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New study reveals large scale conservation essential

... and BirdLife International identified appropriate scales of conservation efforts for 4,239 species of ... and successful strategies must include various scales of action from sites to landscapes" Gascon added. ... evidence supporting the integration of multiple scales of conservation, including protected areas as ...

Saltwater sleuths: Seeking clues to help determine the ages of fish and shellfish populations

... dozen fish species, vertebra from monkfish, and scales from summer, winter, and yellowtail flounder. ... and broken, or sectioned. Wherever possible, fish scales are impressed in laminated plastic for aging, ... in the 1940s with haddock and yellowtail flounder scales but really picked up steam in the 1960s. Today ...

The photonic beetle

... are found in the shimmering, iridescent green scales of a beetle from Brazil. It appears that a ... named Lamprocyphus augustus. The discovery of its scales crystal structure represents the first time ... from a transparent semiconductor. The scales cant be used in technological devices because ...

Unique porous copper structure enables new generation of military micro-detonators

... with pores at both the nanometer and micron size scales could play a key role in the next generation of ... The ability to design things on multiple size scales at the same time is very important, he added. ... and challenging. When these different length scales are available, a whole new world of capabilities ...

Living fossils have hot sex

... green at early stages, and then turns yellow. The scales of the cone normally are close together, but tiny spaces between the scales open slightly during the period when pollination ... be reached by wind-blown pollen because the cone scales are too tightly packed. So there had to be ...

New theory gives more precise estimates of large-scale biodiversity

... a factor of 10. Ecological estimates of the number of species at large scales come from a hypothetical curve based on fractals, which predicts that the ... relationship between number of species and area." The method not only scales up from measurements in small plots to provide more precise estimates of ...

Scientists urge world leaders to respond cooperatively to Pacific Ocean threats

... a set of potential solutions now being applied and tested at various scales throughout the region. Examples include the establishment of marine ... ecosystem health. "These efforts have shown remarkable success at local scales in maintaining biological and human economic diversity, particularly when ...

Fossil and molecular evidence reveals the history of major marine biodiversity hotspots

... hotspots, product of ecological processes operating over geological time scales of millions of years with their timing and locations coinciding with major ... We now realize that human-induced changes are operating on time scales far removed from those that have created these hotspots. An improved ...

Crop management strategies key to a healthy Gulf, planet

... what is happening between fields and the Gulf using models at different scales to interpret the data. Understanding these intermediate layers is ... the linkage between water and bioenergy choices on medium and large scales is poorly qualified, according to Dale. An approach that considers ...

Toll of climate change on world food supply could be worse than thought

... heat waves or sudden big storms, could easily wipe out crops on vast scales if they occur for even a few days during critical germination or flowering ... 1990s wiped out 20% to 60% of some nations herds. Such events on larger scales could arise with little or no warning in the near future, the authors ...

AGU journal highlights -- Sept. 6, 2007

... 11. Magnetic reconnection at large and small scales During solar flares and coronal mass ejections the Sun's magnetic ... magnetic reconnection process is determined by dynamics at large or small scales is heatedly debated. Kuritsyn et al. study reconnection through laboratory ...

UC San Diego engineer provides insights to decades-old DNA squabble

... done. We're trying to reduce the total number of variables in the system by eliminating the variables that are not important at the length and time scales of interest. "This research emphasizes how engineering tools can provide new insights into biology," he added. "When we talk about cancer and ...

Douglas-fir, geoducks make strange bedfellows in studying climate change

... 70 percent or more. And that's important because it is allowing us to go back and create more accurate models of sea surface temperatures and at time scales more than twice the length of the instrument measurements. "Each species brings its own 'perspective' of past climate, such that their combination ...

Humans 'damaging the oceans'

... new scientific discussion paper released today. Man-made carbon emissions "are affecting marine biological processes from genes to ecosystems over scales from rock pools to ocean basins, impacting ecosystem services and threatening human food security," the study by Professor Mike Kingsford of the ARC ...

