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Shaping in Biological News

Evolution tied to Earth movement

... A Force from within the Earth The geological or tectonic forces shaping Africa begin deep in the Earth, where a superplume of hot and molten rock ... as 6 million to 7 million years ago. The Ganis speculate that the shaping of varied landscapes by tectonic forces lake basins, valleys, mountains, ...

A global model for the origin of species independent of geographical isolation

... forward in the paper lays the groundwork for more powerful tests of the role played by natural and sexual selection, as well as habitat complexity in shaping the patterns of biological diversity that we see around us today," said Kaufman. Our insights can be applied to the immense challenge that we now ...

22nd Congress of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology, Sept. 12-16, 2009, Turkey

... among others, the following topics: The role of genetic factors in adult ADHD The future of schizophrenia Are the monoamines involved in shaping conduct disorder? Vaccination for Alzheimers disease in dementia Novel treatment for smoking Maternal serotonin Deep Brain Stimulation ...

'The Vision Revolution': Eyes are the source of human 'superpowers'

... discovery: human beings do, indeed, have superpowers. And it turns out that these superpowers, all related to vision, have been instrumental in shaping the way we interact with and see the world. The end result of Changizi's eye-opening efforts is The Vision Revolution: How the Latest Research ...

Stanford's Woods Institute awards new round of Environmental Venture Projects

... the Role of Anthropogenic Fire in the Desert Grasslands of Australia: Intentional burning is increasingly being recognized as an important force in shaping ecosystems over time. In Australia, the impact of anthropogenic fire has been particularly significant, with indigenous burning hypothesized to have ...

22nd Congress of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology

... among others, the following topics: The future of schizophrenia The role of genetic factors in adult ADHD Is the monoamines involved in shaping conduct disorder? Vaccination for Alzheimers disease in dementia Novel treatment for smoking Maternal serotonin Deep Brain Stimulation: new ...

Penn biologists discover how 'silent' mutations influence protein production

... by the protein-making machinery. According to their analysis, mRNA folding and associated rates of translation initiation play a predominant role in shaping expression levels of individual genes, whereas codon bias influences global translation efficiency and cellular fitness. ...

American Society for Microbiology to host 109th general meeting in Philadelphia

... and bacterial DNA over 270 million years old. The opening session of the meeting will examine the role of microbes have played in evolution, shaping the world around us, and will feature Andrew Knoll of the Harvard University Botanical Museum, who will give the ASM Lecture entitled "Microbes and ...

MacArthur Foundation awards planning grant to improve decision-making in energy policy

... organizations, governmental agencies, think tanks, international organizations, industry and philanthropists, who will be involved in shaping this project from its earliest stages. ...

The Earth Observatory of Singapore devoted to the study of earth sciences officially opens

... which killed hundreds of thousands." "We will help blaze a new path through the fascinating mysteries of the dangerous, dynamic processes shaping and renewing the thin shell of our planet that we call home," says Professor Sieh. "We also aim to be modern scientific high priests, illuminating ...

ASM biodefense and emerging diseases research meeting

... of this meeting is to bring together individuals who are carrying out research to defend against the threat of bioterrorism with decision makers shaping the future biodefense research agenda, recognizing that emerging infectious diseases serve as a paradigm for handling the public threat of ...

Carnegie's Arthur Grossman receives Gilbert Morgan Smith medal

... he is part of a team working with new methods to study gene expression or transcriptomics in alga. "Art is recognized worldwide as a major figure shaping our understanding of algae," remarked Carnegie president Richard A. Meserve. "We congratulate him on this honor." Grossman has been a staff ...

Study shows competition, not climate change, led to Neanderthal extinction

... the two datasets to reconstruct potential areas occupied by each human population and to determine if and how climatic conditions played a role in shaping these areas. In other words, by integrating archaeological and paleoenvironmental datasets, this predictive method can reconstruct the regions that a ...

Using water to understand human society, from the industrial revolution to global trade

... professor, writer and film maker Terje Tvedt, of the Universities of Oslo and Bergen, argues that water has played a unique and fundamental role in shaping societies throughout human history. Speaking at a European Science Foundation and COST conference in Sicily in October, Tvedt proposed that social ...

In child care, relationships with caregivers key to children's stress levels

... study. "Additionally, the study begins to situate child care-cortisol research in the context of a broader literature on the role of relationships in shaping how children function and how they react to stress." ...

Rutgers scholar authors definitive biography of reproductive medicine pioneer

... historian offers the first comprehensive insight into the influence of John Rock, the Harvard-affiliated gynecologist and pioneering researcher, in shaping the field of modern reproductive medicine. Rock was the first researcher to fertilize a human egg in vitro in the 1940s and the co-developer of ...

Entomological Society of America names 2008 award winners

... responsibilities in insect ecology and biological control of invasive species. Much of his research has focused on the role of landscape structure in shaping insect-insect and insect-plant plant interactions. His current projects include biological control of soybean aphid and of garlic mustard, the use of ...

American Society for Microbiology honors Dianne K. Newman

... approaches, and she has fundamentally changed perceptions of how the earth was formed by demonstrating the role that microbes have had in shaping the planet. Everyone in this burgeoning field benefits from the techniques, constructs, and physiological approaches that Dr. Newman has established ...

Getting better with a little help from our 'micro' friends

... microbes are responsible for infection and acute disease, while "other bacteria, the more intelligent ones, have taken the evolutionary route of shaping their environment by positively interacting with the host immune system to promote health, which gives them an improved place to live; it's like ...

