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Plants in Biological News

Climbing to new heights in the forest canopy

... With summer in full swing, many plants are at their peak bloom and climbing plants, like ... are especially remarkable. Not only are these plants beautiful, but their ability to climb walls and ... logistics of this incredible ability. Climbing plants have fascinated biologists, including Charles ...

Climate-caused biodiversity booms and busts in ancient plants and mammals

... to 47 million years ago strongly influenced plants and animals, spurring a biodiversity boom in ... temperatures and information on the fossil plants and mammals that inhabited North America during ... documents the fact that global change affected plants and animals on a wide scale," said Gunnell, an ...

'Green' energy from algae

... the most urgent challenges of our times. Energy plants like rape or oil palm are being discussed ... photobioreactors", underlines the scientist. "Our plants convert solar energy into biomass, the efficiency ... apples, sugar beets, and terrestrial energy plants in cooperation with partners from research and ...

Sustainable agriculture at the ESA Annual Meeting

... lessons from natural environments. Perennial plants produce more, require less input than annual ... soy are based on an annual system, in which crop plants live one year, are harvested, and are replanted ... Perennial systems, on the other hand, contain plants that live longer than one year despite being ...

Animal and plant communication at the ESA Annual Meeting

... Animals and plants communicate with one another in a variety of ... two species, is that of warm-climate Acacia plants and their ant tenants. The plants provide the ants with shelter within their ...

Restoring a natural root signal helps to fight a major corn pest

... organisms. Genetic transformation of maize plants resulted in the release of the naturally active ... the maize roots. The results are devastating: The plants take up less water and nutrients, and with the root mass severely reduced the plants lodge and collapse. In areas in Germany where the ...

MU researchers create drought conditions to unearth solutions

... types so that scientists can study how certain plants respond to a broad range of drought conditions, ... and will vary the amount of water that the test plants receive, simulating everything from short dry ... the shelters during sunny weather and cover the plants when rain approaches. The shelters are being ...

Leicester research paves way for first use in Europe of an insect to fight invasive plant

... cannot be tempted to stray onto related British plants or economically important species. Lead ... octoploid (88 chromosomes) and that only female plants occurred. Extensive hybridisation was observed to ... mutations in the chloroplast region of these plants gave us a clue to the region of origin. Catherine ...

UBC researchers help push for standard DNA barcodes for plants

... 8,457 out of an evaluated 12,055 species of plants as endangered, but notes only four per cent of ... tend to focus on areas losing biodiversity and plants families that are endangered. Estimates of the total number of endangered plants vary from 13 per cent to 37 per cent. ...

DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009

... industries engineers to design next-generation plants with high efficiencies and near-zero emissions by ... gas carbon dioxide emitted by fossil fuel power plants and other industrial operations. The process is ... applications ranging from gas turbines and power plants to chemical and petrochemical processing ...

High construction cost for cycads

... throughout its lifespan. Additionally, large plants like Guam's Cycas have an abundance of ... requires energy to maintain. Therefore, large plants with this leaf construction strategy must also ... Results of the research indicate these plants approach the substantial leaf construction ...

Stunting plants' skyward reach could lead to improved yields

... divert precious energy to grow higher when nearby plants start to encroach. Michigan State University ... what causes a specific effect in a plant. plants are adept at using sunlight to determine the time ... has taken an innovative approach to studying how plants adjust as light conditions change," said Thomas ...

Smaller plants punch above their weight in the forest, say Queen's biologists

... team calculated the number and variety of plants that neighboured each large host plant. They then randomly selected plots without host plants and calculated the plant species there as well. ... with which they coexist. "Think of the plants like professional boxers," says Professor ....

Sex involved in plant defense

... Why do some plants defend themselves from insect attacks better than ... that sexually produced evening primrose plants withstand attacks from plant-eaters like ... are important steps to learning more about how plants have evolved defenses against insect herbivores, ...

U of A honored for research that could help 30 million Brazilians

... of Brazil. A newly discovered fungus that helps plants grow in dry soil has been named in honour of the ... nature of the fungus can aid native agricultural plants like cassava, a tuber that is a staple of the ... might be used to enhance the growth of the other plants in a wide range of extreme climates. Geraldo ...

Climate change may spell demise of key salt marsh constituent

... at Brown University. At least a dozen species of plants known as forbs inhabit these natural depressions, ... The species include the purple flower-tipped plants Limonium nashii (sea lavender), the edible ... than the surrounding area. They found that the plants in the test plots responded initially by growing ...

