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Interactions in Biological News

Reviews of microbial gene language published in special issue of Trends in Microbiology

... to describe disease-related and beneficial interactions between a microbe and its host. By allowing ... of broadly-defined, symbiotic microbial-host interactions ranging from detrimental to beneficial. Since all ... Gene Ontology can be used to dissect the complex interactions involved when pathogens invade their hosts and ...

Research explores interactions between nanomaterials, biological systems

... questions, including whether these "nano-bio" interactions could have adverse health effects. Now, ... of nanomaterials that allow them to undergo interactions with biological molecules and bioprocesses. ... without any detailed understanding of what these interactions may lead to, good or bad. The review ...

The SIB recognizes the next generation of bioinformaticians

... PhD thesis, he studied how to predict physical interactions between protein residues entirely based on ... allows the prediction of intra- and interprotein interactions with greatly improved accuracy. Dr. Burger ... method is that it is able to disentangle direct interactions from ...

Time series identify population responses to climate change

... between populations within a species and the interactions between species, in the interest of simplicity. ... to climate change, and it could elucidate species interactions that may not be obvious. The article ... report, "suggests a strong role for species interactions in buffering responses to climate." For example, ...

Scripps research team identifies key molecules that inhibit viral production

... core, the capsid protein. By targeting the interactions of core with itself or other proteins, we could ... that these core-core or core-other protein interactions can modulate various functions including ... or tests for monitoring these protein-protein interactions with the specific goal of identifying inhibitors ...

Special issue of BMC Microbiology spotlights standardized language for describing microbes

... to describe disease-related and beneficial interactions between a microbe and its host. In three years, ... more than 700 terms that represent the myriad of interactions between microbes and their plant and animal ... of the molecular mechanisms underlying microbial interactions with their hosts. These advances in knowledge ...

Researchers explore new driver of transplant rejection: Platelets

... and his team noted that increased platelet interactions led to increased and prolonged white cell interactions with the inner lining of the blood vessels and ... without platelets and determined tissue-platelet interactions by comparing the speeds of those flows," says ...

Lincoln Park Zoo awarded $1.5 million grant for new research institute

... Institute, which will focus studies on the interactions between urban dwellers and wildlife, and utilize ... "Urban sprawl is increasing wildlife and human interactions worldwide and zoonotic disease threats are on the ... Avian Influenza; it's important to understand the interactions between people and nature so that real solutions ...

Researchers 'unzip' molecules to measure interactions keeping DNA packed in cells

... "High-resolution dynamic mapping of histone-DNA interactions in a nucleosome," published online Jan. 11, 2009, ... observing, with near-base pair accuracy, the interactions that took place along the way. "Our hope is that if we can establish and understand the interactions within the nucleosome, we can begin to understand ...

Studies offer guide as protein interaction mapping comes of age

... inconsistent. One group's "map" of protein interactions in yeast cells, for example, may only partially ... of protein interactions; and studies that predict interactions based on computational techniques. While each ... (as some studies have suggested), whether the interactions detected in experiments actually occur in living ...

Burnham researchers discover 'on switch' for cell death signaling mechanism

... (Burnham) have determined the structure of the interactions between proteins that form the heart of the death ... journal Nature , highlights how protein-protein interactions between Fas receptor and Fas-associated death ... by various teams, the nature of the Fas-FADD interactions and their role in DISC signaling had not been ...

New technique is quantum leap forward in understanding proteins

... that target and block newly identified protein interactions vital to the survival of pathogenic bacteria. In ... way to study proteins is to actually image their interactions using x-ray crystallography. This has provided ... Another available means for studying protein interactions is a statistical method known as covariance, and ...

Researchers compile 'molecular manual' for 100s of inherited diseases

... in part because they are the result of complex interactions between many molecules that may take place only ... or organs. Experiments to directly study these interactions in human patients would not be possible, which ... we were able to create an extensive map of the interactions of molecules in many diseases a sort of ...

