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Neurology in Biological News

UMMS researchers isolate first 'neuroprotective' gene in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

... led by John Landers, PhD, Associate Professor of neurology and Robert Brown, MD, DPhil, Chair and Professor of neurology at the University of Massachusetts Medical ... co-senior author of the study and Professor of neurology and complex disease genetics at King's College, ...

'First aid' for brain cells comes from blood

... the brain. For the first time, scientists at the neurology Clinic at Heidelberg University Hospital have ... frequently fatal or causes severe disability. The neurology Clinic in Heidelberg under the direction of its ... by Dr. Roland Veltkamp, senior physician at the neurology Clinic of Heidelberg University Hospital has now ...

Lack of vitamin D linked to Parkinson's disease

... published in the October issue of Archives of neurology . The finding adds to evidence that low ... author Marian Evatt, MD, assistant professor of neurology at Emory. Evatt is assistant director of the ... fifth Parkinson's patient from Emory's clinical neurology database was selected, then healthy controls and ...

Motor neuron disease and toxic substances: Possible link?

... disease, says John K. Fink, M.D., professor of neurology at the U-M Medical School and senior author of ... assistant professor at the U-M Department of neurology and the first author of the study. Why does one ... James Albers, M.D., Ph.D., a U-M professor of neurology and an expert in neuromuscular disorders, studied ...

Experimental treatment halts hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in newborns

... the study and a researcher in the divisions of Developmental Biology and neurology at Cincinnati Children's. Besides demonstrating the brain's ... medical practice," explained Ton J. DeGrauw, M.D., Ph.D., director of neurology at Cincinnati Children's. "This is why the findings of this study may have ...

Elsevier announces 2008 journal impact factor highlights

... an increase of over 1 full IF point from the 2007 IF. Finally, The Lancet neurology ( http://www.thelancet.com/journals/laneur/issue/current ) increased by 40% to 14.270, thereby retaining the #1 position in the Clinical neurology category for the 5th year running. Other Elsevier journals continue ...

'Stroke Belt' deaths tied to non-traditional risk factors

... to predict stroke risk." The findings are reported in the Annals of neurology . All minority groups, including Native Americans, Hispanics and ... and their significance. One detail that emerged in the Annals of neurology study is that the prevalence of diabetes and hypertension was up to five ...

Study on origin of mutation that causes fatal familiar insomnia

... at the UPV/EHU Pharmacy Faculty and of Dr. Juan Jos Zarranz, Head of neurology at Cruces Hospital and Professor of neurology in the Faculty of Medicine and Odontology at the UPV/EHU. The ...

Video released of rapid Alzheimer's improvement after new immune-based treatment

... perispinal delivery method to administer etanercept. The new BMC neurology article provides preliminary evidence that the disrupted neural ... words, is a common symptom in advancing Alzheimer's disease, and this BMC neurology article is one of the first to suggest the possibility of a new ...

Treating chronic pain, migraine & muscle spasticity through inhibition of neurotransmitter glutamate

... of headache therapies. Alan J. Tuchman, M.D., Clinical Professor of neurology and Pharmacology at New York Medical College, Principal of a ... for muscle spasticity. He has served as Vice Chairman of the Department of neurology at New York Medical College as well as Vice Dean of Clinical Affairs, ...

Weill Cornell team discovers how brain's own tPA helps regulate blood flow to neurons

... Dr. Costantino Iadecola, the George C. Cotzias Distinguished Professor of neurology and Neuroscience at Weill Cornell Medical College, and chief of the ... the cell," says Eduardo Gallo, a graduate student in the Department of neurology and Neuroscience, who played a key role in the study. So, the team ...

International scientists tackle obstacles to treating brain disorders

... The review article is published in the January 2008 issue of the Lancet neurology and will be available online on December 17. Many neurological disorders ... other scientists wrote the review. Edward Neuwelt, M.D., a professor of neurology and neurological surgery in the OHSU School of Medicine and a physician at ...

Researchers: No faking it, crocodile tears are real

... he began the project after a call from D. Malcolm Shaner, a consultant in neurology at Kaiser Permanente, West Los Angeles, and an associate clinical professor of neurology at the University of California, Los Angeles. Shaner, who co-authored ...

NIH awards researcher $1.5 million 'new innovator' grant for fruit-fly studies of prion proteins

... of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston (UTMB) Assistant Professor of neurology Pedro Fernandez-Funez to receive a five-year, $1.5 million NIH Directors ... which involves different proteins misbehaving in a similar way. UTMB neurology department chairman Dr. Tetsuo Ashizawa applauded Fernandez-Funezs success ...

NIH stimulus funding supports Emory biomedical scientists

... their way to achieving significant results. Emory scientists expect to advance research discoveries in areas ranging from heart disease, cancer and neurology to organ transplantation, pulmonary diseases, addiction and epilepsy. In addition to research grants, NIH provided funding for Emory scientists ...

