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Liquid in Biological News

Jet-propelled imaging for an ultrafast light source

... Weierstall of ASU designed a nozzle that can fire liquid droplets, each less than a millionth of a meter ... discovered that a smooth, cylindrical jet of liquid emerging from an orifice spontaneously breaks up ... of Seville found a way to surround the streaming liquid with pressurized gas to make a ...

What scientists know about jewel beetle shimmer

... beetle cells form similar to a certain kind of liquid crystal called a 'cholesteric' liquid crystal whose free surface has cone-like ... that form as cones like those in a cholesteric liquid crystal. When these cones solidify, they preserve ...

Medical use for waste television screens

... and is a key element of television sets with liquid crystal display (LCD) technology. When these sets ... Green Chemistry Centre of Excellence and the York liquid Crystal Group, and is published in the journal ... author's of the research, said: "With 2.5 billion liquid crystal displays already reaching the end of ...

New technique can fast-track better ionic liquids for biomass pre-treatments

... dynamically track solubilization during an ionic liquid pretreatment of a biomass sample, and to ... "Working with switchgrass and using the ionic liquid known as EmimAc (1-n-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium ... which biomass solubilization occurs in an ionic liquid pre-treatment." Simmons says that once the ...

Plastic that grows on trees, part two

... used a chemical and a solvent known as an ionic liquid to convert the simple sugars into HMF. The ... to learn how to skip that step. The ionic liquid has the added benefit of being able to dissolve ... break down cellulose. The metal chlorides-ionic liquid system worked ten times faster than the acid and ...

LSUHSC public health researcher finds reason for weight gain

... and obesity are more linked to an increase in liquid calories, particularly sugar-sweetened beverages, ... four principal findings: First, a reduction in liquid calorie intake was significantly associated with ... Second, the weight-loss effect of a reduction in liquid calorie intake was stronger than that of a ...

Beverage consumption a bigger factor in weight

... was positively associated with a reduction in liquid calorie consumption and liquid calorie intake had a stronger impact on weight ... Journal of Clinical Nutrition . "Both liquid and solid calories were associated with weight ...

Queen's scientists find new way to battle MRSA

... researchers from the Queen's University Ionic liquid Laboratories (QUILL) Research Centre. The team ... to over 800o C to become a liquid, the ionic liquid antibiofilm agents remain liquid at the ambient temperatures found in hospitals. ...

Good liquid, bad liquid

... Immediately after the liquid explosive bomb plot was uncovered in London in ... solution. They have successfully tested a liquid explosive detection system that may eventually ... but the technology is promising to quickly detect liquid explosives within a few years. Stephen ...

February 2009 Geology and GSA Today media highlights

... NASA's Mars Exploration Program is the search for liquid water (and potential life) on Mars. One of the ... geologic features that indicate cooling lava and liquid water have interacted near the Earth's surface. ... recent interactions between cooling lava and liquid water. Multicentennial megadrought in ...

Novel technology could produce biofuel for around 0.50 a liter ($2.49 a gallon)

... chemicals from plant material could produce liquid fuel for just over 0.50 a litre, say German ... is able to produce a range of different types of liquid fuel and chemicals from plant material such as ... known as pyrolysis. This produces a thick oily liquid containing solid particles of coke termed ...

Novel technology could produce biofuel for around €0.50 a liter ($2.49 a gallon)

... chemicals from plant material could produce liquid fuel for just over 0.50 a litre, say German ... is able to produce a range of different types of liquid fuel and chemicals from plant material such as ... known as pyrolysis. This produces a thick oily liquid containing solid particles of coke termed ...

New holographic method could be used for lab-on-a-chip technologies

... an inch or about the diameter of a human hair. A liquid sample containing fluorescent beads was injected ... L patterns," Kumar said. The particles in the liquid sample automatically move to the location of the ... quickly," Kumar said. The light heats up the liquid sample slightly, changing its density and ...

The physics of star-forming clouds and the urban environment

... of magnetic field by a fully turbulent flow of liquid sodium. This field can switch polarities at ... absorb shocks. We consider here the efficiency of liquid foams as kinetic energy ... ... OF A SPLASH "The impact of a drop onto a liquid layer and the subsequent splash has important ...

