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Neonatal in Biological News

ICSI or IVF: Babies born from frozen embryos do just as well

... benefit of the unmedicated cycle on the neonatal outcome of the cryopreserved embryos; the ... of the study was to identify a difference in neonatal outcome while in the presence or absence of ... we did not see any clear difference in neonatal outcomes between the medicated and unmedicated ...

Crib-side studies help struggling newborns go home without feeding tubes

... (COLUMBUS, Ohio) A new strategy developed in the neonatal and Infant Feeding Disorders Program at ... tubes. These infants were referred to the neonatal and Infant Feeding Disorders Program for ... for Perinatal Research, medical director of the neonatal and Infant Feeding Disorders Program at ...

Repeat C-section before 39 weeks raises risk of neonatal illness

... its relationship with the risk of various adverse neonatal outcomes." Tita and colleagues studied 13,258 ... five minutes of three or below, was admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit or required prolonged ... are associated with a preventable increase in neonatal morbidity and NICU admissions, which carry a high ...

Innovations in Pediatric Medicine CME conference brings together national pediatrics experts

... Haven Children's Hospital 9:00 9:30 a.m. neonatal and Infant Nutrition and Iron Metabolism Dr. ... 10:00 a.m. Care of Children and Families in the neonatal Intensive Care Unit Lori Armstrong, R.N., Morgan ... area of pediatrics -- including the most complex neonatal and critical care, and all areas of pediatric ...

Bacterial infections in premature babies more common than previously realized

... These newborns had a higher incidence of neonatal systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), ... against these organisms might reduce subsequent neonatal morbidity and mortality. In an accompanying ... Similarly, standard treatment for suspected neonatal sepsis does not include antibiotics effective ...

Experimental treatment halts hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in newborns

... the brain's plasminogen activator system plays a pivotal role in neonatal cerebral hypoxic-ischemic brain injury, Dr. Kuan said the study also shows ... stroke, but very little has been known about what these enzymes do in neonatal cerebral hypoxic-ischemia, according to the researchers. The enzyme in ...

New guidelines to fight obesity in pregnancy issued

... are at increased risk of: Being born prematurely Fetal and neonatal death Having certain birth defects, especially neural tube defects Needing special care in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) Being obese in childhood Preterm birth ...

New technology aims to reduce maternal and neonatal deaths

... commercialization. As one of the leading causes of maternal and neonatal deaths worldwide, preeclampsia does not discriminate socioeconomic status ... 18 per cent of all maternal deaths, 80,000 premature births and associated neonatal complications, which can have life-long impact such as cerebral palsy, ...

New study shows compounds from soy affect brain and reproductive development

... at reproductive health markers in the rats throughout their adulthood. The neonatal stage of development in rats is comparable to the latter stages of ... Patisaul says, "is organized by hormones during development which is the neonatal stage for rats and during gestation for humans." Patisaul says the new ...

Biology of Reproduction highlights

... affected tissues of children with inflammatory myopathy, scleroderma, and neonatal lupus; however a cause and effect relationship has not been established. The authors found an average of 158 maternal cells per 100,000 neonatal cells in fetal mice, with preferential homing of these cells to fetal ...

Leading cause of death in 'preemies' might be controlled by resetting a molecular switch

... his laboratory team at the Childrens Hospital of Pittsburgh report that neonatal mice with inactivating mutations in the Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) are ... a flood of pathogens into the bloodstream. Even with modern advances in neonatal care, NEC affects 20 percent of premature babies and is fatal in nearly ...

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis may pose neurological risks

... Qi Zhou and colleagues used a mouse model to examine how a blastomere biopsy, as the key manipulation during the PGD procedure, could affect fetal, neonatal and adult development. They found that there were no differences in embryo development prior to uterine implantation in the biopsied and control ...

Chemicals in common consumer products may play a role in pre-term births

... of live births nationwide. Premature births, he says, account for one-third of infant deaths in the United States, making it the leading cause of neonatal mortality. Being born too early can also lead to chronic health problems such as blindness, deafness, cerebral palsy, low IQ and more. Phthalates ...

