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Premature in Biological News

Chemicals in common consumer products may play a role in pre-term births

... may contribute to the country's alarming rise in premature births. Researchers at the University of ... in the women who delivered prematurely. premature birth is a significant risk factor for many ... adulthood, Meeker says. In the United States, premature births have increased by more than 30 percent ...

Complications early in pregnancy or in previous pregnancies adversely affect existing or subsequent pregnancies

... the risk in an ongoing pregnancy of preterm premature rupture of the membrane that surrounds the baby in the womb, and increased the risk of premature or very premature delivery (earlier than 37 or 34 weeks ...

Pre-pregnancy depressed mood may heighten risk for premature birth

... Researchers trying to uncover why premature birth is a growing problem in the United States ... over time among black women. For this study, premature birth referred to any child born after less than ... for blacks. Some of this may manifest itself in premature birth and low-birth weight," Gavin said. The ...

A genetic link to premature ejaculation

... premature ejaculation can be embarrassing, but a new study ... they had suffered from erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation at their first sexual encounter. ... do cause erectile dysfunction. On the other hand, premature ejaculation appears to be strongly linked to ...

Single gene defect can cause stroke, other artery diseases

... and undergo surgical approaches to prevent premature death or disability," said senior author and ... had ACTA2 mutations. They were phenotyped for premature vascular diseases, defined as an age of onset ... years in men and less than 60 years in women. premature thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections were ...

Research exposes the risk to infants from the chemicals used in liquid medicines

... the harmful substances in liquid medicines that premature babies are being exposed to. Research ... (excipients) present in liquid medicines given to premature infants as part of their medical care. The ... 4R (a colouring agent). The study revealed that premature babies are exposed to these potentially harmful ...

World breakthrough in treating premature babies

... have made a world breakthrough in treating premature babies at risk of developmental disorders. A ... formula with matching DHA levels. Of 657 premature babies tested in a trial involving five ... development compared with low DHA diets. premature girls in particular who were exposed to DHA-rich ...

Pregnant women consuming flaxseed oil have high risk of premature birth

... A study has found that the risks of a premature birth quadruple if flaxseed oil is consumed in ... Brard and Moussally correlated these products to premature births and only one product had a very strong ... "In the general population, the average rate of premature births is 2 to 3 percent. But for women consuming ...

World-first to predict premature births

... system which may reveal a way to predict premature birth with greater accuracy. The University of ... a computer program to predict women at risk of a premature birth. About 17,000 pre-term births occur in Australia each year. premature birth is responsible for 70 per cent of new born ...

Oocyte-specific gene mutations cause premature ovarian failure

... Mutations in a gene called FIGLA cause premature ovarian failure in at least a percentage of women ... gynecology at BCM and senior author of the paper. premature ovarian failure, which means that the ovaries ... people associate it with infertility, women with premature ovarian failure face an increased risk of ...

War between the sexes begins before twins' birth, TAU researchers say

... the respiratory health advantage normally seen in premature girl infants, they discovered. The male ... Girl Twins Lose Their Advantage Compared to premature twin boys, premature twin girls had a 60 percent advantage. ...

Baby boys are more likely to die than baby girls

... and the spread of intensive care units for premature babies, the study found. The marked reversal ... conditions and complications of childbirth and premature delivery, according to the study. Boys are 60 percent more likely to be premature and to suffer from conditions arising from being ...

Breathless babies: Preemies' lung function shows prolonged impairment

... Many premature babies face serious health challenges, not the ... by the American Thoracic Society. That premature infants have less well developed lungs than their ... but airway function was consistently lower in the premature infants at both evaluations. We were unable ...

Leading cause of death in 'preemies' might be controlled by resetting a molecular switch

... enterocolitis (NEC), a leading cause of death in premature newborns, according to scientists at the American ... by bacterial toxins, conditions that can occur in premature infants with underdeveloped lungs, stimulate too ... in neonatal care, NEC affects 20 percent of premature babies and is fatal in nearly half of all cases, ...

