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Shuttle in Biological News

UAB space freezers deemed a success

... made its NASA debut in late 2008 aboard a shuttle flight to the station. This month's flight of space shuttle Discovery marks another milestone for GLACIER as the first freezer is re-packed on the shuttle for return to Earth. It is filled with frozen ...

The medium is the message: Manipulating salmonella in spaceflight curtails infectiousness

... machinery of virulence. There, the space shuttle crew grow the bacteria in triple-enclosed ... , are derived from experiments aboard NASA space shuttle mission STS-123, launched in March, 2008. This ... the microgravity conditions aboard the space shuttle produce a condition of reduced fluid shear, an ...

Compact research freezers to debut in space

... BIRMINGHAM, Ala. When the space shuttle Endeavour lifts off this month, its flight crew ... boost the biological research capacity of the shuttle and the International Space Station (ISS). ... and storing biological research samples on shuttle flights and the ISS. Of these first two GLACIERs ...

Spaceflight shown to alter ability of bacteria to cause disease

... Nickerson, who led a project aboard NASAs space shuttle mission STS-115 (September 2006) involving a ... in an experimental payload aboard the Space shuttle Atlantis. The tubes of bacteria were placed in ... linked via real-time telecommunications with the shuttle crew when they were activating and terminating ...

Shuttle brings space-grown strep bacteria back for study

... GALVESTON, Texas When the space shuttle Endeavour touched down at the Kennedy Space ... 39 degrees Fahrenheit. To make sure that the shuttle crew would not be exposed to a potential ... On day five of the mission, with the shuttle docked to the International Space Station, the ...

Argonne to showcase science and technology at community open house

... facility; ATLAS, the Argonne Tandem-Linac Accelerator System; and the Argonne Wakefield Accelerator. The event will be held rain or shine. Free shuttle service will be provided and food and drink will be available for purchase. Advance reservations are not required, and visitors are welcome to take ...

Public lecture at UC Riverside to discuss origin and fate of universe

... and evolution of galaxies as a function of cosmic time. "The talk on May 28 is particularly timely, given the recent launch of the space shuttle to perform the final servicing mission to the Hubble Space Telescope and the launch of two other satellites in the same week to observe the beginning ...

Simulated gene therapy

... in terms of cost, ease of production, and the ability to transport very long genes. If they can be designed to efficiently -- and safely -- shuttle genes into human cells, then they may be a more practical solution to gene therapy than viruses. So far, laboratory experiments with different ...

Former NASA astronaut Bonnie J. Dunbar to speak at NJIT's biomedical engineering seminar

... 5 space flights, Dr. Dunbar has logged more than 50 days in space. She has served as the Payload Commander on two flights, including the first Space shuttle docking mission to the Russian Space Station Mir. Dr. Dunbar holds BS and MS degrees in ceramic engineering from the University of Washington, and ...

January-February GSA Bulletin media highlights

... fractures, which enhance the permeability of these otherwise tight hydrocarbon source rocks, at present depths of 6000-7000 feet. An iron shuttle for deepwater silica in Late Archean and early Paleoproterozoic iron formation Woodward W. Fischer et al., Department of Earth and Planetary ...

NYU scientists discover dangerous new method for bacterial toxin transfer

... which is already known to cause a potentially deadly form of food poisoning. This is the first time that phages have been observed to serve as shuttle vehicles for bacterial toxins between different species. The experiments were part of a general exploration of bacteriophages. Until now, ...

Salk researchers develop novel glioblastoma mouse model

... in humans." Trying to mimic randomly occurring mutations that lie at the heart of all tumors, the Salk researchers used modified viruses to shuttle cancer-causing oncogenes into a handful of cells in adult mice. Their strategy, described in the Jan. 4, 2009 online issue of the journal Nature ...

Rice's James Tour wins Feynman Prize

... Nobel Prize-winning Cal Tech professor's career were his work on the atomic bomb as part of the Manhattan Project and his investigation of the space shuttle Challenger explosion, which he traced to a frozen O-ring. ...

