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Reading in Biological News

Early brain activity sheds new light on the neural basis of reading

... Now, a better understanding of the brain basis of reading has been reported in research published in the ... of a temporally serial processing sequence for reading in which letter forms are initially decoded, ... people in the US alone) and those with acquired reading disabilities through injury or disease. A better ...

Physical activity may strengthen children's ability to pay attention

... when we assessed it, the effect was largest in reading comprehension," Hillman said. In fact, he said, ... the Wide Range Achievement Test, the increase in reading comprehension following exercise equated to ... test didn't show as much of an improvement as did reading comprehension, but suspects it may be related to ...

MIT: Using touch to help deaf people

... CAMBRIDGE, Mass.--Lip reading is a critical means of communication for many ... an important tool for deaf people who rely on lip reading and can't use or can't afford cochlear implants. ... more easily follow conversations than with lip reading alone, which requires a great deal of ...

The effect of parental education on the heritability of children's reading disability

... some children continue to experience reading failure in spite of high parental education and ... if genetic and environmental influences on reading disability, the most commonly identified learning ... at least one of the twins in each pair had a reading disability. In addition, the researchers obtained ...

Saltwater sleuths: Seeking clues to help determine the ages of fish and shellfish populations

... summer, winter, and yellowtail flounder. Age reading requires a lot of patience, says Jay Burnett, a ... one year is really one year, and that everyone is reading the samples in the same way so there is a high ... control and precision for cod and haddock age reading are conducted with Canadian colleagues. Readers ...

Researchers discover critical detail of cellular defense against genetic mistakes

... receive instructions for building proteins by reading mRNA templates, a process called translation. ... of mutation is the inclusion of premature stop reading signals (stop codons) within mRNAs. Called nonsense mutations, they order the process to stop reading part way through the genetic instructions. Such ...

Covering the bases: Quantum effect may hold promise for low-cost DNA sequencing, sensor applications

... DNA into hundreds of thousands of short fragments, unzipping the helix and reading a few hundred to a few thousand bases at a time. Finally, all of the ... a chemical bond is a similar process. If significant challenges to reading single molecules through such a technique can be overcome, the method ...

Study links water pollution with declining male fertility

... problems. The study, by Brunel University, the Universities of Exeter and reading and the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, shows for the first time how a ... conducted by the University of Exeter, Brunel University, University of reading and the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology. Statistical modelling was ...

Call Stephen Michnick a gene grammarian

... grammatical problem; there are more abstract processes at the heart of reading genes that we need to understand." Learning how to read genes ... helped identify genes that code for proteins that in turn control the reading of genes. "Our team found that when these proteins are destroyed, genes ...

Ancient amphibians left full-body imprints

... County, eastern Pennsylvania, but had been sitting, unexamined, in the reading Public Museum Collection, said Lucas. As part of his senior thesis, ... studying the large collection of Mauch Chunk Formation footprints in the reading Public Museum Collection. **WHEN & WHERE** Amphibian Body ...

ESF EURYI award winner aims to stop cancer cells reading their own DNA

... of DNA and RNA copying during cell division. These are responsible for reading the genetic code and making sure it is encoded correctly in the daughter ... mostly out of proteins, in effect walks along the DNA double helix reading the genetic code so that it can be copied accurately into new DNA during ...

U of M study identifies risk factors of disordered eating in overweight youth

... and diuretics, as well as binge eating. Overweight youth with certain socio-environmental, psychological, and behavioral tendencies, such as reading magazine articles about dieting, reporting a lack of family connectedness, placing a high importance on weight, and reporting having participated in ...

Researchers develop 'brain-reading' methods

... on many of the same processes. For example, memorizing a list of words that include the word dog is likely to draw up a memory of a pet, the same as reading a story about a dog would. Using machine learning techniques (a support vector machine), capable of analyzing and categorizing large amounts of data, ...

Scripps Research scientists observe human neurodegenerative disorder in fruit flies

... into a corresponding single-stranded piece of messenger RNA. Then an enzyme called the ribosome uses the mRNA as a template to make a protein by reading out its genetic sequence and then translating it into a string of amino acids. That's where the tRNA synthetases are needed. When building new ...

Molecular typesetting -- proofreading without a proofreader

... like an old fashioned newsprint typesetter, constructing newsprint by assembling letters one at a time. Similarly, RNA polymerase constructs RNA by reading the DNA and adding new letters to the RNA one at a time," explains Dr Cohen. There's no way for the RNA polymerase to ensure that the correct ...

