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Obstructive in Biological News

Study helps explain connection between sleep apnea, stroke and death

... BETHESDA, Md. (Jan. 6, 2009) − obstructive sleep apnea decreases blood flow to the brain, ... The study, "Impaired cerebral autoregulation in obstructive sleep apnea" was carried out by Fred Urbano, ... risk Up to 4% of the population suffers from obstructive sleep apnea. In a previous study, Dr. Mohsenin ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- Dec. 3, 2008

... Advance toward early diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Journal of Proteome ... of a sputum test for early detection of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). That condition, which ... Surfactant Protein A as a Marker of Chronic obstructive Pulmonary Disease" DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT ARTICLE ...

African-Americans have unique lung cancer risks from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

... that suggests a greater risk from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a report ... Americans was the risk associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. African American men with a prior history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease had a more than sixfold ...

Genetic irregularities linked to higher risk of COPD among smokers

... to put some smokers at significantly higher risk of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The findings come from the first-ever ... the senior author of the study appearing in PLoS Genetics . Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. While ...

Infection blocks lung's protective response against tobacco smoke

... Immunity, suggest one mechanism that may cause smokers to develop chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. "Although smoking is the overwhelming cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), only 20 percent of smokers develop the disease," ...

RAND study finds evidence disease management programs

... failure, coronary artery disease, diabetes, asthma, depression and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. With the exception of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, which showed inconclusive results, researchers found ...

LSUHSC shows for first time infant inhalation of ultrafine air pollution linked to adult lung disease

... environmental factors such as allergens, pollutants, and respiratory viruses during infancy leads to pulmonary inflammatory diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma later in life. Using protein profiling techniques, Dr. Cormier's lab was able to determine that early exposure ...

Changes in gene may stunt lung development in children

... PITTSBURGH, March 26 Mutations in a gene may cause poor lung development in children, making them more vulnerable to diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) later in life, say researchers at the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health and the German Research ...

CSHL researchers identify gene that helps plant cells keep communication channels open

... of a substance called callose. Although callose is a normal structural component of cell walls in plants, excess callose accumulates and forms obstructive clumps that plug the plasmodesmata and impede the flow of traffic through the channels. Restricting flow can be beneficial in some instances, ...

Research finds new cause of ozone wheezing and potential treatments

... Inhalation of ozone can lead to irritation of the airways and increased wheezing, particularly in children and adults who have asthma and chronic obstructive lung disease. Ozone is formed in the inner atmosphere in the presence of sunlight from pollutants emitted from vehicles and other sources. Exposure ...

OSA's ISP launches with research on breathing disorders and congenital heart defects

... disorders, says McLaughlin. Other current clinical studies are testing whether aOCT can detect airway changes in people with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. According to McLaughlin, this technology can also be used during sleep in patients with sleep apnea, to better understand why the ...

First comprehensive genomic study of common cold reveals new treatment targets

... "Rhinovirus is the major cause of the common cold, but it is also an important pathogen in more serious conditions, such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)," said David Proud, PhD, Professor, Department of Physiology & Biophysics, University of Calgary and senior author of the ...

National Jewish Health researchers evaluating treatment to help emphysema sufferers breathe easier

... would help those who would not otherwise be considered for or benefit from lung volume reduction surgery." Emphysema, a component of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), is a chronic, progressive and irreversible lung disease characterized by the destruction of lung tissue. The loss of the ...

Researchers at National Jewish Health evaluating a treatment

... would help those who would not otherwise be considered for or benefit from lung volume reduction surgery." Emphysema, a component of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), is a chronic, progressive and irreversible lung disease characterized by the destruction of lung tissue. The loss of the ...

UCSF Fresno leading-edge study lends hope to emphysema patients

... the trial in California besides UCSF Fresno UC Davis Medical Center and Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles. A form of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), emphysema is a progressive lung disease that keeps air trapped inside the lungs (not allowing it to escape) resulting in ...

RSV may hide in the lungs, lead to asthma, UT Southwestern researchers report

... researchers found evidence of the virus in every mouse infected with live RSV, but not in the other groups. While studies of adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have suggested that RSV may persist, this is the first study to test the hypothesis in this animal model of RSV-induced asthma. The ...

12-month ATLANTA trial data show sustained benefit of Catania Stent

... the CATANIA™ Coronary Stent System with NanoThin Polyzene®-F surface modification for symptomatic ischemic heart disease due to de novo, obstructive lesions of native coronary arteries. The trial was sponsored by CeloNova BioSciences, Inc., maker of the CATANIA™ stent. At 12 months, in an ...

Red wine may lower lung cancer risk

... liquor consumption on the risk of lung cancer. Adjustments were made for age, race/ethnicity, education, income, body mass index, history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or emphysema, and smoking history. Among the study participants, there was on average a two percent lower lung cancer risk ...

LSUHSC awarded patent for compound inhibiting cancer and other diseases

... sarcoidosis, syphilis, pseudoxanthoma elasticum, Pagets disease, vein occlusion in the eye, infections of the retina, hyperparathyroidism, carotid obstructive disease, chronic uveitis/vitritis, mycobacterial infections, Lyme disease, systemic lupus erythematosis, psoriasis, myopia, optic pits, Stargarts ...