Complex systems and Mars missions help understand how life began

... at Pilbara provide strong evidence that there was liquid water on Earth at that time, because their shape could only have developed underwater. liquid water is crucial for life. But, says Zegers, ... life was evolving on Earth, it seems there was liquid water on Mars too, and a similar environment in ...

American Chemical Society Weekly PressPac Oct. 15, 2008

... abundant domestic energy resource into synthetic liquid fuels for cars and trucks. The study is scheduled ... processes for converting coal into much-needed liquid fuels are uneconomical and release too much ... be cooled to very low temperatures with expensive liquid helium. In the mid-1980s, however, scientists ...

A better way to make hydrogen from biofuels

... and its cost". The process starts with a liquid biofuel such as ethanol, which is heated and ... of chemical reactions that ultimately convert the liquid to a hydrogen-rich gas. One of the biggest ... studying how to use the same catalyst with other liquid biofuels. Her coauthors on this presentation ...

Chemists make beds with soft landings

... layer in one of two ways, starting either from a liquid form for electrospray or from a gaseous mixture ... the chemists began with the peptides (either in liquid or gas), zapped them to give them a slight ... known as a β sheet. The dearth of helices in liquid form surprised the researchers. When the ...

Taking a cue from breath fresheners, researcher develops new method for taste testing

... done in the lab is a 'sip and spit' test, where a liquid solution is prepared that contains dissolved ... portable, he said. Another big problem with the liquid test is that it cannot be effectively used to ... is very difficult to do regional testing with the liquid test because it is tough to ...

New clues to how proteins dissolve and crystallize

... developed just such an approach. Incorporating liquid microjet technology into the high-vacuum ... fine structure (NEXAFS) measurements on liquid samples that would otherwise be difficult or ... a brainstorm," says Uejio. "He wanted me to use liquid microjet technology to measure the selective ...

A gentle touch for better control, a quantum mechanical con, and milestone PRL papers

... 28, 885 (1972) New Magnetic Phenomena in liquid He3 below 3 mK D. D. Osheroff, W. J. Gully, R. ... -- putting pressure on a mixture of solid and liquid helium-3. In the first Letter two anomalies in ... of Recent Results on He3 below 3 mK: A New liquid Phase? A. J. Leggett Phys. Rev. Lett. 29, 1227 ...

'Smart' greenhouse research partnership unveiled

... Botanical Garden and Kent State Universitys liquid Crystal Institute today officially launched a ... research project to explore the potential of liquid crystal technology for creating more sustainable, ... in the first phase of the project. One contains liquid crystal panels and the other, a control, has ...

Iowa State, ConocoPhillips and National Renewable Energy Lab to cooperate on biofuels research

... efficient and cost-effective methods for making liquid transportation fuels from plants. ... how to find the best ways to convert biomass to liquid transportation fuels, said Tom Foust, technology ... biochemical conversion of cellulosic biomass into liquid fuels has great promise to be a clean and ...

Carbon capture strategy could lead to emission-free cars

... a sustainable transportation system that uses a liquid fuel and traps the carbon emission in the vehicle ... plant where it could be transformed into liquid fuel. Currently, Georgia Tech researchers are ... the carbon and store it in the vehicle in liquid form. The research was published in Energy ...

ASU professor helps solve mystery of glassy water

... substance found in all three states solid, liquid and gas within the range of natural Earth temperatures. Its solid form is less dense than its liquid form, which is why ice floats. It can absorb a ... the way, gained important insights into phases of liquid water as well. His research is published in the ...

Fine print: New technique allows fast printing of microscopic electronics

... than conventional nanotechnology. It is a liquid delivery system on a micro scale, said Ilhan ... an electrohydrodynamic (EHD) jet -- a stream of liquid forced from a nozzle by a very strong electric ... main features of EHD jets is that the stream of liquid becomes unstable soon after it leaves the nozzle ...

