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Resolution in Biological News

AGU journal highlights -- Aug. 6, 2009

... billion years ago). Using images from the High resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera on ... be able to measure sea surface height (SSH) with resolution as high as 10 kilometers (6.2 miles), a ... vertical velocities in the upper ocean from high resolution sea surface height Authors: P. Klein, G. ...

DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009

... provides X-ray imaging and analysis at a spatial resolution previously not available in the hard X-ray range. ... offers oceanic subsurface mapping at a scale and resolution previously unavailable to find sources of ... system achieves a 20-fold increase in temporal resolution simultaneous with a 30-fold improvement in ...

Our brain looks at eyes first to identify a face

... ear to ear, ignoring distance and the original resolution of the image," Keil says. "Until now, nobody had ... equal. As a result of this analysis, I obtained a resolution that is optimum in terms of encoding, as well as the signal-to-noise ratio, and was also the same resolution observed in the psychophysical experiments". ...

Discovery of the cell's water gate may lead to new cancer drugs

... in the journal PLoS Biology . Highest resolution The structure has been determined using X-ray crystallography and is the highest resolution structure that has been determined for a membrane protein. The unique high resolution has enabled the scientists to answer one of the ...

The coming of biofuels: Study shows reducing gasoline emissions will benefit human health

... we have the capacity to carry out county-level resolution measurements for both direct and indirect ... Measured emissions at county-level resolution included direct particulate matter and indirect ... 930 DALYs. "We need finer spatial resolution about the impacts and more data on emissions ...

Healing wounds with lasers, vehicles that drive themselves, other cutting-edge optics

... a small experimental display of 320 x 240 pixel resolution on a flexible material known as polyethylene ... the publicly-available images are slightly lower resolution -- approximately 50 cm). In Baltimore at next ... be launched around 2012 and would have a ground resolution twice as fine as GeoEye-1. These powerful ...

Agriculture project helps bring 'PEACE' to Afghanistan

... them address tribal clashes by using conflict resolution techniques. "There's a renewed emphasis in ... Kuchi Affairs, have provided a number of conflict resolution workshops to Kuchi and Hazara tribal leaders. ... for settling disputes. "The conflict resolution portion of the project has been a very important ...

Ocean research officials hail completion of modernization for US scientific ocean drilling vessel

... marked the occasion of the research vessel JOIDES resolution sailing off from Singapore for science sea trials ... the ship in a Singapore shipyard. The JOIDES resolution is the U.S. research vessel for exploring and ... of ocean research." He continued, "The JOIDES resolution is operational again for IODP expeditions at an ...

Jupiter's shrinking red spot

... the cloud decks. For mid latitudes, the velocity resolution for this mapping procedure is 3 meters-per-second. For higher latitudes, the resolution is 3-6 meters-per-second. The maps consist of ... Xylar Asay-Davis these maps represent the highest resolution and highest accuracy full-planet map ever ...

Scientists call for protected 'swimways' for the endangered leatherback sea turtle

... World Conservation Congress this week adopted a resolution urging nations to protect the leatherback sea ... of Costa Rican-based PRETOMA that sponsored the resolution explained, "Our plan allows one of the largest ... many other threatened marine species." The resolution employs scientific recommendations based upon ...

AGU journal highlights -- July 23, 2008

... and infrared data collected by the High resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder (on NOAA's Television ... data from NASA's satellite-based Moderate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer for 4 months in 2005. ... studies do not have sufficiently high spatial resolution to resolve small-scale gravity waves. To ...

Senate resolution shines spotlight on the importance of soils

... Voinovich (R-OH) to successfully pass Senate resolution 440, which also highlights the "critical role" ... in managing our nation's soil resources. "This resolution comes at a time when soil is widely undervalued," ... present and future generations." The Senate resolution passed six months after the European Union's Soil ...

Failure to bridle inflammation spurs atherosclerosis

... vessels. However, when there is a defect in the resolution response the ability of blood vessels to recover ... deficiency in the chemical signals that encourage resolution (pro-resolution signals). These signals are ... "Inflammation is a two-edged sword. If resolution fails and the response gets out of hand there is ...