Stem cell surprise for tissue regeneration

... June 25 advance on-line edition of Nature . Previous studies have shown that two genes Pax3 and Pax7, are essential for making the embryonic and neonatal muscle stem cells in the mouse. Lead researcher Christoph Lepper, a predoctoral fellow in Carnegie's Chen-Ming Fan's lab and a Johns Hopkins student, ...

Low levels of vitamin D linked to common vaginal infection in pregnant women

... Pittsburgh. "It is not only associated with a number of gynecologic conditions, but also may contribute to premature delivery the leading cause of neonatal mortality making it of particular concern to pregnant women." The study, which included 469 pregnant women, sought to determine whether poor ...

Children's National experts present at Pediatric Academic Societies' Annual Meeting

... Wright, MD , map out the ways that pediatricians can prepare residents to effectively advocate for children's health. A multi-disciplinary team of neonatal specialists from Children's level IIIC NICU, including Steven Baumgart, MD , Billie L. Short, MD , Penny Glass, PhD , and Taeun Chang, MD, talk ...

Tufted bacteria cause infection in premature babies

... own defences," says Giovanna Marchini, associate professor at Karolinska Institutet and senior physician at the Astrid Lindgren Children's Hospital neonatal section. Dr Marchini stresses that humans have evolved effective forms of co-existence with certain microbes; for example, the most common ...

New findings in taste and smell

... recording, labeling, and tracing study Pregnancy and olfactory sensitivity Expansion, engraftment and multi-lineage potency of mouse neonatal olfactory neurospheres Evidence for a chemosignal in human tears β1,3-N-Acetylglucosaminyltransferase 1 (β3GnT1) regulates signaling in ...

Early isolation linked to enhanced response to cocaine

... cocaine than control rats. The study indicates that the developmental period most susceptible to isolation stress, particularly in males, is the neonatal period, since males isolated as neonates show an increase in the locomotor, and sensitized response to cocaine, compared to male control and to ...

Early isolation linked to enhanced response to cocaine

... cocaine than control rats. The study indicates that the developmental period most susceptible to isolation stress, particularly in males, is the neonatal period, since males isolated as neonates show an increase in the locomotor, and sensitized response to cocaine, compared to male control and to ...

Creating ideal neural cells for clinical use

... three distinct types of neural cells. The team then demonstrated that the C-NPCs differentiated into neurons after transplantation into the brains of neonatal mice. This research received funding from the National Institutes of Health and the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine. ...

UIC biologists use DNA to study migration of threatened whale sharks

... because they have been studied primarily near shore, while mature animals may breed and give birth out in the open ocean. Nor is much known about neonatal or juvenile sharks, including where they grow to maturity, or how and when they move between regions. That has made devising effective conservation ...

Men are the weaker sex

... research not only confirms an old wives' tale, but adds to what we know about the male gender. Males are also associated with higher risk in the neonatal period after birth, and are more likely to expose themselves to risky behavior later in life." Good Reasons for Associated Risks Boys may ...

Hebrew University professor's work leads to FDA approval for product

... due to inadvertent vascular or cardiac injury. In the U.S., there are 350,000 to 400,000 children with congenital cardiac abnormalities. Many neonatal and infant patients must undergo multiple surgeries before their defect is corrected, while other children require additional operations as they ....

American Chemical Society's weekly PressPac -- March 11, 2009

... of hemoglobin, the red pigment that carries oxygen in the blood. Parents know bilirubin as the stuff that discolors the skin of newborns with neonatal jaundice, sometimes requiring phototherapy, treatment with light. Bilirubin also gives a yellowish tinge to the skin of patients with jaundice ...

Autism Speaks funds $5 million to studies on genetic and environmental risk factors for autism

... California and University of California Davis. EARLI will explore possible risk factors and biological indicators for ASD during the prenatal, neonatal and early postnatal periods. The project will enroll and follow up to 1200 mothers of children with autism at the start of a new pregnancy and ...

Study finds 'rescue course' of antenatal steroids improves outcome in premature babies

... Group, 437 patients were randomized (233 in the study group, and 214 in the placebo group). The results showed a significant reduction in composite neonatal morbidity for babies born prior to 34 weeks in the "rescue steroid" group vs. placebo (43.9% vs. 63.6%) as well as significant decrease in ...

