DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009
... improves a camera's output. When combined with an optical
streak camera, the system achieves a 20-fold ... Testing Technology and the Institute of Laser optical
Power Plain UX Microbattery is ... Platform The ultra-small components enable optical
data transmission and routing on a silicon ...
Healing wounds with lasers, vehicles that drive themselves, other cutting-edge optics
... light may not be science fiction after all. A new optical
technology that lines up living cells and ... of Central Florida in Orlando have developed an optical
procedure that does not harm cells, but affects ...
Dogariu and colleagues use the polarization of optical
waves to create a field around the cells in which ...
Researchers 'unzip' molecules to measure interactions keeping DNA packed in cells
... DNA double helix through a nucleosome using an optical
trap -- a technique developed in Wang's lab -- ... proteins can invade the nucleosome," Wang said.
trapping involves a focused beam of light that ... is chemically attached to the DNA strand, and the optical
trap moves the sphere, allowing the researchers ...
Luminescence shines new light on proteins
... A chance discovery by a team of scientists using optical
probes means that changes in cells in the human ... changes in the way that light was emitted by optical
probes during a series of experiments.
Light ... carries information and the researchers used the optical
probes to measure the behaviour of light and its ...
OSA's ISP launches with research on breathing disorders and congenital heart defects
... Australia, are announcing the development of new optical
techniques for visualizing the invisible ... published results are the first to showcase the optical
Society's (OSA) Interactive Science Publishing ... OSA's open-access journal, and in Journal of the optical
Society of America A (JOSA A), one of these ...
Gold nanostars outshine the competition
... (SERS) to demonstrate that gold nanostars exhibit optical
qualities that make them superior for chemical ... in a solution.
The NIST team tested the optical
properties of the nanostars using two target ... can now be created en masse and have desirable optical
properties should prompt researchers to examine ...
Where optics meets medicine
... Optics 2008 (FiO), the 92nd Annual Meeting of the optical
Society (OSA), being held Oct. 19-23 at the ... of Alzheimer's Disease
Potential Non-Invasive optical
Detection of Pancreatic Cancer
A NEW LOOK AT ... have also been implicated in the disease.
techniques may allow the link between altered ...
Frost & Sullivan Recognizes AOptix Technologies for its Pioneering Contribution to Security through Noninvasive Biometrics
... used in astronomy for real-time
correction of optical
abnormalities resulting from ... allows for correction of both
simple and complex optical
distortions, thus enhancing spatial resolution
of ... It is involved in developing
solutions to serve the needs of both government ...
New technique sees into tissue at greater depth, resolution
... bioengineers combined tightly focused heat with optical
coherence tomography (OCT), which has often been called the optical
equivalent of ultrasound. OCT is commonly used in ... and sizes, coupled with the ability to 'tune" the optical
wavelength of the OCT, we can customize our ...
Using live fish, new tool a sentinel for environmental contamination
... researchers first manually positioned a tiny optical
electrode, or optrode just outside individual ... substance coated the electrode tip, its optical
properties varying predictably with oxygen ... respiration in a sensitive life-stage and the optical
equipment doesn't consume oxygen or require the ...
Nanojewels made easy
... of various colors that display different optical
"These nanojewels can potentially ... crystals to fabricate light-emitting diodes, optical
fibers for communications, submicroscopic lasers, ultrawhite pigments, antennas and reflectors, and optical
The biggest stumbling ...
Scientists demonstrate the sharpest measurement of ice crystals in clouds
... in Optics Letters, a journal published by the optical
Society. The data produced using this instrument ... University in the United States have developed an optical
scattering instrument that can evaluate the size ... scientist Paul Kaye. "We believe that this optical
scattering instrument could help climate modelers ...
... molecule behaves as an electroactive switch with optical
and magnetic response.
Tiny electronically ... always have the potential to be exploited in optical
electronics devices. Just as importantly, PTM ... chemical and electrochemical redox switches with optical
and magnetic responses."
Mas-Torrent and her ...
