms of the condition, known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, occur more frequently. Maternal drinking lowers the blood ...

How birds spot the cuckoo in the nest

... reflect UV wavelengths, Honza wondered whether altering the reflected UV spectrum of an egg would affect a bird's ability to recognise it as foreign and ... Would a blackcap recognise and evict an impostor egg if the reflected UV spectrum were different from the wavelengths reflected by the bird's own clutch? ...

New oral angiogenesis inhibitor offers potential nontoxic therapy for a wide range of cancers

... known. Lodamin appears to retain TNP-470's potency and broad spectrum of activity, but with no detectable neurotoxicity and greatly enhanced ... Subsequent tests suggest that Lodamin retains TNP-470's unusually broad spectrum of activity. "I had never expected such a strong effect on these ...

Researchers decode genetics of rare photosynthetic bacterium

... Acaryochloris marina. Chlorophyll d harvests light from a spectrum of light that few other organisms can, and that enables this organism to ... to other plants where they could then use a wider range of the light spectrum and become sort of plant powerhouses, deriving increased energy by ...

Researchers decode genetics of rare photosynthetic bacteria

... Acaryochloris marina. Chlorophyll d harvests light from a spectrum of light that few other organisms can, and that enables this organism to ... to other plants where they could then use a wider range of the light spectrum and become sort of plant powerhouses, deriving increased energy by ...

New decontamination system kills anthrax rapidly without lingering effects

... To find the best phosphor that emitted light in the UV-C region of the spectrum wavelengths below 280 nanometers the emission spectra of each phosphor ... cathodoluminescent efficiency higher than 10 percent with an emission spectrum that provides increased coverage of the DNA absorption curve. With ...

ESA honored at White House ceremony

... and advancing the profession of ecology, the SEEDS program provides a full spectrum of mentoring and learning opportunities to underrepresented undergraduate ... tripled. Its imperative that we draw from the talent of the broad spectrum of the U.S. population who will bring the range of creativity, skills, and ...

NMR researchers unlock hydrogen's secrets to spot polymorphism in pharmaceuticals

... network of coupled together 1H nuclei leads to broad lines in the spectrum that are hard to tell apart. This makes it almost useless when you are ... high-resolution two-dimensional 1H CRAMPS solid-state NMR they obtained a spectrum for a tablet formulation in less than 2 hours, which is equivalent to the ...

Contrast agent trials in swine

... a dye that both absorbs light and fluoresces in the NIR region of the spectrum to a pamidronate derivative. Light in this region of the spectrum penetrates especially well into living tissue without damaging it, and is ...

Safe water: simpler method for analyzing radium in water samples cuts testing time

... substances. When these emissions are collected and analyzed, an energy spectrum can be produced. A detailed analysis of this spectrum is used to determine the identity and quantity of radioisotopes present in ...

Carnegie donates landmark clones to biology

... to see how common such regulation by neighbors is. It also emphasizes the importance and the potential that the new clones have for understanding a spectrum of problems from kidney diseases to engineering better crops," remarked director of the department Wolf Frommer. ...

AGU journal highlights -- Aug. 6, 2009

... emission in bursts several minutes long during a period of about 3 hours that coincided with a large dust storm on 8 June 2006. On the basis of the spectrum of this radiation, the authors conclude that the radiation was probably excited by lightning in the Martian dust storm. They note that the discovery ...

Animal and plant communication at the ESA Annual Meeting

... working under a National Science Foundation Research Experience for Teachers grant, placed painted tubes mimicking pitcher plants' natural color spectrum of redness into the plants' habitat. They found that red coloration didn't affect the number of ants the pitchers' primary prey that were captured. ...

Scientists open doors to diagnosis of emphysema

... better picture of the processes underlying these diseases, future treatments could be more specific, reducing the side-effects often caused by broad spectrum treatments. ...

Researchers team up to provide new hope for childhood hunger

... Harvest Alliance began to take shape. "Effective solutions to the crisis of childhood malnutrition must involve interventions spanning a diverse spectrum of disciplines including health care, agriculture and home economics. People in the developing world derive most of their nutrients from plants; ...

New windows opened on cell-to-cell interactions

... attraction can be controlled, simply by the incorporation of molecules from biological membranes. We can tune attraction or repulsion over the entire spectrum simply by changing the composition of the membrane. This is useful both for technological applications, and for illuminating the fundamental ...

Funxional successfully completes initial clinical trial of FX125L, an anti-inflammatory drug with a novel mechanism of action

... completion of the first Phase I study with FX125L , an orally available small molecule which belongs to a new therapeutic class named Broad spectrum Chemokine Inhibitors ( BSCIs ). The Phase I, single ascending dose study was conducted in the United States. FX125L was well tolerated at all ...

Ferns took to the trees and thrived

... competition from flowering plants, Schuettpelz said. Some ferns developed the ability to make a living on light that was more toward the red end of spectrum -- shade, in other words. And, around this time, some ferns also developed the ability to live on trees, sometimes without soil, as epiphytes. By ...

ICSI or IVF: Babies born from frozen embryos do just as well

... heart defects to defects caused by hereditary factors and sporadic genetic mutations or interactions. However, Ms Neri said: "They were within the spectrum of malformations observed in newborns in the general population." As there was no statistical difference between the medicated and unmedicated ...

MSU lands $2.1 million grant to take part in national autism study

... We are pleased the CDC recognizes our center's capabilities." The 10-year SEED study will help identify what might put children at risk for autism spectrum disorders and other developmental disabilities. Six study sites and MSU's role as the data coordinating center make up the Centers for Autism and ...

Research vessel Polarstern starts 24th Arctic season

... Association, will begin its 24th Arctic expedition on Saturday, June 20th. 119 scientists from seven different nations will research the whole spectrum of current Arctic topics in three journey stages: climate history and current climate development, effects on the ecosystem ranging from bacteria to ...

Plant microbe shares features with drug-resistant pathogen

... concentrating on two other plant-growth promoting bacteria, Pseudomonas putida W619 and Enterobacter sp. 638, neither of which contain broad spectrum antibiotic resistance or virulence factors that would allow them to behave as opportunistic pathogens," he said. "We are certain about this after ...

Report updates guidelines on how much weight women should gain during pregnancy

... that many factors besides maternal weight and gestational weight gain affect outcomes and the reality that healthy babies are born to women across a spectrum of pregnancy weight changes. Studies consistently show that gaining within the guidelines lowers health risks for mothers and children, though this ...

Healing wounds with lasers, vehicles that drive themselves, other cutting-edge optics

... from invention to exciting advances in the physics, applications and commercialization of these revolutionary lasers, which cover the mid- and far-ir spectrum and are broadly impacting sensing, spectroscopy, and sub-wavelength photonics. Alain Aspect of the Institut d'Optique in France will present ...

The neurobiology of musicality related to the intrinsic attachment behavior?

... together may add group cohesion. Thus, it is justified to hypothesize that music perception and creativity in music are linked to the same phenotypic spectrum of human cognitive social skills, like human bonding and altruism both associated with AVPR1A. We have shown for the first time in the molecular ...

New tool for next-generation cancer treatments using nanodiamonds

... its response relative to its neighbors," Ho says. "This will allow us to investigate the ultimate efficacy of novel treatment strategies via a spectrum of internalization mechanisms." Beyond the broad research focused on developing these drug-delivery schemes, manufacturing devices to execute the ...
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