Seeing Alzheimer's amyloids

... them on a computer. An expert at high resolution electron cryo-microscopy of protein complexes and ... his lab made an image of the A-beta fibril at a resolution of eight Angstroms, revealing useful detail at a ... of roughly a million times. Short of atomic resolution by a factor of 2.5 to 3, the image revealed how ...

New technique yields more detailed picture of chromatin structure

... same live-cell labeling method to study at high resolution many different GFP-tagged proteins in the cell ... people have largely been limited to low resolution visualization of specific chromosomal proteins ... real structure using the more than 10-fold higher resolution of electron microscopy, Belmont said. We are ...

Working memory has limited 'slots'

... digital cameras allow the user to choose a lower resolution and therefore store more images, the resolution of working memory appears to be constant for a given individual. Individuals do differ in the resolution of each feature and the number of features that ...

Visual technology enables brain to learn in new ways

... university, the seamless wall features a high resolution display system that uses rear projection in order ... just a single screen with close to 9 megapixels resolution (4,096 x 2,169 pixels) and two projectors (with overlapping fields of projection) to create high- resolution images and animation. By using a single screen ...

Are existing large-scale simulations of water dynamics wrong?

... a hill slope, or an entire watershed, the grid resolution is usually limited by the available computer power. But how does this grid resolution affect the quality of the solution" This ... found that the critical limit for the spatial resolution can be estimated based on more easily available ...

Lensless camera uses X-rays to view nanoscale materials and biological specimens

... penetrate the interior of the object, but their resolution has traditionally been limited by lens ... The technique can be extended beyond the current resolution of about 20 nanometers to image the internal ... new lensless imaging technique that enables high resolution imaging of a specific element buried inside a ...

Research forecasts increased chances for stormy weather

... in the findings," he said. Pairing the high resolution of the regional model with multiple global ... The smaller these squares are, the better the resolution the model can provide. A model must factor in ... Trieste, Italy. "The regional model has a higher resolution and provides information on the tens-of-miles ...

Woods Hole Research Center debuts new image mosaic that will strengthen global forest monitoring

... large-scale, wall-to-wall image mosaic at 25 m resolution for a portion of the Amazon basin spanning some ... consistent, wall-to-wall observations at fine resolution of all land areas on the Earth on a repetitive ... earlier been conceived only for coarse and medium resolution instruments. ALOS is a pathfinder in this context ...

New technique captures chemical reactions in a single living cell at unprecedented resolution

... genes are expressed, all with unprecedented resolution within a single living cell. The technique, ... fingerprints of molecules with nanoscale spatial resolution within a single living cell," said Lee, who is ... one stone," Lee said. "We're reducing the spatial resolution required to detect the molecule at the same time ...

$1.1 million NSF grant to fund research in advanced light microscopy at UCLA

... confocal laser scanning microscope for nanoscopic resolution of biological samples. The device will be used ... microscope is uniquely designed for nanoscopic resolution of biological and artificial samples. Despite ... is not limited by diffraction and diplays a x10 resolution improvement over conventional light microscopes. ...

Improved e-jet printing provides higher resolution and more versatility

... new benchmarks for precision control and resolution in jet-printing processes. We have invented ... and functional devices that establish new resolution benchmarks for liquid printing, significantly ... fields to achieve unprecedented levels of resolution is an important advance. The researchers e-jet ...

MIT creates 3-D images of living cell

... function, said Badizadegan. The current resolution of the new technique is about 500 nanometers, or ... we can attain 150 nanometers, and perhaps higher resolution is possible, Feld said. We expect this new ... a complement to electron microscopy, which has a resolution of approximately 10 nanometers. ...

All in sight

... demands on the camera's optics: similar to animal photography, highest resolution telephoto lenses are necessary. When mounted to the ship, however, the ... The system generates five thermographic all-round images per second with a resolution of 7200 x 563 pixels of about 4 megapixels each. The stabilization ...

