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Bladder cells feel stretch

... Japanese research group led by Prof. Makoto Tominaga and Dr. Takaaki ... cells sense bladder distension. The research group examined the function of 'TRPV4' protein abundantly expressed in urothelial cells. The group developed a special apparatus to measure cell ...

Restoring a natural root signal helps to fight a major corn pest

... at the University of Halle. While working in the group of Jonathan Gershenzon at the Max Planck ... discovery four years ago by Sergio Rasmann in the group of Ted Turlings at the University of Neuchtel. ... protective nematodes. Therefore the research group in Jena and Neuchtel teamed up again in an ...

Scientists uncork a potential secret of red wine's health benefits

... an inflammatory agent to two groups of mice. One group was pretreated with resveratrol and the other group was not. The mice that were not pretreated with ... response, simulating disease in humans, while the group pretreated with resveratrol was protected from ...

Naming evolution's winners and losers

... calculate whether the "species richness" of each group was exceptionally high or low. The research ... doves, eagles, hummingbirds and pigeons; a group that includes most mammals; and a group of fish that includes most of the fish that live ...

Stem cell research: From molecular physiology to therapeutic applications

... the National Center for Stem Cell Research. His group has taken stem cell therapy into phase II ... therapy in regenerative medicine. Dr. Lin Liu's group found that pES cells generated from immature ... stem cells for regenerative medicine. This group also tested whether pESCs can be generated from ...

After dinosaurs, mammals rise but their genomes get smaller

... of animals and plants strongly suggests only one group -- mammals -- have seen their genomes shrink ... for a few million years yet. Lynch's group examined the genomes of seven mammals, eight ... humans, macaques, cows, dogs and mouse, Lynch's group observed a hill-shaped curve, with a peak of ...

Nanodiamonds deliver insulin for wound healing

... nanodiamonds in the Northwestern study. Ho's group next will work on integrating the ... a broad range of medical needs. Ho's research group also has studied nanodiamonds for applications in ... the nanodiamonds in their particle form, Ho's group has developed devices that harness the slow ...

Common allergy drug reduces obesity and diabetes in mice

... a few exceptions, distant cousins. However, a group of papers appearing in Nature Medicine , two of ... To find out, Shi and colleagues took a group of obese and diabetic mice and, for a period of ... The first was the control group; the second group was simply switched to a healthy diet; the third ...

The value of variation: Ecologists consider the causes and consequences

... of such ecological variation is the goal of a group of scientists meeting at the National Institute ... Niche Variation is the topic of a NIMBioS Working group comprised of biologists and mathematicians from ... often quite diverse, said Daniel Bolnick, Working group co-organizer and assistant professor of biology ...

The right messenger for a healthy immune response

... Researchers from the Molecular Immunology group at the Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research ... Siegfried Wei, leader of the Molecular Immunology group at the HZI. His research assistant, the scientist ... by Beta-Interferon. The factor belongs to a group of proteins that is usually produced in ...

Probiotics help gastric-bypass patients lose weight more quickly, Stanford study shows

... of food. "Surprisingly, the probiotic group attained a significantly greater percent of ... source of probiotics. In addition, the probiotic group consumed one pill per day of Puritan's Pride, a ... study showed that at three months, the probiotics group registered a 47.6 percent weight loss, compared ...

Computers aid in cracking deception in plants

... is similar to trying to detect a face in a group of people," Korkin said. "To match the face, you ... to find a specific protein binding site among a group of proteins from the nematode that match a ... of plant sciences in MU's Interdisciplinary Plant group (IPG), to verify them experimentally. "We ...

Genetic finding could lead to targeted therapy for neuroblastoma

... samples were derived from the Children's Oncology group Neuroblastoma Tumor Bank, and 803 healthy ... investigator for the Children's Oncology group Statistics and Data Center at UF. "We are ... Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center. "Dr. Maris' group has been able to collect a relatively large ...

Researchers observe single protein dimers wavering between two symmetrically opposed structures

... between the amino acids that make them up. The group of Scripps Research Associate Professor Ashok ... a collaboration among the Deniz laboratory, the group of Jos N. Onuchic of the University of ... To test if this was true, Deniz and his group at Scripps Research used single-molecule ...

Size did matter

... groups today has taken on a new dimension. In one group of micro-crustaceans new evidence shows the ... evidence for reproduction using giant sperm in a group of small aquatic crustaceans, called ostracods, ... 17 meters long in order to measure up against one group of modern ostracods, whose sperm are up to ten ...

Humans related to orangutans, not chimps, says new Pitt, Buffalo Museum of Science study

... humans, orangutans, and early apes belong to a group separate from chimpanzees and gorillas. They then ... 63 that could be verified as unique within this group (i.e., they do not appear in other primates). Of ... orangutans, and the fossil apes into a new group called "dental hominoids," named for their ...

Powe Award supports research on how enzymes enable the pathogenicity of 2 human disease organisms

... ) with the infectious disease research group at Virginia Tech, has received a Ralph E. Powe ... of action or the structure of these enzymes. Our group will be a leader in the study of these important ... Using modern biology techniques, Sobrado's group is the first in the world to obtain recombinant ...

NIH funds $9.5 million for research on HIV and the human innate immune system

... key receptors on human cells that the research group had previously identified as important for ... key receptors on human cells that the research group had previously identified as important in ... of Biological Sciences in the dental school, the group has found significantly reduced protein ...

Horse whisperers, lion tamers not needed: Scientists find genetic regions that soothe savage beasts

... in Novosibirsk, USSR (now Russia), caught a large group of rats in the wilderness around the city. After ... divided them into two groups. The first group included the most "friendly" rats those that were not aggressive toward people. The second group included only the most aggressive rats those ...

