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Pollution in Biological News

Noise pollution negatively affects woodland bird communities, says CU-Boulder study

... study shows the strongest evidence yet that noise pollution negatively influences bird populations, findings ... . "This is the first study to show that noise pollution causes changes in species interactions within ... of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology. "Since noise pollution can be a major cause of declining bird diversity ...

When children have breathing problems

... of La Plata and can now confirm that air pollution caused by industry has even more grave effects ... to draw accurate conclusions about the actual pollution of breathing air. We filtered out particulate ... we identified the fingerprint of the industrial pollution in all sampled areas," says Leipzig-based ...

UH team analyzes Hurricane Ike's effects on waterways, fish contamination

... information about the effects of Hurricane Ike on pollution levels and help regulators determine whether ... professor Hanadi Rifai, who has studied pollution in Houston-area bodies of water in partnership ... sophisticated models to help determine how much pollution a body of water is taking in and where ...

Clean fuels could reduce deaths from ship smokestacks by 40,000 annually

... emissions from shipping fuel (the source of air pollution linked to an increased risk of illness and death) ... sulfur content in fuel or designating air pollution control areas to reduce air pollution near highly populated coastal areas. Requiring ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly Presspac -- June 17, 2009

... and heating to help reduce the country's high air pollution levels. The recommendation stems from one of the ... quality, including a 98 percent reduction in air pollution from tiny, inhalable particles of coal soot. ... contribute significantly to China's serious air pollution levels among the highest in the world. The ...

Athletes, spectators faced unprecedented air pollution at 2008 Olympic Games

... CORVALLIS, Ore. Particulate air pollution during the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing ... the massive efforts by China to reduce air pollution in and around Beijing during the Olympics, this was the largest scale atmospheric pollution experiment ever conducted," said Staci Simonich, ...

Rice University researchers ask if biofuels will lead to a 'drink or drive'

... require large quantities of water and that water pollution is exacerbated by agricultural drainage ... and improve trade balance while mitigating air pollution and reducing fossil carbon emissions to the ... that reduce water consumption and mitigate water pollution from agrichemicals, and identification of the ...

UC Davis begins $2.8 million in studies of agricultural nitrogen's impacts

... viewed as a worrisome source of water and air pollution and potent greenhouse gases. "This is one of ... ways," he said. Data on agricultural nitrogen pollution are limited, and some nitrogen pollution forms are difficult to monitor. Measurements can ...

Searching for pollution in the Caribbean

... project. Concern over the growing incidence of pollution in the Caribbean has been on the rise, as it has ... in the Caribbean had done extensive study of pollution in the Caribbean Sea, compiling a list of sites in the Caribbean having high pollution levels. UNEPs list served as the basis for ...

NASA study says climate adds fuel to Asian wildfire emissions

... the carbon monoxide detecting Measurements of pollution in the Troposphere (MOPITT) instrument on NASA's ... health and safety. Peat fires also aggravate air pollution problems in this region because they release four ... carbon monoxide than forest fires. In 1997, air pollution from the fires cost the region an estimated $4.5 ...

AGU journal highlights -- March 25, 2009

... man-made from natural nitrogen-oxide pollution Anyone may read the scientific abstract for ... 2. Ocean proximity aggravates Houston's ozone pollution In Houston, Texas, understanding atmospheric processes that control pollution formation is complicated by both typical urban ...

Inhaling a heart attack: How air pollution can cause heart disease

... indicates that an increase in particulate air pollution is associated with an increase in heart attacks ... field that examines the relationship between air pollution and heart disease. Aruni Bhatnagar of the ... while Dr. Brook will give a talk on Environmental pollution and hypertension. In addition, Araujo Jesus of ...

New 'pollution radar' developed to provide unprecedented picture of urban smog

... air quality measuring device that can act as a pollution radar over cities. A team from the Surrey ... resolution of 50m. Effectively, acting like a pollution radar. CityScan will enable the collection of ... to open up new areas in emission monitoring, pollution measurement and air quality control. Such ...