UMass Medical School's Craig Mello elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences

... President Emilio Bizzi. We are pleased to welcome into the Academy these new members to help advance our founders goal of cherishing knowledge and shaping the future. An independent policy research center, the Academy undertakes studies of complex and emerging problems. Its diverse membership of ...

Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology

... on younger leaves than on middle leaves harvested from mature lettuce heads. Our results indicate that leaf age and nitrogen content contribute to shaping the bacterial communities of preharvest and postharvest lettuce and that young lettuce leaves may be associated with a greater risk of contamination ...

Smithsonian scientists find evidence that could rewrite Hawaii's botanical history

... research, that Metrosideros may have colonized the islands soon after they formed. If so, these plants would have played an important role in shaping the ecology of the islands from the beginning. The isolated Hawaiian Islands are home to many unique and endemic species of plants and animals. To ...

Vanishing polar ice talk to be Webcast live, April 10

... who work with satellites and aircraft instruments to understand Earth's changing ice cover. He will highlight the critical role that ice plays in shaping our environment and what the loss of ice cover may mean for life on Earth. Abdalati received the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists ...

NASA expert to address Earth's vanishing polar ice, April 10, at UD

... Hall at the University of Delaware's Louise and David Roselle Center for the Arts. Abdalati will highlight the critical role that ice plays in shaping our environment and what the loss of ice cover may mean for life on Earth. The presentation will be enhanced by stunning animations produced by NASA. ...

USGS April 2008 science picks

... agencies and the private sector. The AVO has also contributed to a better understanding of how volcanoes work and what role volcanoes play in shaping Alaskas dynamic landscape. The AVO is a collaborative project of the USGS, the University of Alaska Fairbanks Geophysical Institute, and the Alaska ...

Small desert beetle found to engineer ecosystems

... The mesquite girdler Oncideres rhodosticta may only be 13mm long, but it has a big role in shaping the landscape. Research carried out by Benjamin Duval and Walter Whitford at New Mexico State University has revealed that the beetle is speeding up ...

Like sweets? You're more like a fruit fly than you think...

... species of monkeys. The findings, published in the current issue of the journal Chemical Senses, demonstrate the critical role of environment in shaping the genetic basis of taste preferences and feeding behavior. Humans and flies have similar taste responses because they share similar environments ...

Strategy for nanotechnology-related environmental, health and safety research

... Needs for Engineered Nanoscale Materials: An Interim Document for Public Comment, released in August 2007. Public comments, that played a role in shaping the final document, were accepted through September 17, 2007. This EHS research strategy is the result of a terrific team effort led by the NEHI ...

Professor's video series explains all facets of Earth

... Wysession noted that several lectures are devoted to the theme of climate and humans, and how geological events have played vital roles in shaping human history. He sited the example of a huge volcanic eruption at Tambora in Indonesia that in 1816 filled the Earths skies with so much ash and ...

Protein's new role discovered in autoimmune disease

... to 2 percent when the IL-17 protein signals were blocked, the study authors said. The drop was a clear sign that IL-17 plays a major role on shaping B cells' ability to create more and more disease-causing antibodies. "The effect of IL-17 to slow down B cells, thereby enhancing ...

PNNL's Richard Smith named to prestigious Scientific American 50 list of outstanding leaders

... selected Smith as one of 50 honorees chosen annually for accomplishments in research, business or policymaking, and demonstration of leadership in shaping both established and emerging technologies. Past Scientific American 50 winners include stem cell researcher Douglas Melton, Nobel prize-winning ...

Experimental Biology 2008 meets in San Diego April 5-9

... Tomorrows Health. Thousands of lectures, symposia, research presentations, and exhibits present the newest scientific concepts and research findings shaping current and future clinical advances. The meeting also presents numerous educational sessions for students and career development programs aimed ...

November GEOLOGY and GSA TODAY Media Highlights

... unrest. In 1955, Professor Sam Carey suggested Alaska had been "oroclined"bent nearly 60 degrees counterclockwiseat some point in the distant past, shaping the mountains into the arc we see today. Geologists of the 1970s interpreted much of southern Alaska from the perspective of plate tectontics, ...

Genetic contributions to human brain morphology and intelligence

... and family studies and newly evolving genetic approaches start to give us a glimpse as to which genes and (interacting) environmental influences are shaping our brains. Brain structure measured macroscopically using MRI and the dynamic changes therein, have a functional relevance. Studies ...

Genetic differences in clover make one type toxic

... time in Europe and Asia and it re-evolved in North America when the plant was introduced, indicating that natural selection was a powerful force in shaping the geographical distributions of the two plant types. The genetic basis behind cyanide production in clover plants boils down to just two ...

Engineers study brain folding in higher mammals

... Engineers at Washington University in St. Louis are finding common ground between the shaping of the brain and the heart during embryonic development. Larry A.Taber, Ph.D., the Dennis and Barbara Kessler Professor of Biomedical ...

September Geology and GSA Today media highlights

... Maximillians University, Munich, D-80333, Munich, Germany. Pages 847-850. Supercontinent cycles are a poorly understood, but paramount, process in shaping Earth's surface. Geologic evidence strongly supports the existence of the supercontinent Pangea 200 million years ago. Alleged earlier ...

Facial attraction -- choice of sexual partner shaped the human face

... sexy, at least in the eyes of our ancestors, researchers at the Natural History Museum have discovered. Facial attractiveness played a major role in shaping human evolution, as studies on our fossil ancestors have shown our choice of sexual partner has shaped the human face. The findings appear in the ...

Modeling the restless brain

... brain are connected. The computer model created by Sporns and Honey suggests that this very pattern of connectivity is crucial to generating and shaping brain activity in the resting and active brain. Empirical work on the human brain is challenging due to the fact that the brain's intricacies ...
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