Ozone, nitrogen change the way rising CO2 affects Earth's water

... of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences. plants play a significant role in Earth's water cycle, ... land ecosystems and how long it stays there. plants draw in water from the atmosphere and soil, and ... into the air. The amount of water that plants give up depends on how much carbon dioxide is ...

Plant protein 'doorkeepers' block invading microbes, study finds

... protecting agricultural crops and horticultural plants against diseases. "The ability of a plant's ... roles in the biochemical mechanisms that enable plants to recognize and block out invading bacteria," ... prevent plant disease." PLANT IMMUNITY plants are continually exposed to bacteria, viruses and ...

New crops needed for new climate

... in protein content and a decreased yield in plants grown under high CO 2 and drought conditions. ... to release toxic hydrogen cyanide, increased in plants in elevated CO 2 . This was compounded by the fact that protein content decreased, making the plants overall more toxic as the ability of herbivores ...

Scientists closer to developing salt-tolerant crops

... team of scientists has developed salt-tolerant plants using a new type of genetic modification (GM), ... Plant Cell '. "Salinity affects the growth of plants worldwide, particularly in irrigated land where ... Plant Functional Genomics (ACPFG). "Helping plants to withstand this salty onslaught will have a ...

Ecological Society of America announces 2009 award recipients

... ecology, plant succession or the distribution of plants along environmental gradients. In the paper, the authors survey the plants of a central New England woodland, describing ... educating the public about genetically engineered plants and the importance of pollinator conservation. ...

New crops needed for new climate

... in protein content and a decreased yield in plants grown under high CO 2 and drought conditions. ... to release toxic hydrogen cyanide, increased in plants in elevated CO 2 . This was compounded by the fact that protein content decreased, making the plants overall more toxic as the ability of herbivores ...

Plant protein 'doorkeepers' block invading microbes, study finds

... protecting agricultural crops and horticultural plants against diseases. "The ability of a plant's ... roles in the biochemical mechanisms that enable plants to recognize and block out invading bacteria," ... prevent plant disease." PLANT IMMUNITY plants are continually exposed to bacteria, viruses and ...

Study finds DNA barcoding requires caution without closer examination

... species. The COI region fails completely for plants because it evolves at a slower rate in plants and has a much more variable sequence. The search for alternative barcoding regions in plants is especially problematic. Although several gene ...

Waste water treatment plant mud used as 'green' fuel

... shown that using mud from waste water treatment plants as a partial alternative fuel can enable cement ... This is the solid waste from the water treatment plants of large cities. The scientists have carried ... at the URV, tells SINC. This would enable plants producing cement, one of the most contaminating ...

The bitter side of sweeteners

... Sewage treatment plants fail to remove artificial sweeteners completely ... collected water samples from two sewage treatment plants in Germany Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen and ... waste water treatment by sewage treatment plants with advanced waste water treatment by soil ...

Protecting the food crops of the future

... Biologists are investigating how to control when plants flower - to help farmers reap a bumper harvest. ... Everything that we eat comes from flowering plants - even the food that is fed to livestock. This ... minute changes in the way genes are expressed in plants can have a huge impact on when they flower. ...

Plant microbe shares features with drug-resistant pathogen

... a strain of bacteria commonly associated with plants and one increasingly linked to opportunistic ... these findings raise the question of whether plants in hospital settings may serve as a reservoir for ... include: stimulating plant growth and protecting plants against pathogens; the breakdown of natural and ...

Advance in understanding cellulose synthesis

... molecule that makes up plant cell walls, gives plants shape and form and is a target of renewable, ... development might be manipulated to improve crop plants as efficient sources of energy, we need to first ... outward. In that study, the group engineered plants to produce a fluorescent version of cellulose ...

Protein that triggers plant cell division revealed by researchers

... how this happens in animals, but the process in plants has been a mystery. Now Stanford ... of the proteins that control the process, but plants just don't make any of those proteins," Bergmann ... explained that it was not surprising to find that plants used a unique protein for their divisions because ...

Newly discovered snow roots are 'evolutionary phenomenon'

... of summer the scientists noted that C. conorhiza plants were surrounded by a filigree network of ... nitrogen directly from the snow. Many mountain plants take up nitrogen from melted snow soaking into ... later the team discovered various sections of the plants contained high concentrations of 15N, including ...