Commercial ships spew half as much particulate pollution as world's cars

... ships emit almost half as much particulate pollution into the air as the total amount released by ... shipping's total contribution to air particle pollution based on direct measurements of emissions. The ... or about 2.2 million pounds, of particulate pollution each year. Shipping also contributes almost 30 ...

Researchers call for nitrogen and phosphorus reductions to combat eutrophication in aquatic systems

... to alleviate eutrophication or nutrient pollution problems in fresh and coastal waters. In the ... aquatic ecosystems, research tells us to focus pollution reductions efforts on both nitrogen and ... help freshwater systems, but tend to push pollution problems downstream into coastal and estuarine ...

Nutrient pollution chokes marine and freshwater ecosystems

... of aquatic plants and algae. Nitrogen pollution is largely derived from agricultural fertilizers ... from the combustion of fossil fuels. Phosphorus pollution is tied primarily to wastewater treatment and ... algal blooms, it passed a great deal of nitrogen pollution on to coastal ecosystems, driving eutrophication ...

Indoor air pollution increases asthma symptoms

... increasing levels of indoor particulate matter pollution and the severity of asthma symptoms among ... In many cases, the level of indoor fine particle pollution measured was twice as high as the accepted standard for outdoor pollution established by the EPA. "Children spend nearly ...

To climate-change worries, add 1 more: Extended mercury threat

... GAINESVILLE, Fla. Mercury pollution has already spurred public health officials to ... emissions, the metal will remain a source of pollution for a long time. "From the time you cut off ... that process would in turn have any effect on pollution from mercury and other metals. Fortunately, ...

International experts weigh-in on harmful algal blooms

... group of scientists is linking nutrient pollution in the world's coastal seas to an increase in the ... of 21 articles outlining the role of nutrient pollution in the increasing frequency of these events. ... Degraded water quality from increased nutrient pollution promotes the development and persistence of many ...

Timetable for Puget Sound restoration suffers setback

... our data also suggest that although pollution coming from a specific source or location may be ... of the Puget Sound's ability to recover from past pollution insults following removal of the smelter point ... runoff was the leading source of water quality pollution affecting coastal systems across the nation. ...

New satellite data reveal impact of Olympic pollution controls

... using satellites to measure the impact of air pollution controls. Taking advantage of the opportunity, ... refine local and regional models to predict how pollution levels respond to changes in emissions. Such ... up" estimates of total emissionstallies of likely pollution sources, such as the number of cars on the road ...

Surface-level ozone pollution set to reduce tree growth 10 percent by 2100

... Modern day concentrations of ground level ozone pollution are decreasing the growth of trees in the ... 17% reduction by the end of the century. Ozone pollution is four times greater now than prior to the ... by decreasing carbon assimilation in trees. Ozone pollution occurs when nitrogen oxides have a photochemical ...

Light pollution offers new global measure of coral reef health

... at the forefront of widening interest in light pollution and its effects on human and environmental ... "It used to be you couldn't find light pollution and wildlife together, except in a few white ... noted. Yet despite its significance, light pollution is only one of many stresses facing coral reefs, ...

K-State research: Freshwater pollution costs US at least $4.3 billion a year

... MANHATTAN -- pollution by phosphorous and nitrogen isn't just bad for ... bad for Americans' pocketbooks. Freshwater pollution impacts individuals on a level as basic as how ... Dodds said that the majority of this type of pollution is from nonpoint sources --that is it's not ...

Yale journal finds nanomaterials may have large environmental footprint

... will lower energy and resource use and the pollution that accompanies them. The possibility of ... and appropriately so. But considerations of pollution and energy use arising from the production ... as life cycle assessment, green chemistry and pollution prevention, industrial ecology takes a broad and ...

Lichens function as indicators of nitrogen pollution in forests

... found lichens can give insight into nitrogen air pollution effects on Sierra Nevada and San Bernardino ... month in the international journal Environmental pollution and are significant because nitrogen from air pollution causes detrimental chemical and biological ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac

... #4 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Fungus fights air pollution by removing sulfur from crude oil Industrial & ... that can remove sulfur a major source of air pollution from crude oil more effectively than ... methods. The finding could help reduce air pollution and acid rain caused by the release of sulfur ...

