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Parasites ready to jump

... mobile genetic elements found in the hereditary material of humans and other organisms. They can replicate ... of nucleic acid closely related to the genetic material DNA) play the central role. "Transposons are ... transposons, since these cells pass their genetic material together with integrated mobile elements on to ...

University has grand designs to build a house of straw

... is the ultimate environmentally-friendly building material since it is renewable and is a by-product of ... have not really been seen as a credible building material by much of the industry, even though straw has ... bales are an agricultural by-product and the material can be re-grown so is totally sustainable and ...

Scientists closer to making implantable bone material, thanks to new research

... small 'nodules' of what appeared to be bone-like material in the laboratory from different types of bone ... College London have compared the 'bone-like' material grown from three different commonly used ... differences between the quality of bone-like material that these can form. For example, the ...

DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009

... damage in just a few weeks. (Jointly with Atlas material Testing Technology and the Institute of Laser ... National Lab Fire-resistive phase change material - the first-ever organic fire-resistive material when incorporated into conventional insulation ...

New Report Just Published: World Solid-State, Fiber, Gas and Dye Lasers Market Report

... by the following end-use markets: Industrial material Processing, Medical, Instrumentation, Research ... Dye Lasers I-4 End-Use I-4 Industrial material Processing I-4 Medical Applications I-4 ... of Value Sales by End-use - Industrial material Processing, Medical Applications, ...

New way to make sensors that detect toxic chemicals

... The challenge, she said, is to design a material that reacts quickly and reliably to a variety of ... at a chemical plant," Morris said. The material under study is nickel oxide, which has unusual ... its surface. Beach applies a thin coating of the material onto microelectro-mechanical systems (made in a ...

Crustacean shell with polyester creates mixed-fiber material for nerve repair

... an industrial polyester creates a promising new material for the tiny tubes that support repair of a ... biologically favorable qualities of the natural material with the mechanical strength of the synthetic ... the nerve," said Miqin Zhang, a UW professor of material science and engineering and lead author of a ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- May 20, 2009

... ARTICLE #2 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Stronger material for filling dental cavities has ingredients from ... are reporting development of a new dental filling material that substitutes natural ingredients from the ... "composite," or plastic, fillings. The new material appears stronger and longer lasting as well, with ...

One sponge-like material, three different applications

... A new sponge-like material that is black, brittle and freeze-dried (just ... Western Washington University, report that their material is twice as active as the conventional catalyst ... is a new class of chalcogels, a family of material discovered only a few years ago at Northwestern. ...

Progress toward artificial tissue?

... now developed a novel, highly porous, sponge-like material whose mechanical properties closely resemble ... loads, it is also important that the implant material have comparable elasticity in order to avoid inflammation. At the same time, the material must be very strong and resilient, or it may give ...

Findings uncover new details about mysterious virus

... vertex," an opening in the capsid where genetic material leaves the virus to infect its host, and an indentation in the virus's genetic material itself is positioned opposite this opening, ... addition, we think the indentation of the genetic material has something to do with how the genome comes out ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- April 22, 2009

... ARTICLE #4 Presto! Fast color-changing material may lead to improved sunglasses Journal of the ... development of a new so-called "photochromic" material that changes color thousands of times faster than ... describe development of a unique photochromic material that shows instantaneous coloration upon exposure ...

Breaking the ties that bind: New hope for biomass fuels

... lignocellulosic biomass, the inedible fibrous material derived from plant cell walls. The material is a potentially abundant source of sugar that ... of hydrogen bonds holding it together, the material also displays significant amounts of disorder, ...

American Chemical Society Weekly PressPac -- April 1, 2009

... for holding gases. Just 1/30th of an ounce of the material has the approximate surface area of a football ... that scientists have tried for years to find a material to optimize hydrogen storage in futuristic fuel ... are a frozen form of natural gas (methane). This material exists in vast deposits beneath the ocean floor ...