Isolated forest patches lose species, diversity

... The long generation times of trees and other plants have masked many of the ecological changes ... is reducing the abundance and diversity of native plants in southern Wisconsin forests. The findings ... plant diversity by cutting off routes for native plants to re-colonize areas where local populations may ...

Natural seed treatment could drastically cut pesticide use

... The technology - which makes plants significantly more resistant to pests - has now ... and Stockbridge Technology Centre found that plants grown from seeds dipped in jasmonic acid are ... and maize. Red spider mite attack on tomato plants was down by 80 per cent, aphid attack on sweet ...

Changing climate likely to make 'super weed' even more powerful

... Phragmites australis is one of the most invasive plants in the United States. The UD research team ... actively secretes gallic acid to kill off plants and take over new turf. Gallic acid, also known ... mesoxalic acid, effectively hitting susceptible plants and seedlings with a double-whammy. The ...

Researchers engineer metabolic pathway in mice to prevent diet-induced obesity

... an unconventional idea which we borrowed from plants and bacteria," said Jason Dean, a graduate ... Liao's team and an author of the study. "We know plants and bacteria digest fats differently from humans, ... have a set of enzymes that's uniquely present in plants and bacteria. These enzymes are called the ...

NASA satellite detects red glow to map global ocean plant health

... and assess how efficiently the microscopic plants are turning sunlight and nutrients into food ... activity on Earth. The health of these marine plants affects commercial fisheries, the amount of ... Behrenfeld, a biologist who specializes in marine plants at the Oregon State University in Corvallis, Ore. ...

Understanding plants' overactive immune system will help MU researchers build better crops

... thaliana . Understanding the immune system of plants would allow breeders to create better yielding crop plants. "The immune system provides plants with strong protection from pathogens," said ... do more damage than good." One way that plants fight pathogens is through effector-triggered ...

MSU discoveries upend traditional thinking about how plants make certain compounds

... those findings led them to discover that the plants were making monoterpenes, compounds that help ... could help researchers find new ways to protect plants from pests. Based on years of research, scientists thought that plants always used a specific compound, geranyl ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- May 20, 2009

... early efforts to identify and test tropical plants that might fight malaria. Though the paper described some 600 plants that showed promise against the disease, ... scientists have already identified 60 promising plants from the group and found at least 10 active ...

ISU researcher identifies genetic pathway responsible for much of plant growth

... steroids promote growth," said Yin. "In model plants like Arabidopsis (a relative of mustard) and ... to 15 percent. By under-expressing HERK1, the plants were about 50 percent smaller. Now Yin and his ... HERK1 controls growth. Understanding what make plants get bigger could be a critical component when ...
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(Date:7/9/2014)... July 9, 2014Biofuels derived from the oils produced by ... fuels. To achieve this goal, optimization of cost effective ... pond systems, is needed. Sapphire Energy has developed an ... pond algae cultivation systems, described in Industrial Biotechnology ... publishers. The article is available on the Industrial ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) Research Network have identified ... lung adenocarcinoma, the most common subtype of lung ... the number of possible therapeutic targets for this ... patients with treatable mutations because many potent cancer ... TCGA is jointly funded and managed by the ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... era of increasing concern about the prevalence of ... a promising new pathway to disabling disease: blocking ... The scientists showed how bacterial siderophore, a small ... to fan bacterial growth as well as ... this infection process. Their findings appear in a ...
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(Date:7/9/2014)... a reputation for being highly toxic, but when used in ... found to offer potential health benefits in a range of ... new compound (AP39), designed and made at the University of ... delivery of very small amounts of the substance to the ... Exeter have already found that the compound protects mitochondria ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... liver is one of the most important organs in ... we utilize our food properly this is its ... from our organism this is its detoxification function. ... unhealthy food all damage the liver. The resulting diseased ... cirrhoses, and life-threatening liver failure. According to the German ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... labels handed out by pharmacists may be misread ... according to new research by the University of ... Blind)., The study, published recently in the ... prescription medications dispensed by pharmacies do not consistently ... simply following recommended guidelines for font size, use ...
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(Date:7/9/2014)... The occurrence of allergic diseases has risen dramatically in ... are less exposed to microorganisms and have fewer infections ... system. , A study by researchers at Sahlgrenska Academy, ... three to examine maturation of the immune system in ... in rural areas of the Vstra Gtaland Region, half ...
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