New tool could unpick complex cancer causes and help sociologists mine Facebook

... tool that could help unpick the complex cell interactions that lead to cancer and also allow social ... and accurate analysis of the probabilities of interactions between each on the 14 proteins. The technique ... models was much better able to resolve complex interactions than simple, correlation-based methods. Moreover ...

From sheet metal elements to host cells: DFG launches 10 new collaborative research centers

... and molecular principles and mechanisms of the interactions between virulence factors and host factors. By ... Centre aims to cover as wide a spectrum of interactions between the two fields as possible. In addition, ... human users with a new dimension in their interactions with technical systems. (Host university: ...

National and international doctoral training

... The Research Training Group "Bionics interactions Across Boundaries to the Environment" at the ... and computer science, are focusing on bio-logical interactions across boundaries such as those of the skin and ... in physics. The results of fundamental interactions of elementary particle physics are essential for ...

Researchers apply systems biology and glycomics to study human inflammatory diseases

... of these structures and the highly complex interactions between glycans, enzymes, genes and proteins, all ... whole systems of complex biological functions and interactions instead of studying individual units, such as a ... molecules that mediate the microscopic interactions between white blood cells and blood vessel walls. ...

Surface tension drives segregation within cell mixtures

... tendency of water to form droplets. Mechanical interactions between cells play an important role in a number ... and the spread of cancer. Understanding these interactions is particularly important in current efforts to ... of any sort, we have to understand how cell/cell interactions drive shape and structure formation at a very ...

NSF and EPA establish 2 centers for environmental implications of nanotechnology

... and other biomedical products. The potential interactions of nanomaterials with living systems and the ... impact of nanomaterials on the environment and on interactions with biological systems at all scales from ... can add nanoparticles and study the resulting interactions and effects on plants, fish, bacteria and other ...

Scientists form alliance to develop nanotoxicology protocols

... and Japan are able to get the same results for interactions of nanomaterials with biological organisms, then ... in scientific knowledge regarding the biological interactions with nanoparticles and subsequent toxicological ... enable reproducible assessment of the biological interactions of nanoparticles with cells and animals, and the ...

Scientists reveal the key mechanisms for affinity between transient binding proteins

... functions performed by a cell are the result of interactions between proteins, which recognise their binding ... the first computational analysis of transient interactions between proteins in order to reveal what ... about this type of binding". These kinds of interactions occur mainly between proteins involved in ...

Genome communication

... Brink identified these types of mutations as interactions between alleles. He recognized that these interactions resulted in heritable changes to the expression ... that these tandem repeats are involved in direct interactions of chromatin regions, which results in ...

Researchers discover architecture for fundamental processes of life

... Vogel. Our team systematically analyzed the interactions of proteins of bakers yeast, a unicellular ... graduate students. The novel technology allows interactions between proteins to be studied in their nearly ... million pair-wise tests to identify about 3,000 interactions between protein pairs. Since ...

ESF conference probes water's mysterious interactions at molecular level

... level the behaviour of water and particularly interactions with other substances is extremely complex, and ... reactions, including those involving docking or interactions between proteins. Water molecules also play a ... The ability to simulate the behaviour of interactions between water and solute molecules, rather than ...

Researchers discover the structural alphabet of RNA

... single-stranded RNA molecule is determined by the interactions between its constituent nucleotides. The ... takes into account the canonical Watson-Crick interactions A:U and G:C, that is those where the nucleotides ... from motifs that combine all the possible interactions between a nucleotide and its neighbors. The ...

Mechanisms of plant-fungi symbiosis characterized by DOE Joint Genome Institute

... biomass or store carbon is underpinned by their interactions with soil microbes known as mycorrhizal fungi, ... the key components of organism-environment interactions that modulate ecosystem responses to global ... in an effort to better understand how these interactions control ecosystem function." Mycorrhizae are ...

