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Outbreak in Biological News

Screw worm outbreak in Yemen

... An outbreak of the insidious screw worm fly in Yemen, is ... the animal if its not treated in time. The outbreak hit the countrys coast late last year. ... Laboratory, says its the first official outbreak of old world screw worm in Yemen. "There are ...

Scientists decoding genomic sequences of H1N1 using isolates from outbreak in Argentina

... will be comparing sequences of viruses associated with the current outbreak in Argentina with those found in other locations to determine if there are ... said Gustavo Palacios, PhD. "The changes already noted in comparing the outbreak in Argentina to the U.S. haven't previously been associated with greater ...

Scientists report first remote, underwater detection of harmful algae, toxins

... in the Monterey Bay area for well over a decade. In 1991, the first U.S. outbreak of domoic acid poisoning was documented in Monterey Bay. This outbreak resulted in the unusual deaths of numerous pelicans and cormorants that ...

The challenges of avian influenza virus: Mechanism, epidemiology and control

... is expanding its host range from birds to mammalians. In 2003, during the outbreak of SARS (Severe acute respiratory syndrome), one human fatal case was ... the natural reservoir host, migratory birds were found infected with an outbreak of more than 6000 dead birds involved. Therefore in this special topic, we ...

Scientists learn why the flu may turn deadly

... of the virus. "Despite major medical advances since the devastating flu outbreak of 1918 and 1919, influenza virus infection remains a very serious ... Editor of the Journal of Leukocyte Biology , "and the current swine flu outbreak is a grim reminder of this fact. The work by Dr. Sullivan and colleagues ...

Researchers report 'moderately large' potential for red tide outbreak in Gulf of Maine region

... The potential for an outbreak of the phenomenon commonly called "red tide" is expected to be "moderately ... shoreline can be impacted as well. The severity of this year's outbreak along the coast will depend in large part on the wind patterns in May, ...

Masks, hand washing, prevent spread of flu-like symptoms by up to 50 percent

... Aiello said. "During year two of the study (2007-2008) a major outbreak of influenza took place," Aiello said. "Forthcoming studies will examine whether results observed during this more severe outbreak mirror those observed during the milder year one influenza season. ...

Midge-hunting scientists tackle spread of devastating bluetongue virus

... were considerable, we have yet to experience the full effects of a BTV outbreak as has been seen on the continent. A major 2008 outbreak could bring huge hardship both to directly affected farmers and, if ...

Scripps research scientists reveal key structure from ebola virus

... derived from bone marrow of one of the few survivors of the 1995 Ebola outbreak in Kikwit, a city in the southwestern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo. The Kikwit outbreak was particularly deadly, with a higher than 90 percent mortality rate for ...

UC San Diego researchers identify potential new drug candidates to combat 'bird flu'

... As the specter of a worldwide outbreak of avian or "bird flu" lingers, health officials recognize that new drugs ... capacity to spread from person to person, the result could be a worldwide outbreak or pandemic. "In light of the urgency to find drugs to combat this ...

Scientists decode genomes of diverse TB isolates

... one linked to more than 50 deaths in a recent tuberculosis (TB) outbreak in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. As part of this work, genomes of ... a rural town in KwaZulu-Natal that has recently experienced a severe outbreak of XDR TB among patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus ...

NASA technology helps predict and prevent future pandemic outbreaks

... The use of remote sensing technology aids specialists in predicting the outbreak of some of the most common and deadly infectious diseases today such as ... agent, NASA surveillance systems enable scientists to decipher if an outbreak was caused by natural circumstances or was an act of bioterrorism. A ...

New national genome center launched

... bioenergy a real option Protecting livestock from exotic diseases. Emerging exotic diseases pose a serious threat to UK livestock. A major outbreak would threaten farmers' livelihoods, increase meat and diary prices for consumers and put animal welfare at risk. Understanding the genomes of ...

Government of Canada announces funding for research on the H1N1 flu virus

... to improve our responses to current and future outbreaks." Minister Aglukkaq also announced funding to support the work of two national pandemic outbreak research teams: Dr. Guy Boivin at Universit Laval and his team will work with a national team to track the evolution of the H1N1 flu virus, ...

