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Learning in Biological News

Short stressful events may improve working memory

... mentally, and can have a detrimental effect on learning and emotion. However, acute stress -- a short stressful incident -- may enhance learning and memory. Researchers at the University at ... acute stress can produce a beneficial effect on learning and memory, through the effect of the stress ...

Results from trials of DHA in Alzheimer's disease and age-related cognitive decline

... a change from baseline in CANTAB Paired Associate learning (PAL), a visuospatial episodic memory test. ... the reduction in errors on a test that measures learning and memory performance versus those who took a ... "The benefit is roughly equivalent to having the learning and memory skills of someone three years ...

A young brain for an old bee

... division of labour among honey bees affects their learning performance as they age. Surprisingly, they have ... social role, aging honey bees can keep their learning ability intact or even improve it. The scientists ... foraging duration, their capacity for associative learning was found to decrease. On the other hand, no ...

Common fish species has 'human' ability to learn

... animal shown to exhibit an important human social learning strategy. The sticklebacks can compare the ... fish might have an unusually sophisticated social learning capability not yet found in other animals, called ... people choosing the best technique through social learning and improving on it, resulting in cumulative ...

Preclinical work shows how one gene causes severe mental retardation

... of cognitive development and language, typically learning only a 2-3 words over their lifetime. "When ... of the study. "Instead of studying a complex learning model, we studied how connections between brain ... suggested that this is the basis for the profound learning difficulties in these patients. The ...

Songbird study from CSHL, CCNY provides concrete measure of biology's impact on culture

... new insights into how genetic background, learning abilities and environmental variation might ... heard in the wild is the product of genes and learning a combination of innate song that would be learned even in isolation, and the effects of a learning process iterated over multiple generations. This ...

Rumbaugh's theory links positions of Wilson, Skinner

... 2002, offering a substantially new perspective of learning and behavior that generates a new class of ... to his own research in comparative primate learning and language, Dr. Sue Savage-Rumbaugh's language ... helped stimulate his comprehensive theory of learning and behavior. Colleagues important to Rumbaugh's ...

The genetic X-factor

... the X chromosome that, when knocked-out, lead to learning disabilities. The international team studied almost all X chromosome genes in 208 families with learning disabilities - the largest screen of this type ... Estimates suggest that the prevalence of learning disability is ....

Lab study shows THC exposure as adolescents linked to negative effects of THC as adults

... sensitive to THC's negative effects on tests of learning and memory. A new study, reported at the ... as adults, they performed more poorly on tests of learning and memory diminished response time, increase in ... lasting effects on cognitive processes such as learning and memory. He believes that illicit use of THC ...

Study to evaluate success of parental involvement in early childhood education

... of Texas Health Science Center's Children's learning Institute (CLI) to combine two programs to test ... Texas Early Education Model (TEEM) and Play and learning Strategies (PALS). "The challenge is so great ... and executive director of the Children's learning Institute at The University of Texas Medical ...

Preventing rangeland erosion: Developing better management practices in Iran

... their rangelands. After participating in the learning sessions, the subjects were then given ... in workshop training. The workshop method of learning had a significant impact on certain concepts such ... results confirmed previous studies conducted on learning methods, in that workshops have shown to have a ...

TGen and ASU researchers find drug that could reduce risk of Alzheimer's

... blood flow to the brain also could help improve learning and memory and reduce the risk of Alzheimer's ... form of the parent drug Fasudil, improved spatial learning and working memory in middle-aged rats when ... proves to be safe and effective in enhancing learning and memory, it could represent a viable new ...

DREAM: 1 gene regulates pain, learning and memory

... the brains of aged mice (18 months) showed learning capacities similar to those of very young mice. ... may thus be the link between pain perception, learning and memory. This is supported by observations of ... a gene which at the same time regulates pain, learning and old age memory function", says Josef ...