Stowers Proteomics Center devises method for assigning probabilities to human protein interactions

... the assignment of probabilities not only to the interactions within well-defined protein assemblies, but also to interactions between complexes was posted today to the Web ... methods requiring systematic reciprocal bait-prey interactions or co-purification of preys by a third bait. ...

Penn researchers shine the light of venus to learn how the herpes virus invades cells

... the effectiveness of monitoring these protein interactions using biomolecular complementation. The ... only beginning to understand. Monitoring the interactions required a novel technique. Researchers assumed ... these researchers monitored the remaining protein interactions using bimolecular complementation, a newly ...

Can interacting pathogens explain disease patterns?

... the findings provide a new way of looking for interactions between organisms which cause disease and ... organisms interact with one another or whether interactions matter in natural pathogen systems. The debate continues because these interactions are so hard to detect in nature. What this ...

New technology illuminates protein interactions in living cells

... probes to rapidly detect and identify protein interactions within living cells while avoiding the biological ... proteins, so that we can image protein interactions in living cells, said senior author Alanna ... is the first time they have been used to identify interactions between proteins. The researchers strategy was ...

Why do so many species live in tropical forests and coral reefs?

... of neutral theory: that one can largely ignore interactions between species in modeling patterns of species ... shows that "a theory in which all interspecific interactions are turned off leads to analytical results that ... in ecology by assuming that the effective interactions are weak in the stationary states in species-rich ...

Microbial biofilms evoke Jekyll & Hyde effects

... work unravelling the complex genetic and cellular interactions within these small yet teeming communities. ... highlighted greater understanding of the complex interactions within biofilms, which often comprise not just ... as well as cooperation, and unraveling the interactions will reveal valuable insights into how these ...

'Genes and environment' grant funds close look at nature-nurture overlap in common diseases

... of people to identify gene and environment interactions in a variety of common disorders. Scientists at ... some time that common diseases are the outcome of interactions between the genes were born with and how they ... International Consortium to Identify Genes and interactions Controlling Oral Clefts Johns Hopkins ...

Keck Foundation funds study of biological interactions with nanomaterials

... help researchers understand potential biological interactions of engineered nanomaterials and develop design ... structures of nanomaterials, investigate their interactions with biological systems and then design new ... researchers can monitor tissue-specific interactions with nanoparticles, developmental and acute ...

U of Minnesota researchers discover noninvasive diagnostic tool for brain diseases

... networks of nerves continuously interactingthese interactions occur on a millisecond by millisecond basis. The MEG has 248 sensors that record the interactions in the brain on a millisecond by millisecond ... a diagnostic tool after discovering that neural interactions across human subjects were very similar. The team ...

U of MN researchers discover noninvasive diagnostic tool for brain diseases

... networks of nerves continuously interactingthese interactions occur on a millisecond by millisecond basis. The MEG has 248 sensors that record the interactions in the brain on a millisecond by millisecond ... a diagnostic tool after discovering that neural interactions across human subjects were very similar. The team ...

Scientists find universal rules for food-web stability

... Dieckmann. "Systems with fewer species are more stable if there are strong interactions between some species, but only weak interactions between others. For food webs with many species, exactly the opposite is ...

Carnegie donates landmark clones to biology

... information explosion, it's remarkable that so little is known about the interactions that proteins have with each other and the protective membrane that ... This protein portion is called the C-terminus and it regulates the interactions of the pore-like structures at the membrane surface in plants. In this ...

New windows opened on cell-to-cell interactions

... below at: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rvd7f6qYYro .) Controlling interactions between colloidal materials In the May issue of Soft Matter , a ... at cell surfaces that are really important for such things as cellular interactions within the immune system," Parthasarathy said. "At the surface of every ...

Geographic profiling applied to track hunting patterns of white sharks in South Africa

... KEY, Fla. -- Predation is one of the most fundamental and fascinating interactions in nature, and sharks are some of the fiercest predators on Earth. ... in South Africa. Using this tool, scientists looked at the predatory interactions between white sharks and Cape fur seals at Seal Island in False Bay, South ...
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