Regular family meals result in better eating habits for adolescents
... family meals.
Data were drawn from Project EAT, a population-based, longitudinal
study designed to examine socioenvironmental, personal, and behavioral ... from the current analysis, in conjunction with similar findings from a longitudinal
analysis of older adolescents transitioning to young adulthood, strongly ...
Autism Speaks funds $5 million to studies on genetic and environmental risk factors for autism
... at risk for autism.
One of the two projects is the Early Autism Risk longitudinal
Investigation (EARLI) network ( www.earlistudy.org ) lead by Drexel ... by allowing DNA and additional exposure data to be collected, supporting longitudinal
research over time, and facilitating collaboration among separate research ...
Siblings of mentally disabled face own lifelong challenges, according to researchers
... of WisconsinMadison researchers identified 351 people from a 46-year longitudinal
study who had at least one sibling with a mental disability. These ... children."
The data for this study were obtained from the Wisconsin longitudinal
Study. The study includes approximately 10,000 people who were first ...
Resilience in an aging society: GSA showcases cutting-edge meeting topics
... PhD; S. Jay Olshansky, PhD; and Richard Weindruch, PhD.
The Baltimore longitudinal
Study (BLSA) on Aging: 50 Years of Gerontology and More
Sunday, November ... Location: Potomac Ballroom A
The BLSA is the largest and longest-running longitudinal
study of aging in the United States. This symposium will explore the ...
Political participation is partially rooted in genetic inheritance
... California voter data to examine patterns nationwide using the National longitudinal
Study of Adolescent Health conducted from 1994 to 2002. This data has ... would be more likely to vote, the researchers turned again to the National longitudinal
Study of Adolescent Health to conduct tests on the relationship between ...
Genome study shines light on genetic link to height
... encompassed nearly 30,000 individuals: adults and children from the Avon longitudinal
Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) and the Exeter Family Study of ... early in human development. Moreover, it appears to influence the overall longitudinal
growth of the skeleton, as scientists found that the T-to-C change in the ...
Maternal, paternal genes' tug-of-war may last well into childhood
... suggest paternally-expressed genes promote, and maternally-expressed genes inhibit, childhood growth," Haig writes.
Haig adds that further longitudinal
study of feeding and development in individuals with Silver-Russell syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, Temple syndrome, and Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome ...
2 reproductive factors are important predictors of death from ovarian cancer
... regarding the reproductive factors that may influence survival after diagnosis with this serious disease."
Robbins and colleagues conducted a longitudinal
analysis of 410 women, aged 20 to 54 years. All participants were previously enrolled in the 1980-1982 Cancer and Steroid Hormone (CASH) study as ...
Forsyth scientists suggest linkages between obesity and oral bacterial infection
... relationship by initially conducting a controlled cohort study to see if this initial observation can be reproduced. In addition, he hopes to conduct longitudinal
studies in children to see if oral infection relates to weight gain. Ultimately, the development of strategies to eliminate specific oral bacteria ...
Pre-pregnancy depressed mood may heighten risk for premature birth
... to any child born after less than 37 weeks of gestation. Normal gestation ranges from 38 to 42 weeks. Data for the study was drawn from a larger longitudinal
investigation looking at the risks for cardiovascular disease among more than 5,000 young adults in four metropolitan areas. The Coronary Artery ...
Sulphur in just one hair could blow a terrorist's alibi
... were minimal, and similar in both samples.
The authors believe they have overcome "the first hurdle" developing an effective method to measure longitudinal
isotope variations in hair, with the potential to relate these changes to geographical movements. The next objective is to demonstrate the global ...
Study finds link between individual stress and adolescent obesity
... also contributed to the study.
The study analyzes data obtained from the "Welfare, Children and Families: A Three-City Study" -- a six-year longitudinal
investigation. Researchers measured the height and weight of the adolescents to determine their body mass index, which was subsequently used to ...