Scientists decoding genomic sequences of H1N1 using isolates from outbreak in Argentina

... Gustavo Palacios, PhD, assistant professor of Epidemiology and CII Director W. Ian Lipkin, MD, John Snow Professor of Epidemiology, and professor of neurology and Pathology at Columbia University, plan to completely sequence up to 150 virus specimens from nasopharyngeal swabs and cultures over the next 10 ...

Results from trials of DHA in Alzheimer's disease and age-related cognitive decline

... from the National Institute on Aging (NIA)-supported Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study (ADCS), led by Joseph Quinn, MD, Associate Professor of neurology at Oregon Health and Sciences University, conducted a double blind, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial comparing DHA and placebo in 402 ...

Work in mice will contribute to the study of hereditary diseases that lead to blindness

... Martnez and Jos Luis Marn-Teva . Part of the results of this research work has been recently published in the specialized Journal of Comparative neurology . Likewise, some of the results obtained have been presented in oral communications and posters in different national and international scientific ...

UC Davis researchers visualize formation of a new synapse

... has suggested that neuroligin is critical for the formation and stabilization of synapses," said Kimberley McAllister, an associate professor of neurology in the UC Davis School of Medicine and a researcher at the UC Davis Center for Neuroscience. "Our work suggests that neuroligin is one of the first ...

Muscular dystrophy diagnosis delayed almost 2.5 years in boys

... an enzyme that leaks out of damaged muscle. "The CK test is an easily available and cheap test," said Emma Ciafaloni, M.D., associate professor of neurology at the University of Rochester Medical Center and author of the paper. "If they get the test and the diagnosis earlier, they can start treatment ...

Brain protein central to both Parkinson's, drug addiction identified

... the study while a post-doctoral research associate in the laboratory of Serge Przedborski, M.D., Ph.D., the Page and William Black Professor of neurology at Columbia University and a corresponding author. They chose to study how the brain handles a chemical known as MPTP, which ultimately damages the ...

First neuroimaging study examining motor execution in children with autism reveals new insights

... regions of the brain," said Dr. Stewart H. Mostofsky, senior study author and a pediatric neurologist in the Department of Developmental Cognitive neurology at the Kennedy Krieger Institute. "These results suggest that in children with autism, fairly close regions of the brains involved in motor tasks ...

Prenatal meth exposure linked to abnormal brain development

... has found the drug appears to cause abnormal brain development in children. The research is published in the April 15, 2009, online issue of neurology , the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. "Methamphetamine use is an increasing problem among women of childbearing age, ...

Epstein-Barr virus may be associated with progression of MS

... a viral agent may be related to the severity of MS disease process, as measured by MRI," said Robert Zivadinov, M.D., Ph.D., associate professor of neurology in UB's Jacobs Neurological Institute (JNI) and first author on the study. The research appears in the Online First section of the Journal of ...

Penn research team tests bedside monitoring of brain blood flow and metabolism in stroke victims

... of Physics in the School of Arts and Sciences and clinical collaborators John Detre, Joel Greenberg and Scott Kasner from the Department of neurology in the School of Medicine at Penn. "Stroke is caused by a reduction in blood flow to the brain, yet brain blood flow is rarely if ever measured in ...

Predicting risk of stroke from one's genetic blueprint

... Ramoni, DMD, ScD, of the Harvard School of Dental Medicine, identified 569 patients that had presented to MGH's emergency department and outpatient neurology clinics between 2002 and 2005 with symptoms of suspected stroke. They collected genetic information from the 146 patients with confirmed ...

Georgia Stem Cell Initiative meets on MCG campus Feb. 10

... Institute and Cord Blood bank, "Research Utilization of the MCG Cord Blood Bank." 10:15 a.m. - Dr. David C. Hess, chair of the MCG Department of neurology and co-director of the Brain & Behavior Discovery Institute, "Potential Clinical Applications of Stem Cells in Stroke Injury." 10:30 a.m. - Dr. ...

Mayo Clinic: Brain disorder suggests common mechanism may underlie many neurodegenerative diseases

... "It points us to a unified theory of what is going wrong in many of them," says the study's senior author, Zbigniew K. Wszolek, M.D., professor of neurology at Mayo Clinic. Molecules, vesicles and organelles within a cell are constantly carried via a network of crisscrossing microtubules that act ...

Growth of new brain cells requires 'epigenetic' switch

... the brain, and what potential role does the birth of new neurons play in making these memories?" says Hongjun Song, Ph.D., an associate professor of neurology and member of the Johns Hopkins Institute of Cell Engineering's NeuroICE. "We really want to understand how daily life experiences trigger the birth ...

Patient-derived induced stem cells retain disease traits

... of a road accident the car's in the ditch, but they don't know how it got there or the cause of it," explains Svendsen, a professor of anatomy and neurology in the UW-Madison School of Medicine and Public Health and the Waisman Center, and co-director of the Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine Center. ...