In the turf war against seaweed, coral reefs more resilient than expected

... in the Caribbean in the 1980s. Following a series of events that disturbed the marine environment (including two major hurricanes, a disease outbreak and the loss of a seaweed-grazing urchin), coral cover on several reefs in Jamaica plummeted from about 70 percent to less than 10 percent, and ...

American Chemical Society's weekly PressPac -- May 27, 2009

... the virus have died or been culled from flocks worldwide in efforts to control the disease. More than 4 million poultry died or were culled in a 2002 outbreak in Virginia, and the carcasses were disposed of in municipal landfills. Until now, few studies have directly assessed the safety of landfill ....

Rapid approach to identify influenza A virus mutations and drug resistance developed

... how the virus is evolving," said Gerd Maass, Ph.D., CEO of Roche NimbleGen. GIS scientists used NimbleGen arrays in a similar way during the SARS outbreak in 2003, to understand the infectious source and to globally monitor the SARS virus. Roche NimbleGen's custom-developed microarrays: The ...

Swine flu experts gather at New York Academy of Sciences May 28

... The very latest information on the 2009 swine influenza (H1N1) outbreak is the subject of a landmark afternoon symposium hosted by the New York Academy of Sciences on Thursday, May 28. Speakers will discuss the new ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- May 20, 2009

... pneumonitis (HP), is an inflammation of the lung resulting from the body's immune reaction to bacteria, mold, and other airborne particles. At HP outbreak sites, M. immunogenum is known to colonize metalworking fluids, used to cool the cutting tools that grind metals. Workers inhale the infected ...

HudsonAlpha investigator develops rapid response swine flu test

... Han also developed the Tem-PCR avian flu test for the Asian strain H5N1, as well as a respiratory infection differentiation test used during the SARS outbreak in China earlier this decade. These tests played a significant role in preventing the spread of SARS and avian flu in Asia. ...

Wildlife trade threatens public health and ecosystems

... that could affect livestock, wildlife--or ourselves?" The wildlife trade has previously led to disease introductions such as the 2003 monkeypox outbreak following the import of infected African rodents for the pet trade. "The threat to public health is real, as the majority of emerging diseases ...

Social separation stops flu spread, but must be started soon

... employed as soon as possible after the first individuals within the population have been infected, if not preemptively. This study found that, for an outbreak of influenza approximately as infectious as the 1918 Spanish Flu pandemic, the combination of all intervention measures must be introduced within 2 ...

Avian flu research sheds light on swine flu outbreak

... for an avian influenza virus to cause a human flu pandemic is greater than previously thought. Results also illustrate how the current swine flu outbreak likely came about. As of now, avian flu viruses can infect humans who have contact with birds, but these viruses tend not to transmit easily ...

UC Davis launches 'One Health' care for wild mountain gorillas and human neighbors

... to the "childhood" diseases of people, as well as most other infections. But they are a wild population and thus not vaccinated. If there was an outbreak of measles or influenza in the local community of people living near a gorilla park, it could spread to the gorillas. Some other serious diseases do ...

Marine scientists warn of potential for spring, summer red tide outbreak in Gulf of Maine

... The potential for an outbreak of the phenomenon called "red tide" is expected to be moderately large this spring and summer, according to researchers at the Woods Hole ...

Field stations foster serendipitous discoveries in environmental, biological sciences

... Network and other groups state that few people realize the value of the data and specimens held at field stations--until an event such as a disease outbreak or environmental disaster triggers their use. "At a time when we are reinvesting in our nation's academic infrastructure, it's critical that we ...

Saving wheat crops worldwide

... and can rapidly evolve to overcome resistant cereal varieties," Dr Lagudah says. "Scientists and farmers can commonly only respond to a rust outbreak after it has passed, but tests conducted after identifying the Lr34 gene sequence show it has provided partial but constant protection against leaf ...

Scientists identify human monoclonal antibodies effective against bird and seasonal flu viruses

... readily manufactured and stockpiled. In the event of a pandemic, the antibodies could be used in combination with antiviral therapies to contain the outbreak until a vaccine became available. The production of a new influenza vaccine takes six to nine months using conventional methods. "There are clear ...