Army can boost mission success by better managing

... problems. At one base camp in Afghanistan, legacy pollution problems caused short-term respiratory illnesses ... in locations that have significant legacy pollution and other environmental problems. The study ... such as insufficient waste management. pollution from base camps can affect relations with locals, ...

Warming world in range of dangerous consequences

... assumption that efforts to clean up particulate pollution continue to be successful, according to a new ... not be forced to consider trade-offs between air pollution abatement and mitigation of greenhouse gas ... that the cooling effect of man-made aerosol pollution will be eliminated during the 21st Century. ...

Improving industry efficiency through environmental innovations

... as efficiency increases. In three to ten years, pollution is reduced by 65 to 85 percent and the costs per ... has proved it. You also argue that taxation on pollution can lead to pollution reduction but this is not the driver of changes. ...

Lighting research center develops framework for assessing light pollution

... "Until now the conversation about light pollution has been just that a lot of talk with no data," ... users to address three important aspects of light pollution sky glow, light trespass, and discomfort glare ... began to find creative solutions to reduce light pollution while maintaining the design objectives. This is ...

Dirty air brings rain -- then again, maybe not

... finding to the disputed issue of whether air pollution increases or decreases rainfall. The conclusion: ... and specifically in areas suffering from manmade pollution and water shortages, including Israel. In an ... development of more exact predictions of how air pollution affects weather, water resources and future ...

Experts meet on need for new rules to govern world's fragile polar regions

... as its ice recedes include: Overfishing; pollution from ships and offshore extraction of oil and ... is particularly susceptible to the effects of pollution (as demonstrated by the Exxon Valdez oil spill). ... binding rules to regulate operational pollution from offshore installations. Strict standards for ...

September 2008 Biology of Reproduction highlights

... 2008; DOI 10.1095/biolreprod.108.068106 pollution and placenta Urban air pollution is associated with poor and adverse pregnancy ... present evidence that the effects of urban air pollution on pregnancy outcomes could be related to changes ...

Greenland ice core reveals history of pollution in the Arctic

... Laboratory. "But it turns out pollution in southern Greenland was higher 100 years ago ... the beginning of the previous century than today. pollution levels in the early 1900s also represented a ... Continuous, monthly and annually averaged pollution records taken from the Greenland ice core dating ...

Many US public schools in 'air pollution danger zone'

... in three U.S. public schools are in the "air pollution danger zone," according to new research from the ... highway. Past research on highway-related air pollution exposure has focused on residences located close ... from the UC Cincinnati Childhood Allergy and Air pollution Study (CCAAPS) which has reported that exposure ...

Scientists to assess Beijing Olympics air pollution control efforts

... of Beijing. Cheju is in the projected path of pollution plumes that begin in various cities in China, ... the ground that will track dust, soot and other pollution aerosols that travel from Beijing and other parts ... brown clouds. The instruments will observe pollution transport patterns as Beijing enacts its "great ...

Scripps scientists will assess Beijing Olympics air pollution control efforts

... southeast of Beijing and in the projected path of pollution plumes originating in various cities in China ... will track the transport of dust, soot and other pollution aerosols that travel from Beijing and other parts ... clouds. The instruments are observing pollution transport patterns as Beijing enacts its "great ...

Bacterial persistence in streams

... The presence of bacteria from fecal pollution continues to be a problem in both rural and urban ... been closely monitored as an indicator of fecal pollution and possible bacterial or viral enteric ... on-going and ever-present issues related to fecal pollution and bacterial transport within watersheds. The UT ...

OSU study shows exposure to bad air raises blood pressure

... are the first to report a direct link between air pollution and its impact on high blood pressure, or ... evidence of the strong relationship between air pollution and cardiovascular disease," said Sanjay ... in blood pressure over one week. The air pollution level inside the chamber containing particulate ...
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