Space researchers developing tool to help disoriented pilots

... tools in the cockpit to help pilots from being misled by spatial disorientation," said Jones, a former U.S. Air Force pilot and veteran of four space shuttle flights. "Spatial disorientation mistakes in space are very rare, but because of mission costs and the potential for loss of life, you want to do ...

Gene therapy anti-cancer research featured in Scientific American

... on adenoviruses, a cause of the common cold that has been studied and altered extensively for medical research. Adenoviruses have the ability to shuttle targeted segments of DNA into a tumor cell and make biochemical changes that minimize damage to healthy cells. ...

NYU Langone Medical Center's tip sheet to the International Conference on Alzheimer's Disease 2008

... disease. Mouse neurons which over-produce a precursor to the amyloid protein closely linked to Alzheimer's disease development were unable to shuttle the vesicles to their proper destinations in nerve cells, causing them instead to enlarge abnormally and accumulate. The impeded transport of these ...

American Society for Microbiology honors Dianne K. Newman

... biology to poorly understood geological phenomena. She demonstrated that bacteria access insoluble iron by releasing extracellular electron transfer shuttle molecules that reduce and solubilize the iron, thereby making it available for use. She also identified and characterized the process of bacterial ...

Pioneers in small RNA research to present at UD symposium, April 16

... ]. Also, students and postdocs may apply via the Web site to join the speakers for lunch. Minivans will be available to help shuttle registrants from the SEPTA station to the event if needed. Check the box on the registration page to request this service. Sponsors include The ...

First datasets for national biomass and carbon dataset now available

... vegetation canopy height and biomass are being produced consistently for the entire conterminous U.S. Within each mapping zone data from the 2000 shuttle Radar Topography Mission are combined with topographic survey data from the National Elevation Dataset (NED) to produce a radar-based map of ...

Predicting the radiation risk to ESA's astronauts

... are crucial parameters in defining the amount of matter that radiation passes through. The Columbus module, launched into space by NASA's Space shuttle on 7 February, is the most ambitious and sophisticated contribution to human spaceflight that Europe has yet made. It is equipped with radiation ...

Wind power explored off California's coast

... In many ways, wind energy seems an ideal energy source. Fields of mighty turbines spinning in rhythm could harness carbonless power and shuttle it off to homes and industries. But questions remain about the feasibility of wind parks: How much will they cost" Can this unpredictable energy ...

September Geology and GSA Today media highlights

... of the most advanced technology that our species has yet produced - the Space Shuttle. By integrating radar topography data collected by the space shuttle with field observations, Gani and colleagues have placed tight constraints on the topographic evolution of the Ethiopian Plateau. Their results ...

Coal and black liquor can produce energy from papermaking

... vehicle use of DME," says Boehman, who is also treasurer of the International DME Association, a nonprofit advocacy group. "A Penn State Staff shuttle was fitted to run on the fuel and ferried faculty and staff around campus in 2002." Graduate students carried out the research on co-processing of ...

Microscopic passengers to hitch ride on space shuttle

... When space shuttle Atlantis rockets into space later this week, it ... 'Microbe' experiment, part of the STS-115 space shuttle mission scheduled for launch Aug. 27, will study ... experiment requires only the minimum of space shuttle resources, but it has the potential to greatly ...

Scientist-astronaut sends T-cells into space

... Affairs, and a payload specialist aboard space shuttle flight STS-40 in 1991, will send human T-cells up ... experiments aboard Skylab and several space shuttle missions, including Fulford's, confirmed that ... version of the same experiment aboard the space shuttle Columbia ...

Ozone recovering, but unlikely to stabilize at pre-1980 levels, says study

... and prevents it from activating growth genes. "All of a sudden the 'BES1 shuttle model' no longer made sense," says Vert, adding that it took many ... BIN2 and reciprocally activate BES1, but instead of freeing BES1 to shuttle into the nucleus, it is now clear that the crucial activation step occurs ...