Stanford researchers develop biodegradable substitutes for wood, plastic bottles and other materials

... team focused on a new class of construction material called biodegradable composites, or ... "The ideal is to have nice, stable material when it's being used," Criddle explained. "But ... degrades quickly, and is reprocessed into new material that stays in a nice, stable form." Recycling ...

American Chemical Society's weekly PressPac -- March 11, 2009

... an ordinary life preserver made from the same material might support a horse without sinking. The ... to date. They lack the high levels of organic material needed to assess a pictograph's age using ... and other applications. With platinum the primary material used in fuel cells (which generate electricity ...

Story tips from the Departments of Energy's Oak Ridge National Lab -- March 2009

... Laboratory, has revealed that domain walls in a material called bismuth ferrite possess an unexpected ... domain walls separate the regions of a material with different magnetic, electric and other ... gas pure enough to power a fuel cell. Cellulosic material from crop waste or switchgrass could also be ...

Crab claws pack strengthening bromide-rich biomaterial

... the sharp tip of the leg is a cap of translucent material that is very different from the rest of the ... bend six times further before breaking than the material used in other regions. If the tip were made of the same material as the rest of the crab, it could never stay ...

New reference material can improve testing of multivitamin tablets

... (NIST) has developed a new certified reference material that can be an important quality assurance tool ... dietary supplements. The new Standard Reference material (SRM) 3280 for multivitamin/multimineral tablets ... tablets prepared the source material for SRM 3280 as a non-commercial batch of tablets ...

Simplicity is crucial to design optimization at nanoscale

... elements into hierarchies, the performance of a material can be radically changed. This could eliminate ... arrangements provide the basis for optimal material performance, and this must be incorporated in the material design process," said Buehler. ...

Novel technology could produce biofuel for around 0.50 a liter ($2.49 a gallon)

... technology for synthesising chemicals from plant material could produce liquid fuel for just over 0.50 a ... types of liquid fuel and chemicals from plant material such as wood and straw. Bioliq involves first heating the plant material in the absence of air to around 500C, a process ...

Novel technology could produce biofuel for around €0.50 a liter ($2.49 a gallon)

... technology for synthesising chemicals from plant material could produce liquid fuel for just over 0.50 a ... types of liquid fuel and chemicals from plant material such as wood and straw. Bioliq involves first heating the plant material in the absence of air to around 500C, a process ...

Process can cut the cost of making cellulosic biofuels

... cellulose with acid is a common way to break the material down into fermentable sugars. But after acid pretreatment, the resulting material must be washed and detoxified. That removes ... the necessary nutrients, Dale said. Cellulosic material pretreated with the AFEX process doesn't have to ...

Voracious sponges save reef

... that the caves contain far more dissolved material than non-dissolved material. The reef's guts ... take up enormous quantities of dissolved organic material from seawater. The question is whether they merely take up the material or whether they also process it. De Goeij ...

New filtering technology has environmental, industrial applications

... mutually exclusive. Researchers attached the material to a glass filter commonly used in laboratory ... if you don't modify the glass filters with our material essentially all the oil goes through. If you ... through. The membrane consists of a layer of material called polyethylene glycol, and each molecule is ...

Microarray analysis improves prenatal diagnosis

... smaller deletions or duplications of genetic material that would not be seen on a regular karyotype (a ... indicates the deletion or addition of genetic material at a particular point on the genome. The array ... that there is either more or less genetic material than one would expect to find at that location on ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac

... ARTICLE #1 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE New material could speed development of hydrogen powered ... Researchers in Greece report design of a new material that almost meets the U.S. Department of Energy ... are challenged to fabricate this material and validate its storage capacity," the ...

Coating copies microscopic biological surfaces

... the researchers thermally evaporate the material that forms the coating in a vacuum chamber. The ... many shiny ones do. No one has made this type of material artificially because we do not know the mechanism ... to create a mold in a harder, less damageable material to make many copies. Molds can be combined and ...

Prosthetic vein valve designed to direct blood flow shows promising pre-clinical results

... flap is made of poly(vinyl alcohol) cryogel, a material patented by Georgia Tech in 1999. The material has many useful attributes, including its ... low clot formation probability and material flexibility, which allowed the researchers to ...

