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Memory in Biological News

Preimplantation genetic diagnosis may pose neurological risks

... procedure may increase risks of weight gain and memory decline in adulthood. PGD is used alongside ... on average had higher body weight and poorer memory in maze tests. To get a more detailed picture of these memory defects, the authors performed a proteomic ...

A 'heart healthy' diet and ongoing, moderate physical activity may protect against cognitive decline

... moderate physical activity may help preserve our memory and thinking abilities as we age, according to ... healthier, and that also may lower our risk of memory decline as we age," said William Thies, PhD, ... activities from high school to menopause. Eight memory and brain function tests were administered to all ...

Results from trials of DHA in Alzheimer's disease and age-related cognitive decline

... trial showed a positive result on one test of memory and learning, but that study was in healthy older ... completely in future trials," Thies added. memory Improvement with DHA Study (MIDAS) Researchers ... nutritional supplement for ARCD in their memory Improvement with DHA Study (MIDAS). Scientists ...

UTSA psychologist awarded $1 million for memory research

... get a more basic understanding of how prospective memory works and how it is different for older adults ... memory, in order to improve prospective memory in young and older adults." Once the ... in real-life settings to help improve prospective memory in older adults. ...

UT San Antonio researcher wins $917,000 from NIH to study memory

... persistence of learning over time. This kind of memory does not simply involve 'what' and 'where' events ... the contribution of these new neurons to episodic memory is the focus of this four-year grant." Although memory loss is most commonly associated with aging, it ...

Scientists capture the first image of memories being made

... protein translation, which underlies long-term memory formation. The finding provides the first visual evidence that when a new memory is formed new proteins are made locally at the ... in Science , is important for understanding how memory traces are created and the ability to monitor it ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- May 20, 2009

... ARTICLE #4 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE New memory material may hold data for one billion years ... 100 gigabits of data per square inch on today's memory cards has an estimated life expectancy of only 10 ... remedying this situation with a new computer memory device that can store thousands of times more ...

Early identification of dementia increasingly difficult

... things, will she end up demented? These days, memory loss is one of the very few symptoms that may ... seem to work any longer. The thesis shows that memory loss is the only factor that can still be used to ... today it seems like psychiatric evaluation of the memory is the only useful test. In addition, it is more ...

Flow of potassium into cells implicated in schizophrenia

... to be 2.5 fold higher than normal in the brain memory hub of people with the chronic mental illness and ... for schizophrenia. Inefficiently processed memory in the hippocampus and working memory in the prefrontal cortex, as revealed by ...

Some short-term memories die suddenly, no fading

... measure two things: the accuracy of a short-term memory and the probability that the memory still existed. Each test was given to 12 adults. ... this test 150 times for each of the three memory retention intervals. When subjects retained ...

Computer simulations explain the limitations of working memory

... the understanding of the capacity of the working memory and of how the billions of neurons in the brain ... planning. It has long been known that the working memory is subject to limitations, as we can only manage ... brain, the team was able to discover why working memory is only capable of retaining between two and ...

An end to fear

... Until recently, it was assumed that the fear memory could not be deleted. However, Klindt's team has ... changes can indeed be effected in the emotional memory of human beings. Storing changes Before ... the memories. The traditional idea was that the memory is established after this phase and can, ...

New target for medicine to combat Alzheimer's: VIB scientists confirm protein's key role

... with Alzheimer's gradually declines. At first, memory begins to fail, but the patient's cognitive ... medicines for Alzheimer's patients sustain the memory functions for a short time, but they are unable ... off. At best, they are able to limit the loss of memory during the early phases of the disease. The ...

TGen and ASU researchers find drug that could reduce risk of Alzheimer's

... to the brain also could help improve learning and memory and reduce the risk of Alzheimer's disease, ... Fasudil, improved spatial learning and working memory in middle-aged rats when negotiating a ... the impact of aging, or even enhance learning and memory throughout one's life span. "Fasudil shows ...

Developer of advanced computing memory, father of biochemical engineering, and innovative engineering educators win highest engineering honors of 2009

... to the development of Dynamic Random Access memory (DRAM), used universally in computers and other ... Dennard's invention of dynamic random access memory (DRAM) using one-transistor cells paved the way ... of computing. DRAM is a form of computer memory that puts bits of data into capacitors ...