22nd Congress of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology, Sept. 12-16, 2009, Turkey

... health can account for more than 40% of all long-term disability claims. premature retirement on the grounds of poor mental health is also increasing ... associated with cardiovascular disease: The total costs of absenteeism and premature retirement due to mental health disorders in the EU-25 (plus Norway, ...

Women with endometriosis need special care during pregnancy to avoid risk of premature birth

... in pregnant women has found that the condition is a major risk factor for premature birth, the 25th annual conference of the European Society of Human ... with important information in the search for the factors associated with premature birth. Given that endometriosis is relatively common in women of ...

Tufted bacteria cause infection in premature babies

... reside on the skin of healthy people can cause serious infections in premature babies. A group of researchers at the Swedish medical university ... live in harmony with the host organism. However, in sick adults or premature babies, they can cause blood poisoning. The scientists believe that the ...

Men are the weaker sex

... complicated," says Prof. Glezerman. "They're more likely to result in a premature rupture of the embryonic sac and suffer from premature delivery. And those male fetuses which make it to term," he continues, ...

March of Dimes provides $2.7 million in new funding for preterm birth research

... grant recipients who's seeking clues to what causes both normal labor and premature labor. Her work focuses on an enzyme called caspase-3 that typically is ... the only major health charity supporting basic research on the causes of premature labor, so we're extremely fortunate to receive this grant," Dr. Condon ...

Effectiveness of progesterone in reducing preterm births may be altered by genetic predisposition

... by the March of Dimes for innovative research focused on preventing premature births. The March of Dimes is conducting a multi-year, multi-million ... aimed at using research and awareness to reduce the growing rate of premature birth. ...

Crib-side studies help struggling newborns go home without feeding tubes

... Feeding Disorders Program at Nationwide Children's Hospital is helping premature infants and other newborns with severe swallowing difficulties learn to ... United States, approximately 13 percent of all infants, and 26 percent of premature infants experience swallowing dysfunction. Aside from the improved ...

Preterm birth: Magnesium sulphate cuts cerebral palsy risk

... Magnesium sulphate protects very premature babies from cerebral palsy, a new study shows. The findings of this ... around one in every 500 newborn babies overall, but up to one-in-ten very premature babies ( The neuroprotective function of magnesium in preterm babies ...

Anti-cancer drug prevents, reverses cardiovascular damage in mouse model of premature aging disorder

... a rare genetic disorder that causes the most dramatic form of human premature aging, National Institutes of Health (NIH) researchers reported today. ... occurs within the children's major blood vessels. The children develop premature cardiovascular disease, which typically leads to death from heart attack ...

March of Dimes announces Prematurity Campaign expansion at Surgeon General's conference

... Campaign has stimulated attention and action around the problem of premature birth, and this Surgeon General's Conference puts preterm birth on the ... global strategy will include the first report on the scope and toll of premature birth worldwide as well as increased collaboration with scientists ...

Pollution from marine vessels linked to heart and lung disease

... Pollution from marine shipping causes approximately 60,000 premature cardiopulmonary and lung cancer deaths around the world each year, ... East Asia and 9,950 in South Asia. North America has approximately 5,000 premature deaths, concentrated mostly in the Gulf Coast region, the West Coast and ...

Stem cell 'daughters' lead to breast cancer

... cells in breast cancer was known it opened the way for the development of new drugs or therapies to treat breast cancer, one of the biggest causes of premature death in women. "BRCA1 women have approximately a 65 per cent lifetime chance of developing breast cancer. Following surgery, treatment options ...

First genetically-engineered malaria vaccine to enter human trials

... US, Japan and Canada, will be trialled in humans from early next year. Malaria kills more than one million people each year and destroys through premature death and disability the equivalent of at least 35 million years of healthy, productive human life every year. Professor Alan Cowman, head of the ...