Sugar, spice and puppy dog tails: Developing sex-typed personality traits and interests
... A new longitudinal
study of children's personality traits and interests tells us that sex-typed characteristics develop differently in girls and boys. The study, by ...
Mothers of multiple births at increased odds of postpartum depression
... high household socioeconomic status were less likely to have depressive symptoms."
Choi, along with colleagues, used data from the Early Childhood longitudinal
StudyBirth Cohort, a nationally representative sample of children born in 2001. They measured depressive symptoms in mothers using an abbreviated ...
Harmonizing biobank research: An achievable world-wide goal
... countries. PHOEBE identifies and explores key issues to help to ensure that Europe makes best use of its rich array of population-based biobanks and longitudinal
cohort studies. The ultimate aim is to harmonise those features that will help to: (1) promote communication between major biobanking initiatives; ...
Epstein-Barr virus may be associated with progression of MS
... with an increased loss of gray matter and total brain volume over the three-year follow-up.
The researchers now are carrying out prospective longitudinal
studies in patients who experienced a condition called "clinically isolated syndrome," a first neurologic episode that lasts at least 24 hours, and ...
January GEOLOGY media highlights
... beyond. For the first time, downstream evolution of the kinematic properties of propagating ice-slurry fronts could be characterized, as well as the longitudinal
variation of the physical properties of their resulting deposits. The chemistry and composition of the deposits show that during flow, vertical ...
Brain background to body mass
The research also helps to set the stage to unravel the two influences of genetics and environment. Future research could harness the power of longitudinal
cohort studies, which track the health of many subjects through time, thereby providing the tools to map gene-environment interactions.
"As we ...
New study indicates smallpox vaccination effective for decades
... vaccinia smallpox vaccine should be used first on individuals who have not been vaccinated previously.
Examining 246 participants of the Baltimore longitudinal
Study of Aging, investigators from the National Institute on Aging and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes ...
UNC expands brain imaging study of infants at risk for autism
... was originally awarded $10 million in 2007 by the National Institutes of Health as an Autism Center of Excellence under the project title "A longitudinal
MRI Study of Infants at Risk for Autism."
The NIH recently awarded the project supplemental funding of $500,000 per year for five years and the ...
Jefferson Department of Surgery announces new pancreas tumor registry
... risk factors to which pancreatic cancer patients have been exposed."
The JPTR modeled after the National Familial Pancreas Tumor Registry is a longitudinal
study in which participants may engage in long-term follow-up and receive information regarding scientific and epidemiological breakthroughs in ...
Indiana University research at American Public Health Association meeting
... behaviors among caregivers has the potential to prevent significant illness and premature mortality." The study involved 4,943 participants in a longitudinal
study who reported the number of hours per week they spent caring for their children, parents and in-laws. The researchers looked at five health ...
NARSAD announces 2008 Prizes for Outstanding Achievement in Research on Mental Health Disorders
... a subtype of ADHD that has led to improved diagnostic criteria, and has validated the distinction of hyperactivity from conduct disorder. His longitudinal
epidemiological studies have provided the basis for European treatment guidelines.
Judith Rapoport, M.D., chief of the Child Psychiatry Branch ...
NIH's Genes, Environment and Health Initiative adds 6 studies
... the Lung Health Study.
Myriam Fornage, Ph.D., University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston; $1.1 million. Genome-Wide Association Study of longitudinal
Blood Pressure Profiles from Young Adulthood to Middle-Age.
Christopher Haiman, Sc.D., University of Southern California, Los Angeles; $210,000. ...
Peers important for nutrition education among Latinos
... peer nutrition educators as part for their FSNE delivery strategies, this represents a major gap in knowledge.
Researchers also found a need for longitudinal
randomized trials testing the impact of peer nutrition education interventions for Latinos grounded on goal setting and culturally appropriate ...
Why do people vote? Genetic variation in political participation
... the authors examine the turnout patterns of identical and non-identical twinsincluding 396 twins in Los Angeles County and 806 twins in the National longitudinal
Study of Adolescent Health. Their findings suggest that 53% of the variation in turnout can be accounted for by genetic effects in the former, with ...