SUNY Downstate researchers find that memory storage molecule preserves complex memories

... memories could be effective against the offending memory while sparing the computational function of ... general storage mechanism for different types of memory content but, fortunately, that PKMzeta stores ... expect to one day see therapies based on PKMzeta memory erasure," Dr. Fenton suggests. ...

A walk in the park a day keeps mental fatigue away

... and urban environments would affect attention and memory processes. First, a group of volunteers completed a task designed to challenge memory and attention. The volunteers then took a walk in ... In the first experiment, performance on the memory and attention task greatly improved following the ...

Old and young brains rely on different systems to remember emotional content

... that generates emotions and a region involved in memory and learning. But they also found that the older ... one reason why older adults showed a reduction in memory for pictures with a more negative emotional ... that older people showed a reduction in memory for negative pictures, but it was surprising that ...

Low-carb diets can affect dieters' cognition skills

... after a week of severe carbohydrate restriction, memory performance, particularly on difficult tasks, is ... low-carb diet was slower and their visuospatial memory was not as good as those on the low-calorie diet. ... in carbohydrates can be detrimental to learning, memory and thinking." ...

'Fly guy' makes memory breakthrough

... with Fragile X syndrome may have learning and memory problems, epilepsy and autism. "We know that ... Neuroscience . Bolduc's test of long-term memory in fruit flies began by exposing them to two ... even in the absence of a future shock. This memory lasts for about a weekone-fifth of a lifetime to ...

Interaction between gene variants may alter brain function in schizophrenia

... prefrontal cortex known to be critical to working memory in 79 schizophrenia patients and 75 healthy controls as they completed a memory task. Levels of cortical activity were then ... in both patients and controls, when the working memory task become more difficult, weaker cortical ...

IronKey Opens New European Office

... for Secure and Managed USB memory Sticks in Europe LOS ALTOS, Calif., Oct. 15 ... efforts to market and sell its secure USB memory sticks throughout Europe. Fielding brings over 18 ... waterproof and tamper-resistant USB memory sticks with cross-platform support and remote ...

Emotion and scent create lasting memories -- even in a sleeping brain

... smelling something that sparks a vivid, emotional memory about a family member from years or even decades ... a memory, evaluate how the neurons change when a memory is formed and learn how that memory affects behavior," Shea adds. The researchers ...

San Diego Supercomputer Center and UCSD announce 'Triton Resource'

... the best balance of storage, computing power, and memory to meet a number of cyberinfrastructure needs for ... member of the Triton definition team. "The large memory nodes will be particularly useful for carrying ... equipped with standard compute nodes but enhanced memory capability. The cluster may be configured to ...

Circadian clock may be critical for remembering what you learn, Stanford researchers say

... diseases that include problems with learning or memory deficits, such as Down syndrome or Alzheimer's ... inhibited, then the circuits responsible for memory storage don't function properly. "Those circuits ... using PTZ to reduce GABA levels would improve memory function in the hamsters. Other researchers ...

International TGen-led team finds link between brain protein and Alzheimer's disease

... which showed a genetic link between KIBRA and memory in healthy adults. In the new study, TGen ... the inherited genes involved in normal human memory and the predisposition to Alzheimer's disease. ... with the KIBRA T-allele performed better on memory tests than those without this gene. In the ...

Sony Cyber-shot Cameras Get Smarter

... the features of the T77 unit plus 4GB of internal memory that can store nearly 1,000 full-resolution or ... store and manage images on both its 4GB internal memory and an optional memory Stick(R) media card. You can maximize the number ...

Chronic exposure to estrogen impairs some cognitive functions

... were impaired on tasks involving working memory and response inhibition, the researchers found. ... cortex, a brain region that is vital to working memory and to the ability to plan, respond to changing ... moderate or control one's behavior. Working memory is the ability to briefly remember information ...

Improved estrogen reception may sharpen fuzzy memory

... Evelyn F. McKnight chair for brain research in memory loss at the UF College of Medicine. "We ... hippocampus, right where it's needed to address memory and spatial learning." Changes in the estrogen receptor have been associated with age-related memory deficits and an increased incidence of ...