Synergy between biology and physics drives cell-imaging technology
... the University of Nottingham, Michael Somekh, an optical
engineer at Nottinghams Institute of Biophysics, Imaging & optical
Science, and William Barnes, professor of ... such as fluorescence microscopy, whereby optical
microscopes are used to observe biological ...
The photonic beetle
... visible light, impeding the dream of ultrafast optical
computers. But now, University of Utah chemists ... seeking photonic crystals as they aim to develop optical
computers that run on light (photons) instead of ... years away is an ultrahigh-speed computer with optical
integrated circuits or chips that run on light ...
Spin control: New technique sorts nanotubes by length
... have unique combinations of thermal, mechanical, optical
and electronic properties that suggest a wide ... obviously need to fit in place, and in optical
applications, a nanotubes length determines how ... or emit light (see Longer is Better for Nanotube optical
In 2006, researchers found that ...
Crystal (eye) ball: Study says visual system equipped with 'future seeing powers'
... see in Psychology 101 classes or in entertaining optical
To picture one, think of the ... to bow out away from the vanishing point. The optical
illusion occurs because our brains are predicting ... and among seven rows based on the different optical
features that occur when an observer is moving ...
Magnet Lab researchers make observing cell functions easier
... new techniques and tools. Scientists in the optical
Microscopy group at the National High Magnetic ... cell, said Davidson, who directs the magnet labs optical
Microscopy program. With FRET, we can see that ...
Further expanding the capabilities of optical
microscopy, Davidson and his team worked with ...
Detecting dangerous chemicals with lasers, exploring the brain's circuitry with light and more
... (PhAST). The meeting is co-sponsored by the optical
Society (OSA), the American Physical Society ... the brain. A number of alternative approaches use optical
probes that can detect neuronal activity with ... University have created a new type of dye-free optical
probe that can directly sense naturally occurring ...
Findings a step toward making new optical materials
... way of making diamondlike crystals to improve optical
communications and other technologies.
The ... growing three-dimensional crystals for use in optical
technologies, said You-Yeon Won, an assistant ... form "micro lenses" to improve the performance of optical
equipment, such as cameras and scientific ...
Engineers demonstrate a new type of optical tweezer
... Sciences (SEAS) demonstrated a new type of optical
tweezer with the potential to make biological and ... device.
"The microfabricated nature of the new optical
tweezer offers an important advantage over conventional optical
tweezers based on microscope objective lenses," ...
Rice scientists make breakthrough in single-molecule sensing
... demonstrated a means of simultaneously making optical
and electronic measurements of the same molecule. ... researchers to identify the molecule by a unique optical
"We can mass-produce these in ...
While scientists have used electronic and optical
instruments to measure single molecules before, ...
Looking through the eyes of a mouse, scientists monitor circulating cells in its bloodstream
... Harvard Medical School (HMS) have developed an optical
device that allows them to peer through the eyes ... of the journal Optics Letters, published by the optical
Society of America, the team describes how they ... better drugs and treatment strategies. The new optical
device may become a valuable tool because it ...
New technique captures chemical reactions in a single living cell at unprecedented resolution
... this challenge by improving upon conventional optical
absorption spectroscopy, a technique by which ... cell metabolism and cell death that has several optical
absorption peaks of around 550 nanometers.
The ... molecules, such as oxygen.
"For conventional optical
absorption spectroscopy to work, a relatively ...
MIT develops 'tractor beam' for cells, more
... world of microchip design and manufacturing.
tweezers, as the technology is known, represent ... you could merge everything people are doing with optical
trapping with all the exciting things you can do ... precise measurements of a cell's position.
tweezers use the tiny force of a beam of light ...
New technique reveals subtle force-induced changes in biomolecule's conformation
... combines the exquisite force control of an optical
trap and the precise measurement capabilities of ... determine the motion of the molecule. With the optical
trap, a focused laser beam locks onto a ... to one end of the molecule to be studied. The optical
trap can then pull on the molecule like a pair of ...