Salk scientists untangle steroid hormone signaling in plants

... and prevents it from activating growth genes. "All of a sudden the 'BES1 shuttle model' no longer made sense," says Vert, adding that it took many ... BIN2 and reciprocally activate BES1, but instead of freeing BES1 to shuttle into the nucleus, it is now clear that the crucial activation step occurs ...

T-rays: New imaging technology spotlighted by American Chemical Society

... T-ray sensing and imaging technology, which can spot cracks in space shuttle foam, see biological agents through a sealed envelope and detect tumors ... with NASA, THz imaging has also successfully detected defects in space shuttle foam. Other T-ray applications could enable the label-free ...

Stem cell therapy shows promise for rescuing deteriorating vision

... many different types of chemicals that may influence the cells around them. "The idea was to test the cells as a continuous delivery system" to shuttle an agent known as glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor or GDNF, Lund explains. "It's not a sensible thing to inject the eyes many times over ...

Major link in brain-obesity puzzle found

... other researchers have found that SH2B1, which was previously called SH2-B, is a kind of jack-of-all-trades in the world of cell signaling. Able to shuttle between the area just beneath the cell membrane and the nucleus, it can bind to many different molecules and facilitate signaling. Specifically, ...

NYU biologists identify gene that coordinates two cellular processes

... embryos. Consistent with the idea that MEL-28 had function in chromosome segregation and the nuclear envelope, the MEL-28-GFP fusion was observed to shuttle between the nuclear periphery and the chromosomes during cell division. Additional functional tests showed that mel-28 was essential to both the ...

The first tree genome is published: Poplar holds promise as renewable bioenergy resource

... branches, stems, and roots. This natural process provides opportunities to improve carbon removal from the air by producing trees that effectively shuttle and store more carbon below ground in their roots and the soil. Moreover, bioenergy crops re-absorb carbon dioxide emitted when biofuels are ...

Light-sensitive photoswitches could restore sight to those with macular degeneration

... with other molecules that can force shape changes, looking for improved ways to attach shape-changing molecules to proteins, developing means to shuttle these photoswitches into cells, building artificial genes that can be inserted into a cell's DNA to express the photoswitches in the correct cell, ...

Sandia work launched on space shuttle shows live cells influence growth of nanostructures

... extreme environments, samples of the yeast- and bacteria-containing nanostructures were launched on the recently completed mission of the US space shuttle Discovery. On the Space Station, experiments will be performed to determine their longevity when exposed to the extreme stresses of the radiation and ...

U of M study examines kidney stone prevention in astronauts

... As the space shuttle Discovery prepares to launch on July 1, researchers at the University of Minnesota have identified a way for astronauts to reduce their risk of ...

Lactic acid not athlete's poison, but an energy source - if you know how to use it

... and a second paper to appear soon finally provide direct evidence for the hypothesized connection between the transporter molecules - the lactate shuttle - and the enzymes that burn lactate. In fact, the cellular mitochondrial network, or reticulum, has a complex of proteins that allow the uptake and ...

Deep treasure to be found in Oculina Bank

... of North Carolina, Wilmington. The Oculina expedition, funded by NOAA, will run from Oct. 12-18 on board the M/V Liberty Star, a NASA space shuttle support ship operated by United Space Alliance and normally used to retrieve spent solid rocket boosters. A second related expedition is planned for ...

No small feat: First ever gene therapy success for muscular dystrophy achieved

... is not possible because its size makes it impossible for researchers to get it to squeeze inside viral vectors ?disarmed viruses that are used to shuttle genes into cells. But the team found a good stand-in in a similar protein called agrin that when miniaturized could be inserted inside an ...

Motor transport in bio-nano systems

... vesicles which exhibit complex patterns of intracellular traffic: some vesicles travel from the cell center to the periphery and vice versa, some shuttle between different organelles or cellular compartments. An extreme case is provided by the long-ranged transport of vesicles and organelles along the ...
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