'The Vision Revolution': Eyes are the source of human 'superpowers'

... out to answer four misleadingly simple questions: 1) Why do we see in color? 2) Why do our eyes face forward? 3) Why do we see illusions? 4) Why does reading come so naturally to us? The short answers, surprisingly, are in the parlance of Peter Parker and Clark Kent: 1) Because we are telepathic. 2) ...

Brain's problem-solving function at work when we daydream

... be better off switching to a simpler task and letting their mind wander. "When you daydream, you may not be achieving your immediate goal say reading a book or paying attention in class but your mind may be taking that time to address more important questions in your life, such as advancing your ...

Does mom know when enough is enough?

... an infant is a primal behavior, and to suggest to a new mother that she is feeding her infant too often, too much, or worse yet, is not very good at reading her infant's signals, would require an extremely skilled nurse or social worker. Giving counsel after watching a mother feed her infant might be seen ...

ISU researcher identifies key function in protein, cell transcription

... AMES, Iowa -- When cells decide to make proteins, key building blocks of all organisms, they need to know where to start reading the instructions for assembling them. An Iowa State University researcher has figured out a mechanism involved in marking where these ...

Learning how the pieces responsible for interpreting the human genome work

... of the cell -, and DNA repair and protective proteins; two thousand components with key functions in the genome, being responsible for preserving, reading and executing instructions from the manual. Michael Snyder explains that one of the greatest challenges is elucidating the combination of ...

Differences among exercisers and nonexercisers during pregnancy

... at the TV or computer and 77% spent more than 1 hour read/writing/studying. There was a trend for the exercisers to have slightly more sleep and reading time. There was a trend for non-exercisers to have slightly more TV/computer time. BMI and maternal pre-pregnancy weight was significantly ...

Differences among exercisers and nonexercisers during pregnancy

... at the TV or computer and 77% spent more than 1 hour read/writing/studying. There was a trend for the exercisers to have slightly more sleep and reading time. There was a trend for non-exercisers to have slightly more TV/computer time. BMI and maternal pre-pregnancy weight was significantly ...

Cheap and efficient white light LEDs new design described in AIP's Journal of Applied Physics

... the color-rendering index (CRI), which assigns a value based on the light source's ability to reproduce the true color of the object being lit. For reading light, a CRI value of 70 or more is optimal. LEDs can produce white light by combining a mixture of blue, green, and red light, or by sending colored ...

Research synthesis shines light on several management options after fires in diverse ecosystems

... The publication's lead author, David Peterson, a biological scientist with the Forest Service's Pacific Northwest Research Station, says that after reading this report, managers will understand several principles pertaining to postfire timber harvest. "First," explains Peterson, "each wildfire and ...

Pitt-led researchers create quick, simple fluorescent detector for TB

... 3 environment, a time-consuming and costly process. By infecting live M. tuberculosis cells with a flurophage, a quick and highly sensitive visual reading can be done. We are optimistic that we can move the diagnostic process from several weeks to several days or even hours, which could have a ...

Einstein and Pitt researchers develop new TB test that will dramatically cut diagnosis time

... Jacobs, Jr., Ph.D., one of the authors of the study. "By infecting live M. tuberculosis cells with a flurophage, a quick and highly sensitive visual reading can be done. We are optimistic that we can move the diagnostic process from several weeks to several days or even hours, which could have a ...

How increased UV exposure impacts plants

... on ultraviolet radiation impacts on liverwort asexual propagules, and students were required to formulate and test a hypothesis based on background reading related to impacts of ultraviolet radiation on ecological systems and humans. The experiment was also designed to improve student's computational ...

Taking the pulse of our planet

... change on the Earth's life-support systems. "This program is designed for people interested in participating in climate change science, not just reading about it," said USA-NPN Executive Director and U.S. Geological Survey scientist Jake Weltzin. "We encourage everyone to visit the USA National ...

Using hair to manage HIV/AIDS and predict treatment success

... reflect improved pill-taking by patients just before clinic visits, she said. Hair, which grows at a rate of about a centimeter a month, gives a reading of drug levels that reflects the rate of pill consumption sustained by patients over weeks, not days. Assessing an average level of drug exposure ...