Research project aims to control sunlight, extend growing season and conserve energy

... Botanical Garden and Kent State Universitys liquid Crystal Institute - recognized internationally as ... overarching goal of this research is to determine liquid crystals potential for creating more sustainable, ... greenhouses. Researchers at Kent have developed liquid crystal windows that switch to different shading. ...

'Electrospray' droplet research yields surprising, practical results

... for decades that applying an electric field to liquid drops causes the formation of structures that ... strands are many times thinner than the original liquid from which they formed, which makes the ... about an inch from a puddle of liquid. The liquid was pulled toward the tip of the rod and took on ...

Liquid crystal phases of tiny DNA molecules point up new scenario for first life on Earth

... of Milan has discovered some unexpected forms of liquid crystals of ultrashort DNA molecules immersed in ... information, could assemble into several distinct liquid crystal phases that self-orient parallel to one ... of DNA, those molecules capable of forming liquid crystals selectively condense into droplets in ...

Council to honor NJIT SmartPin

... A liquid dispensing system useful for identifying medical ... pin-to-target distance, dispense volume, control liquid spin-off as well as the quality of dispensation. ... The patent Delivery of Metered Amounts of liquid Materials relates to the mini-revolution ...

Researchers develop liquid crystal pharmaceuticals to fight cancer and other diseases

... and IC-MedTech Inc. has yielded an innovative liquid crystal technology that offers the promise of new ... collaborative efforts have yielded an innovative liquid crystal technology that offers the promise of new ... based on the pharmacologic properties of liquid crystals ...

Coal-based fuels and products hit the refinery

... they mix raw, clean coal with decant oil the liquid found at the bottom after catalytic cracking and ... minerals for anode use," says Clifford. "The liquid component does include jet fuel, but the liquid products are very heavy in fuel oil." The ...

Energy-saving method checks refrigerant level in air conditioners

... called heat exchangers. In air conditioning and refrigeration systems, liquid refrigerant evaporates in a heat exchanger called an evaporator, cooling the air. The refrigerant vapor turns back into a liquid in another heat exchanger called a condenser. During these evaporation and ...

A tiny frozen microbe may hold clues to extraterrestrial life

... than E. coli . Its small size probably helped it to survive in the liquid veins among ice crystals and the thin liquid film on their surfaces. Small cell size is considered to be advantageous ...

Knock-out drugs: Narrow window for detection

... Many substances can be used as knock-out drugs, for example alcohol and liquid ecstasy. However, the most important are benzodiazepines and other ... Benzodiazepines can be detected in the blood for a maximum of 24 hours and liquid ecstasy for only 8 hours. For this reason, if the administration of ...

Queen's scientists discover eco-friendly wood dissolution

... that chips of both softwood and hardwood dissolved completely in ionic liquid and only mild conditions of temperature and pressure were needed. By ... for the future include the addition of eco-friendly additives to the ionic liquid system or the use of catalysts. The researchers are hoping to ...

Non-wovens as scaffolds for artificial tissue

... What forces do the cells experience when the non-woven is pulled or when a liquid passes through the fibre network? How do cells penetrate the non-woven? ... cells and metabolic products are transported away from the cells when a liquid flows by," explains Dr. Raimund Jaeger, group manager at the IWM. ...

Chemical found in medical devices impairs heart function

... kind. To test their theory, Shoukas and his team of researchers took liquid samples from IV bags and bypass machines before they were used on ... in another machine that can identify unknown chemicals and found the liquid to contain a chemical compound called cyclohexanone. The researchers ...

Unlikely life thriving at Antarctica's Blood Falls

... An unmapped reservoir of briny liquid chemically similar to sea water, but hidden under an inland Antarctic ... Finally Mikucki obtained a sample of an extremely salty and clear liquid for analysis. "When I started running the chemical analysis on it, ...

Turning sunlight into liquid fuels

... an artificial version of photosynthesis that can be used to produce liquid fuels from carbon dioxide and water. Researchers with the U.S. Department ... of Helios SERC. Artificial photosynthesis for the production of liquid fuels offers the promise of a renewable and carbon-neutral source of ...
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