Stuff of stink bombs investigated for role in pregnancy

... the uterus and it can be produced by the placenta, uterine tissue and the amniotic sac." Dr Carson's interest is in the initiation of term labour, premature labour and pre-eclampsia, which are still poorly understood. He said: "It is possible that research on hydrogen sulphide could provide some ...

Clean fuels could reduce deaths from ship smokestacks by 40,000 annually

... near highly populated coastal areas. Requiring ships to use marine fuel with 0.5 percent sulfur within 200 nautical miles of shore would reduce premature deaths by about 41,200, the study concludes. Lower sulfur reductions could reduce deaths even further, they say, adding that designated emission ...

MS study offers theory for why repair of brain's wiring fails

... The new work may also have implications for another neurological disease, periventricular leukomalacia, which can lead to cerebral palsy in extremely premature infants, says Rowitch. Recent studies by Rowitch and colleagues show a similar inability of oligodendrocytes to perform their important repair ...

Debate on admin. of magnesium sulfate to pregnant women to prevent cerebral palsy in pre-term infants

... that "Antenatal magnesium sulfate should be considered for use in women at high risk of delivery before 34 weeks of gestation, mainly in those with premature rupture of membranes, labor in active phase, and planned delivery within 24 hours." They found persuasive evidence that administration of magnesium ...

DuoCort: New chronotherapy for adrenal insufficiency

... drug improvements since at least the 1960s. Increasing interest in adrenal insufficiency during the past 10 years has resulted in studies showing premature death, compromised quality of life, increased cardiovascular risk and reduced bone mineral density among patients with adrenal insufficiency. The ...

NIH expands Human Microbiome Project; funds sequencing centers and disease projects

... between the intestinal microbiome and the development of necrotizing enterocolitis, a gastrointestinal disorder that can damage the intestine, in premature infants. James Versalovic, M.D., Ph.D., Baylor College of Medicine, Houston Digestive tract: Pediatric Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) $750,000 ...

Athletes, spectators faced unprecedented air pollution at 2008 Olympic Games

... to increased respiratory morbidity and mortality. In China, particulate matter air pollution is believed to be responsible for about one million premature deaths per year, researchers said in their study. Of some note, the scientists said, is that efforts taken to constrain air pollution may be ...

Omega-3 fatty acids appear to impact AMD progression

... lower level than recommended. "If changing dietary habits is not easy, supplementation is an option," says Chiu. The authors stress it is still premature to conclude dietary recommendations for people with AMD and more studies are warranted. "Taken together, these data indicate that consuming a diet ...

New guidelines to fight obesity in pregnancy issued

... diabetes, preeclampsia Delivery of large-for-gestational-age infants Women who are underweight also have a greater risk of having a premature or low birthweight baby. Babies born to overweight and obese mothers may face their own challenges. These newborns are at increased risk of: ...

The coming of biofuels: Study shows reducing gasoline emissions will benefit human health

... they looked at "disability adjusted life years or "DALYs," which is a combination of two common damage factors in LCIAs - years of life lost due to premature mortality (YLLs) and the equivalent years of life lost due to disability (YLDs). One DALY is equal to one lost year of "healthy" life. To put this ...

Report updates guidelines on how much weight women should gain during pregnancy

... the chances for subsequent health problems -- such as heart disease and diabetes in the case of extra weight, and impaired development in the case of premature birth. At the same time, adding too few pounds during pregnancy increases risks for stunted fetal growth and preterm delivery. The report ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- May 20, 2009

... consumers and environmental issues in its production. However, many plastic fillings contain controversial ingredients (such as BisGMA) linked to premature cracking of fillings and slowly release bisphenol A, a substance considered as potentially toxic to humans and to the environment. The scientists ...

Low levels of vitamin D linked to common vaginal infection in pregnant women

... obstetrics and gynecology, University of Pittsburgh. "It is not only associated with a number of gynecologic conditions, but also may contribute to premature delivery the leading cause of neonatal mortality making it of particular concern to pregnant women." The study, which included 469 pregnant ...
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