New windows opened on cell-to-cell interactions

... and pharmaceuticals. Though the findings are basic, they provide new directions for research to help understand nature at nanotechnological scales where the orientation of minuscule proteins is crucial, said Raghuveer Parthasarathy, who is a member of the UO's Material Science Institute, the ...

M2SYS Technology to Offer Desktop Biometric Technology to Kronos Customers

... device may not be practical," commented Steve Earl, Kronos director of product marketing. The Bio-SnapON(TM) biometric software easily scales to support multi-site, networked implementations, and supports special requirements such as labor distribution and employee self-service. "With the ...

M2SYS Technology to Offer Desktop Biometric Technology to Kronos Customers

... device may not be practical," commented Steve Earl, Kronos director of product marketing. The Bio-SnapON(TM) biometric software easily scales to support multi-site, networked implementations, and supports special requirements such as labor distribution and employee self-service. "With the ...

RSA Designated as the Leader in One-Time Password Market by Frost & Sullivan

... users with a one time password that is designed to change every 60 seconds, as well as its software engine -- RSA(R) Authentication Manager -- which scales to support millions of users and integrates with more than 350 products. RSA SecurID authenticators include hardware tokens, hybrid authenticator ...

Innovative system for monitoring coastline processes

... techniques by means of video images and describes physical processes over a wide range of spatial (from centimetres to various kilometres) and time scales (from seconds to years). It also enables information to be obtained on the behaviour of waves, the marine climate and the coastline. The images ...

Beetle shell inspires brilliant white paper

... how some of the beetle's shell structure can be mimicked to produce coatings for white paper. At one 200th of a millimetre thick, the beetle's scales are ten times thinner than a human hair. Good quality white paper is coated with a mixture of white mineral particles such as calcium carbonate and ...

The secret of a snake's slither

... week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences says that it's all in their design--specifically, their scales. Overlapping belly scales provide friction with the ground that gives snakes a preferred direction of motion, like the motion of wheels or ice skates. Like wheels and ice ...

SRI International announces findings from new upper atmospheric radar system for scientific research

... and temporally dynamic phenomena such as the aurora and space weather storms. Scientists need to understand how the upper atmosphere behaves on these scales to adequately study climate change and other processes linked to the transfer of energy and momentum from the surface of the sun to Earth's ...

Stanford's Woods Institute awards new round of Environmental Venture Projects

... accurately assess the efficacy of marine protected areas, scientists will need a better understanding of how biophysical processes operate at small scales in marine protected areas. By establishing a kelp forest observatory in the marine protected area adjacent to Stanford's Hopkins Marine Station, the ...

Pliable proteins keep photosynthesis on the light path

... there might be a way to increase the flexibility of the system used in organic solar cells by incorporating solvents that move on a variety of time scales that could "tune" the molecules to work in a wider variety of conditions. ...

Crop models help increase yield per unit of water used

... decline). Thus, WUE is key for agricultural production with limited water resources. Policymakers and water resource managers working at all scales need to evaluate the many ways in which cropping systems and the amounts, timing, and methods of both irrigation and fertilizer applications may be ...

After a few drinks, older adults more impaired than they think

... and about the ability to mentally shift from one problem-solving strategy to another. The researchers also asked participants to rate on 10-point scales how intoxicated they felt, and how much they thought the alcohol impaired their performance. Older adults who had alcohol took longer to complete ...

SectorWatch.biz Issues Commentary for Investors of Homeland Defense Companies FOUR, MAGS, NSSC, PNTR, BCO, and CKP

... is a U.S. Company which provides global high technology integrated security solutions facilitating real-time early warning and reduction of time scales from threat-detection to termination in the field. The company's primary focus is on electronic surveillance / access control markets, biometric, ...

Scattered light rapidly detects tumor response to chemotherapy

... at six hours, only to increase again within 12 hours of treatment. "The fact that the changes in structure appear over two distinct time scales suggests that multiple mechanisms are involved in these early events in apoptosis," Wax said. "Further analysis showed the early changes we observed ...

The Evolution of Human Aggression: Feb. 25-27 conference

... Steven Pinker, who contends: "Contrary to the popular impression that we are living in extraordinarily violent times, rates of violence at all scales have been in decline over the course of history." 4:15 p.m. Thursday, Feb. 26, Officers Club, Fort Douglas Panel discussion continues, ...