Highlights from the June 2008 Journal of the American Dietetic Association
... and is certainly cause for concern."
The students completed a dietary assessment using diet and lifestyle questions adapted from the National longitudinal
Survey of Children and Youth (Canada) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Youth Risk Behavior Survey.
The study ...
Neural cell transplants may help those with Parkinson's disease
According to Zhiming Zhang, M.D. corresponding author and colleagues from the University of Kentucky College of Medicine, the need is great for longitudinal
noninvasive, highly sensitive imaging techniques to monitor treatment for PD. Their study reports on attempts at monitoring GDNF-induced functional ...
Great apes endangered by human viruses
... to infer that similar respiratory outbreaks could date as far back as 1986.
The research project has however also had strongly positive effects. longitudinal
surveys showed that the presence of researchers had suppressed poaching activities in the surrounding area. Consequently, chimpanzee densities at ...
Computer-based tool aids research, helps thwart questionable publication practices
... are not only completely ethical, but also valuable to the scientific community. For example, long-term studies such as clinical trial updates and longitudinal
surveys require annual or bi-annual publication of progress, and these updates often contain verbatim reproductions of much of the original text.
Research pioneer in the developmental origins of psychiatric illness is awarded the Sackler prize
... Caspi's work has combined new knowledge of commonly occurring gene variants linked to psychiatric illnesses, such as major depression, with careful longitudinal
studies that have provided quantitative measures of specific early stressors, such as child abuse. The results have delineated the interactions of ...
Researchers uncover new piece to the puzzle of human height
... European ancestry and nearly 4,000 African-American individuals.
The Sardinians were participants in the SardiNIA project, a multidisciplinary, longitudinal
genetic study of complex traits and diseases in Sardinia supported by the National Institute on Aging (NIA). The Finns were participants in the ...
Family conditions may affect when girls experience puberty
... of family studies and human development at the University of Arizona and the lead author of the study. These results replicate and extend previous longitudinal
research indicating that higher levels of positive investment and support in family relationships in preschool predict lower levels of pubertal ...
Genetic contributions to human brain morphology and intelligence
... genetic methods are needed.
To investigate the stability of genetic and environmental influences onto functional neural networks in human brain longitudinal
twin studies in childhood as well as in adulthood are needed since brain volume changes dynamically throughout life.
New brain-imaging methods, ...
Eating competence may lower risk of heart disease
... prudent to train people in becoming eating competent. She, however, cautions that the results offer only a snapshot in time indicating that future longitudinal
studies will be required to reach a more comprehensive conclusion.
"What we have shown with this research is that we now have an instrument to ...
Girls who begin dieting twice as likely to start smoking
The researchers derived their findings from the answers of 7,795 adolescents who were surveyed during the first two waves of the National longitudinal
Study of Adolescent Health, completed in 1994 and 1996. The teens were in seventh, eighth and ninth grade when surveyed.
UF researchers included ...
Study shows link between alcohol consumption and hiv disease progression
... consumption in 595 HIV-infected persons with alcohol problems. The relation of HIV disease progression to alcohol consumption was studied using longitudinal
regression models controlling for known prognostic factors, including adherence and depressive symptoms, and stratified by antiretroviral therapy ...
Displaced songbirds navigate in the high Arctic
... our understanding of how birds might determine longitudinal
information--a challenging task, especially at ... of geomagnetic and celestial information, but longitudinal
position is much more difficult to determine. In ... and geomagnetic information to correct for longitudinal
displacements. The results of the study suggest ...
Prenatal Stress Keeps Infants, Toddlers up at Night, Study Says
... for years to come.
The survey-based study, part of the Avon longitudinal
Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), assessed pregnant women living in ... babies.
The ALSPAC study, part of the WHO-initiated European longitudinal
Study of Pregnancy and Childhood, is funded by the Wellcome Trust, the ...