New report on science learning at museums, zoos, other informal settings

... that wrote the report, and associate professor of learning sciences at the University of Washington, ... settings can significantly improve science learning outcomes for individuals from groups which are ... evidence that participation in informal science learning -- for example, volunteering in the collection of ...

Practice as well as sleep may help birds learn new songs

... is well known to have a role in a broad range of learning processes studied in humans, including acquiring complex skills such as video game playing and learning new speech dialects. However, the neural mechanisms involved in the nighttime consolidation of learning are not well understood. To study this, ...

Orangutan's spontaneous whistling opens new chapter in study of evolution of speech

... humans, but Bonnie's whistling indicates that the learning capacities of orangutans and other great apes in ... compares with what scientists assume about social learning in wild orangutan populations. For example ... of the plasticity in primate sound and vocal learning and indicated that primates might have some ...

Wii bit of fun at Rice University has serious intent

... popular video game technology to codify learning systems in ways that can be used in a range of ... pathways. Think of hitting a tennis ball. learning by trial-and-error is fine, but it would be much ... and figure out precisely where the most efficient learning happens. "I work with the sort of mathematical ...

Forgotten but not gone -- how the brain takes care of things

... show that new cell contacts established during a learning process stay put, even when they are no longer ... inactivated "stock of contacts" enables a faster learning of things forgotten. ( Nature , November 12, ... have learned. The subtle difference between learning and relearning ...

Acoustical Meeting, Nov. 10-14, 2008 in Miami, Florida

... 14) Understanding Pitch Perception May Enhance learning 1) KILLER WHALES PICKY ABOUT THEIR SALMON ... 14) UNDERSTANDING PITCH PERCEPTION MAY ENHANCE learning A team of researchers from Northwestern ... pitch to tailor their approaches to teaching and learning about pitch in music, and vice-versa. An ...

NIH funds 16 Science Education Partnership Awards

... $794,500 Six Star Science for Student-Centered learning Denver Museum of Nature & Science, Three-Year ... Award: $504,000 FoodMaster: Impacting K-12 learning Environments Phase II Georgia State ... $771,500 Meta!Blast: An Immersive Interactive learning Module for Cell Biology Kansas University ...

Bee smart, bee healthy

... from the University of Leicester tested the learning performance and immune responses of bumblebees ... To test the evolutionary relationship between learning and immunity, they also took workers from the ... relationship between a bumblebee colony's learning performance and their immune response, as Dr ...

Baby talk: The roots of the early vocabulary in infants' learning from speech

... tongue. For example, 6 month old babies who were learning English were able to distinguish between ... words mean, children as early as 8 months start learning the phonological (sound) forms of words and are ... who are familiar with a word's form are better at learning what it means and are also able to differentiate ...

Salk researcher Terry Sejnowski elected to Institute of Medicine

... and how new representations are formed through learning algorithms, which are rules for changing the ... the hippocampus, believed to play a major role in learning and memory, and the cerebral cortex, which holds ... knowledge of how the human brain is capable of learning and storing memories. This knowledge ultimately ...

Circadian clock may be critical for remembering what you learn, Stanford researchers say

... shown that the circadian system is crucial to learning and memory. The finding has implications for diseases that include problems with learning or memory deficits, such as Down syndrome or ... are about the size of a mouse. The change in learning retention appears to hinge on the amount of a ...

Entertainment Software Association Foundation awards grant to FAS for immune attack

... said Melanie Stegman, project manager for the FAS learning Technologies Program. "We're interested in learning how the game can best serve our audience. We ... bacteria. Immune Attack is a complement to the learning that happens in the classroom. The visual ...

Integrated curriculum enhances academics

... engages students and teachers as co-planners of learning experiences. In the early 21st century, ... school systems now focus on access to meaningful learning experiences to help students keep up with ... gave teachers opportunities to offer powerful learning tools to improve students' environmental and ...