Sentara begins international trial -- open at only 24 US locations

... begin a new international study to explore the safety and effectiveness of stents to open airways of patients with advanced emphysema or Chronic obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). The EASE (Exhale Airway Stents for Emphysema) Trial focuses on airway bypass, an investigational technique without ...

Key component of debilitating lung disease identified

... have demonstrated a close correlation between the decline in a key component of the lung's antioxidant defense system and the progression of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in humans. COPD is a degenerative condition that decreases the flow of air through the lungs as the lung's air sacs are ...

COPD? Eat your veggies

... of NRF2-dependent antioxidants, key components of the lung's defense system against inflammatory injury, is linked to the severity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in smokers. Broccoli is known to contain a compound that prevents the degradation of NFRP. The findings were published in ...

New beta-blocker to offer hope to heart and lung sufferers

... asthma drugs from working. Doctors are also extremely wary in prescribing beta-blockers for patients suffering from heart disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), a progressive condition which causes the destruction of lung tissue and increased mucus production, because any reduction ...

Brief, intense exercise benefits the heart

... time commitment. "More and more, professional organizations are recommending interval training during rehabilitation from diseases like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, peripheral artery disease and cardiovascular disease. Our research certainly provides evidence that this type of exercise training ...

Green tea compounds beat OSA-related brain deficits

... Chemicals found in green tea may be able to stave off the cognitive deficits that occur with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), according to a new study published in the second issue for May of the American Thoracic Societys American Journal of Respiratory ...

Clinical trial that may help patients breathe easier begins at Central DuPage Hospital

... emphysema. The trial focuses on airway bypass, a minimally invasive bronchoscopic procedure designed to help patients with emphysema/COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) breathe more easily. Central DuPage Hospital is the only site for the EASE trial in the Chicago area. Airway bypass could ...

HATS off to combat asthma

... Two University of Nottingham studies exploring the causes and treatment of asthma and Chronic obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) could lead to the development of drugs to battle these debilitating conditions. The Division of Respiratory Medicine at ...

Stevens Health, Technology, and Society roundtable: Oct. 31

... examination of clinical, technical, managerial and financial components of healthcare delivery to the non hospital-bound asthmatic and COPD (Chronic obstructive Pulmonary Disease) patient will be the topic of Stevens Institute of Technologys next healthcare roundtable, to be held Wednesday, October 31, 2007, ...

Environmental toxins may cause body's defenses to worsen lung disease

... and narrowing of the airways. The most common of these diseases are obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic bronchitis and emphysema. When a large amount ... play an important role in future drug treatments for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and the basic scientific findings may also have ...

Gut protein found to protect against infection and intestinal breakdown

... infection and intestinal breakdown in people with conditions such as obstructive jaundice or irritable bowel syndrome, researchers at UT Southwestern ... court. When there's no bile in the intestine, as happens in people with obstructive jaundice or in those who rely on feeding tubes for nourishment, the lining ...

Genetically engineered animals help in scientific research that may benefit children

... and rats in combination with an animal model of obstructive nephropathy, a type of renal disease, has given ... development in human chronic kidney disease." obstructive nephropathy or obstructive uropathy, the kidney disease on which this animal ...

Snoring in children might be an allergic type disease

... data hopefully contribute to a clinician’s ability to effectively spot snoring in pre-school children in order to identify potentially more serious obstructive sleep apnoea.” ...

Longer treatment benefits sleep apnea patients

... WHAT: Adults with obstructive sleep apnea benefit significantly from longer nightly use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), a device to improve breathing during sleep, ...

Helium helps patients breathe easier

... at the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada have discovered that by combining helium with 40 per cent oxygen allowed patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to increase their exercise capacity by an average of 245 per cent. COPD is a disease of the lungs caused by smoking and ...

Migration played key role in HIV spread in South Africa

... studies that assessed long-term marijuana smoking and respiratory complications noted an association with increased respiratory symptoms, suggesting obstructive lung disease. The authors noted several common limitations among the studies, including inadequate control of the complicating effect of ...

Long-term marijuana smoking leads to respiratory complaints

... studies that assessed long-term marijuana smoking and respiratory complications noted an association with increased respiratory symptoms, suggesting obstructive lung disease. The authors noted several common limitations among the studies, including inadequate control of the complicating effect of ...

Exploring the molecular origin of blood clot flexibility

... to fibrin, affecting clot structure. The idea would be to use such compounds in people to alter the properties of the clot, so it can be less obstructive and more easily dissolved. In the future, the researchers will examine other processes at the molecular and fiber levels that may be responsible ...

Monoclonal antibody reduces exacerbations in asthmatics

... be effective in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, Crohn's disease and psoriasis, but ineffective in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)," said Dr. Hansel. "Preliminary reports of efficacy in asthma patients with concomitant rheumatoid arthritis have been ...

Proteins may predict lung transplant rejection

... in the lung. Disease disturbs protein function Lung transplants are a common therapy for many end-stage lung diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cystic fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and other diseases. Patients who receive a new lung ...
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