The International Society for Stem Cell Research releases new guidelines

... to seek stem cell treatments," said Dr. Olle Lindvall, co-chair of the ISSCR task force that developed the guidelines and professor in clinical neurology at the University of Lund. "Stem cell research holds tremendous promise for the development of novel therapies for many serious diseases. However, as ...

Overuse of narcotics and barbiturates may make migraine worse

... increase the frequency of headaches if overused. These findings have important public health implications." Dr. Lipton is professor and vice chair of neurology at Einstein and also directs the Montefiore Headache Center. The objective of the study was to assess the role of specific classes of acute ...

Drops in blood oxygen levels may be key to sudden death in some epilepsy patients

... drops in blood oxygen levels are more common than we thought in patients with partial seizures," said study senior author Masud Seyal, a professor of neurology at UC Davis Medical Center and director of the UC Davis Comprehensive Epilepsy Program. The study, published online in the Oct. 24 issue of the ...

Pitt research identifies new target in brain for treating schizophrenia

... networks. This data suggests that the orbitofrontal cortex may be a critical component in networks affected by schizophrenia." Working with UPMC neurology resident Houman Homayoun, Moghaddam first established that dopamine and glutamate could, separately, produce schizophrenia-like symptoms in the ...

Acoustical Meeting, Nov. 10-14, 2008 in Miami, Florida

... tissue and cellular effects. Impacting disciplines from drug development and drug delivery to neuroscience, blood-brain barrier behavior, neurology and neurosurgery, this new understanding will have fundamental implications for the long-term functional treatment of neurological and ...

'Junk' DNA proves functional

... in the biology of evolution and gene regulation of the decade," said Raymond White, Ph.D., Rudi Schmid Distinguished Professor at the Department of neurology at the University of California, San Francisco, and chair of the GIS Scientific Advisory Board. "We have suspected for some time that one of the ...

Swamping bad cells with good in ALS animal models helps sustain breathing

... its nerve's ability to function and stave off death significantly longer," says neuroscientist Nicholas Maragakis, M.D., an associate professor of neurology at Johns Hopkins who led the research team. "We intentionally targeted the motor neurons in this region," he says, "since we knew that, as in ...

2008 SNM Wagner-Torizuka Fellowships announced

... after Henry Wagner and Kanji Torizuka, are to provide experience and training for young Japanese physician researchers in the areas of cardiology, neurology and oncology. The program is designed to advance the research and clinical expertise of practicing physicians by facilitating professional ...

The Rett Syndrome Research Trust launches operations

... is caused by mutations in the MECP2 gene, is a key advisor to RSRT and Professor in the departments of Molecular and Human Genetics, Pediatrics, neurology and Neuroscience at Baylor College of Medicine and a Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator. She is particularly interested in the growing ...

NIH extends commitment to transformative research with 2008 Pioneer, New Innovator Awards

... they may be used in vaccine development. Ronald D. Cohn, M.D., Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine assistant professor of pediatrics and neurology at the McKusick-Nathans Institute of Genetic Medicine, who will study the mechanisms underlying the ability of hibernating mammals to maintain ...
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(Date:4/15/2014)... in nanoparticle form could help reduce side effects by ... years, scientists have developed nanoparticles that deliver one or ... to design particles that can carry any more than ... have devised a new way to build such nanoparticles, ... different drugs. In a paper published in the ...
(Date:4/15/2014)... University of Adelaide research into parasites of cuttlefish, ... parasites, astonishing life cycles, and shown how they ... , Researcher Dr Sarah Catalano has described 10 ... in the kidneys of cephalopods (cuttlefish, squid and ... species to be described from Australian waters. ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... hard pill to swallow, but if you,re over 24 ... terms of your cognitive motor performance, according to a ... Thompson, a psychology doctoral student, associate professor Mark Blair, ... actuarial science doctoral student, deliver the news in a ... In one of the first social science experiments to ...
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(Date:4/14/2014)... treat children with uncomplicated acute appendicitis is a reasonable ... fewer missed school days, according to a pilot study. ... Hospital and published online April 12 in the ... the first prospective study on nonoperative management of acute ... , Researchers enrolled 77 patients age 7 to 17 ...
(Date:4/14/2014)... 2014, Perth, Australia. Drug discovery company Proteomics International ... of a companion diagnostic (CDx) test with the ... The research team authenticated the panel of biomarkers ... samples. Seven biomarkers were validated at high stringency ... The mass spectrometry data was then cross-validated using ...
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(Date:4/11/2014)... the processes that control brain cell production could pave ... brain-related disorders. , Scientists have gained new understanding of ... how and when nerve and brain cells are formed ... and keeps it healthy. Their findings could help explain ... which is a fundamental characteristic of many diseases including ...
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