UC Davis researchers define characteristics, treatment options for XXYY syndrome

... "We found that there are a variety of behaviors, learning disabilities and emotional problems that are ... abnormal white matter that may explain some learning difficulties. Psychologically, the ... IQ scores within the mental retardation range. learning disabilities were the more common cognitive ...

Relearning process not always a 'free lunch'

... find that the difference between free-lunch learning and negative free-lunch learning is due to the particular method used to induce ... strength of synaptic connections, then free-lunch learning will be observed. However, the authors show here ...

UH researchers win top prize for research with humanitarian applications

... Fofanov and Johnsson, both of UH's Texas learning and Computation Center (TLC2), were named this ... can cause complete crop loss; however, by learning how to manipulate them, farmers may one day be ... Science and Technology Directorate, the Texas learning and Computation Center, and the Keck Center ...

Brain tweak lets sleep-deprived flies stay sharp

... tweaked a part of the brain involved in learning and memory in fruit flies, the flies were ... fellow, revealed that sleep deprivation impairs learning in flies. Seugnet put them through multiple runs ... to test if this messenger could be used to block learning impairment in sleep-deprived flies. Seugnet ...

NYU Langone Medical Center's tip sheet to the International Conference on Alzheimer's Disease 2008

... found atrophy in areas of the brain involved in learning and memory, and significantly higher CSF levels ... density in brain regions that are important for learning and memory, and are susceptible to Alzheimer's. ... allele), using standardized measures of verbal learning and memory, such ...

Scientists learn how food affects the brain

... fruit provide many benefits, including improving learning and memory and helping to fight against such ... neurons and provide critical functions; much learning and memory occurs at the synapses, Gmez-Pinilla ... the expression of several molecules related to learning and memory that are found on synapses," ...

Drug reverses mental retardation caused by genetic disorder

... the findings offer new hope for addressing learning disorders due to autism. Nature Medicine ... to demonstrate that the drug rapamycin can repair learning deficits related to a genetic mutation that ... in humans. The same mutation in animals produces learning disorders, which we were able to eliminate in ...

Study of marine snail leads to new insights into long-term memory

... . For 25 years, Glanzman has studied learning and memory in the marine snail Aplysia, which is ... unravel the brain's mysteries. "Knowledge about learning and memory in Aplysia will inform us about the ... Scientists had thought that during learning in snails, the neurotransmitter serotonin binds ...

Beaded viruses and geology-inspired paintings show the art in science

... planned to spend two months of his sabbatical learning new lab techniques. He ended up learning how to bead as well, and he strung together a ... learn a little painlessly." In addition to learning about viruses, visitors to the AAAS gallery will ...

Origins of the brain

... that give the nervous systems the property of learning and memory. Remarkably, the study shows that ... the proteins involved in synapse signalling and learning and memory are found in yeast, where they act to ... is necessary for a mouse to use the correct learning strategy when solving mazes, and when this gene ...

Fixing the education digital disconnect one video game at a time

... ) Immune Attack is a complement to the learning that happens in the classroom. The game allows ... book," said Michelle Lucey-Roper, director of the learning Technologies Program at FAS. FAS is ... education and how people learn. These learning games help students and workers learn globally ...

Green tea compounds beat OSA-related brain deficits

... in their brain tissue in areas involved in learning and memory. Chronic IH in rats produce similar ... with potential long-term morbidities that include learning and psychological disabilities [], wrote David ... stress, as well as for performance in spatial learning and memory tasksnamely a water maze in which the ...

When bears steal human food, mom's not to blame

... habituated to human food and garbage may not be learning these behaviors exclusively from their mothers, ... feed on human food and garbage are not always learning these habits from their mothers. Distributed ... may seek out human food as a function of social learning that may be independent of close relatives, or as ...

Learning and the brain

... Massachusetts at the end of this month. The learning & the Brain conference was co-founded by Kenneth ... for rewiring the brain to help overcome learning disorders and to enhance memory, learning, IQ, ... Techniques for treating mood, ADHD, stress, and learning problems How the brain can be retrained to ...
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