Scientists identify human monoclonal antibodies effective against bird, seasonal flu viruses

... readily manufactured and stockpiled. In the event of a pandemic, the antibodies could be used in combination with antiviral therapies to contain the outbreak until a vaccine became available. The production of a new influenza vaccine takes six to nine months using conventional methods. "There are clear ...

New vaccine developed for preventing 'uncommon cold' virus

... rare in the U.S., CDC records indicate that it has made several appearances here with devastating results. In 2000, four children died during an outbreak of adenovirus type-7 that occurred at a long-term care facility in Iowa, and nine patients died when adenovirus type-14 appeared as epidemics in ...

Landscape-scale treatment promising for slowing beetle spread

... But, the flakes can provide some protection for the dense, old-growth stands required by wildlife, according to the scientists. The largest beetle outbreak in North American history is now occurring in Canada, where more than 22 million acres are affected, according to the British Columbia Ministry of ...

Vaccines and autism: Many hypotheses, but no correlation

... to the current increase in Haemophilus influenzae cases in Minnesotaincluding the death of one childand was a factor in last year's measles outbreak in California. The controversy began with a 1998 study in The Lancet that suggested a link between the combination measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) ...

Study on origin of mutation that causes fatal familiar insomnia

... (The bodies and institutions referred to are detailed at the end of the paper). Origin of the mutation In 1996, following on from the outbreak of the Creutzfeldt-Jakob ("mad cow") disease, the European Union launched systems for monitoring the prionic group of illnesses the group to which ...

International experts weigh-in on harmful algal blooms

... nutrient pollution promotes the development and persistence of many HABs; Understanding the complex relationships between nutrients and the outbreak of harmful algae is key to reducing future blooms; and, New tools for monitoring and predicting these events can help us better understand HAB's. ...

Researchers recreate SARS virus, open door for potential defenses against future strains

... Over the next several months, the illness spread to more than two dozen countries in North America, South America, Europe and Asia before the global outbreak was contained. Of the more than 8,000 people worldwide who were diagnosed with SARS in 2003, 774 died. Baric said SARS is believed to have ...

Purdue researcher invents molecule that stops SARS

... researcher has created a compound that prevents replication of the virus that causes SARS and could lead to a treatment for the disease. "The outbreak of SARS in 2003 led to hundreds of deaths and thousands of illnesses, and there is currently no treatment," said Arun Ghosh, the Purdue professor ...

Protein 'tubules' free avian flu virus from immune recognition

... NS1 in the virulence of influenza viruses and particularly, H5N1, a form of avian flu associated with more than half the deaths in a 2004 "bird flu" outbreak that resulted in 50 human cases and 36 deaths in Vietnam, China and Thailand. In all but one case, experts ruled out human-to-human spread of the ...

Stress may make you itch

... cells in skin can over-react, however, resulting in inflammatory skin diseases such as atopic dermatitis and psoriasis. Stress can trigger an outbreak in patients suffering from inflammatory skin conditions. This cross talk between stress perception, which involves the brain, and the skin is ...

Global Viral Forecasting Initiative receives $11M to implement pandemic early warning system

... working to provide potentially vital months or years of advanced warning before the next HIV or SARS emerges on the global stage. "The 1918 flu outbreak cost more lives than World War I. Most epidemiologists agree - and worry - that the world is overdue for another dangerous flu pandemic," says Dr. ...

Waterborne disease risk upped in Great Lakes

... caused by pathogenic bacteria, viruses and parasites are among the most common health risks of drinking water. In 1993, Milwaukee experienced an outbreak in city drinking water of the parasite Cryptosporidium that exposed more than 400,000 people and killed more than 50. Patz, who is also affiliated ...
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Breaking Biology News(10 mins):SHAREHOLDER ALERT: Pomerantz Law Firm Announces the Filing of a Class Action against Provectus Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. and Certain Officers - PVCT 2SHAREHOLDER ALERT: Pomerantz Law Firm Announces the Filing of a Class Action against Provectus Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. and Certain Officers - PVCT 3Avery Biomedical Devices, Inc. announces the appointment of Mark E Ginsburg, M.D. to its Board of Directors 2FPC Wins DW for 1021 Touch Sensor for Flagship Smartphone from Chinese Top 5 Smartphone OEM 2
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