Research exposes the risk to infants from the chemicals used in liquid medicines

... substances in liquid medicines that premature babies are being exposed to. Research published today (Jan 20) ahead of print in the Fetal & neonatal Edition of Archives of Disease in Childhood documents the non-drug ingredients (excipients) present in liquid medicines given to premature infants ...

MIT: Mending broken hearts with tissue engineering

... come up with even better pore shapes with better mechanical properties." In a second advantage, the team found that a patch of tissue created from neonatal rat heart cells cultured on the scaffold showed directionally dependent electrophysiological properties similar to native tissue. In other words, ...

Caltech biologists spy on the secret inner life of a cell

... the bloodstream, and offer new insight into the mammalian immune system. Newborns pick up the antibodies with the aid of a protein called the neonatal Fc receptor (FcRn), located in the plasma membrane of intestinal cells. FcRn snatches a maternal antibody molecule as it passes through a newborn's ...

Duke stem cell biologist wins 3 major awards in 1 month

... dedicated young people who have joined me. None of this would have been possible without the generous support of the Jean and George Brumley, Jr., neonatal and Perinatal Research Institute, the Tisch Cancer Investigators Program, and the Duke Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine program. He heard from ...

Elsevier congratulates its British Medical Association Award winning medical authors and editors

... and Clinical Sciences: Peter H Abrahams and others - McMinn's Clinical Atlas of Human Anatomy, 6th edition Dermatology: Lawrence F Eichenfield - neonatal Dermatology, 2nd edition Endocrinology: Henry M Kronenberg and others - Williams Textbook of Endocrinology, 11th edition Ophthalmology: Jack J ...

Children's National researcher receives ACCP Distinguished Investigator Award

... He has received several major awards from the National Institutes of Health and has published more than 150 peer reviewed papers in the field of neonatal and pediatric clinical pharmacology. He also served as the president of the European Society of Developmental, Perinatal, and Pediatric Pharmacology ...

NTP finalizes report on Bisphenol A

... gland or accelerate puberty in females. The NTP expressed "negligible concern" that exposure of pregnant woman to BPA will result in fetal or neonatal mortality, birth defects or reduced birth weight and growth in their offspring. The NTP also expressed "negligible concern" that exposure to BPA ...

Pre-eclampsia may be autoimmune disease

... and Small For Gestational Age (SGA) infants. Many of these babies are born with underdeveloped lungs or poor lung clearance of fluid, necessitating neonatal intensive care admission and various respiratory therapies to support their breathing. We continue to struggle to find a proven prevention or ...

Children born from frozen embryos weigh more and do better than those born after fresh transfer

... FER children significantly lower, as was the percentage of pre-term births. "Additionally there were significantly fewer children admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit in the FER group," said Dr. Pinborg, "although, when limited to single births, this difference disappeared. Most encouragingly, ...

When it comes to female red squirrels, it seems any male will do

... the study while obtaining his PhD at the University of Alberta. The researchers also found that the relatedness of parents had no effect on the neonatal mass and growth rate of their offspring. As well, whether or not an offspring survived to one year of age wasn't affected by having related parents ...

A new gene trigger for pregnancy disorder identified

... proteinuria, and edema, preeclampsia affects approximately 5 percent of all pregnancies worldwide, and is a leading cause of maternal and neonatal morbidity. Knowing that placental hypoxia, or oxygen shortage, associated with vascular dysfunction, is a hallmark of the condition, senior author ...

Opening a channel for salt retention

... function to deficient ENaC. The sustained yet reversible action of S3969 makes it a good model to build future drugs aimed at improving hypotension, neonatal pulmonary edema (reduced sodium uptake in the lungs can lead to fluid retention), and renal salt wasting disorders. ...

War between the sexes begins before twins' birth, TAU researchers say

... pediatricians better understand the health risks and outcome of premature babies. Prof. Reichman helped analyze the data collected by the Israel neonatal Network comprising 8,858 very low birth weight infants ( 1 to 3 pounds) born prematurely at 24 to 34 weeks' gestation. The study data covered infants ...
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