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Rotavirus in Biological News

Researchers find chink in the armor of viral 'tummy bug'

... understand how carbohydrates are involved in rotavirus infection, researchers had focussed on treating ... believed only some of the many strains of rotavirus infection could be prevented with sialidase ... sialic acid. "Unsuccessful attempts to reduce rotavirus infection with this treatment led scientists to ...

Syracuse University partners with Serum Institute of India to develop vaccines for children

... countries have a much higher risk of dying from rotavirus than those living in Western nations. The disease ... team will also explore new ways to synthesize the rotavirus vaccine to make it more accessible to children in ... Unlike the tetanus vaccine molecule, the rotavirus molecule Doyle's team will be working with is not ...

Tips from the Journals of the American Society for Microbiology

... and Chemotherapy , 52. 7: 2626-2631.) rotavirus Infection May Accelerate Type 1 Diabetes in Mice ... that exposure of nonobese diabetic mice to mouse rotavirus in a natural experiment also resulted in ... "These data provide the first evidence that rotavirus infection can accelerate diabetes development in ...

Integrins as receptors give insight into rotavirus and diarrhea

... discovered the first viral enterotoxin, rotavirus NSP4, a toxic protein that affects the ... Medical Center Digestive Diseases Center. rotavirus is one of the most common causes of diarrhea, ... half a million deaths each year. Finding out how rotavirus causes diarrhea and looking for ways to block it ...

Soy isoflavone may inhibit common gastrointestinal illness in infants

... formula-- may reduce a babys susceptibility to rotavirus infections by as much as 74 percent, according to ... published in Septembers Journal of Nutrition. rotavirus is the primary cause of diarrhea in infants, ... sick children. In developing countries, though, rotavirus causes approximately 611,000 deaths each year, ...

Scientists link immune system's natural killer cells to infant liver disease

... of biliary atresia. In the mouse experiments, the scientists used a rotavirus infection to induce biliary atresia in newborn mice. Similar to what was ... prevented damage to bile duct surface tissues, even with the presence of rotavirus infection. The continuity of the mouse pup bile ducts was maintained, bile ...

Innovative method for creating a human cytomegalovirus vaccine outlined

... the disease in the U.S. and co-developed a new rotavirus vaccine approved in the U.S. in 2006. Plotkin's ... to create the rubella vaccine. In contrast, the rotavirus vaccine was developed using co-infection ... incorporate selected elements from several human rotavirus strains into a ...

New vaccine for condition that kills 500,000 children a year

... "In a matter of hours, vomiting and diarrhea from rotavirus can lead to dehydration, which can result in hospitalization and even be life-threatening." rotavirus causes about 70,000 hospital admissions in the ... and effective treatment may not be available, rotavirus kills half a million infants a year, about one ...

New Rotavirus vaccine joins routine infant immunization schedule

... recommended a new vaccine for routine use against rotavirus infection, a common childhood illness that is the ... by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. rotavirus affects nearly all children at some point, often ... experience an estimated 2.7 million episodes of rotavirus gastroenteritis each year, resulting in 250,000 ...

Rotavirus can spread beyond the intestine

... nonchronic conditions and healthy adults. rotavirus antigen was detected in the blood of 51 of 57 of ... the children studied most of those infected with rotavirus also had infectious virus in their blood. The ... presence of diarrhea. The finding of infectious rotavirus in the blood suggests that the disease is not ...

New UD technology removes viruses from drinking water

... Kniel has been documenting the technology's effectiveness against human pathogens including E. coli 0157:H7, hepatitis A, norovirus and rotavirus. rotavirus is the number-one cause of diarrhea in children, according to Kniel. "In 20 minutes, we found 99.99 percent removal of the viruses," Chiu said. ...

Report focuses on the role good microbes play in future medicine

... pathogenic organisms that can cause diarrhea. "Several probiotics have been shown to shorten the duration of acute watery diarrhea caused by rotavirus in children. Other causes of diarrhea may also be addressed through probiotics," says Carol Wells of the University of Minnesota, a member of the ...

Boosting newborns' immune responses

... be harnessed to boost immunity in these tiny infants, possibly making infections like respiratory syncytial virus, pneumococcus, pertussis, HIV and rotavirus much less of a threat. For about a decade it's been known that people's first line of defense against infection is a group of receptors known as ...

Fragile US vaccine system needs improvement despite dramatic gains in health over past century

... Advisory Committee took from two to twenty-one years from Phase I clinical trials to licensing. Safety concerns, such as the problem with the rotavirus vaccine in 1998 as well as unfounded and unproven concerns about other vaccines threaten to lead to decreased vaccine coverage and outbreaks of ...
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