University of Miami scientist uncovers miscalculation in geological undersea record

... 12C, during periods of high production of organic material the 13C/12C ratio of carbonate material becomes elevated. Using this principle, the history of organic material has been interpreted by geologists using the ...

Ceramic material revs up microwaving

... ceramic microwave dishes and, according to the material scientists responsible, this same material could help with organic waste remediation. ... the way most metals do. They report their material in a recent issue of Chemistry of Materials. ...

Turning waste material into ethanol

... other undesirable products." A catalyst is a material that facilitates and speeds up a chemical ... area you'd get with the same quantity of catalyst material in larger, macro-scale particles. It is also ... or wood pulp. Basically any carbon-based material can be converted into syngas. And once we have ...

ORNL researchers analyze material with 'colossal ionic conductivity'

... OAK RIDGE, Tenn., July 31, 2008 A new material characterized at the Department of Energy's Oak ... for example, an electron. "The new layered material solves this problem by combining two materials ... the ions to jump from hole to hole, the new material has "lots of vacant spaces to be occupied," said ...

'Small' research at MSU leads to advances in energy, electronics

... more durable medical and sports equipment. The material xGnP Exfoliated Graphite NanoPlatelets will be ... is considered to be a practical, inexpensive material that has a unique set of physical, chemical and ... autos. "Now that we know how to make this material and how to modify it so that it can be utilized ...

Laser fluorescence could find life on Mars

... found on meteorites, we would expect some of that material to fall from space onto the surface of Mars," ... College London, suggest that the organic material is protected under the surface of Mars, down ... as little as 1.5 micrograms of the organic material and pinpoint different PAHs by variations in ...

Scientists confirm that parts of earliest genetic material may have come from the stars

... time that an important component of early genetic material which has been found in meteorite fragments is ... Australia in 1969. They tested the meteorite material to determine whether the molecules came from the ... would have dropped large amounts of meteorite material to the surface on planets like Earth and Mars. ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- May 28, 2008

... chloride (PVC), copper, lead, and other pipe material under a range of experimental conditions. They ... 10 times more without breaking than the original material and could lead to new uses for the plastic, they ... weight, and resistance to chemicals. However, the material is relatively brittle, limiting its applications. ...

A common aquatic animal's genome can capture foreign DNA

... all of which are female, can exchange genetic material via other means. "Our result shows that genes ... of desiccation, which fractures their genetic material and ruptures cellular membranes. Miraculously, ... DNA, though, they may adopt shreds of genetic material from other bdelloids in the same puddle, as well ...

The photonic beetle

... time scientists have been able to work with a material with the ideal or champion architecture for a ... of the beetles photonic crystals, using scale material as a mold to make the crystals from a transparent ... photonic crystals to manipulate visible light. A material like this doesnt exist artificially or ...

Experts tackle shipment issues for beneficial radiation sources

... accident from transport of radioactive material over the past half century," he said. "Denial of ... the issue of denial of shipments of radioactive material render ineffective the good work that has been ... around the world. The majority of the radioactive material shipped every day is used in hospitals for ...
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(Date:9/30/2014)... What do seedless watermelon, salmon, and strawberries all have ... have two sets of chromosomes and are diploid, these ... more sets of chromosomesseedless watermelon and salmon have 3 ... 10! While this might seem surprising, in fact ... was first discovered over a century ago, but only ...
(Date:9/30/2014)... Calif. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) ... today to develop an electrode array system that ... brain works through unprecedented resolution and scale. , ... to support President Obama,s BRAIN (Brain Research ... research effort to revolutionize our understanding of the ...
(Date:9/30/2014)... scientists and engineers, led by Clemson University associate ... million grant from the U.S. Department of Energy,s ... a direct positive impact on South Carolina in ... radioactive contaminants. , "Understanding the scientific and engineering ... aspects of nuclear technologies is imperative if South ...
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