Silicon Valley Technology Leaders LaserCard Corporation and Tesla Motors Sign LaserPass Secure Access Deal
... announce the successful
implementation of an optical
memory card-based LaserPass Secure Access
System ... solutions, manufactures
and markets LaserCard(R) optical
memory cards, LaserPASS(TM) Optical/RFID
cards ... identification. In addition, the Company provides optical
LaserCard Corporation Announces Expansion of Middle East Project
... system which will
personalize the smart chip, the optical
memory and the eye-readable data of
this ... purchase order for the
supply of chip-ready optical
memory cards, which include high ... solutions, manufactures
and markets LaserCard(R) optical
memory cards, LaserPASS(TM) Optical/RFID
Restoring sight, advances in fertility treatments and better visibility for pilots at FIO
... Optics 2007 (FiO), the 91st Annual Meeting of the optical
Society of America, will be held from Sept. 16-20 ... with Light
Gigantic Photoresponse Can Speed Up optical
Switches for Faster Internet Speeds
Explaining ... Malaria")
Gigantic Photoresponse Can Speed Up optical
Switches for Faster Internet Speeds New research ...
All-in-1 nanoparticle: A Swiss Army knife for nanomedicine
... is 1-millionth of a centimeter). At this tiny scale, quantum dots' unique optical
properties cause them to emit light of different colors depending on their ... a thin gold shell held at 3 nanometers distance, so the two components' optical
and electrical fields do not interfere with one another. The quantum dot ...
What scientists know about jewel beetle shimmer
... stunning how similar the two things are," said Srinivasarao.
devices and photonics such as those envisioned for microlasers and ... absorption.
Srinivasarao says he doesn't completely understand all the optical
properties and behavior of light as it interacts with the beetle's ...
New windows opened on cell-to-cell interactions
... placed on a silicon wafer that acts like a mirror, allowing precise optical
measurements of the orientation of the molecule.
Electron microscopy ... the orientation of the brush-like forest through either chemical or optical
measures to, in turn, control cell interaction. Such control of ...
Colon cancer screening technique shows continued promise in new study
... than a colonoscopy in screening for colon cancer.
The technique uses optical
technology, called low-coherence enhanced backscattering (LEBS) ... validation.
The work builds on previous success in using a suite of optical
technologies to detect both colon and pancreatic cancer.
SRI International announces findings from new upper atmospheric radar system for scientific research
... Alaska deployment of AMISR (known as PFISR).
The article, "Coordinated optical
and Radar Image Measurements of Noctilucent Clouds and Polar Mesospheric ... of the common horizontal and vertical structures of radar and optical
mesospheric clouds. These are the highest altitude clouds, which form in ...
Nanoneedle is small in size, but huge in applications
... the nanoneedle can also be used as an electrochemical probe and as an optical
"Nanoneedle-based delivery is a powerful new tool for ... Systems. "Nanoneedles can be used as electrochemical probes and as optical
biosensors to study cellular environments, stimulate certain types of ...
Bird feathers produce color through structure similar to beer foam
... the finding. "We have found that nature elegantly self assembles intricate optical
structures in bird feathers. We are now mimicking this approach to make a new generation of optical
materials in the lab," said Dufresne, assistant professor of mechanical ...
Distinguishing single cells with nothing but light
... Researchers at the University of Rochester have developed a novel optical
technique that permits rapid analysis of single human immune cells using ... chemical and structural information by combining two previously distinct optical
techniques, according to senior author Andrew Berger, associate professor ...
New 'pollution radar' developed to provide unprecedented picture of urban smog
... larger in size. Its compact size, achieved through the use of a novel optical
design, means that the costs of manufacture, platform development and ... being constructed and configured for use as a ground-based Differential optical
Absorption Spectroscopy (DOAS) system by the University of Leicester, in ...
Penn research team tests bedside monitoring of brain blood flow and metabolism in stroke victims
... team has completed the first successful demonstration of a noninvasive optical
device to monitor cerebral blood flow in patients with acute stroke, a ... percent of health-care costs.
The device being developed uses embedded optical
probes that are placed over major cortical blood vessels in each ...
Vanderbilt scientists invent world's smallest periscopes
... objects. When a cell is placed in such a well and viewed with a regular optical
microscope, the researcher can see several sides simultaneously.
"This ... the micropyramids also have a major advantage for single molecule studies. optical
noise is a constant problem when working at the low light levels involved. ...