Chromosomal problems affect nearly all human embryos

... single cell, the team was able to screen embryonic cells at a much higher resolution than previously, and hence identify more chromosomal abnormalities than ... of studies analysing the genetic composition of human embryos used low resolution techniques on embryos derived from couples with fertility problems who are ...

New tool for next-generation cancer treatments using nanodiamonds

... Here again, the ability to pattern nanodiamonds with sub-100-nanometer resolution provides inroads to realizing these devices on a mass scale. The resolution in nanodiamond patterning demonstrated by the Nanofountain Probe ...

Interventional radiology: From sidelines to mainstream for patients

... Radiology hailed the extension of an American College of Radiology resolution in support of clinical patient management by vascular and interventional ... specialists bring to quality patient health care. "Passage of ACR's resolution 22 is a continued endorsement of interventional radiology's unique ...

Study reveals conflict between doctors, midwives over homebirth

... she said. Last year the American Medical Association passed resolution 205, which states: "the safest setting for labor, delivery and the ... is in the hospital, or a birthing center within a hospital complex" The resolution was passed in direct response to media attention on home births, the AMA ...

Lyncean Technologies Inc. receives $1.2 M from NCRR to develop new imaging technique

... the development of an x-ray imaging system called "The Clinical High resolution Imaging System (CHRIS)" which takes advantage of the unique properties of ... fringes. The diverging monochromatic beam already produces very high resolution images and tomography, due to the point-like source and monochromatic ...

Scientists unlock the secrets of C. difficile's protective shell

... that make up C. difficile 's S-layer. The team also produced lower resolution images of the two S-layer proteins linked together into the 'building ... an effective vaccine." The team's next steps will be to produce a high resolution image of the structure of the whole S-layer, and to further analyse the ...

Tiny details in three dimensions

... symptoms of the disease. Shock freezing maintains original condition / resolution up to 5 nanometers In cryo-electron tomography the organism is shock ... with modifying structures and properties, is no longer necessary. resolution of five to seven nm allows tiniest structures to be viewed. "The new ...

The Evolution of Human Aggression: Feb. 25-27 conference

... 26, Officers Club, Fort Douglas Panel discussion, Conflict and Conflict resolution in Great Apes. One panelist is Harvard's Richard Wrangham, who argues that ... the understanding of human rights and encourages nonviolent conflict resolution and peacemaking. Founded in January 2006, the center is based in the ...

A case of mistaken dino-identity

... has been misidentified. State Rep. Charles Geren of Fort Worth filed a resolution Jan. 7 to change the name of the state dinosaur from Pleurocoelus to ... in 2007, Pleurocelus' grand Texas title no longer fit. Geren filed his resolution on behalf of constituents at the Fort Worth Museum of Science and History, ...

Bacterial biofilms as fossil makers

... to simulate different conditions to fully replicate this step." High resolution imaging of a trove of half-a-billion-year-old animal embryo fossils from ... The experimental results with modern embryos were compared to the high resolution images of fossil embryos prepared by colleagues from China, England, ...

Advice to the new administration: UM foreign and domestic policy guide

... the longer that infusion is delayed, the higher ultimately will be the resolution cost." These expenditures may severely limit ambitious spending plans and ... groups to remain within the process, but it cannot substitute for genuine resolution of the conflicts that led to violence in the first placeOur first priority ...

AVS 55th International Symposium & Exhibition, Oct. 19-24

... known as suspended microchannel resonator (SMR), which has achieved a resolution of approximately 1 femtogram, an improvement of six orders of magnitude ... . PICOMETER-AFM Atomic force microscopy with a spatial resolution of 77 picometers. See: ...

Improving our ability to peek inside molecules

... patterns into usable images. One method to increase the signal and resolution of the image is to include a second item with known features during the ... those used in photo and video compression. According to Hau-Riege, "The resolution we achieved is among the best ever reported for holography of a ...

Anti-tumor therapy with endoscopic ultrasound may fight cancer more safely and effectively

... endoscopy and ultrasound in order to obtain the most accurate, high resolution images and information about the digestive tract and the surrounding ... diagnosis using ultrasound-guided biopsy, precise staging with high resolution ultrasound images and then the enormous opportunity for new therapies with ...
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