Genome sequencing of fungus with biotechnological applications

... of Navarre, explained: the problem is not so much obtaining these seven thousand pages, because there are tools that enable us to do this; but it is reading them, deciphering what they are saying, identifying the genes and finding out how they work. Fungi with white rot, fungi with brown rot Trees ...

Athletes not spared from health risks of metabolic syndrome

... means inflammation is present. If a male athlete's waist measurements and blood pressure exceed set points a 40-inch waist and a blood pressure reading higher than 130 over 85 he ideally should undergo a blood test to see if high cholesterol, glucose and triglyceride levels, too, indicate that he ...

Research yields new clues to how we locate objects in space

... to rely on a higher-level mental process known as visualization to help us recreate the object's location. An everyday example of visualization is reading a map; a map can tell us where a particular landmark is, even if that landmark is not in our direct line of sight. In a new report in Current ...

U-M researchers discover new genes that fuse in cancer

... called gene sequencing, which involves creating a library of all RNAs in a cell. Sequencing machines then run 24 hours a day for days at a time, reading the RNA. Once the sequencing is finished, researchers study the data searching for the gene fusions. This is a more direct approach than the ...

Springer expands its portfolio in plant sciences with Phytoparasitica

... experts in the field of plant sciences with information resources for their daily work." Professor Raccah said, "For many years, I have enjoyed reading and submitting articles to journals published by Springer. I am convinced that Phytoparasitica will greatly benefit from Springer's expertise and ...

Studies offer guide as protein interaction mapping comes of age

... The second study offers researchers a tool kit for determining whether a newly discovered interaction is indeed real, and not a false positive reading from a particular type of experiment. The kit is a set of four, high-capacity protein interaction tests that have been weighted in relation to a ...

Models simulate nitrate dynamics in Garonne, Southwest France

... Water Framework Directive and to understand the impacts of environmental change. Scientists from CNRS in Toulouse (France) and the University of reading (U.K.) described the spatially and temporally complex flow and N dynamics of a major European watershed, the Garonne (62,700 km2) located in ...

New manual presents robust, state-of-the-art proteomics methods for teaching and research

... past 7 years. Most of the experiments that have been taught in this course, as well as background descriptions and lists of recommended websites and reading material, are included in this manual. Both authors are leaders in their fields and provide complementary expertise. The protocols include a ...

Quiet bison sire more calves than louder rivals

... also recorded specific behaviors of the bull, his female and any challenging rivals, as well as noting the factors that could affect the level of the reading such as the bull's head orientation, its distance from the meter and wind conditions. After selecting for accuracy and quality, she narrowed some ...

American Library Association names NJIT prof’s Whale Music book a top ten

... librarians with reviews that help them decide what to buy. In recent years, Booklist has also become a valuable tool that helps librarians make reading recommendations. Rothenberg's previous recordings include On the Cliffs of the Heart (New Tone Records, 1995) featuring percussionist Glen Velez ...

Keeping chromosomes from cuddling up

... professor of molecular and cellular biology, wrote in an e-mail. "This now changes the way we think about genetic information. Taking a literal reading of it is not what actually happens," he wrote. "Instead, context matters." The team also found that condensin II plays a key role in making sure ...
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Breaking Biology News(10 mins):The Password is Finally Dead: Launch of 1U Mobile App Eliminates Need for All Usernames and Passwords 2The Password is Finally Dead: Launch of 1U Mobile App Eliminates Need for All Usernames and Passwords 3Jifflenow And ITN International Bring Cutting-Edge Badge Scanning Technology To B2B Events 2Jifflenow And ITN International Bring Cutting-Edge Badge Scanning Technology To B2B Events 3Inception Technologies to Release New Biometric Reader 2
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Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Dylan Queen: Cheap Prom Dresses for the UK Market 2Health News:RP International founder, Helen Harris Dies on Christmas Eve Just Hours Before Her Holiday Television Broadcast to Raise Funds to Cure Blindness was Broadcasted Nationally 2Health News:RP International founder, Helen Harris Dies on Christmas Eve Just Hours Before Her Holiday Television Broadcast to Raise Funds to Cure Blindness was Broadcasted Nationally 3Health News:RP International founder, Helen Harris Dies on Christmas Eve Just Hours Before Her Holiday Television Broadcast to Raise Funds to Cure Blindness was Broadcasted Nationally 4Health News:Don't Let Burns Mar Your Holidays 2Health News:Angelweddingdress 2015 Prom Dresses Online Now 2Health News:Retirement Community Residents Make Impact During Holiday Season 2
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