Tension in the nanoworld

... in strain-engineered electronic devices ( Nature Nanotechnology , advanced online publication, 11 Jan. 2009). Visualizing strain at length scales below 100 nm is a key requirement in modern measurement because strain determines the mechanical and electrical properties of high-performance ...

Disabling enzyme allows mice to gorge without becoming obese, new study finds

... leptin ate 7.5 grams. Typically, normal mice will eat only 2-3 grams per day. By 17 weeks of age, the leptin-deficient mice were already hitting the scales at 75 grams. In comparison, mice that lacked both AdPLA and leptin weighed just under 35 grams. The researchers found that levels of AdPLA ...

January GEOLOGY media highlights

... 60 million years. This proves that natural rock units can perform very well as safe seals to store injected CO 2 and prevent upward leakage for time scales much longer than required. Deep mantle diamonds from South Australia: A record of Pacific subduction at the Gondwanan margin Ralf Tappert ...

Models simulate nitrate dynamics in Garonne, Southwest France

... dynamics from mountainous headwaters to the lowlands in the largest European catchments, at large spatial (>300 km2) and temporal (≥ monthly) scales using available national datasets. ...

Strange travels

... Laboratory in California. The work was supported by the USDOE. The problems addressed in this research involve a broad range of space and time scales and were approached using modern methods of theoretical and computational physics, such as scaling analysis and diagrammatic techniques used before ...

Tiny MIT ecosystem may shed light on climate change

... of nutrients and resources are few and far between," Seymour said. Oceanographic ecological research has typically taken place at much larger scales because of the difficulty of measuring the behavioral responses of small populations of microorganisms in very small volumes of seawater. "To ...

December 2008 Geology and GSA Today media highlights

... contribution to the carbon cycle. Lee et al. have tackled this conundrum by analyzing the composition and internal structure of granules at very fine scales using several newly developed electron microscope techniques. Their results have revealed that the granules form in a complex sequence of events ...

Systems biology brings hope of speeding up drug development

... appear to play a central role. Yet the challenge of system biology as a whole is to integrate different components of the body at widely different scales of time and size, without being swamped by immense quantities of data, or computational models that are impossibly complex to handle, according to ...

MIT: Safe storage of greenhouse-gas carbon dioxide

... the authors of the work. "Our model is a simple, effective way to calculate how much CO 2 a basin can store safely. It is the first to look at large scales and take into account the effects of flow dynamics on the stored CO 2 ," he said. Already Juanes and co-author CEE graduate student Michael L. ...

Oak Ridge supercomputer is the world's fastest for science

... gigabytes per second of input/output bandwidth 10-gigabyte-per-second connections to ESnet and Internet 2 networks High-Performance Storage System scales to store increasing amounts of simulation data Spider, a 10-petabyte Lustre-based shared file system, connects to every system in the ORNL computing ...

Value of satellites recognized for conserving wetlands

... enough for uptake on a certain number of areas. The STRP sees huge value for all Parties involved in the implementation of the Convention at all scales from global to regional, national and local scales." With the follow-on of the GlobWetland project, funded by the Agency's Data User Element, ESA ...
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(Date:9/16/2014)... the Columbia Center for Children,s Environmental Health at the ... demonstrate an association between childhood asthma and prenatal exposure ... household products. Results appear online in the journal ... mothers exposed during pregnancy to higher levels of the ... a 72 percent and 78 percent increase in risk ...
(Date:9/16/2014)... brakes" that time the generation of important cells in ... translate sound waves into electrical signals that are carried ... the arrangement of the cells is disordered, hearing is ... be published in The Journal of Neuroscience ... act as brakes to prevent hair cell generation until ...
(Date:9/16/2014)... species has its own bacterial identity. That,s the conclusion ... institutions who studied the genetic fingerprints of bacteria on ... , "This study demonstrates for the first time that ... ecological strategies possess very different microbial communities on their ... postdoctoral researcher in the UO,s Institute of Ecology and ...
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