Siberian jays use complex communication to mob predators

... Moreover, jays adjust their calling depending on group composition. Family groups utter much more calls ... Not only our ancestors but also other family group living animals outwit their predators with the ... rather rely on the selfish notion that other group members could become the target in the next ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- June 3, 2009

... natives have used skin extracts from another group of frogs, unrelated to those in the new study, to ... storing them in their skin. However, Garraffo's group was not certain about the origin of the newly ... compromising those of future generations. The group identified five major approaches to overcoming ...

Scientists examine perceptions of risk and the spread of disease

... mathematicians will comprise a NIMBioS Working group to tackle the topic, "Synthesizing and Predicting ... itself and human behavior. The SPIDER Working group aims to build on that classic view by also ... to best balance the risks and the costs." The group aims to develop predictive models to forecast the ...

Scientists examine human behavior and the threat of disease

... mathematicians will comprise a NIMBioS Working group to tackle the topic, "Synthesizing and Predicting ... itself and human behavior. The SPIDER Working group aims to build on that classic view by also ... to best balance the risks and the costs." The group aims to develop predictive models to forecast the ...

Equity concerns raised by congestion pricing can be addressed to make approach viable

... transportation, although some proportion of the group may pay more. For example, one analysis found ... than sales taxes, people in the lowest-income group would pay less overall, while some in the group (those who frequently used the road) would pay ...

Study suggests obese women should not gain weight

... group). The average weight gain in the control group was 31 pounds, compared to 11 pounds in the study ... babies weighing more than 10 pounds in the study group than in the control group. (A birth weight over ... and mothers.) Moreover, women in the study group gained less weight, had fewer cesarean ...

Study shows CGM devices also benefit people with type 1 diabetes

... the trial, and were randomly assigned to either a group that used CGM devices or one using standard ... This compared with a decrease in the control group of only 5 minutes a day. In other words, people in the CGM group spent almost two hours more time per day in the ...

Microfossils challenge prevailing views of the effects of 'Snowball Earth' glaciations on life

... for the drop. A location called the Chuar group in the Grand Canyon serves as "one of the premier ... in the high organic carbon content in upper Chuar group rocks. In fact, the organic carbon content is so ... Group, oil companies were interested in the Chuar group as a possible source of oil and natural gas." As ...

Notre Dame researchers describe new tool for evaluating 'managed relocations'

... of law, are part of a multi-disciplinary working group that produced the paper, which appears in this ... Tree Foundation, and they will host the final group meeting at Notre Dame in August. Managed ... such an adaptation strategy. The working group notes that managed relocation is only one ...

International team tracks clues to HIV

... this kind of research, but it tends to be one group or one pharmaceutical company taking a shotgun ... Greece, one in Germany, one in Italy and Barron's group at Rice -- came together through e-mail contacts ... is purely an academic collaboration." He said the group is working on a second paper and seeking funding ...

MCG researcher among first to receive NIH stimulus funding

... to renal disease in African-Americans, a group that is already at a disproportionately high risk ... a biomarker for early renal disease, in a group of cocaine-dependent African-Americans to a control group who don't use the drug. "If cocaine-dependent ...

Glutamine supplements show promise in treating stomach ulcers

... were subdivided into two more groups, with one group receiving a sham (fake) dose and the other group receiving a real dose containing H. pylori . ... population and were recently identified as a group 1 carcinogen by the World Health Organization," ...

Comprehensive genetic study paves way for new blood-pressure medicines

... research teams: Ann-Christine Syvnen's research group and the SNP technology platform at Uppsala University, a group from the Karolinska Institute, and a group from Lund University. The study included DNA ...

OHSU researchers study the idling brain

... it occurs in study subjects. By studying a large group of subjects, the researchers were able to ... regions operate in tandem with one another, and group into regional networks. "After observing a large group of study subjects between the ages of 7 and 31, ...

New technology shows promise against resistant staph infections

... or with nanoparticles devoid of NO. A third group received no treatment at all. The ... After seven days, infected wounds in the group treated with the NO-containing nanoparticles were ... counts were significantly lower in the NO-treated group compared with the other groups, and the ...

Laughing hyenas, wailing levees, the sound of cheese and blaring bagpipes

... underwater communication in the ocean. Now a group of scientists in Grenoble, France and Montevideo, ... could be controlled like this. We're the only group doing this kind of work," says Roberts. His team ... eventually be used to encode information. The NRL group has created broadband laser pulses that can ...

Risk of vibration-induced vascular injuries linked to vibration frequency differences

... vibrated at either 63, 125 or 250 Hz. One control group of five rats accompanied them to the experimental ... to noise or change of locale. A second control group stayed in their home cages, uninvolved in the ... the tail arteries for changes. Neither control group had changes, suggesting the changes seen were ...

Laughter remains good medicine

... There was no such increase among the control group who did not anticipate watching the humorous ... 18-22, 2009 in New Orleans. The Study A group of 20 high-risk diabetic patients with ... and hyperlipidemia were divided into two groups: group C (control) ...

Effects of maternal exercise on fetal breathing movements

... Fetal HR was significantly lower in the exercise group during both breathing and non-breathing movement ... rate variability were higher in the exercise group during breathing movements. Three independent ... of vagal control between groups. There were no group or breathing period differences in sympathetic ...

Laughter remains good medicine

... There was no such increase among the control group who did not anticipate watching the humorous ... 18-22, 2009 in New Orleans. The Study A group of 20 high-risk diabetic patients with ... and hyperlipidemia were divided into two groups: group C (control) ...

Effects of maternal exercise on fetal breathing movements

... Fetal HR was significantly lower in the exercise group during both breathing and non-breathing movement ... rate variability were higher in the exercise group during breathing movements. Three independent ... of vagal control between groups. There were no group or breathing period differences in sympathetic ...
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