NYU Langone Medical Center's tip sheet to the International Conference on Alzheimer's Disease 2008

... Presentation # P4-429 Subjective memory Complaints a Predictor of Further Cognitive ... of 7 years found that subjects with subjective memory complaints at the first evaluation were almost 7 ... Study Suggests a Link Between Amyloid and memory Paul M. Mathews, PhD, Assistant Professor, ...

Multithreaded supercomputer seeks software for data-intensive computing

... to breakdown." The processors and computer memory in the advanced computers interact in a novel ... each processing chip gets a dollop of memory to use for its computations. To perform a ... into the memory, does its work, then accesses the memory again for its next calculation, like an elephant ...

Scientists learn how food affects the brain

... many benefits, including improving learning and memory and helping to fight against such mental ... and provide critical functions; much learning and memory occurs at the synapses, Gmez-Pinilla said. ... of several molecules related to learning and memory that are found on synapses," Gmez-Pinilla said. ...

What it's like to be a bat

... scene analysis, sensorimotor control and spatial memory and navigation." The research could ... of the scene. The echoes also cue a bat's memory about its environment so it can safely fly ... it operates, displaying a very sensitive spatial memory component. The vocalizations tell the bat the ...

Study of marine snail leads to new insights into long-term memory

... into the mechanisms that underlie long-term memory research with the potential to treat long-term memory disorders. "The more we know about how long-term memory is induced in the brain and how our memories are ...

Living fossils have long- and short-term memory

... Nautilus brain lacks the structures required for memory in more sophisticated cephalopods, Crook and ... their training for up to an hour before the memory was lost, but then the memory returned 6h later, lasting up to 24h. Nautilus ...

Are animals stuck in time?

... results of the research, entitled Episodic-Like memory in Rats: Is it Based on When or How Long Ago, ... the researchers say, suggest that episodic-like memory in rats is qualitatively different from human ... The more time that has passed, the weaker the memory may be. Rats may learn to follow different ...

Working memory has limited 'slots'

... separated by brief gaps. The working memory system smoothes out this jerky sequence of images ... just a few seconds, Luck said. "We use working memory hundreds of thousands of times each day without ... Weiwei Zhang wanted to test whether working memory stores a fixed, limited number of high-resolution ...

CSHL scientists identify a mechanism that helps fruit flies lock-in memories

... called plasticity, play a vital role in both memory formation and learning, and help determine how ... a CSHL neuroscience lab that studies learning and memory in fruit flies, or Drosophila. His team had previously identified a group of fly genes needed for memory formation, including one called Pumilio. A ...

Media highlights for February in Biophysical Journal

... longer to translocate. Having unraveled the memory effects of the molecule, we are in a pivotal ... devise new methods to suppress or enhance these memory effects --- and consequently, the back-and-forth ... healthy gene fragments one needs to suppress the memory effects, while to advance single-molecule ...

Genetic tags reveal secrets of memories' staying power in mice

... A better understanding of how memory works is emerging from a newfound ability to link ... cellular components that sustain a specific memory in genetically-engineered mice. "Remarkably, ... molecular basis of learning and memory." For a memory to last long-term, the neural connections holding ...
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(Date:8/20/2014)... University of Tennessee, Knoxville, research finds life can persist ... professor was part of a team that examined waters ... Antarctic ice sheet and found the extreme environment supports ... by Jill Mikucki and her colleagues has implications for ... in the solar system. The findings are published in ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... MA Using population-based screening outcomes of approximately 3 ... including four researchers at the University of Massachusetts Medical ... immunodeficiency (SCID) can be successfully implemented across public health ... published in the Aug. 20 issue of the ... ) showed the rate of SCID in newborns is ...
(Date:8/20/2014)... Ore. -- When are athletes who have suffered concussions ... Oregon study has found that high school athletes who ... 60 days experience a significant regression in their abilities ... The regression, as seen in changes in their balance ... 19 athletes. Ten of the 12 had returned to ...
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(Date:8/21/2014)... The W. Montague Cobb/ NMA Health Institute, ... in the elimination of health disparities, honored three ... National Medical Association’s (NMA) Annual Convention and Scientific ... Ph.D, former Director of the National Institute on ... and innovations have had a significant impact on ...
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